रानी लक्ष्मीबाई  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rani lakshmibaee vishay soochi
rani lakshmibaee    jivani    jhansi ka yuddh    zabti siddhant
rani lakshmibaee
rani lakshmibaee
poora nam jhansi ki rani lakshmibaee
any nam manu, manikarnika
janm 19 navnbar, 1835
janm bhoomi varanasi, uttar pradesh
mrityu 17 joon, 1858[1]
mrityu sthan gvaliyar, madhy pradesh
abhibhavak moropnt tanbe aur bhagirathi baee
pati/patni gngadhar rav nivalakar
sntan damodar rav[2]
prasiddhi rani lakshmibaee maratha shasit jhansi ki rani aur bharat ki svatntrata sngram ki pratham vanita thin.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari rani lakshmibaee ka bachapan men 'manikarnika' nam rakha gaya parantu pyar se manikarnika ko 'manu' pukara jata tha. vivah ke bad inaka nam 'lakshmibaee' hua.

rani lakshmibaee (angrezi: Rani Lakshmibai, janm- 19 navnbar, 1835, varanasi; mrityu- 17 joon, 1858[1]) maratha shasit jhansi rajy ki rani aur 1857 ke pratham bharatiy svatntrata sngram ki virangana thin. balidanon ki dharati bharat men aise-aise viron ne janm liya hai, jinhonne apane rakt se desh prem ki amit gathaen likhin. yahan ki lalanaen bhi is kary men kabhi kisi se pichhe nahin rahin, unhin men se ek ka nam hai- jhansi ki rani lakshmibaee. unhonne n keval bharat ki balki vishv ki mahilaon ko gauravanvit kiya. unaka jivan svayn men virochit gunon se bharapoor, amar deshabhakti aur balidan ki ek anupam gatha hai.

  • rani lakshmibaee maratha shasit jhansi ki rani aur bharat ki svatntrata sngram ki pratham vanita thin. bharat ko dasata se mukt karane ke lie sanh 1857 men bahut bada prayas hua. yah prayas itihas men bharat ka pratham svatantrata sngram ya sipahi svatntrata sngram kahalata hai.
  • angrezon ke viruddh ranaygy men apane pranon ki ahuti dene vale yoddhaon men virangana maharani lakshmibaee ka nam sarvopari mana jata hai. 1857 men unhonne bharat ke svatntrata sngram ka sootrapat kiya tha. apane shaury se unhonne angrezon ke dant khatte kar die the.
  • angrezon ki shakti ka samana karane ke lie unhonne naye sire se sena ka sngathan kiya aur sudridh morchabndi karake apane sainy kaushal ka parichay diya tha.

jivan parichay

rani lakshmibaee ka janm 19 navnbar, 1835 ko kashi ke puny v pavitr kshetr asighat, varanasi men hua tha. inake pita ka nam 'moropnt tanbe' aur mata ka nam 'bhagirathi baee' tha. inaka bachapan ka nam 'manikarnika' rakha gaya parantu pyar se manikarnika ko 'manu' pukara jata tha. manu ki avastha abhi char-panch varsh hi thi ki usaki man ka dehant ho gaya. pita moropnt tanbe ek sadharan brahman aur antim peshava bajirav dvitiy ke sevak the. mata bhagirathi baee sushil, chatur aur roopavati mahila thin. apani man ki mrityu ho jane par vah pita ke sath bithoor a gee thin. yahin par unhonne mallavidya, ghudasavari aur shastravidyaen sikhin. choonki ghar men manu ki dekhabhal ke lie koee nahin tha isalie unake pita moropnt manu ko apane sath bajirav ke darabar men le jate the jahan chnchal evn sundar manu ne sabaka man moh liya tha. bajirav manu ko pyar se 'chhabili' bulane the.
rani lakshmibaee

jhansi ka yuddh

us samay bharat ke bade bhoo-bhag par angrezon ka shasan tha. ve jhansi ko apane adhin karana chahate the. unhen yah ek upayukt avasar laga. unhen laga rani lakshmibaee stri hai aur hamara pratirodh nahin karegi. unhonne rani ke dattak-putr ko rajy ka uttaradhikari manane se inkar kar diya aur rani ko patr likh bheja ki choonki raja ka koee putr nahin hai, isilie jhansi par ab angrezon ka adhikar hoga. rani yah sunakar krodh se bhar uthin evn ghoshana ki ki main apani jhansi nahin doongiangrez tilamila uthe. parinam svaroop angrezon ne jhansi par akraman kar diya. rani ne bhi yuddh ki poori taiyari ki. qile ki prachir par topen rakhavayin. rani ne apane mahal ke sone evn chandi ke saman top ke gole banane ke lie de diya.

mrityu

rani ko asahaniy vedana ho rahi thi parantu mukhamandal divy kant se chamak raha tha. unhonne ek bar apane putr ko dekha aur phir ve tejasvi netr sada ke lie band ho ge. vah 17 joon, 1858 ka din tha, jab kranti ki yah jyoti amar ho gayi. usi kutiya men unaki chita lagayi gee jise unake putr damodar rav ne mukhagni di. rani ka parthiv sharir pnchamahabhooton men vilin ho gaya aur ve sada ke lie amar ho gayin. inaki mrityu gvaliyar men huee thi. rani lakshmibaee ki virata se prabhavit hokar hyooroj ko bhi yah kahana pada ki- "bharatiy krantikariyon men yah akeli mard hai." vidrohi sipahiyon ke sainik netaon men rani sabase shreshth aur bahadur thi aur usaki mrityu se madhy bharat men vidroh ki ridh toot gee.

sinhasan hil uthe rajavnshon ne bhrikuti tani thi,
boodhe bharat men aee phir se nayi javani thi,
gumi huee azadi ki kimat sabane pahachani thi,
door phirngi ko karane ki sabane man men thani thi.
chamak uthi san sattavan men, vah talavar purani thi,
bundele harabolon ke munh hamane suni kahani thi,
khoob ladi mardani vah to jhansi vali rani thi.. -subhadra kumari chauhan

angrezon ka zabti siddhant

jhansi ki rani, jo is bat se bahut kupit thi ki 1853 ee. men usake pati ke marane par laaurd dalahauzi ne zabti ka siddhant lagoo karake usaka rajy hadap liya. atev sipahi vidroh shuroo hone par vah vidrohiyon se mil gee aur sar hyooroj ke netritv men angrezi fauj ka datakar viratapoorvak muqabala kiya. jab angrezi fauj qile men ghus gee, lakshmibaee qila chhodakar kalapi chali gee aur vahan se yuddh jari rakha. jab kalapi chhin gee to rani lakshmibaee ne tatya tope ke sahayog se shinde ki rajadhani gvaliyar par hamala bola, jo apani fauj ke sath kampani ka vafadar bana hua tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika-tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 jhansi ki rani lakshmibaee (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 28 aprail, 2013.
  2. 'damodar rav' dattak putr tha.

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