के. आर. नारायणन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ke. ar. narayanan
K.R.Narayanan.jpg
poora nam kochcheril raman narayanan
janm 27 aktoobar, 1920
janm bhoomi travanakor, bharat
mrityu 9 navambar, 2005
mrityu sthan nee dilli, bharat
abhibhavak kochcheril raman vedyar
pati/patni usha narayanan
sntan chitra aur amrita
pad bharat ke dasaven rashtrapati, patrakar
kary kal 25 julaee, 1997 se 25 julaee, 2002
shiksha snatakottar, bi. es. si. (ikonamiks), el. es. ee.
vidyalay prathamik vidyalay, sent meri haee skool, si. em. es. skool, travanakor vishvavidyalay, lndan skool aauf ikonomiks
puraskar-upadhi varld stetsamain avard, 'daauktar aauf sains, daauktar aauf laaus
rachanaen 'indiya end amerika esses in andarastaiding', 'imejes end inasaits' aur 'naaun alaiment in kantaimpareri intaraneshanal nileshns'
any janakari rashtrapati niyukt hone ke bad narayanan ne ek niti athava siddhant bana liya tha ki vah kisi bhi pooja sthan ya ibadatagah par nahin jaenge-chahe vah devata ka ho ya devi ka. yah ekamatr aise rashtrapati rahe, jinhonne apane karyakal men kisi bhi pooja sthal ka daura nahin kiya.

karyakal 25 julaee 1997 se 25 julaee 2002
kochcheril raman narayanan (angrezi: Kocheril Raman Narayanan, janm- 27 aktoobar, 1920; mrityu- 9 navambar, 2005) bharatiy ganarajy ke dasaven nirvachit rashtrapati ke roop men jane jate hain. yah pratham dalit rashtrapati tatha pratham malayali vyakti the, jinhen desh ka sarvochch pad prapt hua. inhen 14 julaee, 1997 ko hue rashtrapati chunav men vijay prapt huee thi. shri ke. ar. narayanan ko kul maton ka 95 pratishat prapt hua. mataganana ka kary 17 julaee, 1997 ko sampann hua. bharat ke poorv chunav ayukt shri ti. en. sheshan inake pratidvandvi the. 25 julaee, 1997 ko sarvochch nyayalay ke mukhy nyayadhish je. es. varma ne shri ke. ar. narayanan ko rashtrapati pad evn gopaniyata ki shapath dilaee. inaka karyakal 25 julaee, 2002 ko samapt hua tha.

janm evn parivar

shri ke. ar. narayanan ka janm 27 aktoobar, 1920 ko hua tha, jo sarakari dastavezon men ullikhit hai. lekin saty yah hai ki inaki vastavik janmatithi vivadon ke ghere men hai. shri narayanan ke chacha inake pratham din skool ge the aur anuman se 27 aktoobar, 1920 inaki janmatithi likha di thi. inaka janm paitrik ghar men hua tha, jo ki ek kachchi jhopadi ki shakl men tha. yah kachchi jhopadi perumathaaunam ujhavoor gram, travanakor men thi. vartaman men yah gram zila kottayam (keral) men vidyaman hai. shri ke. ar. narayanan apane pita ki sat santanon men chauthe the. inake pita ka nam kochcheril raman vedyar tha. yah bharatiy paddhati ke siddhahast ayurvedachary the. inake poorvaj paravan jati se sambandhit the, jo ki nariyal todane ka kary karata hai. inaka parivar kafi garib tha, lekin inake pita apani chikitsakiy pratibha ke karan samman ke patr mane jate the. shri narayanan ke char bhaee-bahan the– ke. ar. gauri, ke. ar. bhargavi, ke. ar. bharati aur ke. ar. bhaskaran. inake do bhaiyon ki mrityu tab huee jab ke. ar. narayanan 20 varsh ke the. inaki badi bahan gauri ek homiyopaith hain aur inhonne shadi nahin ki. inake chhote bhaee bhaskaran ne bhi vivah nahin kiya, jo ki peshe se adhyapak hain aur ujhavoor men hi rahate the. ujhavoor ko aj shri ke. ar. narayanan ki janmabhoomi ke lie jana jata hai.

