विद्यानिवास मिश्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vidyanivas mishr
vidyanivas mishr
poora nam vidyanivas mishr
janm 28 janavari, 1926
janm bhoomi gorakhapur, uttar pradesh
mrityu 14 faravari, 2005
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr nibandh lekhan.
mukhy rachanaen chhitavan ki chhanh' (1976), ‘tum chanh‍dan ham pani', ‘angan ka pnchhi aur banajar man', ‘kadam ki phooli dal' adi.
bhasha hindi
vidyalay 'ilahabad vishvavidyalay'
puraskar-upadhi 'bharatiy gyanapith' ka 'moortidevi puraskar', 'shnkar samman', 'padm shri' aur 'padm bhooshan'.
prasiddhi lalit nibandh lekhak.
vishesh yogadan vidyanivas hindi ki pratishtha hetu sadaiv sngharsharat rahe, maaurishas se soorinam tak anekon hindi sammelanon men mishr ji ki upasthiti ne hindi ke sngharsh ko majabooti pradan ki.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari vidyanivas mishr ne kuchh varsh 'navabharat taims' ke snpadak ka dayitv bhi snbhala. unhonne 'navabharat taims' ko hindi ke pratishthit samachar patr ke roop men nee pahachan dilaee.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

vidyanivas mishr (angrezi: Vidhyaniwas Mishra; janm- 28 janavari, 1926, gorakhapur, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 14 faravari, 2005) hindi ke prasiddh sahityakar, saphal sampadak, snskrit ke prakand vidvan aur jane-mane bhashavid the. hindi sahity ko apane lalit nibndhon aur lok jivan ki sugndh se suvasit karane vale vidyanivas mishr aise sahityakar the, jinhonne adhunik vicharon ko parnparik soch men khapaya tha. sahity samikshakon ke anusar snskrit marmgy mishr ji ne hindi men sadaiv anchalik boliyon ke shabdon ko mahattv diya. vidyanivas mishr ke anusar- "hindi men yadi anchalik boliyon ke shabdon ko protsahan diya jaye to durooh rajabhasha se bacha ja sakata hai, jo behad snskritanishth hai." mishr ji ke abhootapoorv yogadan ke lie hi bharat sarakar ne unhen 'padmashri' aur 'padmabhooshan' se bhi sammanit kiya tha.

janm tatha shiksha

hindi ki lalit nibanh‍dhon ki paramh‍para ko unh‍nati ke shikhar par pahunchane vale kushal shilh‍pi pndit vidyanivas mishr ka janm 28 janavari, san 1926 men pakadadiha ganv, gorakhapur (uttar pradesh) men hua tha. ve apani boli aur snskriti ke prati sadaiv agrahi rahe. san 1945 men 'ilahabad vishvavidyalay' se snatakottar evn daktaret ki upadhi lene ke bad vidyanivas mishr ne anek varshon tak agara, gorakhapur, kailiphorniya aur vashingatan vishvavidyalay men adhyapan kary kiya. ve desh ke pratishthit 'snpoornannd snskrit vishvavidyalay' evn 'kashi vidyapith' ke kulapati bhi rahe. isake bad anekon varshon tak ve akashavani aur uttar pradesh ke soochana vibhag men karyarat rahe.

lalit nibndh lekhan

vidyanivas mishr ke lalit nibanh‍dhon ki shuruat san 1956 ee. se hoti hai. paranh‍tu apaka pahala nibandh sngrah 1976 ee. men ‘chhitavan ki chhanh' prakash men aya. unhonne hinh‍di jagat ko lalit nibanh‍dh paramh‍para se avagat karaya. ‘tum chanh‍dan ham pani' shirshak se jo nibanh‍dh prakashit hue, unamen snsh‍krit sahith‍y ke sanh‍darbh ka prayog adhik ho gaya aur panh‍dith‍y pradarshan ki pravritti ke karan lalith‍y dab gaya, jo apaki pahali do rachanaon men milata tha. tisare nibanh‍dh sngrah ‘angan ka pnchhi aur banajar man' men parivartan aya. is tathy ko sh‍vayn nibanh‍dhakar sh‍vikar karata hai- "chhitavan ki chhanh' mere madak dinon ki den hai, ‘kadam ki phooli dal' mere vinh‍dhh‍y pravas ka, jo bad men avas hi ban gaya, ka phal hai aur ‘tum chanh‍dan aur ham pani' mere snsh‍krit anh‍veshan ki den hai. ab chautha sngrah apake hathon men hai, duvidha ke kshanon ki srishh‍ti hai. isalie isaka shirshak bhi dvividhath‍mak hai. barason tak bhojapuri vatavaran ke sh‍mritichitr urehata raha, usi men man chahe pad par jab vapas hone ki ashnka. isalie jahan man ‘agnn ka pnchhi' banakar chahaka, vahin usaka banajara man' use vigat aur anagat dishaon men ramane-ghoomane ke lie akulata bhi raha."[1]

sahity srijanakarta

hindi sahity ke sarjak vidyanivas mishr ne sahity ki lalit nibndh ki vidha ko ne ayam die. hindi men lalit nibndh ki vidha ki shurooat pratap narayan mishr aur balakrishn bhatt ne ki thi, kintu ise lalit nibndhon ka poorvabhas kahana hi uchit hoga. lalit nibndh ki vidha ke lokapriy namon ki bat karen to hajari prasad dvivedi, vidyanivas mishr evn kuberanath ray adi charchit nam rahe hain. lekin yadi lality aur shaili ki prabhavita aur pariman ki vipulata ki bat ki jae to vidyanivas mishr in sabhi se kahin agrani rahe hain. vidyanivas mishr ke sahity ka sarvadhik mahatvapoorn hissa lalit nibndh hi hain. unake lalit nibndhon ke sngrahon ki snkhya bhi lagabhag 25 se adhik hai.[2]

pauranik vishayon par nibandh

lok snskriti aur lok manas unake lalit nibndhon ke abhinn ang the, us par bhi pauranik kathaon aur upadeshon ki phuhar unake lalit nibndhon ko aur adhik pravahamay bana dete the. unake pramukh lalit nibndh sngrah hain- 'radha madhav rng rngi', 'mere ram ka mukut bhig raha hai', 'shaiphali jhar rahi hai', 'chhitavan ki chhanh', 'bnjara man', 'tum chndan ham pani', 'mahabharat ka kavyarth', 'bhramarannd ke patr', 'vasnt a gaya par koee utkntha nahin' aur 'sahity ka khula akash' adi adi. vasnt ritu se vidyanivas mishr ko vishesh lagav tha, unake lalit nibndhon men rituchary ka varnan unake nibndhon ko jivntata pradan karata tha. vasnt ritu par likhe apane nibndh snkalan 'phagun dui re dina' men vasnt ke parvon ko vyakhyayit karate hue, 'apana ahnkar isamen dal do' shirshak se likhe nibndh men ve 'shivaratri' par likhate hain-

"shiv hamari gathaon men bade yayavar hain. bas jab man men aya, bail par bojha lada aur parvati sng nikal pade, baurah vesh men. log aise shiv ko pahachan nahin pate. aise yayavar viroopie ko kaun shiv manega? vah bhi kabhi-kabhi hath men khappar lie. aisa bhikhamnga kya shiv hai?"

isake bad in pnktiyon ko vivechit karate hue vidyanivas mishr ji likhate hain-

"han, yah jo bhikh mang raha hai, vah ahnkar ki bhikh hai. lao, apana ahnkar isamen dal do. use sab jagah bhikh nahin milati. kabhi-kabhi vah bahut aishvary deta hai aur parvati bigadati hain. kya ap apatr ko dete hain? shiv hnsate hain, kahate hain, is aishvary ki gati janati ho, kya hai? mad hai. aur mad ki gati to kagabhusundi se poochho, ravan se poochho, banasur se poochho."

in pnktiyon ka auchity samajhate hue mishr ji likhate hain-

"parvati chhedati hain ki devataon ko satane valon ko ap itana pratapi kyon banate hain? shiv attahas kar uthate hain, unhen pratapi n banaen to devata alasi ho jaen, unhen jhakajhorane ke lie kuchh kautuk karana padata hai."

yah mishr ji ki apani udbhavana hai, prasng pauranik hain, kintu vartaman par lagoo hote hain. puran kathaon ka sndarbh dete hue vidyanivas mishr ne sahity ke pathakon ko bharatiy snskriti ka marm samajhane ka prayas kiya hai.[2]

yogadan

vidyanivas mishr ke lalit nibndhon men jivan darshan, snskriti, parnpara aur prakati ke anupam saundary ka talamel milata hai. is sabake bich vasnt ritu ka varnan unake lalit nibndhon ko aur adhik rasamay bana deta hai. lalit nibndhon ke madhyam se sahity ko apana yogadan dene vale vidyanivas hindi ki pratishtha hetu sadaiv sngharsharat rahe, marishas se soorinam tak anekon hindi sammelanon men mishr ji ki upasthiti ne hindi ke sngharsh ko majabooti pradan ki. hindi ki shabd snpada, hindi aur ham, hindimay jivan aur praudhon ka shabd snsar jaisi unaki pustakon ne hindi ki sampreshaniyata ke dayare ko vistrit kiya. tulasidas aur sooradas samet bharatendu harishchandr agyey, kabir, rasakhan, raidas, rahim aur rahul sankrityayan ki rachanaon ko snpadit kar unhonne hindi ke sahity ko vipulata pradan ki.

