माधवराव सप्रे  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

madhavarav sapre
madhavarav sapre
poora nam pn. madhavarav sapre
janm 19 joon, 1871[1]
janm bhoomi pathariya gram, damoh zila, madhy pradesh
mrityu 23 apral, 1926
mrityu sthan rayapur, chhattisagadh
karm-kshetr kahanikar, nibndhakar, samikshak, anuvadak, snpadak
mukhy rachanaen svadeshi andolan aur baauyakat, yoorop ke itihas se sikhane yogy baten, hamare samajik hras ke kuchh karanon ka vichar, madhavarav sapre ki kahaniyan, hindi kesari (patrika), chhattisagadh mitr (patrika) adi
bhasha hindi
vidyalay kalakatta vishvavidyalay
shiksha bi.e., el.el.bi.
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh madhavarav sapre smriti samachar patr sngrahalay
any janakari madhavarav sapre ji ki kahani 'ek tokari bhar mitti' ko hindi ki pahali kahani hone ka shrey prapt hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

pn. madhavarav sapre (angrezi:Madhavrao Sapre, janm: 19 joon, 1871 - mrityu: 23 apral, 1926[1]) rashtrabhasha hindi ke unnayak, prakhar chintak, manishi snpadak, svatntrata sngram senani aur sarvajanik karyon ke liye samarpit karyakartaon ki shrrinkhala taiyar karane vale prerak-margadarshak the. guru karmayogi pn. madhavarav sapre ka krititv aur avadan kalajayi hai. madhavarav sapre ji ki kahani 'ek tokari bhar mitti' ko hindi ki pahali kahani hone ka shrey prapt hai.

jivan parichay

madhavarav sapre ji ka janm 19 joon 1871 men madhy pradesh ke damoh zile ke pathariya gram men hua tha.[1] bilasapur men midil tak ki padhaee ke bad metrik shasakiy vidyalay rayapur se uttirn kiya. 1899 men kalakatta vishvavidyalay se bi. e. karane ke bad unhen tahasiladar ke rup men shasakiy naukari mili lekin jaisa ki us samay ke deshabhakt yuvaon men ek parnpara thi sapre ji ne bhi shasakiy naukari ki paravah n ki. san 1900 men jab samooche chhattisagadh men printing pres nahi tha tab inhonne bilasapur zile ke ek chhote se ganv pendra se "chhattisagadh mitr" namak masik patrika nikali. halanki yah patrika sirf tin sal hi chal paee. sapre ji ne lokamany tilak ke marathi kesari ko yahan hind kesari ke rup men chhapana prarnbh kiya, sath hi hindi sahityakaron v lekhakon ko ek sootr men pirone ke lie nagapur se hindi grnthamala bhi prakashit ki. inhonne karmavir ke prakashan men bhi mahati bhoomika nibhaee. sapre ji ne lekhan ke sath-sath vikhyat snt samarth ramadas ke marathi dasabodh v mahabharat ki mimansa, datt bhargav, shri ram charitr, ekanath charitr aur atm vidya jaise marathi grnthon, pustakon ka hindi men anuvad bhi bakhoobi kiya. 1924 men hindi sahity sammelan ke deharadoon adhiveshan men sabhapati rahe sapre ji ne 1921 men rayapur men rashtriy vidyalay ki sthapana ki aur sath hi rayapur men hi pahale kanya vidyalay janaki devi mahila pathashala ki bhi sthapana ki. yah donon vidyalay aj bhi chal rahe hain.[2]

sapre ji ke kuchh smaraniy kathan
  1. "main maharashtri hoon par hindi ke vishay men muhjhe utana hi abhiman hai jitana ki kisi hindibhashi ko ho sakata hai."
  2. "jis shiksha se svabhiman ki vritti jagrit nahin hoti vah shiksha kisi kam ki nahin hai"
  3. "videshi bhasha men shiksha hone ke karan hamari buddhi bhi videshi ho gee hai."

karyakshetr

raja ramamohan ray ne adhunik bharatiy samaj ke nirman men jo chingari jagaee thi usake vahak ke roop men chhath‍tisagadh men vaicharik samajik kranti ke alakh jagane ka kam kisi ne poori pratibaddhata se kiya hai to nirvivad roop se yah kaha jayega ki vah chhath‍tisagadh ke pratham patrakar v hinh‍di ki pratham kahani 'ek tokari bhar mitti' ke rachanakar pn. madhavarav sapre ji hi the. inh‍honne chhath‍tisagadh ke pendra se ‘chhath‍tisagadh mitr’ patrika ka prakashan sanh 1900 men suprasiddh sh‍vatntrata sngram senani shri vaman rav lakhe ke sahayog se arnbh kiya tha. rayapur men adhh‍yayan ke dauran pn. madhavarav sapre, pn. nndalal dube ji ke samark men aye jo inake shikshak the evn jinh‍honne abhigyan shakunh‍talam aur uth‍tar ramacharit manas ka hinh‍di men anuvad kiya tha v udyan malini namak maulik grnth bhi likha tha. pn. nndalal dube ne hi pn. madhavarav sapre ke man men sahittik abhiruchi jagaee jisane kalantar men pn. madhavarav sapre ko ‘chhath‍tisagachh mitr’ v ‘ hinh‍di kesari’ jaise patrikaon ke snpadak ke roop men pratishthit kiya aur rashh‍tr kavi makhanalal chaturvedi ji ke sahityik guru ke roop men ek alag pahachan dilaee.[3]

vivah

pn. madhavarav sapre sanh 1889 men rayapur ke asish‍tent kamishh‍nar ki putri se vivah ke bad shh‍vasur dvara anushnsit nayab tahasiladar ki naukari ko thukarakar apane karmapath ki or badh ge. pahale rarbatasan kalej jabalapur phir 1894 men vikh‍toriya kalej gh‍valiyar evn 1896 men ilahabad vishh‍vavidyalay se eph.e. pas kiya. isi bich unaki path‍ni ka dehavasan ho gaya aur shiksha men kuchh badha a gee. pun: 1989 men inh‍honne kalakatta vishh‍vavidyalay se bi.e. ki digri li evn elelabi men pravesh le liya kinh‍tu apane vaicharik pratibaddhata ke karan inh‍honnen vidhi ki pariksha ko chhod chhattisagadh vapas a ge. chhattisagadh men ane ke bad parivar ke dvara inaka doosara vivah kara diya gaya jisake karan inake pas parivarik jimh‍medari badh gi tab inh‍honne sarakari naukari kie bina samaj v sahith‍y seva karane ke uddeshh‍y ko kayam rakhane v bharan poshan ke lie pendra ke rajakumar ke angrezi shikshak ke roop men kary kiya. samaj sudhar v hinh‍di seva ke jajbe ne inake man men patr-patrika ke prakashan ki ruchi jagaee aur mitr vaman lakhe ke sahayog se ‘chhath‍tisagadh mitr’ masik patrika ka prakashan prarnbh kiya jisaki khh‍yati poore desh bhar men phail gee.[3]

hindi grnthamala

marathi bhashi hone ke bavajood inh‍honne hinh‍di ke vikas ke lie satat kary kiya. sanh 1905 men hinh‍di grnth prakashak mndal ka gathan kar tath‍kalin vidvanon ke hinh‍di ke uth‍krishh‍th rachanaon v lekhon ka prakashan dharavahik grnthamala ke roop men arnbh kiya. is grnthamala men pn. madhavarav sapre ji ke maulik sh‍vadeshi anh‍dolan evn bayakat lekhamala ka bhi prakashan hua. bad men is grnthamala ka prakashan push‍takakar roop men hua, isaki lokapriyata ko dekhate hue angrez sarakar ne sanh 1909 men ise pratibndhit kar prakashit push‍takon ko jabt kar liya. hinh‍di grnthamala ke prakashan se rashh‍travh‍yapi dhoom machane ke bad pn. madhavarav sapre ne lokamanh‍y bal gngadhar tilak se anumati praph‍t kar unaki amukh patrika maratha kesari ke anuroop ‘hinh‍di kesari’ ka prakashan 13 aprail 1907 ko prarnbh kiya. hinh‍di kesari apane sh‍vabhavik ugr tevaron se prakashit hota tha jisamen angrezi sarakar ki daman niti, kalapani, desh ka durdev, bam ke gole ka rahash‍y jaise uth‍tejak khekh prakashit hote the phalat: 22 agash‍t 1908 men pn. madhavarav sapre ji giraphtar kar liye ge . tab tak sapre ji apani kenh‍driy bhoomika men ek prakhar patrakar ke roop men snpoorn desh men sh‍thapit ho chuke the.[3]

patr-patrika snpadan

patr-patrika prakashan v snpadan ki ichh‍chha sadaiv inake sath rahi isi kram men mitron ke anurodh evn patrakarita ke jajbe ke karan 1919- 1920 men pn. madhavarav sapre ji jabalapur a ge aur ‘karmavir’ namak patrika ka prakashan arnbh kiya jisake snpadak pn. makhan lal chaturvedi ji banae ge. unh‍honne deharadoon men ayojit 15 ven akhil bharatiy sahith‍y samh‍melan ki adhh‍yakshata bhi ki evn apani prerana se jabalapur men rashh‍triy hinh‍di mndir ki sh‍thapana karavaee jisake sahayog se ‘chhatr sahodar’, ‘tilak’, hitakarini’, ‘shri sharada’ jaise hinh‍di sahith‍y ke mahath‍vapoorn patrikaon ka prakashan snbhav hua jisaka aj tak mahath‍v vidyaman hai.[3]

pramukh kritiyan

  • svadeshi andolan aur baauyakat
  • yoorop ke itihas se sikhane yogy baten
  • hamare samajik hras ke kuchh karanon ka vichar
  • madhavarav sapre ki kahaniyan (snpadan : devi prasad varma)
anuvad
snpadan
  • hindi kesari (saptahik samachar patr)
  • chhattisagadh mitr (masik patrika)[1]

sapre sngrahalay

pn. madhavarav sapre ne chhattisagadh mitra (1900), hindi grnth mala (1906) aur hindi kesari (1907) ka sampadan prakashan kar hindi patrakarita aur sahity ko naye snskar pradan kie. nagari pracharini sabha kashi ki vishal shabdakosh yojana ke antargat arthik shabdavali ke nirman ka mahatvapoorn kary sapre ji ne kiya. marathi ki sarvadhik mahatvapoorn kritiyon men se 'dasabodh', 'gitarahasy' aur 'mahabharat mimansa' ke pramanik hindi anuvad sapre ji ne kiye. karmavir ka prakashan unhin ne karaya aur usake sampadak ke roop men makhanalal chaturvedi jaisa tejasvi sampadak hindi snsar ko diya. 1924 ke deharadoon hindi sahity sammelan ki adhyakshata pn.madhavarav sapre ne ki. unaka ek atynt mahatvapoorn avadan svatntrata sngram, hindi ki seva aur samajik karyon ke lie saikadon samarpit karyakarttaon ki shrrinkhala taiyar karana hai. 19 joon 1984 ko rashtr ki bauddhik dharohar ko snjone aur bhavi pidhiyon ki amanat ke roop men snrakshit karane ke liye jab ek anoothe sngrahalay ki sthapana ka vichar phalibhoot hua tab sapre ji ke krititv ke prati adar aur kritgyta abhivyakt karane ke liye snsthan ko 'madhavarav sapre samachar patr sngrahalay' nam diya gaya.[4]

nidhan

hindi ke pahale kahanikar pn. madhavarav sapre ka nidhan 23 apral, 1926 ko ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 madhavarav sapre (hindi) hindi samay. abhigaman tithi: 24 apral, 2014.
  2. hindi ki pahali kahani aur madhavarav sapre (hindi) avara bnjara. abhigaman tithi: 24 apral, 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 patrakarita v sahi‍ty ke rishi pn. madhavarav sapre (hindi) arnbh. abhigaman tithi: 24 apral, 2014.
  4. karmayogi pn. madhavarav sapre (hindi) sapre sngrahalay. abhigaman tithi: 24 apral, 2014.

snbndhit lekh

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