सालिम अली  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

salim ali
salim ali
poora nam salim moizuddin abdul ali
any nam bardamain aauf indiya
janm 12 navambar 1896
janm bhoomi baaumbe (ab mumbee)
mrityu 27 julaee, 1987
mrityu sthan mumbee
abhibhavak moizuddin abdul aur zinat-an-nisa
pati/patni tahamina ali
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr pakshi vigyani aur prakritivadi
mukhy rachanaen 'd buk aauf indiyan bards', 'haindabuk aauf d bards aauf indiya end pakistan', 'd phal aauf e spairo' adi
khoj bina kasht pahunchae chidi़yon ko pakadane ki prasiddh gong end phayar v dekkan vidhi salim ali ki hi khoj hai jinhen aj bhi pakshi jagat men prayog kiya jata hai.
shiksha snatak (jntu vigyan)
puraskar-upadhi padm bhooshan, padm vibhooshan
vishesh yogadan bharatapur pakshi vihar ki sthapana men pramukh bhoomika nibhaee
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh salim ali pakshi abhayarany gova, salim ali pakshi vigyan evn prakritik itihas kendr
any janakari gauratalab hai ki inake nam par baaumbe naichural histri sosaiti aur paryavaran evn van mntralay dvara koyambatoor ke nikat anaikatti namak sthan par salim ali pakshivigyan evn prakritik itihas kendr sthapit kiya gaya.

salim ali (angrezi:Salim Ali, poora nam: 'salim moizuddin abdul ali', janm: 12 navambar, 1896; mrityu: 27 julaee, 1987) ek bharatiy pakshi vigyani aur prakritivadi the. salim ali ko bharat ke bardamain ke roop men jana jata hai. salim ali bharat ke aise pahale vyakti the, jinhonne bharat bhar men vyavasthit roop se pakshi sarvekshan ka ayojan kiya aur pakshiyon par likhi unaki kitabon ne bharat men pakshi-vigyan ke vikas men kafi madad ki hai. sanh 1906 men das varsh ke balak salim ali ki atoot jigyasa ne hi pakshi shastri ke roop men unhen aj vishv men manyata dilaee hai. pakshiyon ke sarvekshan men 65 sal gujar dene vale is shakhs ko parindon ka chalata phirata vishvakosh kaha jata tha. padm vibhooshan se navaje is 'parindon ke masiha' ke prakriti snrakshan ki disha men kie ge prayason ko kabhi bhulaya nahin ja sakata hai.

jivan parichay

salim moizuddin abdul ali ka janm 12 navambar, 1896 ko baaumbe (ab mumbee), british indiya men ek sulemani bohara muslim parivar men hua. ye apane bhaee-bahanon men sabase chhote the. inake janm ke ek varsh bad pita moizuddin ka aur tin varsh bad mata zinat-an-nisa ka dehant ho gaya. unaki paravarish mama amaruddin aur auladahin mami hamida begam ki dekharekh men khetavadi, munbee men ek madhyam-vargiy parivar men huee. inaka sara bachapan chidiyon ke bich hi gujara. ek gauraiya ki garadan ke pile dhabbon ki jigyasa unhen munbee ki 'naichural histri sosaiti' ke sachiv dablyoo. es. milard ke pas le gee. yah mulaqat unake jivan ka ek ahamh mod sabit huee. salim ko pahali bar pakshiyon ki itani sari prajati hone ki janakari huee. yahin se unaka jhukav parindon ki or hua aur unhonne inake bare men sab kuchh janane ki than li. isake lie milard ne unaki bahut madad ki. unhonne salim ko sosaiti ke pakshiyon ke sngrah se parichit karaya. sath hi pakshiyon se snbndhit kuchh pustakon se bhi avagat karaya. edavard haimiltan aitaken ki pustak 'kaauman bards aauf baaumbe' ne salim ko pakshiyon ke sngrah ke lie prerit kiya. salim ke pas vishvavidyalay ki digri nahin thi. isaka sabase bada karan tha unaka ganit men kamazor hona. halanki kaaulej men unhonne shiksha prapt ki thi, lekin digri nahin le pae the.[1]

prakriti premi

salim ali ki bachapan se hi prakriti ke svachchhand vatavaran men ghoomane ki ruchi rahi. isi karan ve apani padhaee bhi poori tarah se nahin kar paye. bada hone par salim ali ko bade bhaee ke sath usake kam men madad karane ke lie barma (vartaman myanmar) bhej diya gaya. yahan par bhi inaka man jngal men tarah-tarah ke parindon ko dekhane men lagata. ghar lautane par salim ali ne pakshi shastri vishay men prashikshan liya aur bnbee ke 'nechural histri sosaiti' ke myooziyam men gaid ke pad par niyukt ho gaye. phir jarmani jakar inhonne uchch prashikshan prapt kiya. lekin ek sal bad desh lautane par inhen gyat hua ki inaka pad khatm ho chuka hai. inaki patni ke pas thode-bahut paise the. jisake karan bnbee bandaragah ke pas kihim namak sthan par ek chhota sa makan lekar salim ali rahane lage. yah makan charon taraf se pedon se ghira hua tha. us sal varsha zyada hone ke karan inake ghar ke pas ek ped par baya pakshi ne ghaunsala banaya. salim ali tin-char mah tak baya pakshi ke rahane-sahane ka adhyayan rozana ghnton karate rahate.

