रानी दुर्गावती  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rani durgavati
rani durgavati
poora nam rani durgavati
janm 5 aktoobar, 1524
janm bhoomi banda, uttar pradesh
mrityu 24 joon, 1564
mrityu sthan achalapur, maharashtr
abhibhavak raja kirtiraj
pati/patni raja dalapatashah
karm bhoomi bharat
prasiddhi rani, virangana
vishesh yogadan rani durgavati ne anek mndir, math, kuen, bavadi tatha dharmashalaen banavaeen.
nagarikata bharatiy
dharm hindoo
any janakari jabalapur men sthit rani durgavati vishvavidyalay bhi inake nam par bana hai. rani durgavati ne apani dasi ke nam par 'cherital', apane nam par 'ranital' tatha apane vishvast divan adharasinh ke nam par 'adharatal' banavaya.

rani durgavati (angrezi: Rani Durgawati, janm: 5 aktoobar, 1524 - mrityu: 24 joon, 1564) gondavana ki shasak thin, jo bharatiy itihas ki sarvadhik prasiddh raniyon men gini jati hain. durgavati ne 16 varsh tak jis kushalata se raj snbhala, usaki prashasti itihasakaron ne ki hai. aina-e-akabari men abul fazal ne likha hai- "durgavati ke shasanakal men gondavana itana suvyavasthit aur samriddh tha ki praja lagan ki adayagi svarnamudraon aur hathiyon se karati thi."

jivan parichay

virangana maharani durgavati kalinjar ke raja kirtisinh chndel ki ekamatr sntan thin. mahoba ke rath ganv men 1524 ee. ki durgashtami par janm ke karan unaka nam durgavati rakha gaya. nam ke anuroop hi tej, sahas, shaury aur sundarata ke karan inaki prasiddhi sab or phail gayi. durgavati ke mayake aur sasural paksh ki jati bhinn thi lekin phir bhi durgavati ki prasiddhi se prabhavit hokar raja sngram shah ne apane putr dalapatashah se vivah karake, use apani putravadhoo banaya tha. durbhagyavash vivah ke char varsh bad hi raja dalapatashah ka nidhan ho gaya. us samay durgavati ki god men tin varshiy narayan hi tha. atah rani ne svayn hi gadhamndala ka shasan snbhal liya. unhonne anek mndir, math, kuen, bavadi tatha dharmashalaen banavaee. vartaman jabalapur unake rajy ka kendr tha. unhonne apani dasi ke nam par cherital, apane nam par ranital tatha apane vishvast divan adharasinh ke nam par adharatal banavaya.[1]

shaury aur parakram ki devi

jhansi ki rani lakshmibaee se rani durgavati ka shaury kisi bhi prakar se kam nahin raha hai, durgavati ke viratapoorn charitr ko lambe samay tak isalie dabaye rakha ki usane muslim shasakon ke viruddh sngharsh kiya aur unhen anekon bar parajit kiya. der se hi sahi magar aj ve tathy sampoorn vishv ke samane hain. dhany hai rani ka parakram jisane apane man samman, dharm ki raksha aur svatntrata ke lie yuddh bhoomi ko chuna aur anekon bar shatruon ko parajit karate hue balidan de diya.
rani durgavati pratima

jan jan men rani hi rani
vah tir thi,talavar thi,
bhalon aur topon ka var thi,
phuphakar thi, hunkar thi,
shatru ka snhar thi![2]

durgavati ka shasan

durgavati ne 16 varsh tak jis kushalata se raj snbhala, usaki prashasti itihasakaron ne ki. aina-e-akabari men abul fazal ne likha hai, durgavati ke shasanakal men gondavana itana suvyavasthit aur samriddh tha ki praja lagan ki adayagi svarnamudraon aur hathiyon se karati thin. mndala men durgavati ke hathikhane men un dinon 1400 hathi the. malavanchal shant aur snpann kshetr mana jata raha hai, par vahan ka soobedar stri lolup bajabahadur, jo ki sirph roopamati se ankh ladane ke karan prasiddh hua hai, durgavati ki snpada par ankhen gada baitha. pahale hi yuddh men durgavati ne usake chhakke chhuda die aur usaka chacha phateha khan yuddh men mara gaya, par is par bhi bajabahadur ki chhati thndi nahin huee aur jab dubara usane rani durgavati par akraman kiya, to rani ne katngi-ghati ke yuddh men usaki sena ko aisa raunda ki bajabahadur ki poori sena ka saphaya ho gaya. phalat: durgavati samragyi ke roop men sthapit hueen.[1]

akabar se sngharsh aur balidan

akabar ke kada manikapur ka soobedar khvaja abdul majid khan jo asaf khan ke nam se jana jata tha, ne rani durgavati ke viruddh akabar ko ukasaya, akabar any rajapoot gharanon ki tarah durgavati ko bhi ranavase ki shobha banana chahata tha. rani durgavati ne apane dharm aur desh ki dridhata poorvak raksha ki or ranakshetr men apana balidan 1564 men kar diya, unaki mrityu ke pashchath unaka devar chandrashah shasak bana v usane mugalon ki adhinata svikar kar li, jisaki hatya unhin ke putr madhukarashah ne kar di. akabar ko kar nahin chuka pane ke karan madhukar shah ke do putr premanarayan aur hadayesh shah bndhak the. madhukarashah ki mrityu ke pashchath 1617 men premanarayanashah ko raja banaya gaya.

thar-thar dushman kanpe,
pag-pag bhage atyachar,
naramundon ki jhadi lagaee,
lashen bichhaee kee hajar,
jab vipada ghir aee chahunor,
sine me khnjar liya utar.[2]

chauragadh ka jauhar

asaf khan rani ki mrityu se baukhala gaya, vah unhen akabar ke darabar men pesh karana chahata tha, usane rajadhani chauragadh (hal men zila narasinhapur men) par akraman kiya, rani ke putr raja viranarayan ne viratapoorvak yuddh karate hue viragati prapt ki, isake sath hi chauragadh men pavitrata ko bachaye rakhane ka mahanh jauhar hua, jisamen hinduon ke sath-sath muslim mahilaon ne bhi jauhar ke agni kund men chhalang laga di thi. kinvadntiyon men hai ki asaf khan ne akabar ko khush karane ke liye do mahilaon ko yah kahate hue bhent kiya ki ek raja viranarayan ki patni hai tatha doosari durgavati ki bahin kalavati hai. raja viranarayan ki patni ne jauhar ka netritv karate hue balidan kiya tha aur rani durgavati ki koee bahin thi hi nahin, ve ek matr sntan thin. bad men asaf khan se akabar naraz bhi raha, magar mevad ke yuddh men vah muslim ekata nahin todana chahata tha.[2]

akabar aur durgavati

rani durgavati

tathakathit mahanh mugal shasak akabar bhi rajy ko jitakar rani ko apane haram men dalana chahata tha. usane vivad prarambh karane hetu rani ke priy saphed hathi (saraman) aur unake vishvast vajir adharasinh ko bhent ke roop men apane pas bhejane ko kaha. rani ne yah mang thukara di. is par akabar ne apane ek rishtedar asaf khan ke netritv men gondavana par hamala kar diya. ek bar to asaf khan parajit hua, par agali bar usane doguni sena aur taiyari ke sath hamala bola. durgavati ke pas us samay bahut kam sainik the. unhonne jabalapur ke pas 'naree nale' ke kinare morcha lagaya tatha svayn purush vesh men yuddh ka netritv kiya. is yuddh men 3,000 mugal sainik mare gaye lekin rani ki bhi apar kshati huee thi. agale din 24 joon, 1564 ko mugal sena ne phir hamala bola. aj rani ka paksh durbal tha, atah rani ne apane putr narayan ko surakshit sthan par bhej diya. tabhi ek tir unaki bhuja men laga, rani ne use nikal phenka. doosare tir ne unaki ankh ko bedh diya, rani ne ise bhi nikala par usaki nok ankh men hi rah gayi. tabhi tisara tir unaki gardan men akar dhns gaya. rani ne ant samay nikat janakar vajir adharasinh se agrah kiya ki vah apani talavar se unaki gardan kat de, par vah isake lie taiyar nahin hua. atah rani apani katar svayn hi apane sine men bhonkakar atm balidan ke path par badh gayin. maharani durgavati ne akabar ke senapati asaf khan se ladakar apani jan gnvane se pahale pndrah varshon tak shasan kiya tha.[1]

samman

rani durgavati kirti stambh, rani durgavati par dakachitr, rani durgavati vishvavidyalay, rani durgavati abhyarany, rani durgavati sahayata yojana, rani durgavati sngrahalay evn memoriyal, rani durgavati mahila pulis bataliyan adi n jane kitani kirti aj bundelakhand se phailate hue sampoorn desh ko prakashit kar rahi hai.

chandelon ki beti thi,
gaundavane ki rani thi,
chandi thi ranachandi thi,
vah durgavati bhavani thi.

svatntrata sngram ki mahanh mahila senani v "khoob ladi mardani vah to jhansi vali rani thi" ki shauryagatha kavy ko likhane vali, viraras ki mahanh kaviyitri subhadra kumari chauhan ke ye shabd hi, advitiy shaury ka pradarshan karate hue amar balidan karane vali rani durgavati ki sachchi kahani kahate hue mahasoos hote hain.

naman kar raha hai.
sunoogin mata ki avaj,
rahoongin marane ko taiyar.
kabhi bhi is vedi par dev,
n hone doongi atyachar.
matri mndir men huee pukar,
chalo main to ho jaoon balidan,
chadha do mujhako he bhagavan!![2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bharatiy itihas kosh |lekhak: sachchidanand bhattachary |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan |prishth snkhya: 208 |

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 maharani durgavati (hindi) Save Hinduism. abhigaman tithi: 24 joon, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 shaury aur parakram ki shauryagatha rani durgavati (hindi) jay jay bharat. abhigaman tithi: 24 joon, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah