भैरोंसिंह शेखावत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhaironsinh shekhavat
bhaironsinh shekhavat
poora nam bhaironsinh shekhavat
janm 23 aktoobar, 1923
janm bhoomi sikar, british bharat
mrityu 15 mee, 2010
mrityu sthan jayapur, rajasthan
abhibhavak 'devisinh shekhavat' aur 'banne knvar'
pati/patni sooraj knvar
sntan putri- ratan knvar
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi rajanitigy
parti 'bharatiy janata parti' (bhajapa)
pad rajasthan ke poorv mukhyamntri, poorv uparashtrapati
kary kal mukhyamntri- 22 joon, 1977 se 15 faravari, 1980 tak; 4 march, 1990 se 15 disambar, 1992 tak; 15 disambar, 1992 se 31 disambar, 1998 tak; uparashtrapati- 19 agast, 2002 se 21 julaee, 2007 tak.
jel yatra apat kal ke samay 19 mah jel ki saza.
vishesh yogadan bharat men garibon ko bhojan muhaiya karane ke lie chalaee jane vali "antyoday ann yojana" ka shrey apako jata hai.
any janakari varsh 1952 men bhaironsinh shekhavat data ramagadh se chunav ke lie khade hue the. is samay unaka chunav chihn 'dipak' tha. is chunav men unhen saphalata mili aur ve vijayi hue.

bhaironsinh shekhavat (angrezi:Bhairon Singh Shekhawat; janm- 23 aktoobar, 1923, sikar, british bharat; mrityu- 15 mee, 2010, jayapur, rajasthan) bharat ke gyarahaven uparashtrapati aur rajasthan ke poorv mukhyamntri the. ve rajasthan ke rajanitik kshitij par kafi lambe samay tak chhaye rahe. rajasthan ki rajaniti men unaka jabardast prabhav tha. unake karyakartaon ne un par ek joradar nara bhi diya, jo is prakar tha- "rajasthan ka ek hi sinh, bhenrosinh....., bhenrosinh...... yah nara bahut lambe samay tak goonjata raha tha. rajasthan men jab varsh 1952 men vidhanasabha ki sthapana huee thi, tab bhaironsinh shekhavat ne apana bhagy ajamaya aur vidhayak bane. isake bad unhonne pichhe mudakar nahin dekha aur saphalataen arjit karate hue vipaksh ke neta, phir mukhyamntri aur uparashtrapati ke pad tak pahunch ge. 'bharatiy janata parti' ke sammananiy netaon men se ve ek the.

janm tatha parivar

bhaironsinh shekhavat ka janm 23 aktoobar, 1923 ko dhanateras ke din british kalin sikar (rajasthan) men hua tha. ye ek madhyam vargiy rajapoot[1] parivar se sambandh rakhate the. inake pita ka nam devisinh aur mata banne knvar thin. shekhavat ji ke pita ek skool men adhyapak pad par karyarat the. bhaironsinh shekhavat ke tin bhaee the, jinake nam the- vishan sinh, govardhan sinh aur lakshman sinh.[2]

shiksha tatha vivah

bhaironsinh shekhavat ne apani prarambhik shiksha ganv ki pathashala men hi prapt ki. unhonne haeeskool ki shiksha ganv se 30 kilomitar door sthit jobaner se prapt ki. yahan padhane ane ke lie bhaironsinh shekhavat ko pratidin paidal jana padata tha. haeeskool karane ke pashchath unhonne jayapur ke 'maharaja kaaulej' men dakhila le liya. unhen pravesh lie adhik samay nahin hua tha ki pita ka dehant ho gaya. ab shekhavat ji par parivar ke ath praniyon ke bharan-poshan ka bhar a pada. is karan unhen hal hath men uthana pada. bad men pulis ki naukari bhi ki, lekin usamen man nahin rama aur tyagapatr dekar vapas kheti karane lage. varsh 1941 men bhaironsinh shekhavat ka vivah sooraj knvar se kar diya gaya. inaki putri ka nam ratan knvar hai.

rajaniti men pravesh

is samay rajasthan ke gathan ki prakriya chal rahi thi. bhaironsinh shekhavat janasngh ke snsthapak kal se hi jud gaye aur 'janata parti' tatha 'bhajapa' ki sthapana men bhi unhonne sakriy bhoomika nibhaee. varsh 1952 men ve das rupaye udhar lekar data ramagadh se chunav ke lie khade hue. is samay unaka chunav chihn 'dipak' tha. is chunav men unhen saphalata mili aur ve vijayi hue. is saphalata ke bad unaka rajanitik saphar lagatar chalata raha. ve das var vidhayak, 1974 se 1977 tak rajy sabha ke sadasy rahe.[2]

rajanitik saphar

apane lambe rajanitik saphar men bhaironsinh shekhavat tin bar rajasthan ke mukhyamntri, tin bar neta pratipaksh aur bharat ke gyarahaven uparashtrapati bhi rahe.

