चन्द्रबली पाण्डेय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chandrabali pandey
chandrabali pandey
poora nam chandrabali pandey
janm 25 apral, 1904
janm bhoomi azamagadh zila, uttar pradesh
mrityu 24 janavari, 1958
pati/patni ajivan avivahit
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sahityakar
mukhy rachanaen 'tasavvuf' athava 'soofimat', 'urdoo ka rahasy', 'bhasha ka prashn', 'rashtrabhasha par vichar', 'hindi gady ka nirman' adi.
bhasha hindi, angrezi, urdoo, farasi aur arabi
vidyalay kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay
shiksha em.e. (hindi)
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari chandrabali pandey dvara rachit chhote-bade kul granthon ki snkhya lagabhag 34 hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

chandrabali pandey (angrezi: Chandrabali Pandey, janm-25 apral, 1904; mrityu- 24 janavari, 1958) hindi bhasha aur sahity ke unnayan, snvardhan aur snrakshan ke lie samarpit the. hindi sahity sammelan ke sabhapati rahane ke atirikt nagari pracharini sabha ke bhi sabhapati rahe. inhonne apana poora jivan adhyayan aur hindi prachar men laga diya. hindi urdoo samasya tatha soofi sahity aur darshan se sambaddh inake vichar aitihasik mahattv ke hain.

jivan parichay

chandrabali pandey ka janm 25 aprail, san 1904 (snvat 1961) men ajamagadh zila, uttar pradesh ke nasiruddinapur namak ganv men hua tha. ve ek sadharan parivar ke sarayooparin brahman the. chandrabali pandey ke pita ganv men kisan the aur khetibadi kiya karate the. pandey ji ne prarnbhik shiksha ganv men hi prapt ki thi. 'kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay' se unhonne hindi vishay se em.e. uttirn kiya tha. ve urdoo, farasi aur arabi ke vidvanh the. hindi ke sath angrezi, urdoo, farasi, arabi tatha prakrit bhashaon ke gyata chandrabali pandey ke sambandh men bhasha shastri daau. suniti kumar chatarji ki yah ukti satik hai ki- "pandey ji ke ek-ek painphalet bhi daauktaret ke lie paryapt hain." ajivan avivahit rahakar chandrabali ne hindi ki seva ki thi. apani vyaktigat sukh-suvidha ke lie chandrabali ne kabhi cheshta nahin ki thi. chandrabali pandey dvara rachit chhote-bade kul granthon ki snkhya lagabhag 34 hai.[1] vishvavidyalay ki paridhi se bahar rahakar hindi men shodh kary karane valon men inaka pramukh sthan hai.

vyaktitv

chandrabali pandey ajivan naishthik brahmachari rahe. unake svabhav men saralata aur akkhadapan ka adbhut mel tha. nirbhikata aur satyaprem inake nisargasiddh gun the. chandrabali pandey ne jivan men kabhi parajay svikar nahin ki thi. apani vyaktigat sukh, suvidha aur kisi prakar ki svakiy avashyakata ke lie ve kabhi yatnavan nahin hue. abhav, kasht aur kathinaiyon ko ve nagany manate rahe the. jivan ka ekamatr lakshy sahity sadhana thi. chandrabali pandey ka achary ramachndr shukl ke shishyon men moordhany sthan tha. guruvary ka pragadh sneh inhen prapt tha. apane pita ka yahi nam hone ke karan achary shukl inhen 'shah sahab' kaha karate the. aise yogy shishy ki prapti ka shukl ji ko garv tha.

azamagadh ke vidya-ratn

kashi ki prasiddh vidya-vibhooti pn. chndrabali pandey yadyapi vishvavidyalay seva se nahin jude the, par vishvavidyalay parisar men hi apane mitr maulavi mahesh prasad ke sath rahate the. bad men ve daau. gyanavati trivedi ke bngale par a gaye the. pn. shantipriyaji aur pn. chndrabali pandey azamagadh ke vidya ratn the aur ajamagadh ke rahul sankrityayan ko apane janapad ke pn. chndrabali pandey, pn. lakshminarayan mishr aur pn. shantipriy dvivedi ki vidya-sadhana ka sahaj garv tha. apani jivan yatra men rahul sankrityayan ji ne apani bhavana prakat ki hai. haidarabad hindi sahity sammelan ke adhyaksh pn. chndrabali pandey the.[2]

