उपेंद्र भंज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

upendr bhnj udiya sahity ke ye mahanh‌ kavi sanh‌ 1665 ee. se 1725 ee. tak jivit rahe. unake pita ka nam nilaknth aur dada ka nam bhnj tha. do sal rajy karane ke bad nilaknth apane bhaee ghanabhnj ke dvara rajy se nikal die ge. nilaknth ke jivan ka antim bhag nayagadh men vyatit hua tha. upendr bhnj ke bare men yah kaha jata hai ki unhonne nayagadh ke nivasakal men 'odganv' ke mndir men virajit devata shriraghunath ko 'ramatarak' mntron se prasann kiya tha aur unake hi prasad se unhonne kavitvashakti prapt ki thi. snskrit bhasha men nyay, vedant, darshan, sahity tatha rajaniti adi sikhane ke sath hi unhonne vyakaran aur alnkarashastr ka gnbhir adhyayan kiya tha. nayagadh ke raja ladakeshvar mandhata ne unhen 'viravar' upadhi se bhooshit kiya tha. pahale unhonne banapur ke raja ki kanya ke sath vivah kiya tha, kintu thode hi dinon bad unake mar jane ke karan nayagadh ke raja ki bahan ko unhonne patni roop men grahan kiya. unaka danpaty jivan poorn roop se ashant raha. unake jivanakal men hi dvitiy patni ki bhi mrityu ho gee. kavi svayn 40 varsh ki ayu men ni:sntan avastha men mare.

upendr bhnj ritiyug ke kavi hain. ve lagabhag pachas kavyagrnthon ke nirmata hain. inamen se 20 grnth prakashit hue hain. unake likhit kavyon men lavanyavati, kotibrahmadasnduri aur vaidehishavilas suprasiddh hain. udiya sahity men ramachndr chhotaray se lekar yadumani tak 200 varsh parynt jis ritiyug ka pradhany raha upendr bhnj usi ke sarvagragany kavi mane jate hain. unaki rachanaon men mahakavy, pauranik tatha kalpanik kavy, sngit, alnkar aur chitrakavy antarbhukt hain. unake kavyon men varnit vivahotsav, ranasajja, mntrana tatha vibhinn tyauharon ki vidhiyan adi utkal ki bahut si visheshataen maloom padati hain. unaki rachanashaili naishadh ki si hai jisamen upama, roopakadi alnkaron ka pradhany hai. aksharaniyam aur shabdapandity se unaki rachana durbodh lagati hai. unake kavyon men nari-roop-varnan men bahut si jagahon par ashlilata dikhaee padati hai. parntu vah us samay prachalit vidhi ke anusar hai. us samay ke kavyon men shrringar ka hi prachury rahata tha.

dinakrishn, bhoopati pndit aur lokanath vidyadhar adi vishisht kavigan upendr ke samakalin the. un sab kaviyon ne raja divyasinh ke kal men khyati prapt ki thi. upendr ke paravarti jin kaviyon ne unaki rachanashaili ka anusaran kiya unamen abhimanyu, kavisoory baladev aur yadumani prabhriti mane jate hain. adhunik kavi radhanath aur gngadhar ne bhi bahut had tak unaki varnanashaili apanaee.

udiya sahity men upendr ek pramukh snskarak the. snskritgy pnditon ke sath pratiyogita men utarakar unhonne bahut se alnkarik kavyon ki bhi rachana ki. dharm aur sahity ke bich ek sima nirdharit karake unhonne dharm se sadaiv sahity ko alag rakha. unaki rachanaon men aise bahut se devataon ka varnan milata hai par prabhu jagannath ka sabase vishesh sthan hai. vaidehishavilas unaka sabase bada kavy hai jisamen pratyek pnkti ka pratham akshar 'v' hi hai. isi prakar 'subhadra parinay' aur 'kala kutuk' kavyon ki pratyek pnkti yathakram 's' aur 'k' se prarnbh huee hai. unake rasapnchak kavy men sahityik ras, dosh aur gunon ka vivechan kiya gaya hai. avanarasatarng ek aisa kavy hai jisamen kisi bhi sthan par matra ka prayog nahin hua hai. shabdaprayog ke is chamatkar ke atirikt unaki is rachana men aur koee maulikata nahin hai. unake kavyon men varnan ki ekaroopata ka pradhany hai. patr patriyon ka janm, shastradhyayan, yauvanagam, prem, milan aur virah sabhi kavyon men pray: ek se hain. unake kalpanapradhan kavyon men vaidehishavilas sarvashreshth hai :

unhonne 'chaupadibhooshan', 'chaupadichndr', prabhritti kee sngitagrnth bhi likhe hain, jo udisa prant men bade janapriy hain. unaki sngit pustakon men adiras aur alnkaron ka prachury hain. kavi ki kee pustaken madras, andhr, utkal aur kalakatta vishvavidyalayon ke pathayakram men grihit hain. vaidehishavilas, kotibrahmandasundari, lavanyavati, premasudhanidhi, avanarasatarng, kala kutuk, gitabhidhan, chhntamnjari, bajaraboli, bajaraboli, chupadi haravali, chhand bhooshan, rasapnchak, ramalilamrit, chaupadichndr, subhadraparinay, chitrakavy bndhoday, dashapoi, yamakaraj chutisha aur pnchashayak prabhriti unaki kritiyan prakashit ho chuki hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 2 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 125-26 |

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