होमाई व्यारावाला  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

homaee vyaravala
homaee vyaravala
poora nam homaee vyaravala
any nam dalada 13
janm 9 disnbar, 1913
janm bhoomi navasari, gujarat
mrityu 15 janavari, 2012
mrityu sthan badodara, gujarat
pati/patni manekashaau vyaravala
karm-kshetr patrakarita
puraskar-upadhi padm bhooshan
prasiddhi bharat ki pratham mahila foto patrakar
nagarikata bharatiy

homaee vyaravala (angrezi: Homai Vyarawalla, janm- 9 disnbar, 1913 - mrityu- 15 janavari, 2012) bharat ki pratham mahila foto patrakar (chhayachitr patrakar) thin. jis samay homaee vyaravala fotografar thin, us samay kaimara hi apane ap men ek ashchary kahalata tha. us par bhi ek mahila ka is kshetr men pravesh karana bade ashchary ki bat thi unhen varsh 2011 men bharat sarakar dvara padm bhooshan se sammanit kiya gaya tha.

jivan parichay

homaee vyaravala ka janm 9 disnbar, 1913 men gujarat ke navasari men ek parasi parivar men hua tha. homaee vyaravala ki shiksha-diksha munbee men huee. varsh 1942 men unhonne dilli men british informeshan sarvisej men photographar ke roop men kam shuroo kiya.[1]

fotografi men kairiyar

homaee vyaravala ne sanh 1938 men fotografi ke kshetr men padarpan kiya. un dinon fotografi ko purushon ka kshetr mana jata tha aur is kshetr men vyaravala, jo ki mahila thin, ki saphalata ek bahut badi upalabdhi thi. ullekhaniy hai ki bharat men fotografi ki shuruat 1840 men huee aur choonki yah kala bharat men briten se aee thi, adhikatar bharatiy photographar, fotografi ke lie british fotographars ki shaili ko hi apanaya karate the. bharat men fotografi un dinon abhijaty varg ke logon ka shauq hua karata tha, ajivika ke lie isaka prayog yada-kada hi dekhane ko milata tha. bharat men fotografi ko peshevar taur par apanaya jana bisavin shatabdi ke prarambh ke bad se hi shuroo hua aur un dinon yah kshetr purush pradhan hi tha. yadyapi unnisavi shatabdi ke dvitiy dashak ke arambh se mahilaen bhi shaukiya fotografi ke kshetr men kadam rakhane lagi thin kintu is purush pradhan kshetr men ek peshevar ke roop men homaee vyaravala ka ana unaka ek sahasapoorn kadam tha. homaee vyaravala bharat ki pratham mahila pres photographar banin aur ve is kshetr men 1938 se 1973 tak saphalatapoorvak kary karati rahin. unhonne apana fotographik kairiyar ka arambh bambee (vartaman mumbee) se kiya.[2]

aitihasik kshanon ke gavah fotograf

homaee vyaravala dvara lie ge photo bharat ki svatntrata aur any aitihasik kshanon ki gavah hai. rashtrapati bhavan men laaurd mauntabetan ko salami lete hue bhi unhonne tasviren khichi hain. pndit javahar lal neharoo evn unaki bahan vijay lakshmi ki gale milate photo unhonne khichi hain. isake sath hi mahatma gandhi ke sath khan abdul gaffar khan evn gandhi ji ke niji chikitsak sushila nayar ki durlabh tasvir unhonne khichi hain. homaee vyaravala dvara khichin geen tasviron men yuva dalaee lama bhi hain. javahar lal neharoo ke sath unake do nati evn indira phiroj gandhi ka bhi ek durlabh tasvir homaee vyaravala ne khinchi hai. pndit javahar lal neharoo, mahatma gandhi aur lal bahadur shastri ke antim snskar ko bhi unhonne kaimare men utara hai.[1]

neharooji pasndida vishay

homaee vyaravala

homaee ko 1945 se 1960 ke dauran satta ke galiyaron men pravesh mila. homaee ka pasndida vishay pratham pradhanamntri javaharalal neharoo the. unhonne neharoo ke kee yadagar photo khinche. nee dilli se lndan jane vale pahali phlait men neharoo dvara british uchchayukt ki patni mis shimon ki sigaret sulagane vala photo bhi logon ke jehan men lnbe samay tak chhaya raha. neharoo ke alava ve indira gandhi ke bhi najadiki thin. doosare vishvayudgh ke dauran unake photo khase charchit rahe.[3]

dalada 13

homaee vyaravala apane moolanam ki apeksha apane upanam "dalada 13" se adhik jani jati rahin. vyaravala ne jab pahali bar apani kar ka rajistreshan karavaya to unhen kar ka nambar mila tha - "DLD 13". kar ke is nambar se hi unhen apana upanam "dalada 13" rakhane ki prerana mili aur unhen unake is upanam ne bahut lokapriyata dilaee.[2]

nidhan

ajadi ki ladaee se lekar desh men ganatntr lagoo hone jaise lamhon ko kaimare men kaid kar sahejane vali bharat ki pahali mahila chhayachitr patrakar homaee vyaravala ka 15 janavari, 2012 ko 98 sal ki umr men ravivar ko nidhan ho gaya. homaee ne desh ki patrakarita men naya ayam jodate hue pahali saphal mahila photo patrakar ki misal qayam ki. vyaravala ne bharat vibhajan se poorv v bad ki ghatanaon ki photo khinchi, jisase unaki pahachan bani.[3]

homaee vyaravala ke 104ven janmadin par googal dvara jari doodal

googal-doodal

bharat ki pahali mahila photographar homaee vyaravala ke 104ven janmadin par (2017 men) googal ne apane googal doodal ke roop men unhen speshal tribyoot diya. homaee vyaravala ki photographi duniyabhar men lokapriy thi. homaee vyaravala ne hi 15 agast, 1947 ko lal qile par dhvajarohan ki pahali tasviren khinchi thi. homaee ka bachapan apane pita ki traivaling thiyetar knpani ke sath bita tha. knpani ke sath vah jagah-jagah ghoomatin aur nee chijen eksaplor karatin. apane kairiyar ke dauran unhonne hajaron ki snkhya men tasviren khinchi. unaki khinchi kee tasviren ‘aeekonik’ sabit huee. homaee vyaravala ne mahatma gandhi, javaharalal neharoo, radhakrishnan, saradar vallabhabhaee patel aur bharat ki lauh mahila shrimati indira gandhi jaise kee mahan netaon ki tasviren lin.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 bharat ki pratham mahila photo patrakar homaee vyaravala ka nidhan (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) jagaran josh. abhigaman tithi: 18 mee, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 bharat ki pratham mahila chhayachitrapatrakar - homaee vyaraval urph "dalada 13" (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) dhan ke desh men (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 18 mee, 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 sadi ko jinda kar khud "photo" huee homaee vyaravala (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) deli nyooz. abhigaman tithi: 18 mee, 2012.

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