1857 क्रांति कथा -राही मासूम रज़ा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

1857 kranti katha -rahi masoom raza
1857 kranti katha upanyas ka avaran prishth
lekhak rahi masoom raza
mool shirshak 1857 kranti katha
prakashak vani prakashan
prakashan tithi 1965
ISBN 81-7055-659-7
desh bharat
prishth: 227
bhasha hindi
vishay samajik aur deshabhakti
prakar upanyas
vishesh yah '1857' nam se likha gaya urdoo mahakavy hai, jo bad men hindi men '1857 kranti katha' nam se prakashit hua.
urdoo men ek mahakavy '1857' jo bad men hindi men 'kranti katha' nam se prakashit hua. jab khud ko urdoo ka karta-dharta manane vale kuchh logon se is bat par bahas ho gee ki yah hindustani zaban sirph pharasi rasmulakhat men hi likhi ja sakati hai to rahi ne devanagari lipi men likhana shuroo kiya aur antim samay tak ve isi lipi men hi likhate rahe.
paristhitiyan

kranti-katha urph 1957 men jab pratham svadhinata sngram ka shatabdi samaroh manaya gaya us avasar par rahi masoom raza ka mahakavy ‘atharah sau sattavan’ prakashit hua tha. us samay itihasakaron men 1857 ke charitr ko lekar bahut vivad tha. bahut se itihasakar use samanti vyavastha ki punahsthapana ka andolan man rahe the. unamen kuchh to is sima tak bat kar rahe the ki bharatiy samant apane khoye hue rajyon ko prapt karane ki ladaee lad rahe the. unhonne bharatiy sipahiyon aur kisanon ko dharmik nare dekar apane sath kiya. 1857 ke bare men yah ek satahi aur yantrik samajh thi. vastav men vah angrejon ke viruddh bharatiy janata ka mahasngram tha. is andolan men kisan aur karigar apane hiton ki ladaee lad rahe the. itihasakar airik stok ne likha hai ki mool kisan bhavana kar vasool karane valon ke viruddh thi. unase mukti pane ki thi. chahe unaka koee roop, rng ya rashtriyata ho.[1] jahan-jahan british shasan samapt hua tha, vahan satta vidrohi jamindaron aur kisanon ke hathon men pahunch gayi. kisan is satta men barabar ke sharik the. isake sath hi bharatiy karigaron ki mangen bhi is vidroh ke ghoshana-patr men shamil thin. agast 1857 ke ghoshana-patr men vidrohi rajakumar firojashah ne spasht karate hue kaha tha - 'bharat men angreji vastuon ko lakar yoorop ke logon ne julahon, darjiyon, badhee, luharon aur joota banane valon ko rozagar se bahar kar diya hai aur unake peshon ko hadap liya hai. is prakar pratyek deshi dastakar bhikhari ki dasha men pahunch gaya hai.'[2]

uddeshy

vidrohiyon men uddeshyon ko lekar alag-alag ray thi lekin isaka janacharitr bhi rekhankit kiya jana chahie. avadh men purane rajadarabar ki bhasha farasi ki jagah hindustani ka prayog kiya gaya tha jisamen amane-samane urdoo aur hindi donon path diye gaye hain. 6 julaee 57 ko ‘birajis kadar’ nam se jari kiya gaya ishtaharanama desh ke am janata aur jamindaron ko sambodhit kiya gaya tha jisamen bahut saral bhasha ka prayog tha aur ek samany bhasha ki khoj ka yah pahala prayas hai. shayad yah bhasha niti chalati to desh men urdoo-hindi ka vivad n hota. aj dhundhalaka saf hai. 1857 ke antarvirodhon se gujarate hue itihasakar ise svatantrata ka pahala sngram man rahe hain. lekin rahi ke samane uddeshy spasht the - yah ladaee videshi shasakon ke viruddh thi. ise hindoo-musalaman donon milakar lad rahe the. isamen samanton ke sath kisan-mazadoor aur karigar sabase mahattvapoorn bhoomika ka nirvah kar rahe the. ve desh men apana rajy qayam karana chahate the jisamen ve samman ke sath ji saken. rahi ke lie yah sngram bharatiy svabhiman ka sngharsh tha. desh ki asmita ka saval tha. phir ek aisi samany bhasha 1857 men paida ho rahi thi jo desh ki rajabhasha ke roop men vikasit ho sakati thi. vah janabhashaon se bhi shabd chayan kar rahi thi. farasi, snskrit, arabi, hindi-urdoo ka bhi is bhasha ke vikas men yogadan tha. rahi isase chintit nahin hai ki yadi vidrohi jit jate to shasan ka svaroop kya hota. ve ashvast hain ki nishchit hi isaka charitr janavirodhi nahin hota. bharatiy samanton ka vah varchasv nahin hota jo 1857 se pahale tha. rahi ko desh ke bhavishy nirman men kisanon, mazadooron aur karigaron ki bhoomika par bahut bharosa hai. rahi aksar kahate the ki hindoo-musalaman yadi desh ki samasyaon ke samadhan ke lie sngharsh karen to ye desh sarvoshikhar pahunch jae. 1857 men is janekata se rahi bahut prabhavit the. ve sabase adhik prabhavit mahilaon ki bhoomika se the. pahali bar bharat ki striyon ne apani pratibha, tyag aur balidan se ek naya itihas banaya. 1857 men unhonne khali begam hajarat mahal ki bhoomika ka hi chitran nahin kiya hai, sabase adhik mahattv rani lakshmibaee tatha unaki sahayogi sadharan striyon ko diya hai. ye sadharan striyan abhootapoorv snghatan kshamata, bahaduri tatha balidan ka pradarshan karati hain aur un logon par chot karati hain jo stri ko dvitiy shreni ka nagarik samajhate hain. rahi ne apane mahakavy men sadharanajan ke sath in striyon ke shaury aur parakram ka bahut jivant chitran kiya hai:

