उपराष्ट्रपति  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharat ke uparashtrapati ka pad desh ka doosara uchchatam snvaidhanik pad hai. unaka karyakal panch varsh ki avadhi ka hota hai. lekin vah is avadhi ke samapt ho jane par bhi apane uttaradhikari ke pad grahan karane tak, pad par bane rah sakate hain. snvidhan is bat par maun hai ki bharat ke uparashtrapati ka karyakal samapt hone se pahale jab unaka pad rikt ho jata hai ya jab uparashtrapati bharat ke rashtrapati ke roop men kary karate hain, tab uparashtrapati ke kartavyon ka palan kaun karata hai. snvidhan men ekamatr upabndh rajy sabha ke sabhapati ke roop men uparashtrapati ke aise krity se snbndhit hai jisaka nirvahan; aisi rikti ki avadhi ke dauran, rajy sabha ke up sabhapati dvara ya bharat ke rashtrapati dvara pradhikrit kie ge rajy sabha ke kisi any sadasy dvara kiya jata hai. uparashtrapati dvara apane pad ka tyag bharat ke rashtrapati ko apana tyag patr dekar kiya ja sakata hai. tyag patr us tarikh se prabhavi ho jata hai jisase use svikar kiya jata hai. inhen bhi dekhen: rajyapal, uparajyapal evn mukhyamntri

snvidhan ke anusar

uparashtrapati ko rajy sabha ke ek aise snkalp dvara pad se hataya ja sakata hai, jise rajy sabha ke tatkalin sadasyon ke bahumat ne parit kiya ho aur jisase lok sabha sahamat ho. is prayojanarth snkalp ko keval tabhi upasthit kiya ja sakata hai jabaki is ashay ki soochana kam se kam 14 din pahale di gee ho. snvidhan ke anuchachhed 63 ke anusar bharat ka ek uparashtrapati hoga. snvidhan men uparashtrapati se sambandhit pravadhan snyukt rajy amarika ke snvidhan se grahan kiya gaya hai. is prakar se bharat ke uparashtrapati ka pad ameriki uparashtrapati pad ki kuchh parivartan sahit anukriti hai. bharat ka uparashtrapati rajyasabha ka paden sadasy hota hai aur any koee labh ka pad dharan nahin karata hai.

rajy sabha ka paden sabhapati

uparashtrapati rajy sabha ka paden sabhapati hota hai aur vah labh ka koee any pad dharan nahin karata hai. jis kisi aisi avadhi ke dauran uparashtrapati rashtrapati ke roop men kary karata hai ya rashtrapati ke krityon ka nirvahan karata hai, us avadhi ke dauran vah rajy sabha ke sabhapati ke pad ke kartavyon ka palan nahin karata hai aur vah rajy sabha ke sabhapati ko sndey kisi vetan ya bhatte ka hakadar nahin hota.

yogyata

koee bhi vyakti uparashtrapati nirvachit hone ke yogy tabhi hoga, jab vah-

  1. bharat ka nagarik ho.
  2. 35 varsh ki ayu poori kar chuka ho.
  3. rajyasabha ka sadasy nirvachit hone ke yogy ho.
  4. snsad ke kisi sadan ya rajy vidhan mandal men se kisi sadan ka sadasy n ho. isaka tatpary yah nahin hain ki snsad ya rajy vidhan mandalon ka sadasy uparashtrapati nahin ho sakata, balki isaka tatpary yah hai ki yadi koee vyakti uparashtrapati pad ke lie nirvachit kiya jata hai aur yadi vah snsad ya rajy vidhanamandalon men se kisi sadan ka sadasy hai, to use is sadasyata ka tyag karana padata hai.
  5. bharat sarakar ke ya kisi rajy ki sarakar ke adhin athava ukt sarakaron men se kisi ke niyantran men kisi sthaniy ya pradhikari ke adhin labh ka pad dharan n karata ho.

nirvachan

uparashtrapati ka nirvachan ek aise nirvachak mandal ke dvara kiya jaega, jo ki snsad ke donon sadanon se milakar banega, arthath uparashtrapati ka nirvachan rajyasabha tatha lokasabha ke sadasyon ke dvara kiya jaega. rajy vidhanamandal ke sadasy isamen bhag nahin lete hain. yah nirvachan anupatik pratinidhitv paddhati ke anusar ekal snkramaniy mat tatha gupt matadan ke dvara hoga. uparashtrapati pad ke lie abhyarthi ka nam 20 matadataon ke dvara prastavit aur 20 matadataon ke dvara samarthit hona avashyak hai. sath hi abhyarthon dvara 15,000 rupaye ki jamanat rashi jama karana avashyak hota hai.