vidyarthi jivan

shri narayanan ka parivar arthik roop se samriddh nahin tha, lekin unake pita shiksha ka mahattv samajhate the. inaki arambhik shiksha ujhavoor ke avar prathamik vidyalay men huee. yahan 5 mee, 1927 ko yah skool ke chhatr ke roop men namankit hue, jabaki uchch prathamik vidyalay ujhavoor men inhonne 1931 se 1935 tak adhyayan kiya. inhen 15 kilomitar paidal chalakar skool jana padata tha aur chaval ke kheton se hokar guzarana padata tha. us samay shiksha shulk behad sadharan tha, lekin use dene men bhi inhen kathinaee hoti thi. shri narayanan ko pray: kaksha ke bahar khade hokar kaksha men padhaye ja rahe path ko sunana padata tha, kyonki shiksha shulk n dene ke karan inhen kaksha se bahar nikal diya jata tha. inake pas pustaken kharidane ke lie bhi dhan nahin hota tha. tab apane chhote bhaee ki sahayata ke lie ke. ar. narayanan nilakantan chhatron se pustaken mangakar unaki naqal utarakar narayanan ko dete the. asthama ke karan rugn nilakantan ghar par hi rahate the. narayanan ne sent meri haee skool se 1936-37 men maitrik pariksha uttirn ki. isake poorv 1935-36 men inhonne sent meri jons haee skool koothattukulam men bhi adhyayan kiya tha.

chhatravritti ka sahara pakar shri narayanan ne intaramidiet pariksha 1938-40 men kottayam ke si. em. es. skool se uttirn ki. isake bad inhonne kala (aaunars) men snatak star ki pariksha pas ki. phir angrezi sahity men travanakor vishvavidyalay se 1943 men snatakottar pariksha pratham shreni men uttirn ki (vartaman men yah keral vishvavidyalay hai). isake poorv travanakor vishvavidyalay men kisi bhi dalit chhatr ne pratham sthan nahin prapt nahin kiya tha. jab inaka parivar vikat pareshaniyon ka samana kar raha tha, tab 1944-45 men shri narayanan ne bataur patrakar 'd hindoo' aur 'd taims aauf indiya' men kary kiya. 10 aprail, 1945 ko patrakarita ka dharm nibhate hue inhonne mumbee men mahatma gandhi ka sakshatkar liya. isake bad vah 1945 men hi inglaind chale ge aur 'lndan skool aauf ikonamiks' men rajaniti vigyan ka adhyayan kiya. inhonne bi. es. si. ikonamiks (aaunars) ki digri aur rajaniti vigyan men vishishtata hasil ki. is dauran je. ar. di. tata ne inhen chhatravritti pradan karake inaki sahayata ki. shri narayanan indiya lig men bhi sakriy rahe. tab vi. ke. krishnamenan indiya lig ke inglaind men prabhari the. yah ke. en. munshi dvara prakashit kie jane vale 'd soshal velapheyar' vikali samachar patr ke lndan sthit snvadadata bhi rahe. lndan men inake sath avas karane vale virasami ringadoo bhi the, jo bad men maaurishas ke rashtrapati bane. is samay inake ek any pragadh mitr trudayu bhi the, jo ki bad men kanada ke pradhanamntri nirvachit hue.

vyavasayik jivan

shri narayanan 1984 men jab bharat laute to unake pas laski ka ek patr tha, jisake madhyam se pandit neharoo se parichayatmak mulakat sambhav thi. is sandarbh men unhonne ek dilachasp qissa bayan kiya- 'jab mainne el. es. ee. ka kors samapt kar liya to laski ne mujhe pandit neharoo ke nam ka ek parichayatmak patr pradan kiya. dilli pahunchane ke bad mainne pradhanamntri neharoo se mulakat ka samay le liya. mainne socha tha ki main ek bharatiy vidyarthi hoon aur lndan se lauta hoon, is karan mujhe mulakat ka samay mil sakata hai. pandit neharoo ne snsad bhavan men mujhase mulakat ki. hamane kuchh der lndan ki baten kin aur kuchh aupacharik baten bhi kin. usake bad mainne abhas kar liya ki mulakat ka samay samapt ho gaya hai. at: unhen alavida kaha aur kamare se bahar jane ke poorv laski ka patr pandit neharoo ko saunp diya. main bahar ghumavadar adhe galiyare tak hi pahunch paya tha ki mujhe laga ki main jis disha se aya hoon, udhar koee tali baja raha hai. mainne ghoomakar dekha to pandit neharoo ne mujhe vapas ane ka ishara kiya. darasal mere jane ke bad pandit neharoo ne vah patr kholakar padh liya tha.

"tumane yah patr pahale mujhe kyon nahin diya?" pandit ji ne poochha.
"main kshama chahata hoon shriman! mujhe behatar laga ki main vidaee ke samay hi apako patr saunpoon."

phir pandit neharoo ne mujhase kee saval kie. kuchh dinon ke bad mainne svayn ko 'bharatiy videsh seva' men paya.' is prakar 1949 men shri narayanan ne bharatiy videsh seva men neharoo ji ki prarthana par niyukti prapt kar li. ek rajanayik ke roop men vah rngoon (ab yangoon), tokiyo, lndan, kainasas aur henoee dootavas men rahe. 1967-69 men yah thailaind ke, 1973-75 men turki ke aur 1976-78 men chin ganarajy ke rajadoot bane. 1954 men inhonne 'dilli skool aauf ikonamiks' men adhyayan bhi kiya.

1972 men shri ke. ar. narayanan javaharalal neharoo vishvavidyalay ke sabhasad aur grih mamalon ke mntralay ke sachiv bane. 1978 se 1980 tak yah javaharalal neharoo vishvavidyalay ke upakulapati rahe. is samay ke anubhav ko inhonne age chalakar samany jan se judav ki adhar shila mana. shri narayanan ki pratibha ke karan hi indira gandhi prashasan ke dvara inhen sevanivritti ke bad bhi pun: bulaya gaya aur 1980 se 1984 tak snyukt rajy amerika men bharatiy rajadoot banakar vashingatan bheja gaya. shri narayanan ka chin men rajadoot ke roop men jo karyakal raha, vah bharat-chin yuddh (1962) ke bad pratham kootanitik niyukti ke roop men raha. amerika ke rajadoot rahate hue unhonne amerika tatha bharat ke rishton ko sudharane men prabhavi bhoomika nibhaee. isaka labh us samay prapt hua, jab shrimati indira gandhi ne 1982 men ronald rigan ke rashtrapatitv men vashingatan ki yatra ki. pandit neharoo ne 16 varshon tak desh ka pratinidhitv kiya tha. unaka manana tha ki shri narayanan ab tak ke sarvashreshth rajanayik hain.

dampaty jivan

8 joon, 1951 ko shri narayanan ne 'ma tint tint' se vivah kiya. jab yah rngoon aur barma (myanmar) men karyarat the, tab inaki bhent kumari ma tint tint se huee thi. yah mitrata shighr hi prem men badal gee aur donon ne vivah karane ka nirnay kar liya. tab ma tint tint vaee. dablyoo. si. e. men karyarat thin aur narayanan vidyarthi the. laski ne narayanan se kaha ki vah rajanitik azadi ke sambandh men vyakhyan den. tabhi ma tint tint inake sampark men aee thin. inake vivah ko tab vishisht vidhan ki avashyakata pandit neharoo se ashayit thi, kyonki bharatiy qanoon ke anusar narayanan 'bharatiy videsh seva' men karyarat the aur ma tint tint ek videshi mahila thin. shadi ke bad ma tint tint ka bharatiy nam usha rakha gaya aur vah bharatiy nagarik bhi ban geen. shrimati usha narayanan ne bharat men mahilaon tatha bachchon ke kalyan ke lie kee kary kie. inhonne barma ki laghu kathaon ka anuvad karake prakashit karavaya, jisaka shirshak tha, 'thein pe mint'. inhen chitra aur amrita ke roop men do putriyon ki prapti hueen chitra bharatiy rajadoot ke roop men svidan aur turki men apani sevaen de chuki hain.

