बालमणि अम्मा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

balamani amma
balamani amma
poora nam nalapat balamani amma
janm 19 julaee, 1909
janm bhoomi zila malabar, keral
mrityu 29 sitambar, 2004
mrityu sthan kochchi, keral
abhibhavak pita- chittnjoor kunjjanni raja, mata- nalapat koochukutti amma
pati/patni vi. em. nayar
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen 'gauraiya', 'kalakatte ka kala kutiya', 'amma', 'muthassi', 'mazhuvint katha' adi.
bhasha snskrit, malayalam
puraskar-upadhi 'padm bhooshan' (1987)
prasiddhi malayalam sahityakar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari keral sahity akadami, akhitam achyutan nnboothari men ek yadagar vaktavy ke dauran nalapat balamani amma ko "manav mahima ke nabi" ke roop men varnit kiya gaya tha aur kavitaon ki preranastrot kaha gaya tha.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

nalapat balamani amma (angrezi: Nalapat Balamani Amma, janm- 19 julaee, 1909, malabar, keral; mrityu- 29 sitambar, 2004, kochchi) malayalam bhasha ki prasiddh kaviyitri thin. ve mahadevi varma ki samakalin thin, jo hindi sahity men chhayavadi yug ke char pramukh stambhon men se ek thin. nalapat balamani amma ki ganana bisavin shatabdi ki charchit v pratishthit malayalam kavayitriyon men ki jati hai. unaki rachanaen ek aise anubhooti mndal ka sakshatkar karati hain, jo malayalam men adrishtapoorv hai. adhunik malayalam ki sabase sashakt kavayitriyon men se ek hone ke karan nalapat balamani amma ko "malayalam sahity ki dadi" kaha jata hai. unhonne 500 se adhik kavitaen likhin.

janm tatha shiksha

nalapat balamani amma ka janm 19 julaee, 1909 ko keral ke malabar zile ke punnayurkulam[1] men pita chittnjoor kunjjanni raja aur man nalapat koochukutti amma ke yahan nalapat men hua tha. yadyapi unaka janm nalapat ke nam se pahachane-jane vale ek roodhivadi parivar men hua, jahan ladakiyon ko vidyalay bhejana anuchit mana jata tha. isalie unake lie ghar men shikshak ki vyavastha kar di gayi thi, jinase unhonne snskrit aur malayalam bhasha sikhi. nalapat haus ki alamariyan pustakon se bhari-padi thin. in pustakon men kagaz par chhapi pustakon ke sath hi tadapatron par ukeri gee hastalipi vali pustaken bhi thin. in pustakon men 'barahasnhita' se lekar taigor tak ka rachana snsar sammilit tha. nalapat balamani amma ke mama en. narayan menan kavi aur darshanik the, jinhonne unhen sahity srijan ke lie protsahit kiya. kavi aur vidvanh ghar par atithi ke roop men ate aur haphton rahate the. is dauran ghar men sahityik charchaon ka ghatatop chhaya rahata tha. is vatavaran ne nalapat balamani amma ke chintan ko prabhavit kiya.

vivah

nalapat balamani amma ka vivah 19 varsh ki ayu men varsh 1928 men vi. em. nayar se hua, jo age chalakar malayalam bhasha ke dainik samachar patr 'matribhoomi' ke prabndh snpadak aur prabndh nideshak banen. vivah ke turnt bad amma apane pati ke sath kolakata men rahane lagin, jahan unake pati 'velaphort transaport kampani' men varishth adhikari the. yah knpani aautomobail knpani 'rols raauyas motar kars' aur 'bentale' ke upakaranon ko bechati thi. is knpani se tyagapatr dene ke bad unake pati ne dainik samachar patr 'matribhoomi' men apani sevaen dene hetu parivar sahit kolakata chhodane ka nirnay liya. phalat: alp pravas ke bad amma apane pati ke sath kolakata chhodakar keral vapas a gayin. 1977 men unake pati ki mrityu huee. lagabhag pachas varsh tak unaka danpaty bana raha. unake dampaty ki jhalak unaki kuchh kavitaon, yatha- 'amritn gamaya', 'svapn', 'parajay' men mukhar huee hai.

sahityik kary

nalapat balamani amma keral ki rashtravadi sahityakar thin. unhonne rashtriy udbodhan vali kavitaon ki rachana ki. ve mukhyatah vatsaly, mamata, manavata ke komal bhav ki kavayitri ke roop men vikhyat hain. phir bhi svatntrataroopi dipak ki ushn lau se bhi ve achhooti nahin rahin. san 1929-1939 ke bich likhi unaki kavitaon men deshabhakti, gandhi ka prabhav, svatntrata ki chah spasht parilakshit hoti hai. isake bad bhi unaki rachanaen prakashit hoti rahin. apane srijan se ve bharatiy ajadi men anokha kary kiya. unhonne apani kishoravastha men hi anek kavitayen likh li thin, jo pustakakar roop men unake vivah ke bad prakashit hueen. unake pati ne unhen sahity srijan ke lie paryapt avasar diya. unaki suvidha ke lie ghar ke kam-kaj ke sath-sath bachchon ko snbhalane ke lie alag se naukar-chakar laga diye the, taki ve poora samay lekhan ko samarpit kar saken.

nalapat balamani amma vivahoparant apane pati ke sath kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) men rahane lagin thin. kalakatta nivas ke anubhavon ne unaki kavy chetana ko atynt prabhavit kiya. apani pratham prakashit aur charchit kavita 'kalakatte ka kala kutiya' unhonne apane patidev ke anurodh par likhi thi, jabaki antaratma ki prerana se likhi gee unaki pahali kavita 'matrichunban' hai. svatantrata andolan ke dauran mahatma gandhi ka prabhav unake lie aparihary ban gaya. unhonne khadi pahani aur charakha kata. unaki prarnbhik kavitaon men se ek 'gauraiya' shirshak kavita us daur men atynt lokapriy huee. ise keral ki pathy-pustakon men sammilit kiya gaya. bad men unhonne garbhadharan, prasav aur shishu poshan ke strijanit anubhavon ko apani kavitaon men piroya. isake ek dashak bad unhonne ghar aur parivar ki simaon se nikalakar adhyatmikata ke kshetr men dastak di. tab tak yah kshetr unake lie aparichit jaisa tha.

puraskar v samman

thiyosafi ka prarnbhik gyan unake mama se unhen mila. hindoo shastron ka sahaj gyan unhen pahale se hi tha. isalie thiyosafi aur hindoo manisha ka snyojit svaroop hi unake vicharon ke roop men lekhan men utara. nalapat balamani amma ke do darjan se adhik kavy-snkalan, kee gady-snkalan aur anuvad prakashit hue hain. unhonne chhoti avastha se hi kavitaen likhana shuroo kar diya tha. unaki pahali kavita "kooppukee" 1930 men prakashit huee thi. unhen sarvapratham kochin british raj ke poorv shasak ram varma parikshit thnpooran ke dvara "sahity nipun puraskaram" pradan kiya gaya. 1987 men prakashit "nivedyam" unaki kavitaon ka charchit sngrah hai. kavi en. en. menan ki maut par shokagit ke roop men unaka ek sngrah "lokantharangalil" nam se aya tha. unaki kavitaen darshanik vicharon evn manavata ke prati agadh prem ki abhivyakti hoti hain. bachchon ke prati prem-pagi kavitaon ke karan malayalam-kavita men ve "amma" aur "dadi" ke nam se samadrit hain. keral sahity akadami, akhitam achyutan nnboothari men ek yadagar vaktavy ke dauran unhen "manav mahima ke nabi" ke roop men varnit kiya gaya tha aur kavitaon ki preranastrot kaha gaya tha. unhen 1987 men bharat sarakar ne sahity evn shiksha ke kshetr men 'padm bhooshan' se sammanit kiya tha. varsh 2009, unaki janm shatabdi ke roop men manaya gaya.

mrityu

nalapat balamani amma ka nidhan 29 sitambar, 2004 ko kochchi, keral men hua. amma ke sahity aur jivan par mahatma gandhi ke vicharon aur adarshon ka spasht prabhav raha. unaki pramukh kritiyon men 'amma', 'muthassi', 'mazhuvint katha' adi hain. unhonne malayalam kavita men us komal shabdavali ka vikas kiya, jo abhi tak keval snskrit men hi snbhav mani jati thi. isake lie unhonne apane samay ke anukool snskrit ke komal shabdon ko chunakar malayalam ka jama pahanaya. unaki kavitaon ka nad-saundary aur paini uktiyon ki vynjana shaili anyatr durlabh hai. ve pratibhavan kavayitri ke sath-sath bal katha lekhika aur srijanatmak anuvadak bhi thin. apane pati vi. em. nayar ke sath milakar unhonne apani kee kritiyon ka any bhashaon men bhi anuvad kiya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. tatkalin madras praizidansi, british raj

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah