बेगम हज़रत महल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

begam hazarat mahal
begam hazarat mahal
poora nam begam hazarat mahal
janm lagabhag 1820 ee.
janm bhoomi faizabad, avadh, bharat
mrityu aprail, 1879
mrityu sthan kathamandoo, nepal
pati/patni vajid ali shah
prasiddhi virangana
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari lakhanoo men 1857 ki kranti ka netritv begam hazarat mahal ne kiya tha.

begam hazarat mahal (angrezi:Begum Hazrat Mahal) avadh ke shasak vajid ali shah ki pahali patni thin. inhonne lakhanoo ko angrezon se bachane ke lie bharasak prayatn kie aur sakriy bhoomika nibhaee. yadyapi ve ek rani thin aur aisho aram ki jindagi ki abhyast thin, lekin apane sainikon ka utsah badhane ke lie svayn yuddh ke maidan men utarin. 1857 men dalahauji bharat ka vayasaray tha. usi sal vajid ali shah bhi lakhanoo ke navab bane. avadh ke navab vajid ali shah par vilasi hone ke arop men unhen hatane ki yojana bana li gee thi. dalahauji navab ke vilasita poorn jivan se parichit tha. unhonne turnt avadh ki riyasat ko hadapane ki yojana banaee. patr lekar knpani ka doot navab ke pas pahuncha aur us par hastakshar ke liye kaha. shart ke anusar knpani ka poora adhikar avadh par sthapit ho jana tha. vajid ali ne samajhauta-patr par hastakshar nahin kiya, falasvaroop unhen najarabnd karake kalakatta bhej diya gaya. ab kranti ka bij boya ja chuka tha. log sarakar ko ukhad fenkane ki yojanaen bana rahe the. idhar kranti ki lahar avadh, lakhanoo, ruhelakhnd adi men faili.

  • lakhanoo men '1857 ki kranti' ka netritv begam hazarat mahal ne kiya tha. apane nabalig putr birajis kadar ko gaddi par bithakar unhonne angrezi sena ka svayn muqabala kiya.
  • 7 julaee 1857 se avadh ka shasan hajarat mahal ke hath men aya.
  • 1857 men mngal pande ke vidroh ke bad kranti merath tak faili. merath ke sainik dilli ke badashah bahadur shah se mile. bahadur shah aur zinat mahal ne unaka sath diya aur ajadi ki ghoshana ki.
  • begam hajarat mahal ne hindoo, musalaman sabhi ko saman bhav se dekha. apane sipahiyon ka hausala badhane ke liye yuddh ke maidan men bhi chali jati thi. begam ne sena ko jaunapur aur ajamagadh par dhava bol dene ka adesh jari kiya lekin ye sainik apas men hi takara gaye.
  • britaniyon ne sikhon v rajaon ko kharid liya v yatayat ke sambndh toot ge. nana ki bhi parajay ho gee. 21 march ko lakhanoo britaniyon ke adhin ho gaya. ant men begam ki kothi par bhi britaniyon ne kabja kar liya.
  • begam hazarat mahal men sngathan ki abhootapoorv kshamata thi aur isi karan avadh ke zamindar, kisan aur sainik unake netritv men age badhate rahe.
  • alamabag ki ladaee ke dauran apane janbaj sipahiyon ki unhonne bharapoor hausala aphazaee ki aur hathi par savar hokar apane sainikon ke sath din-rat yuddh karati rahin.
  • 21 march ko britaniyon ne lakhanoo par poora adhikar jama liya. begam hajarat mahal pahale hi mahal chhod chuki thi par unhonne himmat nahin hari. begam hajarat mahal ne kee sthanon par maulavi ahamadashah ki badi madad ki. unhonne nana sahab ke sath sampark kayam rakha.
  • lakhanoo ke patan ke bad bhi begam ke pas kuchh vafadar sainik aur unake putr virajis kadir the.
  • 1 navambar 1858 ko maharani viktoriya ne apani ghoshana dvara eest indiya knpani ka shasan bharat men samapt kar use apane hath men le liya. ghoshana men kaha gaya ki rani sab ko uchit samman degi. parantu begam ne viktoriya rani ki ghoshana ka virodh kiya v unhonne janata ko usaki khamiyon se parichit karavaya.
  • lakhanoo men parajay ke bad vah avadh ke dehaton men chali geen aur vahan bhi kranti ki chingari sulagaee.
  • begam hazarat mahal aur rani lakshmibaee ke sainik dal men tamam mahilayen shamil thin.
  • lakhanoo men begam hazarat mahal ki mahila sainik dal ka netritv rahimi ke hathon men tha, jisane fauji bhesh apanakar tamam mahilaon ko top aur bandook chalana sikhaya. rahimi ki aguvaee men in mahilaon ne angrezon se jamakar loha liya.
  • lakhanoo ki tavayaph haidaribaee ke yahan tamam angrez afasar ate the aur kee bar krantikariyon ke khilaf yojanaon par bat kiya karate the. haidaribaee ne peshe se pare apani deshabhakti ka parichay dete huye in mahattvapoorn soochanaon ko krantikariyon tak pahunchaya aur bad men vah bhi rahimi ke sainik dal men shamil ho gayi.
  • begam hazarat mahal ne jab tak snbhav ho saka, apani poori takat se angrezon ka mukabala kiya. antatah unhen hathiyar dal kar nepal men sharan leni padi.
  • begam ladate-ladate thak chuki thi aur vah chahati thi ki kisi tarah bharat chhod de. nepal ke raja jng bahadur ne unhen sharan di jo britaniyon ke mitr bane the. begam apane bete ke sath nepal chali gee aur vahin unaka pranant ho gaya. aj bhi unaki qabr unake tyag v balidan ki yad dilati hai.
  • 20vin shatabdi ke utararddh men 'svatntrata andolan' ne gati pakadi, jisase anek mahilaen prabhavit hueen aur age aeen.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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