रायपुर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rayapur

rayapur shahar chhattisagadh rajy ki rajadhani hai aur yah madhy bharat men sthit hai. rayapur shahar chhattisagadh (prachin dakshin kosal) ke kshetr ka mukhy nagar hai. rayapur shahar ka kshetraphal 55.03 varg kimi hai aur yahan koee ullekhaniy prachin imarat nahin hain.

itihas

yahan ki basti ki sthapana 14 vin shatabdi men ratanapur rajavnsh ke ray brahmadev ne ki thi. khalari ke kalachuri naresh raja sinha ne pratham bar yahan apani rajadhani banaee. yah bhootapoorv chhattisagadh riyasat mndal ka mukhyalay tha aur 1867 men ise nagarapalika banaya gaya. ajakal yah dakshin-poorvi relave ka ek pramukh jnkshan hai. 15 vin shatabdi ke qile men anek mandir hai, jo mahattvapoorn nahin hain. inhen roodhigat shaili men purani samagri se banaya gaya hai. bhavani ka mandir sarvadhik prasiddh hai, jisaka punarnirman shahar ke sabase prachin mndir sthal par bhagnavashesh samagri se kiya gaya hai. shahar men boodha talab aur maharaj ji bandh jaise kee jalashay hain, jo darasal badi jhilen hain. rayapur men mahnt ghasidas smarak sngrahalay hai, jisamen prachin mahattv ke abhilekh moortiyan sikke aur prakritik itihas v manav vigyan se snbndhit samagri sngrahit hai.

udyog aur vyapar

rayapur vyapar aur vanijy ka sakriy kendr hai. yahan chaval, dalahan aur tilahan milen kafi snkhya men hain. any udyogon men hathakaraghe par sooti vastron ki bunaee, pharnichar nirman, hardaveyar, tranjistar ke kalapurje, ilektraauniks ke saman, bidi nirman, plastik ki thailiyan lakadi ki chiraee v takhten, chhapakhane v elyuminiyam aur pital v kanse ki vastuon ka nirman shamil hain. yah khady-prasnskaran (chaval, gehoon, kapas aur tilahan) aur ara milon ka kendr hai. yah bhi ullekhaniy hai ki chhattisagadh rajy ka pahala dainik samachar patr 'mahakaushal' rayapur se hi prakashit hua tha.

yatayat aur parivahan

yah andhr pradesh rajy ke vijayanagar aur vishakhapattanam bndaragah se relamarg dvara juda hua hai. yah poore desh se sadakamarg, vayumarg aur relamarg dvara achchhi tahar se juda hua hai.

vayu marg

bhuvaneshvar, bhopal, jabalapur aur dilli se rayapur ke lie niyamit vayu seva hain jinase paryatak asani se rayapur tak pahunch sakate hain.

rel marg

dakshin-poorv relave ne nagapur-kolakata relave laeen par paryatakon ki suvidha ke lie steshan ka nirman kiya hai. at: paryatak rel dvara bhi asani se rayapur tak pahunch sakate hain.

sadak marg

rashtriy rajamarg 6 aur 43 dvara paryatak asani se rayapur tak pahunch sakate hain.

shikshan snsthan

rayapur adhyayan ka mahattvapoorn kendr hai. yahan ke kala, vigyan, vanijy vidhi, krishi vigyan, injiniyaring, teknolaauji, aushadhi vigyan (ayurvedik aur ailopaithik) aur prachy bhashaon ke kaaulej yahin sthit ravishnkar shukla vishvavidyalay (1964) se snbaddh hain.

  • chhattisagadh men dooradarshan ki shuruat sarvapratham rayapur se huee thi. dooradarshan dvara chalaye gaye shikshan karyakramon se bhi yahan ke jivan star men sudhar aya hai.
  • rayapur men anek sngit akadamiyan ek sngrahalay, ek kshayarog aspatal aur chaval v resham vyavasay ke prayogik farm bhi hain.
  • chhattisagadh rajy ka ekamatr 'kainsar chikitsa kendr' rayapur men hi sthapit hai, jahan kainsar ke rogon ka ilaj kiya jata hai.
  • rayapur men chhattisagadh lok seva ayog ka mukhyalay bhi hai.

paryatan

antararashtriy kriket stediyam, rayapur

rayapur ki prakritik sundarata paryatakon ko bahut akarshit karati hai. unake khane-pine aur thaharane ke lie yahan par anek hotalon aur risorto ka nirman kiya gaya hai. at: chhuttiyan bitane ke lie rayapur behatarin paryatak sthal hai. rayapur ke paryatan sthalon men nagaraghadi hai. yah har ghnte ke bad chhattisagadhi lok sngit sunati hai. champaran, snt vallabhachary mandir, turaturiya jharana adi yahan ke mukhy paryatan sthal hai. chhattisagadh rajy ke pramukh abhayaranyon men se ek 'sita nadi rashtriy abhayarany' rayapur men hi sthit hai, jo yahan ki pragati aur ane vale paryatakon ke lie bahut mahattvapoorn sthan rakhata hai.

mandir

rayapur men ek madhyayugin durg bhi hai. jisake andar kee prachin mandir hain. rayapur ka sarvashreshth mandir doodhadhari maharaj ke nam se prasiddh hai. isamen bahut se bhag shripur ya sirapur ke kalavasheshon se nirmit kie ge hain. inamen mukhy patthar ke stambh hain, jin par hindoo devi-devataon ki anek moortiyan khudi huee hain. mandir ke shikhar ke nichale bhag men ramayan ki katha ke kuchh sundar drishy utkirn hain. jo adhik prachin nahin hain. pradakshinapath ke gavaksh men nrisinhavatar ki moorti tatha any moortiyan sthapit hain. ye sirapur se laee gee thin. ye uchchakoti ki moortikala ke udaharan hain. is mandir tatha snlagn math ka nirman doodhadhari maharaj ke dvara bhaunsale rajaon ke samay men kiya gaya tha. isase pahale chhattisagadh men tantrik sampraday ka bahut zor tha. doodhadhari maharaj ne prant ki navin sanskritik chetana ke udabodhan men pramukh bhag liya aur tantrik sampraday ki bhrasht paramparaon ko vaishnav mat ki suruchi sampann manyataon dvara parishkrit karane men mahattvapoorn yog diya tha. rayapur se raja mahasaudevaraj ka sarabhapur namak gram se prachalit kiya gaya ek tamradanapatt prapt hua hai. jisake abhilekh se yah guptakalin siddh hota hai. isamen saudevaraj dvara poorvarashtr men sthit shrisahik namak gram ko do brahmanon ko dan men die jane ka ullekh hai.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar rayapur nagar nigam kshetr ki janasnkhya 6,05,131 hai, aur rayapur zile ki janasnkhya 30,09,042 hai.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  • aitihasik sthanavali se pej snkhya 794-795 | vijayendr kumar mathur | vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog | manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, bharat sarakar

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