धर्मवीर भारती  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dharmavir bharati
Dr.Dharamvir-Bharati.jpg
poora nam dharmavir bharati
janm 25 disnbar 1926
janm bhoomi ilahabad, uttar pradesh
mrityu 4 sitnbar, 1997
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
abhibhavak chirnjivalal varma, chndadevi
pati/patni kanta kohali, pushpalata sharma (pushpa bharati)
sntan paramita, prgya bharati (putri), kinshuk bharati (putr)
karm bhoomi ilahabad, uttar pradesh
karm-kshetr lekhak, kavi, natakakar
mukhy rachanaen 'gunahon ka devata', 'sooraj ka satavan ghoda', 'andhayug' adi
vishay gady, pady, natak tatha upanyas
bhasha hindi
vidyalay ilahabad vishvavidyalay
shiksha em. e. (hindi), pi.ech.di.
puraskar-upadhi padmashri, haldighati shreshth patrakarita puraskar, vyas samman, sahity akadami ratn sadasyata aur sngit natak akadami puraskar
vishesh yogadan dharmavir bharati saptahik patrika 'dharmayug' ke pradhan snpadak rahe.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari unaka upanyas 'gunahon ka devata' hindi sahity ke itihas men sadabahar mana jata hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

daau. dharmavir bharati (angrezi: Dharamvir Bharati, janm- 25 disnbar, 1926 - 4 sitnbar, 1997) adhunik hindi sahity ke pramukh lekhak, kavi, natakakar aur samajik vicharak the. ve saptahik patrika 'dharmayug' ke pradhan snpadak bhi rahe. daau. dharmavir bharati ko 1972 men padmashri se sammanit kiya gaya. unaka upanyas 'gunahon ka devata' hindi sahity ke itihas men sadabahar mana jata hai.

janm

dharmavir bharati ka janm 25 disnbar 1926 ko ilahabad ke 'atarasuiya' namak mohalle men hua tha. unake pita ka nam shri. chirnjivalal varma aur mata ka nam shrimati chndadevi tha. bharati ke poorvaj pashchimi uttar pradesh men shahajahanpur zile ke 'khudagnj' namak qasbe ke zamidar the. ped, paudhon, phoolon aur janavaron tatha pakshiyon se prem bachapan se lekar jivan paryant raha. snskar dete hue bade lad pyar se mata pita apane donon bachchon dharmavir aur unaki chhoti bahan virabala ka palan kar rahe the ki achanak unaki man sakht bimar pad gayin do sal tak bimari chalati rahi. bahut kharch hua aur pita par karz chadh gaya. man ki bimari aur karz se ve man se toot se gaye aur svayn bhi bimar pad gaye. 1939 men unaki mrityu ho gee .[1]

shiksha

inhin dinon padhy pustakon ke alava kavita pustaken tatha angrezi upanyas padhane ka behad shauq jaga. skool khatm hote hi ghar men basta patak kar vachanalay men bhag jate vahan der sham tak kitaben padhate rahate. intaramidiyet men padh rahe the ki gandhi ji ke ahvan par padhaee chhod di or azadi ki ladaee men kood pade. subhash ke prashnsak the, bachapan se hi shastron ke prati akarshan bhi jag utha tha so har samay hathiyar sath men lekar chalane lage aur 'sashastr krantikari dal' men shamil hone ke sapane man men snjone lage, par antat: mama ji ke samajhane bujhane ke bad ek varsh ka nuqasan karane ke bad ilahabad vishvavidyalay men snatak ki padhaee ke lie dakhila liya. kors ki padhaee ke sath sath unhin dinon shaili, kits, vardsavarth, tanisan, emili dikinsan tatha anek fransisi, jarman aur spen ke kaviyon ke angrezi anuvad padhe, emil zola, sharadachndr, gorki, kyuprin, balazak, charls dikens, viktar hayoogo, daaustoyavski aur taaulsatoy ke upanyas khoob doob kar padhe.[1]

lekhan aur patrakarita

snatak, snatakottar ki padhaee tyushanon ke sahare chal rahi thi. unhin dinon kuchh samay shri padmakant malaviy ke sath 'abhyuday' men kam kiya, ilachandr joshi ke sath 'sngam' men kam kiya. inhin donon se unhonne 'patrakarita' ke gur sikhe the. kuchh samay tak 'hindustani ekedemi' men bhi kam kiya. unhin dinon khoobakahaniyan bhi likhin. 'murdon ka ganv' aur 'svarg aur prithvi' namak do kahani sngrah chhape. chhatr jivan men bharati par sharat chndr chattopadhyay, jayashnkar prasad aur aauskar vaild ka bahut prabhav tha. unhin dinon ve makhan lal chaturvedi ke sampark men aye aur unhe pita tuly manane lage. dada makhanalal chaturvedi ne bharati ko bahut protsahit kiya.[1]

