पदुमलाल पुन्नालाल बख्शी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

padumalal punnalal bakhshi
padumalal punnalal bakhshi
poora nam padumalal punnalal bakhshi
janm 27 mee, 1894
janm bhoomi rajanandaganv, chhattisagadh
mrityu 18 disnbar, 1971
mrityu sthan rayapur, chhattisagadh
abhibhavak punnalal bakhshi (pita)
pati/patni lakshmi devi
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sahity
mukhy rachanaen bakhshi granthavali
bhasha hindi
vidyalay sentral hindoo kaaulej, banaras
shiksha bi.e.
puraskar-upadhi di-lith, sahity vachaspati, madhy pradesh hindi sahity sammelan
nagarikata bharatiy
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

padumalal punnalal bakhshi (angrezi: Padumlal Punnalal Bakshi, janm- 27 mee, 1894 - mrityu- 18 disnbar, 1971) sarasvati ke kushal snpadak, sahity vachaspati aur mastar ji ke nam se prasiddh hain. vah ek prasiddh nibndhakar the.

jivan parichay

padumalal punnalal bakhshi ka janm 27 mee, 1894, rajanandaganv, chhattisagadh, bharat men hua tha. inake pita shri punnalal bakhshi 'kheragadh' ke pratishthit vyakti the. padumalal punnalal bakhshi chndrakanta sntati upanyas ke prati vishesh asakti ke karan skool se bhag khade hue tatha hedamastar pndit ravishnkar shukl (madhy pradesh ke pratham mukhyamntri) dvara jamakar beton se pite gaye. 14vin shatabdi men bakhshi ji ke poorvaj shri lakshminidhi raja ke sath mandala se khairagadh men aye the aur tab se yahin bas gaye. bakhshi ke poorvaj phateh sinh aur unake putr shriman raja umarav sinh donon ke shasanakal men shri umarav bakhshi rajakavi the.

shiksha

padumalal bakhshi ki praimari ki shiksha khairagadh men hi huee . 1911 men yah maitrikuleshan ki pariksha men baithe . hedamastar en.e. gulamali ke nirdeshan par unake nam ke sath unake pita ka nam punnalal likha gaya. tab se yah apana poora nam padumalal punnalal bakhshi likhane lage . maitrikuleshan ki pariksha men yah anuttirn ho gaye . usi varsh 1911 men inhonne sahity jagath men pravesh kiya . 1912 men inhonne maitrikuleshan ki pariksha pas ki . uchch shiksha ke lie inhonne banaras ke sentral hindoo kaaulej men pravesh liya . 1916 men hi inaki niyukti stet haee skool rajanandaganv men snskrit adhyapak ke pad par huee.

vivah

sanh 1913 men lakshmi devi ke sath unaka vivah ho gaya. 1916 men unhonne bi.e. ki upadhi prapt ki. padumalal punnalal bakhshi bi. e. tak shiksha prapt karane ke sath-sath sahity seva ke kshetr men aye aur sarasvati men likhana prarambh kiya. inaka nam dvivedi yug ke pramukh sahityakaron men liya jata hai.

karyakshetr

1911 men jabalapur se nikalane vali ‘hitakarini’ men bakhshi ki pratham kahani ‘tarini’ prakashit ho chuki thi. padumalal punnalal bakhshi ji ne rajanandaganv ke stet haee skool men sarvapratham 1916 se 1919 tak snskrit shikshak ke roop men seva ki. padumalal punnalal bakhshi ne apane sahityik jivan ka shubharambh kavi ke roop men kiya tha. 1916 ee. se lekar lagabhag 1925 ee. tak inaki svachchhandatavadi prakriti ki phutakar kavitaen tatkalin patr-patrikaon men prakashit hoti rahin. bad men 'shatadal' nam se inaka ek kavita sngrah bhi prakashit hua. padumalal punnalal bakhshi ko vastavik khyati alochak tatha nibandhakar ke roop men mili.