rajanitik jivan

shri narayanan ka rajaniti men pravesh shrimati indira gandhi ke agrah se sambhav hua. vah lagatar tin lokasabha chunavon 1984, 1989 evn 1991 men vijayi hokar snsad pahunche. yah ottapalal (keral) ki lokasabha sit se nirvachit hue. kangresi sansad banane ke bad vah rajiv gandhi sarakar ke kendriy mntrimandal men sammilit kie ge. ek mntri ke roop men inhonne yojana (1985), videsh mamale (1985-86) tatha vigyan evn takaniki (1986-89) vibhagon ka karyabhar sambhala. sansad ke roop men inhonne antarashtriy petent qanoon ko bharat men niyntrit kiya. 1989-91 men jab kangres satta se bahar thi, tab shri narayanan vipakshi sansad ki bhoomika men rahe. 1991 men jab pun: kangres satta men lauti to inhen kaibinet men sammilit nahin kiya gaya. tab keral ke mukhyamntri ke. karunakaran jo ki inake rajanitik pratispardhi the, ne inhen soochit kiya ki kendriy mntrimandal men sammilit n kie jane ka karan unaki kamyunist samarthak niti hai. tab unhonne javab diya ki mainne kamyunist ummidavaron (e. ke. balan aur lenin rajendran) ko hi tinon bar chunav men parajit kiya tha. at: main kamyunist vicharadhara ka samarthak kaise ho sakata hoon.

shri narayanan 21 agast, 1992 ko daau. shnkar dayal sharma ke rashtrapatitv kal men uparashtrapati nirvachit hue. inaka nam prathamik roop se vi. pi. sinh ne anumodit kiya tha. usake bad janata parti snsadiy netritv dvara vam morche ne bhi inhen apana ummidavar ghoshit kar diya. pi. vi. narasimha rav ke netritv vali kangres ne bhi inhen ummidavar ke roop men hari jhandi dikha di. is prakar uparashtrapati pad hetu vah sarvasammati se ummidavar bane. vam morche ke bare men narayanan ne spashtikaran diya ki vah kabhi bhi samyavadi ke kattar samarthak athava virodhi nahin rahe. vam morcha unake vaicharik antar ko samajhata tha lekin isake bad bhi usane uparashtrapati chunav men unaka samarthan kiya aur bad men rashtrapati chunav men bhi. is prakar vam morche ke samarthan se narayanan ko labh pahuncha aur unaki rajanitik sthiti ko svikary kiya gaya. jab 6 disambar, 1992 ko babari masjid ka vidhvns hua, tab is ghatana ko inhonne 'mahatma gandhi ki hatya ke bad desh men yah sabase badi dukhantika ghati hai' kathan se niroopit kiya.

rashtrapati pad par

14 julaee, 1997 ko hue rashtrapati chunav ka natija jab 17 julaee, 1997 ko ghoshit hua to pata chala ki shri narayanan ko kul vaidh maton ka 95 pratishat prapt hua tha. yah ekamatr aisa rashtrapati chunav tha jo ki kendr men alpamat sarakar ke rahate hue bhi samapt hua. isamen poorv chunav ayukt ti. en. sheshan pratidvandvi ummidavar the. shiv sena ke atirikt sabhi dalon ne narayanan ke paksh men matadan kiya, jabaki rashtriy svaynsevak sngh ne yah kahate hue inaka virodh kiya ki unhen bharatiy snskriti ki jit ka adhar unaka dalit hona hai. isase poorv koee bhi dalit rashtrapati nahin bana tha. shri narayanan ko 25 julaee, 1997 ko snsad bhavan ke kendriy kaksh men sarvochch nyayalay ke nyayadhish shri je. es. varma ne rashtrapati pad evn gopaniyata ki shapath dilaee. is avasar par apane arambhik sambodhan men inhonne kaha- "desh ka sarvochch snvaidhanik pad ek aise vyakti ko pradan kiya gaya hai, jo samaj ke dharatal se juda tha, parantu dhool aur garmi ke madhy chala. yah nirvachan sabit karata hai ki ek samany nagarik bhi samajik evn rajanitik jivan men kendriy bhoomika ka nirvahan kar sakata hai. main ise apani vyaktigat prasannata n manakar ek sarthak evn pratishthapoorn parampara ka arambh manata hoon."