bardamain aauf indiya

duniya men aise kam hi log hain, jo doosaron ke lie jite hain aur insani jamat se alag jivon ke bare men sochane vale to virale hi hain. aisa hi ek virala vyaktitv mashahoor prakritivadi salim ali ka tha, jinhonne apani poori zindagi pakshiyon ke lie laga di. kahate hain ki salim moizuddin abdul ali parindon ki zuban samajhate the aur isi khoobi ki vajah se unhen bardamain aauf indiya kaha gaya. unhonne pakshiyon ke adhyayan ko am janamanas se joda aur kee pakshi viharon ki tamir men sabase age rahe. koyambatoor sthit 'salim ali pakshi vigyan evn prakriti vigyan kendr' (esesioen) ke nideshak daauktar pi.e. ajij ne bataya salim ali ek dooradarshi vyakti the. unhonne pakshi vigyan men bahut bada yogadan diya. kaha jata hai ki vah pakshiyon ki bhasha bakhoobi samajhate the.[2]

'd phal aauf e spairo'

pakshiyon ke dost

pakshiyon ki alag-alag prajatiyon ke adhyayan ke lie ve bharat ke kee kshetron ke jngalon men ghoome. kumaoon ke taraee kshetr se unhonne baya ki ek aisi prajati dhoondh nikali jo lupt ghoshit ho chuki thi. salim ali ne pakshiyon ko itana nazadiki se pahachana ki ve pakshiyon ke sath ve unaki bhasha men bat bhi kar lete the. saiberiyaee sarason ki ek-ek adat ko salim ali achchhi tarah pahachanate the. sarason par adhyayan kar unhonne hi bataya tha ki saiberiyan saras mansahari nahin hote, ve pani ke kinare par jami kaee khate hain. pakshiyon ke sath salim ali ka vyavahar dostana tha, chidi़yon ko bina kasht pahunchae pakadane ke 100 se zyada tariqe unake pas the. bina kasht pahunchae chidi़yon ko pakadane ki prasiddh 'gong end phayar' v 'dekkan vidhi' salim ali ki hi khoj hai jinhen aj bhi pakshi jagat men prayog kiya jata hai.[3]

vishesh yogadan

'barlin vishvavidyalay' men unhonne prasiddh jiv vaigyanik iravin stresamain ke tahat kam kiya. vah varsh 1930 men bharat laute aur phir pakshiyon par teji se kam shuroo kiya. azadi ke bad salim 'banbe nechural histri sosayati' (bienesach) ke pramukh logon men rahe. unhonne bharatapur pakshi vihar ki sthapana men pramukh bhoomika nibhaee.[2]

lekhan kary

san 1930 men inhonne apane adhyayan par adharit lekh prakashit karaye. in lekhon ke karan hi salim ali ko 'pakshi shastri' ke roop men manyata prapt huee. salim ali ne kuchh pustaken bhi likhi hain. salim ali jagah jagah jakar parindon ke bare men janakari ekatr karate rahate the. ekatr janakariyon ke adhar par taiyar huee unaki pustak 'd buk aauf indiyan bards' ne 1941 men prakashit hone ke bad rikaaurd bikri ki. yah pustak parindon ke bare men janakariyon ka mahasamudr thi. unhonne ek doosari pustak 'haindabuk aauf d bards aauf indiya end pakistan' bhi likhi, jisamen sabhi prakar ke pakshiyon, unake gunon-avagunon, pravasi adaton adi se snbndhit anek vyapak janakariyan di gee thi. isake alava unaki likhi pustak 'd phal aauf e spairo' bhi mahattvapoorn hai, jisamen unhonne apane jivan ki ghati ghatanaon ka zikr kiya hai.[1]

samman aur puraskar

salim ali ke samman men jari dak tikat

prakriti vigyan aur pakshiyon par adhyayan men maharat rakhane vale salim ali ko desh-videsh ke pratishthit sammanon se navaja gaya. aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay aur dilli vishvavidyalay jaise snsthanon ne unhen daauktaret ki manad upadhi se navaja. prakriti vigyan aur pakshiyon par kie gaye mahattvapoorn karyon ke lie unhen bharat sarakar ki or se 1958 men padm bhooshan v 1976 men padm vibhooshan jaise desh ke bade sammanon se sammanit kiya gaya.

nidhan

27 julaee 1987 ko 91 sal ki umr men daau. salim ali ka nidhan hua. salim ali bharat men ek 'pakshi adhyayan v shodh kendr' ki sthapana karana chahate the. gauratalab hai ki inake nam par 'baaumbe naichural histri sosaiti' aur 'paryavaran evn van mntralay' dvara koyambatoor ke nikat 'anaikatti' namak sthan par salim ali pakshivigyan evn prakritik itihas kendr sthapit kiya gaya.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 salim ali (hindi) jivan parichay. abhigaman tithi: 22 julaee, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 salim ali (hindi) dakshin bharat rashtramat. abhigaman tithi: 22 julaee, 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 pakshiyon ke dost the salim ali (hindi) prabha sakshi. abhigaman tithi: 22 julaee, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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