uchch shiksha aur pragatishil lekhak sngh

snatak men hindi men sarvadhik ank milane par prakhyat 'chintamani gold maidal' mila. snatakottar angrezi men karana chahate the par is maidal ke karan daau. dhirendr varma ke kahane par unhonne hindi men nam likha liya. snatakottar ki padhaee karate samay 'marksavad' ka unhonne dhunadhar adhyayan kiya. 'pragatishil lekhak sngh' ke sthaniy mntri bhi rahe lekin kuchh hi samay bad samyavadiyon ki kattarata tatha deshadrohi nitiyon se unaka mohabhng hua. tabhi unhonne chhahon bharatiy darshan, vedant tatha bade vistar se vaishnav aur snt sahity padha aur bharatiy chintan ki manavavadi parampara unake chintan ka mool adhar ban gayi.[1]

shodh kary

daau. dhirendr varma ke nirdeshan men 'siddh sahity' par shodh kary chal raha tha. sath hi sath us samay kee kavitayen likhi gee jo bad men 'dhnda loha' namak pustak ke roop men chhapi. aur unhin dinon 'gunahon ka devata' upanyas likha. samyavad se mohabhng ke bad 'pragativad: ek samiksha' namak pustak likhi. kuchh antaral bad hi 'sooraj ka satavan ghoda' jaisa anokha upanyas bhi likha.[1]

ilahabad vishvavidyalay men hindi pradhyapak

shodhakary poora karane ke bad vahin vishvavidyalay men hindi ke pradhyapak ke roop men niyukti ho gee. dekhate hi dekhate bahut lokapriy adhyapak ke rup men unaki prashnsa hone lagi. usi dauran 'nadi pyasi thi' namak 'ekanki natak sngrah' aur 'chand aur toote hue log' nam se kahani sngrah chhape. 'thele par himalay' nam se lalit rachanaon ka sngrah chhapa aur shodh prabndh 'sidhd sahity' bhi chhap gaya. maulik lekhan ki gati badi tezi se badh rahi thi. sath hi adhyayan bhi poori mehanat se kiya jata raha. us dauran 'astitvavad' tatha pashchim ke any naye darshanon ka vishad adhyayan kiya. rilke ki kavitaon, kamoo ke lekh aur natakon, jyan paaul sartr ki rachanaon aur karl marks ki darshanik rachanaon men man bahut dooba. sath hi sath mahabharat, gita, vinoba aur lohiya ke sahity ka bhi gaharaee se adhyayan kiya. gandhiji ko nayi drishti se samajhane ki koshish ki. bharatiy snt aur soofi kavy aur vishesh roop se kabir, jayasi aur soor ko paripakv man aur paini ho chuki samajh ke sath pun: aur samajha.[1]

mumbee aur snpadan

isi bich 1954 men shrimati kaushalya ashk dvara sujhaee gee ek pnjabi sharanarthi ladaki 'kanta kohali' se vivah ho gaya. snskaron ke tivr vaishamy ke karan vah vivah asaphal raha. bad men sambndh vichchhed ho gaya. lekhan ka kam abadh chal raha tha. 'sat git varsh', 'andhayug', 'kanupriya ' aur 'deshantar' prakashit ho chuke the. kuchh hi samay bad bambee se ek prastav 'dharmayug' ke snpadan ka aya. 'nikash' ko age n chala pane ki kasak man men thi hi, snpadan ki lalak ne prastav par vichar kiya aur vishvavidyalay se ek varsh ki chhutti lekar 1960 me bambee chale aye.[1]

punarvivah

dharmayug ke snpadan men naye kshitij nazar ane lage, sahityik lekhan se itar apane desh ke liye bahut kuchh bade kam kiye ja sakate hain yah samajh men ane laga to vishvavidyalay ki naukari se tyagapatr dekar poore samarpan ke sath dharmayug ke snpadan men dhyan kendrit kiya. is dauran ek atynt shikshit aur snbhrant parivar men janmi ilahabad vishvavidyalay ki shodh chhatra jo kalakatta ke 'shikshayatan kaaulej' men hindi ki pradhyapak ban chuki thi, usase vivah kiya. yahi 'pushpalata sharma' bad men pushpa bharati nam se prakhyat hueen.[1]

dharmayug patrika

dharmavir bharati ke dvara snpadit 'dharmayug' patrakarita ki kasauti ban chuka hai. aj ke patrakarita ke vidyarthi unaki shaili ko 'dharmavir bharati skool aauf jarnalizm' ke nam se janate hain. sanskritik, samajik, arthik, vaigyanik, khelakood, sahityik sabhi pakshon ko sametate hue rashtriy aur antarrashtriy vishayon par har ank men samagri di jati thi. bachchon aur mahilaon ke liye bhi rochak aur gyanaprad samagri 'dharmayug' ki atirikt visheshata thi. uchchatam star ka nirvah karate hue asadharan lokapriyata ke sath lakhon ki snkhya men sarvadhik bikri ke ankade kisi chamatkar se kam nahin the.[1]

