बेगम हज़रत महल

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begam hazarat mahal
poora nam begam hazarat mahal
janm lagabhag 1820 ee.
janm bhoomi faizabad, avadh, bharat
mrityu aprail, 1879
mrityu sthan kathamaandoo, nepal
pati/patni vajid ali shah
prasiddhi viraangana
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari lakhanoo mean 1857 ki kraanti ka netritv begam hazarat mahal ne kiya tha.

begam hazarat mahal (aangrezi:Begum Hazrat Mahal) avadh ke shasak vajid ali shah ki pahali patni thian. inhoanne lakhanoo ko aangrezoan se bachane ke lie bharasak prayatn kie aur sakriy bhoomika nibhaee. yadyapi ve ek rani thian aur aisho aram ki jindagi ki abhyast thian, lekin apane sainikoan ka utsah badhane ke lie svayan yuddh ke maidan mean utarian. 1857 mean dalahauji bharat ka vayasaray tha. usi sal vajid ali shah bhi lakhanoo ke navab bane. avadh ke navab vajid ali shah par vilasi hone ke arop mean unhean hatane ki yojana bana li gee thi. dalahauji navab ke vilasita poorn jivan se parichit tha. unhoanne turant avadh ki riyasat ko h dapane ki yojana banaee. patr lekar kanpani ka doot navab ke pas pahuancha aur us par hastakshar ke liye kaha. shart ke anusar kanpani ka poora adhikar avadh par sthapit ho jana tha. vajid ali ne samajhauta-patr par hastakshar nahian kiya, falasvaroop unhean najaraband karake kalakatta bhej diya gaya. ab kraanti ka bij boya ja chuka tha. log sarakar ko ukha d feankane ki yojanaean bana rahe the. idhar kraanti ki lahar avadh, lakhanoo, ruhelakhand adi mean faili.

  • lakhanoo mean '1857 ki kraanti' ka netritv begam hazarat mahal ne kiya tha. apane nabalig putr birajis kadar ko gaddi par bithakar unhoanne aangrezi sena ka svayan muqabala kiya.
  • 7 julaee 1857 se avadh ka shasan hajarat mahal ke hath mean aya.
  • 1857 mean mangal paande ke vidroh ke bad kraanti merath tak faili. merath ke sainik dilli ke badashah bahadur shah se mile. bahadur shah aur zinat mahal ne unaka sath diya aur ajadi ki ghoshana ki.
  • begam hajarat mahal ne hindoo, musalaman sabhi ko saman bhav se dekha. apane sipahiyoan ka hausala badhane ke liye yuddh ke maidan mean bhi chali jati thi. begam ne sena ko jaunapur aur ajamagadh par dhava bol dene ka adesh jari kiya lekin ye sainik apas mean hi takara gaye.
  • britaniyoan ne sikhoan v rajaoan ko kharid liya v yatayat ke sambandh toot ge. nana ki bhi parajay ho gee. 21 march ko lakhanoo britaniyoan ke adhin ho gaya. ant mean begam ki kothi par bhi britaniyoan ne qabza kar liya.
  • begam hazarat mahal mean sangathan ki abhootapoorv kshamata thi aur isi karan avadh ke zamiandar, kisan aur sainik unake netritv mean age badhate rahe.
  • alamabag ki l daee ke dauran apane jaanbaj sipahiyoan ki unhoanne bharapoor hausala aphazaee ki aur hathi par savar hokar apane sainikoan ke sath din-rat yuddh karati rahian.
  • 21 march ko britaniyoan ne lakhanoo par poora adhikar jama liya. begam hajarat mahal pahale hi mahal chho d chuki thi par unhoanne himmat nahian hari. begam hajarat mahal ne kee sthanoan par maulavi ahamadashah ki b di madad ki. unhoanne nana sahab ke sath sampark kayam rakha.
  • lakhanoo ke patan ke bad bhi begam ke pas kuchh vafadar sainik aur unake putr virajis kadir the.
  • 1 navambar 1858 ko maharani viktoriya ne apani ghoshana dvara eest iandiya kanpani ka shasan bharat mean samapt kar use apane hath mean le liya. ghoshana mean kaha gaya ki rani sab ko uchit samman degi. parantu begam ne viktoriya rani ki ghoshana ka virodh kiya v unhoanne janata ko usaki khamiyoan se parichit karavaya.
  • lakhanoo mean parajay ke bad vah avadh ke dehatoan mean chali geean aur vahaan bhi kraanti ki chiangari sulagaee.
  • begam hazarat mahal aur rani lakshmibaee ke sainik dal mean tamam mahilayean shamil thian.
  • lakhanoo mean begam hazarat mahal ki mahila sainik dal ka netritv rahimi ke hathoan mean tha, jisane fauji bhesh apanakar tamam mahilaoan ko top aur bandook chalana sikhaya. rahimi ki aguvaee mean in mahilaoan ne aangrezoan se jamakar loha liya.
  • lakhanoo ki tavayaph haidaribaee ke yahaan tamam aangrez afasar ate the aur kee bar kraantikariyoan ke khilaf yojanaoan par bat kiya karate the. haidaribaee ne peshe se pare apani deshabhakti ka parichay dete huye in mahattvapoorn soochanaoan ko kraantikariyoan tak pahuanchaya aur bad mean vah bhi rahimi ke sainik dal mean shamil ho gayi.
  • begam hazarat mahal ne jab tak sanbhav ho saka, apani poori takat se aangrezoan ka mukabala kiya. aantatah unhean hathiyar dal kar nepal mean sharan leni p di.
  • begam l date-l date thak chuki thi aur vah chahati thi ki kisi tarah bharat chho d de. nepal ke raja jang bahadur ne unhean sharan di jo britaniyoan ke mitr bane the. begam apane bete ke sath nepal chali gee aur vahian unaka pranaant ho gaya. aj bhi unaki qabr unake tyag v balidan ki yad dilati hai.
  • 20vian shatabdi ke utararddh mean 'svatantrata aandolan' ne gati pak di, jisase anek mahilaean prabhavit hueean aur age aeean.


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