rajasthan ke mukhyamntri

  1. 22 joon, 1977 se 15 faravari, 1980 tak
  2. 4 march, 1990 se 15 disambar, 1992 tak
  3. 15 disambar, 1992 se 31 disambar, 1998 tak

neta pratipaksh

  1. 15 julaee, 1980 se 10 march, 1985 tak
  2. 28 march, 1985 se 30 disambar, 1989 tak
  3. 8 janavari, 1999 se 18 agast, 2002 tak

uparashtrapati

bhaironsinh shekhavat ji 12 agast, 2002 ko bharat ke gyarahaven uparashtrapati bane. unaka karyakal 19 agast, 2002 se 21 julaee, 2007 tak raha tha. varsh 2007 men ve rashtrapati chunav men parajit ho ge the.

lokapriyata

shekhavat ji ek jan neta the. janata ke bich unhen bahut lokapriyata prapt thi. unhonne rajasthan ke das alag-alag sthanon se vidhan sabha chunav lade aur unamen se ath men vijayashri ka varan kiya. ve ek se gyarah tak ki rajasthan vidhan sabhaon men se matr panchavin men nahin the. arthath das vidhanasabha chunavon men ve jit kar gaye the. apat kal ke samay bhaironsinh shekhavat ne 19 mah tak jel ki saza bhi bhogi. vidhayak dal ke neta to ve kee bar rahe. 'bharatiy janata parti' men anekon padon par rahate hue ve pradesh adhyaksh, rashtriy upadhyaksh aur kisan morcha ke rashtriy adhyaksh bhi bane the.[2]

garibon ke sahayak

ajivan rashtrahit men kam karane vale jananeta shekhavat ji garibon ke sachche sahayak the. unhonne ek bar kaha tha ki- "main garibon aur vnchit tabake ke lie kam karata rahoonga taki ve apane maulik adhikaron ka garimapoorn tariqe se istemal kar saken." desh ke atynt garib logon ko bhojan muhaiya karane ke lie chalaee jane vali "antyoday ann yojana" ka shrey unhin ko jata hai. unake is kadam ke lie tatkalin vishv baink ke adhyaksh raaubart maikkanamara ne unaki sarahana karate hue unhen bharat ka raaukafelar kaha tha. apane jivan kal ki ek any charchit ghatana "roop knvar sati kand" ke dauran apani lokapriyata aur rajanitik kairiyar ki paravah n karate hue bhaironsih shekhavat ne 'sati pratha' ke virodh men avaz bulnd ki thi.

yojanaen

shekhavat ji ka rajanitik karyakal garibon ki behatari aur vikas ko samarpit raha tha. garibon ki bhalaee ke lie unhonne kee yojanaen kriyanvit ki thin, jaise-

  1. 'kam ke badale anaj yojana'
  2. 'antyoday yojana'
  3. 'bhamashah yojana'
  4. 'praudh shiksha karyakram'

apani yojanaon ke madhyam se shekhavat ji ne gramin bharat ki tasvir badalane ka jo sapana dekha tha, vah aj kafi had tak sakar ho raha hai. rajaniti ke is mahir khiladi ne sarakar men rahate hue aise na jane kitane kam kiye, jisaka udaharan aj bhi diya jata hai. unake dvara shuroo kiye gaye 'kam ke badale anaj' yojana ki misal di jati hai. betahasha badhati janasnkhya ke niyntran ko lekar bhi unhonne abhinav prayog karate hue adhik sntanen hone par pnchayaton ke chunav ladane par pratibndh lagaya tha.[3]

nidhan

rajasthan ki rajaniti men joradar prabhav rakhane vale bhaironsinh shekhavat ka nidhan 15 mee, 2010 ko jayapur men hua. unhen bechaini aur sans lene men takaliph ki vajah se jayapur ke 'savaee manasinh aspatal' men bharti karavaya gaya tha. yahan ve jivan rakshak pranali par rakhe ge the. shanivar ke din subah 11 bajakar, 10 minat par daauktaron ne unhen mrit ghoshit kar diya tha. unaka parthiv sharir sabase pahale bhajapa ki pradesh ikaee ke mukhyalay men laya gaya tha. parthiv sharir ke antim darshan ke lie sadakon par hazaron log ikattha the. jayapur ki sadakon par "bhaironsinh amar rahe" aur "rajasthan ka ek hi sinh, bhaironsinh.. bhaironsinh" ki goonj sunaee de rahi thi.[4]

ajivan 'bhajapa' ko samarpit bhaironsinh shekhavat dalagat rajaniti se sadaiv door rahe. na keval mukhyamntri ke roop men balki uparashtrapati pad par rahate hue bhi unhonne sabhi dalon ke logon se chahe ve kangres ke hon ya samyavadi dal ke, sabhi ke sath saman vyavahar kiya. unake jivan ka ek aur tathy ullekhaniy hai ki jab uparashtrapati ka chunav lada to pahale 'bhajapa' ki sadasyata se tyagapatr de diya tha. shekhavat ji ne panch varsh ke karyakal men apane garimapoorn vyavahar ke karan rajy sabha men sabhi partiyon se jo snbndh banaye rakha, vah apane ap men anukaraniy hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. shekhavat, jo ki sooryavnshi kachhavaha rajapoot hote hain
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 shekhavat- ek jivan parichay (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 1 mee, 2013.
  3. shekhavat ka adarsh rajanitik jivan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 1 mee, 2013.
  4. shekhavat ki antim yatra men umada sailab (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 1 mee, 2013.

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