राही मासूम रज़ा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rahi masoom raza
rahi masoom raza
poora nam rahi masoom raza
janm 1 sitnbar, 1927
janm bhoomi gazipur
mrityu 15 march, 1992
mrityu sthan munbee
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sahityakar
mukhy rachanaen 'topi shukla', 'os ki boond', 'himmat jaunapuri' adi.
bhasha hindi, urdoo
vidyalay aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay
shiksha em.e., pi.ech.di
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari rahi masoom raza ne prasiddh tivi siriyal 'mahabharat' ki patakatha likhi thi. 1979 men 'main tulasi tere angan ki' film ke lie unhonne 'film feyar sarvashreshth snvad puraskar' bhi jita tha.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

rahi masoom raza (angrezi: Rahi Masoom Raza, janm: 1 sitnbar, 1927, gazipur; nidhan: 15 march, 1992, munbee) bahuayami vyaktitv ke dhani evn prasiddh sahityakar the. bi. ar. chopada dvara nirmit prasiddh tivi siriyal mahabharat ki patakatha bhi unhonne likhi thi aur 1979 men 'main tulasi tere angan ki' film ke lie film feyar sarvashreshth snvad puraskar bhi jita. urdoo shayari se apani rachana yatra arnbh karane vale rahi masoom raza ne pahali kriti 'chhote adami ki badi kahani' likhi thi, jo 1965 ke bharat-pak yuddh men shahid hue vir abdul hamid ki jivani par adharit hai.

jivan parichay

rahi ka janm ek sampann evn sushikshit shiya parivar men hua. rahi ke pita gajipur ki zila kachahari men vakalat karate the.

shiksha

rahi ki prarambhik shiksha gazipur men huee, bachapan men pair men poliyo ho jane ke karan unaki padhaee kuchh salon ke lie chhoot gayi, lekin intaramidiyat karane ke bad vah aligadh a gaye aur uchch shiksha aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay men huee. jahan unhonne 1960 men em.e. ki upadhi vishesh samman ke sath prapt ki. 1964 men unhonne apane shodhaprabandh tilism-e-hosharuba men bharatiy sabhyata aur snskriti vishay par pi.ech.di karane ke bad rahi ne do varsh aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay ke urdoo vibhag men adhyapan kiya aur aligadh ke hi ek muhalle 'badarabag' men rahane lage. yahin rahate hue unhonne adha ganv, dil ek sada kagaz, os ki boond, himmat jaunapuri, upanyas v 1965 ke bharat-pak yuddh men shahid hue 'vir abdul hamid' ki jivani chhote adami ki badi kahani likhi. unaki ye sabhi rachanaen hindi men thin.

samyavadi drishtikon

aligadh men rahi ke bhitar samyavadi drishtikon ka vikas hua aur vah bharatiy kamyunist parti ke sadasy bhi ban gaye. apane vyaktitv ke is samay men ve bade hi utsah se samyavadi siddhanton se samaj ke pichhadepan ko door karane ke lie ve prayatnashil rahe. paristhitivash unhen adhyapan kary chhodana pada aur ve rozi-roti ki talash men munbee pahunch gaye.

dooradarshan aur filmen

san 1968 se rahi bambee rahane lage the. vah apani sahityik gatividhiyon ke sath-sath filmon ke lie bhi likhate the jisase unaki jivika ki samasya hal hoti thi. rahi spashtatavadi vyakti the. dharmanirapeksh rashtriy drishtikon ke karan vah atyant lokapriy ho ge the. mumbee rahakar unhonne 300 filmon ki patakatha aur snvad likhe tatha dooradarshan ke lie 100 se adhik dharavahik likhe, jinamen 'mahabharat' aur 'nim ka ped' avismaraniy hain. inhonne prasiddh tivi siriyal mahabharat patakatha bhi likhi hai aur 1979 men 'main tulasi tere angan ki' film ke lie film feyar sarvashreshth snvad puraskar bhi jit chuke hain.

rachanaen

urdoo shayari se apani rachana yatra arnbh karane vale rahi masoom raza ne pahali kriti 'chhote adami ki badi kahani' likhi jo 1965 ke bharat-pak yuddh men shahid hue vir abdul hamid ki jivani par adharit hai. apane suprasiddh upanyas 'adha ganv' ke alava unake any upanyas hain- 'topi shukla', 'os ki boond', 'himmat jaunapuri', 'sin 75', 'katara bi arzoo', 'dil ek sada kagaj' aur 'nim ka ped'. isake atirikt 'main ek pherivala', 'shishe ka makan vale' aur 'garibe shahar' unaki urdoo nazam tatha shayari ke tin snkalan bhi hindi men prakashit hue hain. isase pahale vah urdoo men ek mahakavy '1857' jo bad men hindi men 'kranti katha' nam se prakashit hua tatha chhoti-badi urdoo nazmen v gajalen likhe chuke the. adha ganv, nim ka ped, katara bi arzoo, topi shukla, os ki boond aur sin 75 unake prasiddh upanyas hain. rahi ka kritittv vividhataon bhara raha hai.

sampoorn sahity

rahi ne 1946 men lekhan kary arnbh kiya. unaka pratham upanyas 'muhabbat ke siva' 1950 men urdoo men prakashit hua. rahi kavi bhi the aur unaki kavitaen ‘naya sal mauj-e-gul men mauj-e-saba', urdoo men sarvapratham 1954 men prakashit hueen. unaki kavitaon ka pratham sngrah ‘raks-e-main' urdoo men prakashit hua. isase pahale hi ve ek mahakavy 'atharah sau sattavan' likh chuke the jo bad men 'kranti katha' nam se prakashit hua. isake bad unaka bahucharchit upanyas 'adha ganv' 1966 men prakashit hua. rahi ne svayn apane is upanyas ka uddeshy spasht karate hue kaha hai -

“vah upanyas vastav men mera ek saphar tha. main gazipur ki talash men nikala hoon lekin pahale main apani gngoli men thaharoonga. agar gngoli ki haqiqat pakad men a gayi to main gazipur ka epik likhane ka sahas karoonga”.

rahi masoom raza ka doosara upanyas 'himmat jaunapuri' tha, jo march 1969 men prakashit hua. 1969 men hi rahi ka tisara upanyas 'topi shukla' prakashit hua. sanh‌ 1970 men prakashit rahi ke chauthe upanyas 'os ki boond' ka adhar bhi hindoo-muslim samasya hai. sanh‌ 1973 men rahi ka panchavan upanyas 'dil ek sada kagaz' prakashit hua. sanh‌ 1977 men prakashit upanyas 'sin 75' ka vishay bhi filmi snsar se liya gaya hai. sanh‌ 1978 men prakashit rahi masoom raza ke sataven upanyas 'katara bi arzoo' ka adhar phir se rajanitik samasya ho gaya. rahi masoom raza ki any kritiyan hai - main ek pheri vala, shishe ka makan vale, garibe shahar, kranti katha (kavy sngrah), hindi men sinema aur snskriti, lagata hai bekar gaye ham, khuda haphij kahane ka mod (nibandh sngrah) sath hi unake urdoo men sat kavita sngrah bhi prakashit hain.

patakatha aur snvad

in sabake alava rahi ne filmon ke lie lagabhag tin sau patakatha bhi likha tha. in sabake atirikt rahi ne das-barah kahaniyan bhi likhi hain. jab vo ilahabad men the to any namon se roomani duniya ke lie pandrah-bis upanyas urdoo men unhonne doosaron ke nam se bhi likhe hain. unaki kavita ki ek banagi dekhiye jise “main ek pheri bala” se sabhar uddhrit kiya gaya hai-

mera nam musalamanon jaisa hai
mujh ko katl karo aur mere ghar men ag laga do.
mere us kamare ko looto
jis men meri bayazen jag rahi hain
aur main jis men tulasi ki ramayan se saragoshi kar ke
kalidas ke meghadoot se ye kahata hoon
mera bhi ek sandesha hai

mera nam musalamanon jaisa hai
mujh ko katl karo aur mere ghar men ag laga do.
lekin meri rag rag men gnga ka pani daud raha hai,
mere lahoo se chullu bhar kar
mahadev ke munh par phainko,
aur us jogi se ye kah do
mahadev! apani is gnga ko vapas le lo,
ye ham zalil turkon ke badan men
gadha, garm lahu ban ban ke daud rahi hai.

sahity aur snskriti ke pratinidhi

rahi lagatar vibhinn patr-patrikaon men chhitaput tatha niyamit stnbh bhi likha karate the, jo vyakti, rashtriyata, bharatiy snskriti aur samaj, dharmikata tatha midiya ke vibhinn ayamon par kendrit hain. apane samay men rahi bharatiy sahity aur snskriti ke ek apratim pratinidhi hain. unaka poora sahity hindustan ki sajha virasat ka tatha bharat ki rashtriy ekata ka prabal samarthak hai.

nidhan

rahi masoom raza ka nidhan 15 march, 1992 ko munbee men hua. rahi jaise lekhak kabhi bhulaye nahin ja sakate. unaki rachanayen hamari us gnga-yamuna snskriti ki pratik hain jo vastavik hindustan ki parichayak hai. 


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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