sambandhit vivad

uparashtrapati ke nirvachan se sambandhit kisi bhi vivad ka nirnay uchchatam nyayalay dvara kiya jaega (anuchchhed 71). yadi nirvachit uparashtrapati ke pad grahan karane ke bad uchchatam nyayalay ke dvara uparashtrapati ke nirvachan ko avaidh ghoshit kiya jata hai to pad par rahate hue uparashtrapati dvara kiy gaye kary ko avaidh nahin mana jaega.

padavadhi

uparashtrapati apane pad grahan karane ki tithi se panch varsh tak apane pad par bana rahega aur yadi usaka uttaradhikari is panch varsh ki avadhi ke dauran nahin chuna jata hai, to vah tab tak apane pad par bana rahega, jab tak usaka uttaradhikari nirvachit hokar pad grahan nahin kar leta hai. lekin uparashtrapati apane pad grahan ki tarikh se panch varsh ke andar bhi apane pad se nimnalikhit dhng se hat sakata hai ya hataya ja sakata hai-

  • rashtrapati ko apana tyagapatr dekar,
  • rajyasabha ke dvara snkalp parit karake-

uparashtrapati ko pad se hatane ke lie snkalp ya rajy sabha men pesh kiya jata hai, lekin uparashtrapati ko pad se hatane ka snkalp rajyasabha men pesh karane ke pahale usaki soochana unhen 14 din poorv dena avashyak hai. rajyasabha men snkalp parit hone ke bad use anumodan ke lie lokasabha ko bheja jata hai. yadi lokasabha snkalp ko anumodit kar deti hai to uparashtrapati ko pad se hata diya jata hai. karyavahak rashtrapati ke roop men kary karane ki sthiti men uparashtrapati ko mahabhiyog dvara keval usi prakriya ke tahat hataya ja sakega, jis prakriya se snvidhan men rashtrapati par mahabhiyog sthapit karane ka pravadhan hai.

punarvichar ke lie patrata

jo vyakti uparashtrapati pad ki avashyak yogyata ko dharan karata hai, vah ek se adhik karyalay ke lie nirvachit kiya ja sakata hai. lekin daau. sarvapalli radhakrishnan ke do bar nirvachit kie jane ke bad ab yah samany parampara ban gayi hai ki kisi vyakti ko ek bar hi uparashtrapati pad ke lie nirvachit kiya jae.

shapath ya pratigyan

uparashtrapati apana pad grahan karane ke poorv rashtrapati athava usake dvara is prayojan ke lie niyukt kisi vyakti ke samaksh shapath leta hai tatha shapath patr par hastakshar karata hai (anuchchhed 69). uparashtrapati ka shapath patr ka praroop nimnalikhit roop men nirdharit hota hai-

main, amuk eeshvar ki shapath leta hoon, saty nishtha se pratigyan karata hoon ki main vidhi dvara sthapit bharat ke snvidhan ke prati sachchi shraddha aur nishtha rakhoonga tatha jis pad ko main grahan karane vala hoon usake kartavyon ka shraddhapoorvak nirvahan karoonga.

uparashtrapati ka nirvachan
vijayi uparashtrapati tithi (shapath grahan) mukhy pratidvandvi vijeta dvara prapt mat prapt mat
daau. es. radhakrishnan 12 mee, 1952 nirvirodh
daau. es. radhakrishnan 11 mee, 1957 nirvirodh
daau. zakir husain 7 mee, 1962 en. si. samant sinh 568 14
varahagiri venkat giri 6 mee, 1967 pro. habib 483 193
gopal svaroop pathak 30 agast, 1969 ech. vi. kamath 400 156
bi. di. jatti 27 agast, 1974 en. ee. horo 521 141
mo. hidayatulla 2 agast, 1979 nirvirodh
ramasvami venkataraman 23 march, 1984 bi. si. kamale 508 207
daau. shnkar dayal sharma 7 sitnbar, 1987 nirvirodh
ke. ar. narayan 19 agast, 1992 kaka jogindar sinh 700 1
krishn kant 19 agast, 1997 surajit sinh baranala 441 273
bhairosinh shekhavat 19 agast, 2002 sushil kumar shinde 454 305
mohammad hamid ansari 11 agast, 2007 daau. najama hepatulla 455 222
mohammad hamid ansari 11 agast, 2012 jasavnt sinh 490 238
venkaiya nayadoo 11 agast, 2017 gopalakrishn gandhi 516 244