sarasvati patrika ke snpadak

sanh 1920 men yah sarasvati ke sahayak snpadak ke roop men niyukt kiye gaye aur ek varsh ke bhitar hi 1921 men ve sarasvati ke pradhan snpadak banaye gaye jahan ve apane svechchha se tyagapatr dene (1925) tak us pad par bane rahe. sanh 1929 se 1949 tak khairagadh viktoriya haee skool men angezi shikshak ke roop men niyukt rahe. kanker men bhi kuchh samay tak unhonne shikshak ke roop men kam kiya. tab ‘sarash‍vati’ hindi ki ek matr aisi patrika thi jo hinh‍di sahith‍y ki amukh patrika thi. achary hajari prasad dvivedi ke snpadan men prarnbh is patrika ke snbndh men sabhi vigy pathak janate hain. sanh 1920 men dvivedi ji ne padumalal panh‍nalal bakhh‍shi ki snpadan kshamata ko naya ayam dete hue inh‍hen ‘sarash‍vati’ ka saha. snpadak niyukh‍t kiya. phir 1921 men ve ‘sarash‍vati’ ke pradhan snpadak bane, yahi vo samay tha jab visham paristhitiyon men bhi unh‍honne hinh‍di ke sh‍tariy sahith‍y ko snkalit kar ‘sarash‍vati’ ka prakashan prarnbh rakha.[1]

sahityik parichay

sahity jagath men 'sahityavachaspati padumalal punnalal bakhshi' ka pravesh sarvapratham kavi ke roop men hua tha. kaha jata hai kavi ka vyaktitv jitana sarvopari hoga sahity ke lie utana hi mahattvapoorn bhi. bakhshi ji is kasauti par khare utarate hain.  unaki rachanaon men unaka vyaktitv spasht parilakshit hota hai. bakhshi ji manasa, vacha, aur karmana se vishuddh sahityakar the. man pratishtha pad ya kirti ki lalasa se koson door nishkam karmayogi ki bhanti poori eemanadari aur pavitrata se nishchhal bhavon ki abhivyakti ko sakar roop dene ki koshish men nirantar sahity srijan karate rahe. upanyas ke premi pathak hone par bhi apane ko asaphal kahate. lekin inake upanyason ko padh kar koee yah nahin kah sakata ki bakhshi ji asaphal upanyasakar hain.[2]

arambh men bakhshi ji ki do alochanatmak kritiyan prakashit hueen-

  • 'hindi sahity vimarsh' (1924 ee.)
  • 'vishv sahity' (1924 ee.).

in kritiyon men bharatiy evn pashchaty sahity siddhanton ke samnjasy evn vivechan ki cheshta ki gayi hai. 'vishv sahity' men yooropiy sahity tatha pashchaty kavy mat par kuchh phutakar nibandh bhi diye gaye hain. in pustakon ke atirikt bakhshi ki do any alochanatmak kritiyan bad men prakashit hueen- 'hindi kahani sahity' aur 'hindi upanyas sahity'. nibandh kahani sahity' aur 'hindi upanyas sahity'. nibandh lekhan ke kshetr men padumalal punnalal bakhshi ek vishisht shailikar ke roop men samane ate hain. inhonne jivan, samaj, dharm, snskriti aur sahity adi vibhinn vishayon par uchch koti ke lalit nibandh likhe hain. inake nibandhon men natak ki si ramaniyata aur kahani jaisi rnjakata payi jati hai. yatr-tatr shisht tatha gambhir vyngy-vinod ki avatarana karate chalana inake shailikar ki ek pramukh visheshata hai. unaka pahala nibndh ‘sona nikalane vali chintiyan’ sarasvati men prakashit hua. padumalal punnalal bakhshi ji ne 1929 se 1934 tak anek mahattvapoorn pathyapustakon yatha- pnchapatr, vishvasahity, pradip ki rachana ki. mastar ji ki ullekhaniy seva ko dekhate hue hindi sahity sammelan dvara sanh 1949 men sahity vachaspati ki upadhi se inako alnkrit kiya gaya. isake thik ek sal bad ve madhy pradesh hindi sahity sammelan ke sabhapati nirvachit hue.

prasiddh kritiyan

mahakaushal ke ravivasariy ank ka snpadan kary bhi mastar ji ne 1952 se 1956 tak kiya tatha 1955 se 1956 tak khairagadh men rahakar hi sarasvati ka snpadan kary kiya. tisari bar yah 20 agast, 1959 men digvijay kaaulej rajanandaganv men hindi ke prophesar bane aur jivan paryant vahin shikshakiy kary karate rahe. isi madhy 1949 se 1957 ke daramiyan hi mastaraji ki mahattvapoorn sngrah- kuchh, aur kuchh, yatri, hindi katha sahity, hindi sahity vimarsh, bikhare panne, tumhare lie, kathanak adi prakashit ho chuke the. 1968 ka varsh unake lie aty़nt mahattvapoorn raha kyonki isi bich unaki pramukh aur prasiddh nibndh sngrah prakashit hue jinamen ham-meri apani katha, mera desh, mere priy nibndh, ve din, samasya aur samadhan, navaratr, jinhen nahin bhooloonga, hindi sahity ek aitihasik samiksha, antim adhyay ko gina sakate hain .

