गोवर्धनराम माधवराम त्रिपाठी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

govardhanaram madhavaram tripathi
govardhanaram madhavaram tripathi
poora nam govardhanaram madhavaram tripathi
janm 20 aktoobar, 1855
mrityu 1 aprail, 1907
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr gujarati sahity
mukhy rachanaen 'sarasvatichndr' tatha 'snehamudra' adi.
vidyalay 'elphinstan kaaulej'
shiksha bi.e. tatha el.el.bi.
prasiddhi kathakar, kavi, chintak, vivechak, charitr lekhak tatha itihasakar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari 'sarasvatichndr' govardhanaram ji ki sarvapramukh sahityik kriti hai. katha ke kshetr men ise gujarati sahity ka sarvochch kirtishikhar kaha gaya hai. isaki katha char bhagon men samapt hoti hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

govardhanaram madhavaram tripathi (angrezi: Govardhanram Madhavram Tripathi, janm- 20 aktoobar, 1855; mrityu- 1 aprail, 1907) ka nam adhunik gujarati sahity men kathakar, kavi, chintak, vivechak, charitr lekhak tatha itihasakar ityadi anek roopon men many hai. unako sarvadhik pratishtha dvitiy utthan ke sarvashreshth kathakar ke roop men hi prapt huee hai. jis prakar adhunik gujarati sahity ki purani pidhi ke agrani 'narmad' mane jate hain, usi prakar unake bad ki pidhi ka netritv govardhanaram ke dvara hua. snskrit sahity ke gnbhir anushilan tatha ramakrishn paramahns aur vivekannd adi vibhootiyon ke vicharon ke prabhav se unake hriday men prachin bharatiy ary snskriti ke punarutthan ki tivr bhavana jagrat huee. unaka adhikansh rachanatmak sahity moolat: isi bhavana se snbaddh evn udbhoot hai.[1]

janm tatha shiksha

govardhanaram madhavaram tripathi ji ka janm 20 aktoobar, 1855 ee. men hua tha. unaki prarnbhik shiksha-diksha bnbee (vartaman mumbee) tatha nadiyad men snpann huee. unhonne 1875 ee. men 'elphinstan kaaulej' se bi.e. uttirn tatha 1883 men vakalat ki. shiksha samapt hote hi unaki pravritti tatv chintan aur samajik kalyan ki or unmukh huee.

'sarasvatichndr' ki rachana

'sarasvatichndr' unaki sarvapramukh sahityik kriti hai. katha ke kshetr men ise gujarati sahity ka sarvochch kirtishikhar kaha gaya hai. achary anndashnkar bapoobhaee dhruv ne isaki garima aur bhav samriddhi ko lakshit karate hue ise 'sarasvatichndr puran' ki sngya pradan ki thi, jo isaki lokapriyata tatha kalpana bahulata ko dekhate hue sarvatha upayukt pratit hoti hai.

'sarasvatichndr' ki katha char bhagon men samapt hoti hai-

  1. pratham bhag men ratn nagari ke pradhan vidyachatur ki sundari kanya kumud aur vidyanuragi evn tatv chintak sarasvatichndr ke parasparik akarshan ki prarnbhik manodasha ka chitran hai. nayak ki yah manyata ki 'stri man purushana purusharthani samapti thati nathi' vastut: lekhak ke udatt drishtikon ki parichayak hai aur agami bhagon ki katha ka vikas pray: isi sootravaky se pratiphalit hota hai.
  2. dvitiy bhag men vyakti aur parivar ke snbndhon ka chitran bharatiy drishtikon se kiya gaya hai.
  3. tritiy bhag men karmakshetr ke vistar ke sath prachy aur pashchaty snskaron ka sngharsh pradarshit hai.
  4. chaturth bhag men lok kalyan ki bhavana se udbhoot 'kalyanagram' ki sthapana ki ek adarsh yojana ke sath katha samapt hoti hai.

bich-bich men sadhu saton ke prasngon ko samavisht karake tatha nayak ki pravritti ko adyopant vairagy evn paramarthik kalyan ki or unmukh chitrit karake lekhak ne apane sanskritik drishtikon ko saphalatapoorvak sahityik abhivyakti pradan ki hai.[1]

snehamudra

'snehamudra' govardhanaram ki oormipradhan bhav gitiyon ka, snskritanishth shaili men likhit ek vishishth kavita sngrah hai jo san 1889 men prakashit hua tha. isamen samikshakon ki manaviy, adhyatmik evn prakriti parak prem ki anek pratibha ek samarth kavy vivechak ke roop men prakat huee hai. vilsan kaaulej, sahity sabha ke samaksh prastut apane gaveshanapoorn angrezi vyakhyanon ke madhyam se govardhanaram ji ne prachin gujarati sahity ke itihas ko vyavasthit roop se prastut karane ka pratham prayas kiya. inaka prakashan 'klaisikal poets aauf gujarat aind deyar inaphluens aaun soyayati aind maaurals' nam se hua hai.

san 1905 men 'gujarati sahity parishad' ke pramukh ke roop men diye ge apane bhashan men govardhanaram ne achary anndashnkar bapoobhaee dhruv se prapt sootr ko pakadakar narasi mehata ke kal nirnay ki jo samasya uthaee, us par itana vadavivad hua ki vah svayn aitihasik mahatv ki vastu ban gee.

jivan charit lekhak

jivan charit lekhak ke roop men govardhanaram madhavaram tripathi ki kshamata 'lilavati jivanakala'[2] tatha 'naval grnthavali (1891 ee.) ke upodaghat se ankit ki jati hai. lilavati unaki divagnta putri thi aur usake charit lekhan men tatvachintan evn dharmadarshan ko pradhanata dete hue unhonne sookshm deh ki gatividhi ko prastut kiya hai. navalaram ki jivan katha ki upeksha isamen atmiyata ka tatv adhik hai. govardhanaram ne apani jivani ke snbndh men bhi kuchh 'nots likh chhode the, jo ab 'skech buk' ke nam se prakashit ho chuke hain.

nidhan

govardhanaram madhavaram tripathi ka nidhan 1 aprail, 1907 ee. ko hua tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 govardhanaram madhavaram tripathi (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 21 julaee, 2015.
  2. ee. 1906

snbndhit lekh

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