svarnim varshaganth

1997 men jab bharat ki azadi ki svarnim varshaganth manaee gee to bharatavarsh ke rashtrapati shri narayanan hi the. svarnim varshaganth ki poorv sndhya arthath 14 agast, 1997 ko rashtr ke nam apana sambodhan dete hue inhonne bharat ki prajatantrik vyavastha aur sarakar ki nitiyon ko azadi ke bad ki sabase badi tatha mahattvapoorn upalabdhi bataya. agali subah lal qile ki prachir se pradhanamntri indrakumar gujaral ne desh ko sambodhit karate hue kaha tha- "gandhi ji ne jab bharat ke bhavishy ko lekar svapn dekha tha, tab unhonne kaha tha ki bharat ko sachchi azadi us din prapt hogi, jab ek dalit desh ka rashtrapati hoga. aj hamara yah saubhagy hai ki ham gandhi ji ke svapn ko poorn hota dekh rahe hain. hamare rashtrapati jin par samast desh ko garv hai, ek behad garib parivar se sambandh rakhate the. inhonne rashtrapati bhavan ko garv aur samman pradan kiya hai. yah hamare prajatntr ki shobha hai ki samaj ke kamazor varg se nikale vyakti ko usaki pratibha ke anukool sahi samman prapt ho raha hai. aj desh ke sabhi nagarik chahe ve alpasnkhyak samuday hon, dalit samuday se hon athava adivasi samuday se hon, desh ke vikas ke lie ekajut hokar kary kar rahe hain."

poling booth matadan

1998 ke am chunavon men rashtrapati rahate hue bhi shri narayanan ne 16 faravari, 1998 ko ek skool ke poling booth men matadan kiya jo rashtrapati bhavan ke kaaumpleks men sthit tha. inhonne ek sadharan matadan men bhag lekar logon ko matadan ke prati utsahit karane ka kary kiya. vah us parampara ko badalana chahate the, jisake anusar poorv bharatiy rashtrapati chunavon men matadan nahin karate the. inhonne rashtrapati ke roop men 1999 ke am chunavon men bhi apane matadhikar ka prayog kiya tha. is prakar desh ke pratham nagarik arthath rashtrapati rahate hue bhi ek am vyakti bane rahe. apane karyakal ke dauran shri narayanan ne apani shaktiyon ka vivek sammat roop se upayog kiya aur rashtrapati ki shaktiyon ko paradarshita ke sath prastut kiya. is prakar inhonne rashtrapati ki shaktiyon ko vyavaharik roop men apanakar dikhaya. phir paristhitiyan kuchh aisi banin ki inhen apane kshetradhikar ki shaktiyon ka upayog karana avashyak ho gaya.

do bar snsad bhng

apane rashtrapati kal ke dauran shri narayanan ne do bar snsad ko bhng karane ka kary kiya. lekin aisa karane ke poorv inhonne apane adhikar ka upayog karate hue rajanitik paridrishy ko snchalit karane vale logon se paramarsh bhi kiya tha. tab yah natija nikala ki un sthitiyon men koee bhi rajanitik dal bahumat siddh karane ki sthiti men nahin tha. yah sthiti tab utpann huee thi, jab kangres adhyaksh sitaram kesari ne indrakumar gujaral sarakar se apana samarthan vapas le liya aur sarakar ke bahumat men hone ka dava danv par lag gaya. shri indrakumar gujaral ko 28 navambar, 1997 tak sadan men apane bahumat ka jaduee ankada sabit karana tha. pradhanamntri indrakumar gujaral bahumat siddh karane men asamarth the, at: unhonne rashtrapati ko paramarsh diya ki lokasabha bhng kar di jae. shri narayanan ne bhi paristhitiyon ki samiksha karate hue nirnay liya ki koee bhi dal bahumat dvara sarakar banane ki sthiti men nahin hai. at: shri gujaral ka paramarsh svikar karate hue unhonne lokasabha bhng kar di. isake bad hue chunav men bharatiy janata parti ek aisi sakal parti ke roop men ubharakar samane aee, jisake pas men sabase zyada sansad the. bhajapa ke neta atal bihari vajapeyi ko en. di. e. ka bhi samarthan prapt tha. at: narayanan ne vajapeyi se kaha ki vah samarthan karane vali partiyon ke samarthan patr pradan karen, taki yah spasht ho jae ki unake pas sarakar banane ke layaq bahumat hai. shri atal bihari vajapeyi samarthan jutane men samarth the aur is adhar par unhen pradhanamntri niyukt kar diya gaya. sath hi yah shart bhi thi ki 10 din men vajapeyi apana bahumat sadan men sabit karen. 14 aprail, 1999 ko jayalalita ne rashtrapati narayanan ko patr likha ki vah vajapeyi sarakar se apana samarthan vapas le rahi hain. tab shri narayanan ne vajapeyi ko sadan men bahumat sabit karane ko kaha. 17 aprail ko vajapeyi sadan men bahumat sabit karane ki sthiti men nahin the. is karan vajapeyi ko har ka samana karana pada.