snskriti evn kala marmgy

vidyanivas mishr kala evn bharatiy snskriti ke marmgy the. khajuraho ki chitrakala ka sookshmata aur tarkikata se adhyayan kar usaki nee avadharana prastut karane vale vidyanivas mishr hi the. akasar bharatiy chintak videshi vidvanon se bat karate hue khajuraho ki kalakritiyon ko lekar koee thos tarkik javab nahin de pate the. vidyanivas ji ne apane vivechan ke madhyam se khajuraho ki kalakritiyon ki avadharana spasht karate hue likha hai-

"yahan ke mithun ankan sadhan hain, sadhy nahin. sadhak ki archana ka kendrabindu to akeli pratima ke garbhagrah men hai. yahan abhivyakti kala ras se bharapoor hai, jisaki antim parinati braham roop hai. hamare darshan men dharm, arth, kam aur moksh ki jo manyataen hain, unamen moksh prapti se poorv ka antim sopan hai kam."

unhonne kaha ki yah hamari naitik durbalata hi hai ki khajuraho ki kalakritiyon men ham vikrit kamukata ki chhavi pate hain. stri purush anadi hain, jinake sahayog se hi srishti janamati hai. san 1990 ke dashak men mishr ji ne 'navabharat taims' ke snpadak ke roop men jimmedari snbhali thi. udarikaran ke daur men khanti hindi patrakarita ko age badhane vale mahatvapoorn patrakaron men se ek mishr ji ne 'navabharat taims' ko hindi ke pratishthit samachar patr ke roop men nee pahachan dilaee. patrakariy dharm aur usaki simaon ko lekar ve sadaiv sachet rahate the. ve akasar kaha karate the ki- "midiya ka kam nayakon ka bakhan karana avashy hai, lekin nayak banana midiya ka kam nahin hai."[2]

akashavani par vyakhyan

jayapur ka sahity jagat aj bhi bhoola nahin hai ki akashavani jayapur ke amntran par mishr ji ne san 1994 ke 30 navambar aur 1 disambar ko akashavani ki rajendr prasad smarak vyakhyan mala men 'sadhuman' aur 'lokamat' par do vyakhyan die the, jinaki shaili lalit nibndhon ki si thi aur jinake prerana srot thi, tulasi ke manas ki vah ardhali 'tarat vinay sadar suniy kariy vichar bahori. karab sadhumat lokamat nripanayatigam nichori.' ye donon vyakhyan 'svaroop vimarsh' shirshak nibndh sngrah men bad men chhape. isi prakar jayapur ke vikhyat snpadak aur ved vigyan ke adhyeta karpoorachandr kulish ki prerana se 'bharatiy sahity parishad' dvara jayapur men 'git govind' par unake vyakhyan karavae ge. kolakata men bhi 'git govind' par vyakhyan ayojit kie ge the. in sab ka snpadit aur parivardhit roop hai, unaka prasiddh grnth "radha madhav rng rngi." yah samoocha grnth lalit nibandh ki shaili men likha gaya hai.[3]

rachanaen

vidyanivas mishr ki mukhy rachanaen nimnalikhit hain-

nibandh sngrah

chhitavan ki chhanh' (1976), ‘tum chanh‍dan ham pani', ‘angan ka pnchhi aur banajar man', ‘kadam ki phooli dal'.

any

'hindi aur ham', 'hindi sahity ka punaralokan', 'sahity ke sarokar', 'vyakti vynjana', 'vachik kavita bhojapuri (sn)', 'vachik kavita avadhi (sn)', 'lok aur lok ka svar', 'radha madhav rng rngi', 'rahiman pani rakhie', 'bhramarannd ka pachada', 'bharatiy snskriti ke adhar', 'basant a gaya par koee utkantha nahin', 'phagun dui re dina', 'hindi ki shabd sampada'.

puraskar tatha samman

vidyanivas mishr ne kuchh varsh 'navabharat taims' samachar patr ke snpadak ka dayitv bhi snbhala. unhen 'bharatiy gyanapith' ke 'moortidevi puraskar', 'ke. ke. bidala phaundeshan' ke 'shnkar samman' se navaja gaya. bharat sarakar ne unhen 'padm shri' aur 'padm bhooshan' se bhi sammanit kiya tha. rajag (rashtriy janatantrik gathabndhan) shasan kal men unhen rajyasabha ka sadasy manonit kiya gaya.

nidhan

'padm bhooshan' vidyanivas mishr rajyasabha sansad ke roop men kary karate hue 14 faravari, 2005 ko ek sadak durghatana ke karan lagabhag assi varsh ki umr men divngat hue. us samay sahity jagat ko yah ehasas hona svabhavik hi tha ki hindi ke lalit nibandhon ka purodha asamay hi chala gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vidyanivas mishr ke lalit nibandhon ka srijan paridrishy (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 03 aktoobar, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 sahityik patrakarita ke 'amrit' vidyanivas mishr (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 03 aktoobar, 2013.
  3. lalit nibandh ke purodha vidyanivas mishr (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 03 aktoobar, 2013.

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