sochata ja raha hai musafir
girati divaren phir ban sakengi
thaliyan khil-khilakar hnsengi
pooriyan phir ghar men chhan sakengi.
naj ayega kheton se ghar men
khet chhootenge baniye ke ghar se
git gaoonga us rah gujar par
sharm ati hai jis rah gujar se

rani lakshmibaee par rahi ne apane mahakavy men 40 prishth likhe hain. shayad itani lambi kavita hindi ke kisi kavi ne nahin likhi, subhadra kumari chauhan ne rani ke oopar ek kavita likhi jo atyant lokapriy huee. rahi ne rani ke har paksh ka varnan kiya hai.

bhasha

rahi ne yah mahakavy 1957 men urdoo bhasha men likha tha. urdoo men to koee mahakavy hai nahin lekin hindi men bhi 1857 ke mahasamar par koee is tarah ka mahakavy nahin hai, natak aur upanyas to hain. 1965 men ye hindi men chhapa jisaki prastavana prasiddh vidvanh daau. sampoornanand ne likhi thi. unhonne aprail 1965 men likha tha ki ‘is pustak ka uddeshy hai suno bhaiyo-suno bhaiyo, katha suno-1857 ki. sach to yah hai ki us uddeshy ko bahut achchhi tarah nibhaya gaya hai. lakhanoo, jhansi aur jahan-jahan uttar pradesh ke khet rahe- sabaka varnan bahut hi marmasparshi shabdon men kiya gaya hai. mujhe vishvas hai hindi bhashi jagath is pustak ka samadar karega?’ lekin daau. sampoornanand ki yah asha hindi jagath ne nirasha men badal di. rahi aur usake mahakavy ki ghor upeksha hua. mamooli kaviyon ko mahakavi siddh kiya gaya aur rahi jaise log upeksha ke shikar hue. rahi ke kranti-katha urph ‘atharah sau sattavan’ ko bhi yad karana avashyak hai.

rahi ke shabdon men
is bat ko taja karane ke lie hindustani tavarikh ne mujhe 1857 se behatar koee misal nahin di isalie mainne 1857 ka intakhab kiya. lekin 1857 ki is najam ka maujoon nahin hai. isaka maunjoon ka koee san nahin hai isaka maunjoon insan hai. sukarat zahar pi sakata hai, ibne mariyam ko samaloob kiya ja sakata hai, brono ko zinda jalaya ja sakata hai, aivast ki talash men kee karavan gum ho sakate hain lekin sukarat harata nahin, eesa ki shikast nahin hoti, brono sabit qadam rakhata hai aur aivarest ka guroor toot jata hai. mainne yah najam chnd kitabon ki madad se apane kamare men baithakar nahin likhi hai. mainne is ladaee ki shirakat ki hai, mainne jam lagaye hain, main darakht par latakaya gaya hoon, mujhe murda samajhakar giddhon ne nocha hai. mainne us bebasi ko mahasoos kiya hai jab adami giddhon se aur gidadon se bachane ke lie apana jism nahin hila sakata hai jab ankhon se bepanah khauf bepanah bebasi jhalakane lagati hai. mainne us khauph ko bhi mahasoos kiya hai jise topadam hone se pahale hindustani sipahiyon ne kiya hoga. mainne us divanagi ke din gujare hain jisamen chand hindustani sipahiyon ne kisi makan men kilaband hokar angrejon ke lashkar ko rokane ka hausala kiya tha. - rahi masoom raza


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. d pijent end d raj, kainbrij
  2. es.e.e.rijchi - phridam stragal in uttar pradesh-1, lakhanoo

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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