rahane ka kabiri andaz

pn. chndrabali pandey achary ramachndr shukl ke patt shishy the. brahmachari shishy ko shuklaji apane sath hi rakhate the. putravat vatsaly poshan dete hue antarng naikaty se shuklaji ne pandey ji ke vidya-vyakttitv ka adhar racha tha. pandey ji ki hindi nishtha, logon ki nazar, duragrah ki sima ko sparsh karati thi. hindi ke paksh men ve kabhi bhi kisi se bhi loha lene ko taiyar rahate the. unamen n to lokapriyata ki bhookh thi aur n pad prabhuta ki spriha. isaliye kabiri andaz men kisi anauchity aur skhalan par tikhi tippani karate unhen tanik bhi snkoch nahin hota tha. vidya vyapar ko kisi prakar ki chhoot dena unhen qatee mnjoor nahin tha. shuklaji unake gyan ke pratiman the. shuklaji ke path par padhakar aur usake antarng naikaty men rahakar kathor parishram se unhonne vidya-snskar arjit kiya tha. unaka nikash bada kathor tha. isaliye keshav prasad mishr aur achary hajariprasad dvivedi jaise panditon ki nishpattiyon par, vivek ke agrah se, pray: prashnachihn khada karate rahate the.[2]

pramukh rachanaen

achary chndrabali pandey ne 'tasavvuf athava soofimat' namak pustak likhi, jo hindi men soofimat ka pahala kramabaddh adhyayan hai. is grnth men soofimat ka udbhav, vikas, astha, pratik, adhyatm sahity adi vishayon par vistar se vichar kiya gaya hai. parishisht men tasavvuf ka prabhav tatha tasavvuf par bharat ka prabhav, vishayon par bhi adhyayan kiya gaya hai. kintu isamen eeran aur arab ke soofimat par jitana vistar se vichar kiya gaya hai utana bharatiy soofimatavad par nahin. malik muhammad jayasi tatha any kaviyon par pandey ji ke any lekh bhi nagari pracharini patrika men tatha anyatr prakashit ho chuke hain. nooramuhammad krit 'anurag bansuri' men unhonne ek bhoomika di hai, jisamen soofi kaviyon ki kuchh visheshataen spasht ki gee hain.[3] pandey ji ki pramukh rachanaen hain, jo is prakar hai:-

  • urdoo ka rahasy
  • tasavvuf athava soofimat
  • bhasha ka prashn
  • rashtrabhasha par vichar
  • kalidas
  • keshavadas
  • tulasidas
  • hindi kavi charcha
  • shoodrak
  • hindi gady ka nirman

hindi ke apritam yoddha

hindi ke apritam yoddha ne hindi-virodhiyon se us samay loha liya, jab hindi ka sagharsh urdoo aur hindustani se tha. bhasha ka prashn rashtrabhasha ka prashn tha. bhasha vivad ne is prashn ko jatil banakar ulajha diya tha. urdoo bhakt hindi ko 'hinduee' batakar 'urdoo' ko hindustani batakar desh men urdoo ka jal phaila rahe the. urdoo samarthakon ki hindi-virodhi nitiyon ne aisa vatavaran bun diya tha, jisamen any bhasha-bhashi hindi ko sashnkit drishti se dekhane lage. svayn chndrabali pandey ke shabdon men urdoo ke bolabale ka svaroop yon tha- 'urdoo ka itihas munh kholakar kahata hai, hindi ko urdoo ati hi nahin aur urdoo ke log, unaki kuchh n poochhiye. urdoo ke vishay men unhonne aisa jal phaila rakha hai ki bechari urdoo ko bhi usaka pata nahin. ghar ki boli se lekar rashtr boli tak jahan dekhiye vahan urdoo ka nam liya jata hai.... urdoo ka kuchh bhed khula to hindustani samane ayi.'


bhasha vivad ke chalate hindi par barabar prahar ho rahe the. hindi ke vikas men urdoo ke himayatiyon dvara tarah-tarah ke avarodh khade kiye ja rahe the, tab hindi ki rah men padane vale avarodhon ko katakar hindi ki unnati aur hindi ke vikas ka marg prashast kiya chndrabali pandey ne. unake prakhar vicharon ne bhasha snbndhi ulajhanon ko door kar hindi kshetr ko nee sphoorti di. unake gambhir chintan, prakhar alochakiy drishti aur acharyatv ne hindi aur hindi sahity ko apane hi dhng se samriddh kiya.[4]

nidhan

chandrabali pandey ka nidhan 24 janavari, 1958 ee. men ho gaya tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. liladhar, sharma bharatiy charit kosh (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: shiksha bharati, 265.
  2. 2.0 2.1 neh ke nate anek |lekhak: krishn bihari mishr |prishth snkhya: 17 |link:- neh ke nate anek
  3. madhyayugin premakhyan |lekhak: shyam manohar pandey |prakashak: lokabharati prakashan |link:- madhyayugin premakhyan
  4. hindi ke nirmata |lekhak: kumud sharma |prishth snkhya: 281 |link:- hindi ke nirmata

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah