कोट्टायम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kottayam keral ka ek prasiddh shahar aur nagar, jo apani kee visheshataon ke karan prasiddh hai. is sthan ko 'laind aauf laitars', 'leteks' aur 'jhil' ki upadhiyan di jati hain. isake poorv men oonche pashchimi ghat aur pashchim men vembanad jhil aur kuttanad men dhan ke khet hain, jo kottayam ki khoobasoorati men char chand lagate hain.

  • lagabhag 2204 varg ki.mi. ke kshetr men phaila yah shahar prakritik sundarata ke shanadar nazare pesh karata hai.
  • kottayam hi vah sthan hai, jahan malayalam ki pahali priting pres lagaee gee thi. is priting pres ki sthapana ek eesaee bainjamin baili ne 1820 ee. men ki thi.
  • yah prasiddh nagar keral ki sanskritik, samajik aur shaikshanik gatividhiyon ka sahi roop men chitran karata hai.
  • kottayam ka mahatv dvitiy cher samrajy ke samay se badha. cher samrajy ka is jagah par vishesh prabhav tha. maharaja martand varma ne keral ke shasak ke roop men yahan gahari chhap chhodi thi. apane poorvavarti shasakon dvara sthapit vembolinadu par usane vijay prapt ki thi.
  • yah nagar sadakamarg se bhali-bhanti juda hua hai. yah rashtriy rajamarg- 220 par padata hai aur rajh‍y haive namh‍bar 1, 9, 11, 13, 14, 15 aur 32 bhi isase hokar gujarate hain.
  • praivet sekh‍tar ki kee basen bhi kottayam men chalati hain. yah nagar keral aur asapas ke anh‍y shaharon v rajh‍yon se achh‍chhi tarah juda hua hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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