lokasabha chunav

shri atal bihari vajapeyi tatha vipaksh ki neta evn kangres adhyaksh soniya gandhi donon sarakar banane ki sthiti men nahin the. at: jab donon ke dvara sarthak snket prapt nahin hue to rashtrapati shri narayanan ne pradhanamntri ko soochit kiya ki kendr sarakar ka snkat talane ka ek matr upay hai ki ne lokasabha chunav karavaen jaen. tab atal bihari vajapeyi ki salah par shri narayanan ne lokasabha bhng kar di. isake bad hue chunavon men en. di. e. ko bahumat prapt hua aur vajapeyi pun: pradhanamntri banae ge. in nirnayon ke dvara rashtrapati shri ke. ar. narayanan ne pradhanamntri ki niyukti ke sambandh men naya udaharan pesh kiya. yadi kisi dal athava chunav poorv ke gathabandhan ko bahumat prapt hota hai to kisi vyakti ko pradhanamntri tabhi banaya ja sakata hai, jab vah rashtrapati ko yah vishvas dilane men saphal ho jae ki usake pas sadan men bahumat hai (gathabandhan ke dalon dvara samarthan ka patr pradan kare) aur vah use sabit bhi kar sakata hai. is prakar trishnku lokasabha ki sthiti men rashtrapati shri narayanan ne yah udaharan pesh kiya ki kis prakar bahumat sabit kiya jana chahie. isase poorv ke rashtrapatiyon- nilam snjiv reddi, ar. venkataraman aur daau. shnkar dayal sharma ne poorv parampara ke anusar sabase badi ekal parti athava chunav poorv us gathabandhan ke mukhiya ko sarakar banane ka nyota pradan kiya tha. lekin unhonne yah padatal nahin ki thi ki unake pas sadan men bahumat sabit karane ki yogyata hai athava nahin.

rashtrapati shasan

artikal 356 ke anusar kendriy mntrimandal ki anushnsa par rashtrapati dvara kisi bhi rajy ki qanoon vyavastha bigadane ki sthiti men rashtrapati shasan lagaya ja sakata hai. aise mauqe do bar ae. pahali bar indrakumar gujaral sarakar ne uttar pradesh men kalyan sinh ki sarakar ko barkhast kar rashtrapati shasan lagane ki mang 22 aktoobar, 1999 ko ki. doosari bar atal bihari vajapeyi sarakar ne bihar men rabadi devi ki sarakar ko 25 sitambar, 1994 ko barkhast kar rashtrapati shasan lagane ki mang ki. in donon maukon par rashtrapati shri narayanan ne uchchatam nyayalay ke 1994 ke nirnay ka avalokan kiya, jo es. ar. bommee banam yooniyan aauf indiya ke mamale men diya gaya tha. donon prakaranon men kaibinet dvara rashtrapati ke visheshadhikar ka samman kiya gaya tha. in maukon par rashtrapati ne aise agrah punarvichar ke lie lautakar ek mahattvapoorn drishtant pesh kiya, taki snghata men rajy sarakaron ke adhikaron ki bhi suraksha sambhav ho sake.