bakhshi ji ki ek pustak 'yatri' nam se prakashit huee hai. yah ek yatra vrittant hai aur isamen 'anant path ki yatra' ka rochak varnan prastut kiya gaya hai. patrakarita ke kshetr men bhi padumalal punnalal bakhshi ki sevaen ullekhaniy hain. inhonne 1920 ee. se 1927 ee. tak 'sarasvati' ka sampadan kiya. kuchh varshon tak 'chhaya' (ilahabad) ke bhi sampadak rahe.

achary dvivedi ji ke uttaradhikari

1903 men achary mahavir prasad dvivedi ne sarasvati ka sampadakiy kary prarambh kiya tha. hindi sahity ke nandanavan ko banane men bharatendu harishchndr, achary ramachandr shukl aur any prabuddh vidvanon ka avadan v parishram tatha jagarook buddhimatta ka hi pratiphal hai. usi sahityik nandanavan men dvivedi ji ke sneh snrakshan v kushal marg nirdeshan men bakhshi roopi kalpataru ka bhi vikas hua jinaki rachanaon ke saurabh se hindi sahity ki mnjoosha surabhit hue bina n rah saki. yahi karan hai ki bakhshi ji achary dvivedi ji ke uttaradhikari mane jate hain. bakhshi ji ne apani sahityik kritiyon ka snsthapan kiya hai. 'vishv-sahity', 'hindi sahity vimarsh', 'hindi katha-sahity','pachatntr', 'navaratr', 'samasya aur samadhan' , 'pradip' adi men inake sahityik nibandhon ki vishisht mimansa hai. bakhshi ji ke nibandhon men jivan ki chhoti-badi anek ghatanaon ke prasng atit ki smriti ka saras lekha-jokha karate hain. inake nibandhon men vidhava-samasya, grih-jivan men asntosh adi nibandh jivan ki sachchaiyon ko saralata se pratibimbit karate hain. 'samaj seva' inaka prasiddh nibandh hai.[2]

bakhshi granthavali

bakhshi ji ki jivani par likhi pustak ka avaran prishth

padumalal punnalal bakhshi ki rachanaon ki granthavali ath khandon men vibhakt hai jo nimnavat hai-

bakshi granthavali[2]
granthavali evn snkshipt vivaran ISBN snkhya
bakhshi granthavali-1 (kavitaen, natak / ekanki, upanyas) 81-8143-510-9
bakhshi granthavali-2 (katha sahity-bal kathaen) 81-8143-511-07
bakhshi granthavali-3 (samikshatmak nibandh) 81-8143-512-05
bakhshi granthavali-4 (sahityik nibandh) 81-8143-513-03
bakhshi granthavali-5 (sahityik, sanskritik nibandh) 81-8143-514-01
bakhshi granthavali-6 (snsmaranatmak nibandh) 81-8143-515-X
bakhshi granthavali-7 (any nibandh) 81-8143-516-08
bakhshi granthavali-8 (any nibandh, sampadakiy, dayari) 81-8143-517-6

samman aur puraskar

1969 men sagar vishvavidyalay se dvaraka prasad mishr (tatkalin mukhyamntri) dvara di-lith ki upadhi se vibhooshit kiya gaya. isake bad unaka lagatar har star par anek sngathanon dvara samman hota raha, unhen upadhiyon se vibhooshit kiya jata raha jisamen madhy pradesh hindi sahity sammelan, madhy pradesh shasan adi pramukh hain. san 1949 men unhen hindi sahity sammalen dvara 'sahity vachaspati' se vibhooshit kiya gaya .

mrityu

padumalal punnalal bakhshi ji ki mrityu 18 disambar, 1971 ko rayapur ke shasakiy di. ke. haauspital men ho gee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. daau. padumalal punnalal bakshi (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) arambh (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 13 disambar, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 shrivastav, daau. nalini. sampoorn bakhshi granthavali ath khandon men (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) vani prakashan (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 13 disambar, 2012.

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