nirvachit vyakti ki padavadhi

uparashtrapati ke pad ki rikti ko bharane ke lie nirvachan karane ka samay tatha akasmik rikti ko bharane ke lie nirvachit vyakti ki padavadhi-

uparashtrapati ki padavadhi ki samapti se huee rikti ko bharane ke lie nirvachan padavadhi ki samapti se poorv kiya jaega tatha uparashtrapati ki mrityu, padatyag ya pad se hataye jane ya any karan se huee usake pad men huee rikti ko bharane ke lie nirvachan yathashighr kiya jaega aur rikti ko bharane ke lie nirvachit vyakti apane pad grahan ki tarikh se panch varsh ki poori avadhi tak pad dharan karane ka hakadar hoga (anuchchhed 68). padavadhi ke dauran uparashtrapati ki mrityu ho jane ki sthiti men rikt hue usake pad ko karyavahak uparashtrapati ke dvara bhare jane sambandhi koee snvaidhanik vyavastha nahin hai. is prakar aisi sthiti men uparashtrapati ka pad keval nirvachan ke dvara hi bhara jaega.

vetan evn bhatte

uparashtrapati apane pad ka vetan nahin grahan karata, balki vah rajyasabha ke sabhapati ke roop men apana vetan grahan karata hai. 11 sitambar, 2008 ko kendriy mntrimandal dvara liye gaye nirnay ke anusar uparashtrapati ka vetan 1.25 lakh rupaye prati mah nirdharit kiya gaya hai. naya vetan 1 janavari, 2006 se prabhavi kiya gaya hai. halanki isase poorv 10 janavari, 2008 ko uparashtrapati ka vetan 40 hazar se badhakar 80,000 rupaye prati mah karane ka nirnay liya gaya tha. is vetan ke atirikt uparashtrapati ko bina kirae ka susajjit makan avas ke lie diya jata hai. rajyasabha ke sabhapati ke roop men uparashtrapati ko vetan bharat ki snchit nidhi se diya jata hai. uparashtrapati ke vetan ya bhatte men usaki padavadhi ke dauran kabhi kami nahin ki ja sakati. padavadhi ke dauran mrityu hone ki sthiti men uparashtrapati ko parivarik penshan, avas aur chikitsa suvidhaen prapt hain. uparashtrapati ke nidhan athava seva nivritti ki sthiti men patni athava pati ko penshan prapt hogi.

20 disambar, 1999 ko snsad ne uparashtrapati ki penshan men vriddhi hetu vidheyak parit kar ise 6250 rupaye pratimah se badhakar 20,000 rupaye pratimah kar diya tha. pad vimukti ke pashchath uparashtrapati ki penshan unake vetan ka 50 pratishat nirdharit kiya gaya hai. is prakar vartaman men seva nivritti par uparashtrapati ko 7,50,000 rupaye varshik penshan dey hai. sath hi sevanivritt uparashtrapati ko karyalay kharch ke lie milane vali rashi ko bhi 6000 rupaye se badhakar 12,000 rupaye prativarsh kar diya gaya hai. dhyatavy hai ki 1997 se poorv uparashtrapati ki seva nivritti ke pashchath penshan ka pravadhan nahin tha. 1997 se hi uparashtrapati ko 6250 rupaye pratimah penshan ka pravadhan kiya gaya tha.

kary evn shaktiyan

uparashtrapati ko snvidhan ke dvara nimnalikhit kary tatha shaktiyan pradan ki gayi hain-

karyavahak rashtrapati ke roop men kary

anuchchhed 65 ke anusar rashtrapati ki mrityu ya usake tyag patr de dene ya mahabhiyog prakriya ke anusar usake padamukt hone ya usaki anupasthiti ke karan jab rashtrapati ka pad rikt ho jata hai, tab uparashtrapati, rashtrapati ke kartavyon ka nirvahan karata hai tatha rashtrapati ki shaktiyan prayog karata hai. jab uparashtrapati, rashtrapati ke krityon ka nirvahan kar raha hota hai, tab vah aisi upalabdhiyon, bhatton aur visheshadhikaron ka hakadar hota hai, jinaka hakadar rashtrapati hota hai. uparashtrapati jab rashtrapati ke roop men kary karata hai ya rashtrapati ke krityon ka nirvahan karata hai, us avadhi ke dauran vah rajy sabha ke kartavyon ka palan nahin karega.

rajyasabha ke sabhapati ke roop men

anuchchhed 64 men di gayi vyavastha ke anusar rajyasabha ke sabhapati ke roop men uparashtrapati nimnalikhit karyon ko karata hai–

  1. vah rajyasabha ke karyon ka snchalan karata hai, rajyasabha men anushasan banaye rakhata hai tatha agya ka anupalan n karane vale sadasyon ko sadan se nishkasit karava sakata hai.
  2. vah rajyasabha ke kisi sadasy ko sadan men bhashan dene ki anugya deta hai tatha usaki anugya ke bina koee bhi sadasy sadan men bhashan nahin de sakata hai.
  3. vah sadan men pesh kiye gaye vidheyakon par vichar-vimarsh karavata hai. vah vichar-vimarsh ke bad matadan karata hai tatha usaka parinam ghoshit karata hai.
  4. usako yah nirnay karane ki shakti prapt hai ki kaun sa prashn sadan se poochhane ke yogy hai.
  5. vah sadan men asnsadiy bhasha ke prayog ko rokata hai tatha yah adesh de sakata hai ki asnsadiy bhasha ko abhilekh se nikal diya jae.
  6. vah rajasabha ke dvara parit vidheyakon par hastakshar karata hai.
  7. vah rajyasabha ke visheshadhikaron ka ullnghan karane vale vyaktiyon ko pratadit karata hai.[1]
bharat ke uparashtrapati
uparashtrapati karyakal
daau. es. radhakrishnan 13 mee, 1952 se 12 mee, 1962
daau. zakir husain 13 mee, 1962 se 12 mee, 1967
varahagiri venkat giri 13 mee, 1967 se 3 mee, 1969
gopal svaroop pathak 31 agast, 1969 se 30 agast, 1974
bi. di. jatti 31 agast, 1974 se 30 agast, 1989
mo. hidayatulla 31 agast, 1989 se 30 agast, 1984
ramasvami venkataraman 31 agast, 1984 se 24 julaee, 1987
daau. shnkar dayal sharma 3 sitnbar, 1987 se 24 julaee, 1992
ke. ar. narayan 21 agast, 1992 se 24 julaee, 1997
krishn kant 21 agast, 1997 se 27 julaee, 2002
bhairon sinh shekhavat 19 agast, 2002 se 21 julaee, 2007
mohammad hamid ansari 11 agast, 2007 se | 10 agast, 2017
venkaiya nayadoo 11 agast, 2017 se | ab tak

soochana dene ka kartavy

bharat ka rashtrapati jab kabhi tyagapatr deta hai to vah apana tyagapatr uparashtrapati ko deta hai. jab uparashtrapati, rashtrapati ka tyagapatr prapt kare, to usaka kartavy banata hai ki vah rashtrapati ke tyagapatr ki soochana lokasabha ke adhyaksh ko de.

any kary

uparashtrapati ko snvidhan ke dvara koee aupacharik karyapalikiy shakti prapt nahin hai, phir bhi vyavahar men use mntrimandal ke samast nirnayon ki soochana pradan ki jati hai. uparashtrapati vibhinn rajakiy yatraon men rashtr ka pratinidhitv karata hai. in sab ke atirikth uparashtrapati dilli vishvavidyalay ka paden kulapati hota hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. *bharat ke uparashtrapatiyon men pratham uparashtrapati daau. sarvapalli radhakrishnan do karyakal tak uparashtrapati rahe, tatha do uparashtrapati, vi. vi. giri evn ar. venkataraman karyakal poora karane ke pahale hi rashtrapati chun liye gaye.
    • uparashtrapati krishnakant bharat ke pahale uparashtrapati hain, jinaki mrityu padavadhi ke dauran huee.

snbndhit lekh

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