karyavahak sarakar dvara shasan

mee 1999 men pakistan ke sath karagil men yuddh chhid gaya. pakistani sainikon ne atnkavadiyon ke sath men milakar yuddh ki sthiti paida kar di thi. us samay atal bihari vajapeyi karyavahak pradhanamntri ke roop men sarakar chala rahe the. vajapeyi sarakar avishvas prastav par har chuki thi aur vipaksh bhi sarakar banane men asaphal raha. aisi sthiti men lokasabha bhng kar di gee thi aur karyavahak sarakar dvara shasan chalaya ja raha tha. is karan prajatntriy javabadehi ki samasya utpann ho gee thi. jis prakar mukhy sarakar ke karyon ki samiksha, vivechana aur parakh snsad men ki jati hai, us prakar kiya jana sambhav nahin tha. aisi vikat sthiti men rashtrapati ke. ar. narayanan ne karyavahak pradhanamntri shri atal bihari vajapeyi ko salah di ki rajyasabha men yuddh ko lekar charcha ki jae. isi prakar ki mang kee vipakshi dalon ke dvara bhi uthaee gee.[1] yadyapi is prakar ka koee bhi poorv udaharan nahin tha ki sarakar n rahane ki sthiti men rajyasabha ka satr alag se bulaya jae. isake atirikt shri narayanan ne tinon senaon ke senadhikariyon se yuddh men shahid hue sainikon ko shrnddhajnli bhi di thi. rashtrapati ke roop men yah snvaidhanik maryadaon se bndhe hue the. vah bahut kuchh karana chahate the, lekin maryadaon ka kabhi bhi ullnghan nahin kiya.

rashtrapati pad ka ummidavar

rashtrapati niyukt hone ke bad narayanan ne ek niti athava siddhant bana liya tha ki vah kisi bhi pooja sthan ya ibadatagah par nahin jaenge-chahe vah devata ka ho ya devi ka. yah ekamatr aise rashtrapati rahe jinhonne apane karyakal men kisi bhi pooja sthal ka daura nahin kiya. rashtrapati ke roop men jab shri narayanan ki padavadhi ke avasan ka samay nikat aya to vibhinn janasamudayon ki ray thi ki inhen doosare satr ke lie bhi rashtrapati banaya jana chahie. is samay en. di. e. ke pas aparyapt bahumat tha. lekin narayanan ne spasht kar diya ki vah sarvasammati ke adhar par hi pun: rashtrapati banana svikar karenge. us samay ki vipakshi partiyon- kangres, janata dal, vam morcha tatha any ne bhi inako doosari bar rashtrapati banaye jane ka samarthan kiya tha. kangres adhyaksh shrimati soniya gandhi ne rashtrapati shri narayanan se mulaqat karake yah prarthana ki ki vah agale satr hetu bhi rashtrapati banen. lekin vajapeyi ne inase bhent karake yah spasht kar diya ki unaki ummidavari ko lekar en. di. e. men asahamati hai. en. di. e. ne uparashtrapati krishnakant ko sarvasammati se rashtrapati pad ka ummidavar banane ka prayas kiya. vipaksh se is bare men sahayog manga gaya aur kangres tak bhi vajapeyi ka sndesh gaya. lekin ek hi din men yah spasht ho gaya ki krishnakant ki ummidavari ko lekar en. di. e. ke ghatak dal hi ekamat nahin hain. isake bad rashtrapati pad ke ummidavar ke roop men daau. pi. si. alekjendar ke nam par vichar kiya gaya. lekin vipakshi dalon ne inaki ummidavari ko nakar diya. phir vipakshiyon ne shri narayanan se pun: sampark kiya aur rashtrapati pad hetu vichar karane ka anurodh kiya. tab en. di. e. dvara daau. abdul kalam ka nam adhikarik ummidavar ke roop men age aya. lekin is bare men sarvasammati ki paravah nahin ki gee. mulayam sinh yadav ke netritv vali samajavadi parti ne vipaksh ki ekajutata ki paravah n karate hue abdul qalam ke nam par sahamati vyakt kar di. aisi sthiti men shri narayanan ne svayn ko rashtrapati pad ki pun: ummidavari se alag kar liya. bad men jab is sandarbh men shri narayanan se poochha gaya to unhonne bharatiy janata parti ki niti ko zimmedar thaharaya, jisake karan doosari bar rashtrapati banana mnzoor nahin kiya. inhonne age spasht karate hue kaha ki bhajapa bharat ki dharmanirapeksh niti ko akramak hindutvavadi niti se nuqasan pahunchane ka kam kar rahi hai.

