गोपीनाथ मोहंती  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gopinath mohnti
gopinath mohnti
poora nam gopinath mohnti
janm 20 aprail, 1914
janm bhoomi nagabali, udisa
mrityu 20 agast, 1991
abhibhavak pita- sooryanath mohnti
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen 'man gahirar chash', 'paraja', 'matimatal', 'nav vadhoo', 'muktipathe', 'amritar sntan', 'sapan mati' adi.
bhasha udiya
shiksha angrezi men em.e.
puraskar-upadhi 'gyanapith puraskar' (1973), 'padm bhooshan' (1981)
prasiddhi sahityakar tatha upanyasakar
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh udiya sahity, udiya bhasha
any janakari gopinath mohnti ne 1936 men ekagr bhav se likhana prarnbh kiya tha aur do varsh unake pratham upanyas 'man gahirar chash' ko poora karane men lage the.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

gopinath mohnti (angrezi: Gopinath Mohanty ; janm- 20 aprail, 1914, nagabali, udisa; mrityu- 20 agast, 1991) udiya bhasha ke prasiddh sahityakar the. varsh 1930 se 1938 ke bich ka samay inake lekhak jivan ka nirman kal mana jata hai. gopinath mohnti ko 1973 men unake yogadan ke lie 'gyanapith puraskar' se sammanit kiya gaya tha. bad men 1981 men bharat sarakar dvara inhen sahity evn shiksha ke kshetr men 'padm bhooshan' se puraskrit kiya gaya.

janm

gopinath mohnti ka janm 20 aprail, san 1914 ko udisa ke ek chhote-se gram nagabali men hua tha, jo mahanadi ke kinare avasthit hai. inake pita sooryanath mohnti ek vilakshan vyakti the. gopinath mohnti ko apane pita ka sath adhik samay tak nahin mila. jab gopinath matr 12 varsh ki avastha ke hi the, tabhi pita unhen anath chhodakar chal base. lekin ve balak gopinath ki prakriti aur jivan ke prati usaki drishti ko utane samay men hi disha roop de ge.[1]

shiksha

jab tak pita jivit rahe, gopinath mohnti ki skool ki padhaee sonapur men chali. pita ki mrityu ke bad vah bhaee ke pas patana chale ge. yahin se 1930 men unhonne maitrik ki pariksha uttirn ki. phir ve katak ge aur 'raivennshaau kaaulej' se 1936 men angrezi men em.e. ki digri prapt ki.

bhasha bhndar men vriddhi

gopinath mohnti ne 1923 men us samay ganv chhod diya tha, jab pita naukari ke lie sonapur ge the. usake bad vah thode-thode dinon ke lie kabhi-kabhar hi ganv ae, kintu nagabali aur asapas ke gramin parivesh men bitaya hua chhutapan ka kal unaki chetana par sada ke lie ankit ho gaya tha, jo unake upanyason ke lie ek adbhut dhancha prastut karata raha. isi kal ki ek any badi den yah huee ki gramin aur kulin, donon samajon men uthane-baithane ke phalasvaroop unaki bhasha ka vipul bhndar hi nahin badha, balki usamen bolachal ki rngat aur muhavaredari ki chhata bhi a gee.

lekhan

1930 se 1938 ke bich ka samay gopinath mohnti ke lekhak jivan ka nirman kal mana ja sakata hai. tin prabhavon ki chhap un par pad rahi thi. do pashchim ke aur ek bharat ka. marks v roosi kranti aur fraauyad pashchim ke prabhav the tatha mahatma gandhi v rashtriy andolan bharat ka prabhav tha. gopinath gnbhir v vyapak adhyayan men lage rahate the. romyan rolan aur maiksim gorki unhen vishesh priy v prabhavit karate the. ve un dinon sahityik vidha-roop men ne-ne prayog kiya karate aur prachalit roomani abhiruchiyon ka khula virodh karate the. gopinath mohnti ne 1936 men ekagr bhav se likhana prarnbh kiya aur do varsh unake pratham upanyas 'man gahirar chash' ko poora karane men lage.[1]

katha sahity

gopinath mohnti ke katha sahity ko tin vargon men rakha ja sakata hai-

  1. pahala varg un dinon ki rachanaon ka hai, jab vah adivasiyon ke ilaqe men niyukt the. ye rachanaen hain- 'dadibudha', 'paraja', 'amritar sntan', 'shiv bhaee', 'apahnch'.
  2. doosare varg ki rachanaon ka vishay nagaravasi jan-samaj hai. ye rachanaen hain- 'harijan', 'sharat babuk gali', 'rahur chhaya', 'sapana mati', 'dana-pani', 'lay-vilay'.
  3. tisare varg men vastut: ek hi rachana ati hai- 'matimatal'.

pramukh kritiyan

upanyas - 'man gahirar chash' (1940), 'paraja' (1945), 'amritar sntan' (1947), 'sapan mati' (1954), 'matimatal' (1964).
kahani sngrah - 'ghasar phool' (1951), 'nav vadhoo' (1952), 'udnta khi' (1971).
natak - 'muktipathe' (1937), 'mahapurush' (1958).
nibndh-sngrah - 'kalashakti' (1973).[1]

tin shreshth rachanaen

gopibaboo ki tin rachanaon ne sabase adhik khyati arjit ki hai- 'paraja', 'amritar sntan' aur 'matimatal'.

paraja

'paraja' men koraput zile ki ek chhoti-si nirdhan adivasi basti ka chhavi-ankan kiya gaya hai. poore qabile ka vivaran dene ke lie vahan ke ek parivar ko madhyam banaya gaya hai, jise pratikool paristhitiyon ka bhnvar jal ghoom-ghoomakar tab tak gherata rahata hai, jab tak vah vinasht nahin ho jata.

amritar sntan

'amritar sntan' ka drishyachitr adhik vistrit hai. isaka gathan bhi jatil hai, par yahan bhi ek hi parivar ko katha-kendr banaya gaya hai aur ghatanasthal bhi ek hi gram hai, lekin adivasiyon ki jis kondh jati ko yahan liya gaya hai, vah choonki bahut prachin, janasnkhya men bhi badi aur apani ek niyat jivan-pranali vali hai, isalie katha-sootr svabhavat: chintan pradhan ho gaya hai.

matimatal

tin lakh bis hazar shabdon ka yah upanyas udiya bhasha ka sambhavat: sabase lnba upanyas hai, jise poora karane men lekhak ko lagabhag das varsh ka samay lag gaya. udiya gram-jivan ka ise ek mahakavy mana jata hai. itana vistrit aur bhasha-saundaryayukt koee upanyas udiya men pahale nahin likha gaya. vichitr bat yah hai ki kathanak ke nam par keval ek bahya rekhakriti di gee hai aur jo do pramukhatam charitr hain, nayak aur nayika, unhen adbhut roop se alpabhashi banakar prastut kiya gaya hai.[1]

puraskar

gopinath mohnti ke upanyas 'matimatal' ke lie unako 1973 ka 'gyanapith puraskar' tatha 'padm bhooshan' varsh 1981 men pradan kiya gaya tha.

nidhan

udiya sahity men vishesh yogadan karane vale gopinath mohnti ka nidhan 20 agast, 1991 men hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 bharat gyanakosh, khand-4 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 444 |

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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