dharmavir bharati dvara ki gayi yatraen

  • 1961 men 'kaaumanavelth rileshans kameti' ke amntran par pratham videsh yatra - inglaind tatha yoorop ke kee deshon ki ki.
  • 1962 men 'pashchim jarman sarakar' ke amntran par jarmani gaye.
  • 1966 men 'bharatiy dootavas' ke nimntran par indoneshiya tatha thailaind gaye.
  • 1971 muktivahini ke sath bangladesh ki gupt yatra karane ke bad kranti ka ankhon dekha varnan likha.
  • 1971 men bharat-pak yuddh ke dauran bharatiy sena ke sath svayn yuddh kshetr men ja kar vastavik yuddh hote dekha aur vistrit riportaj likha.
  • 1974 maaurishas yatra ke dauran bharatiy mool ki janata se sidha sampark karake 'dharmayug' ka jo ank nikala, usase donon deshon ke bich mazaboot sanskritik pul bana.
  • 1976 pun: maaurishas yatra ki.
  • 1978 'chin sarakar' ke amntran par chin aur singapur ki yatra ki.
  • 1990 amarika ki niji yatra ki.

rachanaen

kavita
  1. thnda loha (1952)
  2. sat git varsh (1959)
  3. kanupriya (1959)
  4. sapana abhi bhi (1993)
  5. adyant (1999)
padyanatak 
  • andhayug (1954)
kahani sngrah
  1. murdon ka ganv (1946)
  2. svarg aur prithvi (1949)
  3. chand aur toote hue log (1955)
  4. bnd gali ka akhiri makan (1969)
  5. sans ki qalam se (pushpa bharati dvara snpadit sampoorn kahaniyan ) (2000)
rekhachitr
  • kuchh chehare kuchh chintan (1997)
snsmaran
  • shabdita (1997)
upanyas
  1. gunahon ka devata(1949)
  2. sooraj ka satavan ghoda (1952)
  3. gyarah sapanon ka desh (prarnbh aur samapan) 1960
nibndh
  1. thele par himalay (1958)
  2. kahani anakahani (1970)
  3. pashynti (1969)
  4. sahity vichar aur smriti (2003)
riportaj
  1. mukt kshetre : yuddh kshetre (1973)
  2. yuddh yatra (1972)
alochana
  1. pragativad: ek samiksha (1949)
  2. manav mooly aur sahity (1960)
ekanki natak 
  • nadi pyasi thi (1954)
anuvad 
  1. aauskar vaild ki kahaniyan (1946)
  2. deshantar (21 deshon ki adhunik kavitayen ) 1960
yatra vivaran 
  • yatra chakr (1994)
mrityu ke bad prakashit 
  1. dharmavir bharati ki sahity sadhana (snpadan pushpa bharati) 2001
  2. dharmavir bharati se sakshatkar (snpadan pushpa bharati) (1998)
  3. akshar akshar ygy (patr : snpadan pushpa bharati 1998)
snpadan 
  1. abhyuday
  2. sngam
  3. hindi sahity kosh (kuchh ansh)
  4. alochana
  5. nikash
  6. dharmayug

avakash grahan

dharmayug ko patrakarita ka akash chhooti oonchaiyon tak pahuncha kar sattaees varshon tak lagatar poori ekagrata ke sath kam karane ke uparant 1987 men avakash grahan kar liya.

bimari

1989 men hriday rog se gnbhir roop se bimar ho gaye. bambee aspatal ke daau. borjes ke athak prayason aur gahan chikitsa ke bad bach to gaye kintu svasthy phir kabhi poori tarah sudhara nahin. kee prakar ke tanavon ko jhelate hue sattaees baras ki rat aur din ki beintiha dimagi mehanat se sharir kafi ashakt ho chuka tha. ve keval adbhut ichchha shakti ke sath kam karate rahe the.

nidhan

antat: 4 sitnbar 1997 ko nind men hi mrityu ko varan kar liya.

samman evn puraskar

daau. dharmavir bharati ko mile samman evn puraskar [1]
1967 sngit natak akadami sadasyata - dilli
1984 haldighati shreshth patrakarita puraskar - rajasthan
1985 sahity akadami ratn sadasyata - dilli
1986 snstha samman - uttar pradesh hindi snsthan
1988 sarvashreshth natakakar puraskar - sngit natak akadami, dilli
1988 sarvashreshth lekhak samman - maharana mevad faundeshan - rajasthan
1989 ganesh shnkar vidyarthi puraskar - kendriy hindi snsthan - agara
1989 rajendr prasad shikhar samman - bihar sarakar
1990 bharat bharati samman - uttar pradesh hindi snsthan
1990 maharashtr gaurav - maharashtr sarakar
1991 sadhana samman - kediya hindi sahity nyas - madhyapradesh
1992 maharashtrachya suputranche abhinndan - vasntarav naeek pratishthan- maharashtr
1994 vyas samman - ke. ke. bidala faundeshan - dilli
1996 shasan samman - uttar pradesh sarakar - lakhanoo
1997 uttar pradesh gaurav - abhiyan snsthan - bambee


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 daau. dharmavir bharati (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 18 julaee, 2011.

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