vidaee

shri narayanan ne vishesh roop se murali manohar joshi (jo ech. ar. di. mntri the) ka ullekh kiya, jinhonne shiksha vyavastha men bi. je. pi. ki hindutvavadi vicharadhara ko sammilit karane ka prayas kiya tha. sath hi vibhinn kshetron men unhonne snvaidhanik roop se aise logon ki niyuktiyan ki thin, jo bi. je. pi. ki vicharadhara ko sthapit karane ka kary kar sakate the. shri narayanan prajatantrik evn snvaidhanik moolyon ke anusar hi kary karana chahate the aur bi. je. pi. ko inaki yah karyashaili pasand nahin thi. 24 julaee, 2002 ko shri narayanan ne apane vidaee sambodhan men yuva varg se kaha ki vah samajik karyon ke utthan men mahattvapoorn bhoomika ka nirvahan kare. inhonne apane anubhavon par adharit snsmaranon ke madhyam se bharatiy logon ki achchhaiyon evn buddhimatta ko parilakshit kiya. shri narayanan ne kaha ki jab vah ujhavoor men vibhinn dharmavalambiyon ke sath rahate hue bade ho rahe the, tab dharmik sahishnuta aur ekata ke sath hindoo evn krishchiyan logon ne unaki arambhik shiksha men madad ki thi. isi prakar ottapasam men nirvachan ke samay bhi sabhi jati evn dharm ke logon ne inake chunav prachar men bhag liya tha. inhonne kaha ki bharat ki ekata aur prajatantrik vyavastha ke lie dharmik sahishnuta ka bhav kafi had tak zimmedar raha hai. at: hinduon ko chahie ki ve bahusnkhyak hone ke karan hindutv ke paramparik moolyon ke anusar sabhi dharmon ka samman karen.

shri narayanan ke shabdon men

shri narayanan ne vishesh roop se kaha-"bharat ke rashtrapati ke roop men mainne behad du:kh aur svayn ko asahay mahasoos kiya. aise kee avasar ae jab main desh ke nagarikon ke lie kuchh nahin kar saka. in anubhavon ne mujhe kafi du:kh pahunchaya. simit shaktiyon ke karan main vedana mahasoos karata tha. vastut: shakti aur asahayata ke mishran ko dukhant hi kahana chahie."

nidhan

shri ke. ar. narayanan ka nidhan 9 navambar, 2005 ko armi risarch end raipharal haauspital, nee dilli men hua. inhen nyoomoniya ki shikayat thi. phir gurdon ke kam n karane ke karan inaki mrityu ho gee. 10 navambar, 2005 ko poorn rajakiy samman ke sath sooryast ke samay inaka antim snskar inake bhatije daau. pi. vi. ramachandran ne yamuna nadi ke kinare 'ekata sthal' par kiya. yah sthan 'shanti van' ke nikat hai, jahan inake margadarshak pandit neharoo ki smritiyan jivit hain. inaki putri chitra (turki men bharatiy rajadoot), patni usha, doosari putri amrita tatha parivar ke any sadasyon ko desh-videsh se kee snvedana sndesh prapt hue. putri chitra ne kaha ki unake pita ko rashtr prem, vishisht naitik manobal tatha sahas ke lie sadaiv yad kiya jaega.

samman

shri ke. ar. narayanan ne kuchh pustaken bhi likhin, jinamen 'indiya end amerika esses in andarastaiding', 'imejes end inasaits' aur 'naaun alaiment in kantaimpareri intaraneshanal nileshns' ullekhaniy hain. inhen rashtriy evn antarrashtriy star par bhi kee puraskar prapt hue the. 1998 men inhen 'd apil aauf kaaunasains faundeshan', nyooyark dvara 'varld stetsamain avard' diya gaya. 'toledo vishvavidyalay', amerika ne inhen 'daauktar aauf sains' ki tatha 'astreliya vishvavidyalay' ne 'daauktar aauf laaus' ki upadhi di. isi prakar se rajaniti vigyan men inhen daauktaret ki upadhi turki aur sen karlos vishvavidyalay dvara pradan ki gee. bharat mata ke is sachche sapoot ko sadaiv yad kiya jaega jo rashtrapati se zyada ek behatar insan the.



bharat ke rashtrapati
Arrow-left.png poorvadhikari
shnkaradayal sharma
ke. ar. narayanan uttaradhikari
abdul kalam
Arrow-right.png


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani

  1. 1962-ke bharat-chin yuddh ke dauran aisi mang vajapeyi ne uthaee thi aur neharoo ji ne use svikar kar liya tha

snbndhit lekh

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