अखिल भारतीय प्रगतिशील लेखक संघ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akhil bharatiy pragatishil lekhak sngh bisavin shati ke prarnbh men bharatiy pragatishil lekhakon ka ek samooh tha. yah lekhak samooh apane lekhan se samajik samanata ka samarthak karata tha aur kuritiyon anyay v pichhadepan ka virodh karata tha.

sthapana

akhil bharatiy pragatishil lekhak sngh ki sthapana 1935 men lndan men huee. isake praneta sajjad zahir the. 1935 ke ant tak lndan se apani shiksha samapt karake sajjad zahir bharat laute. yahan ane se poorv ve aligadh men daau॰ asharaph, ilahabad men ahamad ali, mumbee men kanhaiyalal munshi, banaras (ab varanasi) men premachnd, kalakatta (ab kolakata) men pro॰ hiran mukharji aur amritasar men rashid jahan ko ghoshanapatr ki pratiyan bhej chuke the. ve bharatiy atit ki gauravapoorn snskriti se usaka manav prem, usaki yatharth priyata aur usaka saundary tatv lene ke paksh men the lekin ve prachin daur ke andhavishvason aur dharmik sampradayikata ke zaharile prabhav ko samapt karana chahate the. unaka vichar tha ki ye samrajyavad aur jagiradari ki saiddhantik buniyaden hain. ilahabad pahunchakar sajjad zahir ahamad ali se mile jo vishvavidyalay men angrezi ke pravakta the. ahamad ali ne unhen pro॰ejaz husain, raghupati sahay phirak, ehatisham husain tatha vikar ajim se milavaya. sabane sajjad zahir ka samarthan kiya. shivadan sinh chauhan aur narendr sharma ne bhi sahayog ka ashvasan diya. pro॰ tarachnd aur amaranath jha se snehapoorn protsahan mila. saubhagy se janavari 1936 men 12-14 ko hindustani ekedami ka varshik adhiveshan hua. anek sahityakar yahan ekatr hue jisamen sachchidannd sinha, daau॰ abdul haq, gnganath jha, josh malihabadi, premachnd, rashid jahan, abdussattar siddiki ityadi. sajjad zahir ne premachnd ke sath pragatishil sngathan ke ghoshanapatr par khulakar bat-chit ki. sabhi ne ghoshanapatr par hastakshar kar die. ahamad ali ke ghar ko lekhak sngathan ka karyalay bana diya gaya. patr-vyavhar ki prakriya prarambh huee. sajjad zahir pnjab ke daure par nikal pade. is bich aligadh men sajjad zahir ke mitron -daau॰ asharaph, ali saradar japhari, daau॰ abdul alim, jannisar akhtar adi ne sthaniy pragatishil lekhakon ka ek jalasa khvaja mnzoor ahamad ke makan par faravari 1936 men kar dala. aligadh men un dinon samyavad ka behad zor tha. vahan ki anjuman ke lagabhag sabhi sadasy samyavadi the aur parti ke sakriy sadasy bhi.[1]

pratham akhil bharatiy adhiveshan

akhil bharatiy pragatishil lekhak sngh ka pratham akhil bharatiy adhiveshan varsh 1936 men uttar pradesh ki rajadhani lakhanoo men hua. sampoorn desh men pragatishil lekhak sngathan ki shakhaen phailane lagin. kintu sngathan ke prati hindi lekhakon ke utsah men koee garmi nahin aee. 9-10 aprail 1936 ko premachnd ki adhyakshata men hone vale lakhanoo adhiveshan men hindi lekhakon ki koee bhoomika nahin thi. ve ek tatasth darshak matr the. vah bhi sabha men shamil hokar nahin, keval ghar baithe-baithe. ram vilas sharma aur sooryakant tripathi nirala donon hi us samay lakhanoo men the, kintu sammelan men koee sharik nahin hua. premachnd jainendr kumar ko apane sath khinch zaroor le ge. kintu jainendr ki soch sngathan ki soch se mel nahin khati thi. sajjad zahir ne apani pustak roshanaee men jainendr par jo tippani ki hai vah dekhane yogy hai- han premachnd ka adhyakshiy bhashan jo urdoo men likha aur padha gaya tha age chalakar jab hindi men roopantarit hua to hindi lekhakon ki prerana ka srot avashy ban gaya. lakhanoo adhiveshan men kee alekh padhe ge jinamen ahamad ali, raghupati sahay, mahmoodujzaphar aur hiran mukharji ke nam ullekhaniy hain. gujarat, maharashtr aur madras ke pratinidhiyon ne keval bhashan die. premachnd ke bad sabase mahatvapoorn vaktavy hasarat mohani ka tha. hasarat ne khule shabdon men samyavad ki vakalat karate hue kaha "hamare sahity ko svadhinata andolan ki sashakt abhvyakti karani chahie aur samrajyavadi, atyachari tatha akramak poonjipatiyon ka virodh karana chahie. use mazadooron, kisanon aur sampoorn pidit janata ka pakshadhar hona chahie. usamen jan samany ke duahkh-sukh, unaki ichchhaon-akankshaon ko is prakar vyakt karana chahie ki isase unaki inqalabi shaktiyon ko bal mile aur vah ekajut aur sngathit hokar apane sngharsh ko saphal bana saken. keval pragatishilata paryapt nahin hai. ne sahity ko samajavad aur kamyunijm ka bhi prachar karana chahie."
adhiveshan ke doosare din sndhya ki goshthi men jayaprakash narayan, yoosuph mehar ali, indulal yagyik, kamaladevi chattopadhyay adi bhi sammilit ho ge the. is avasar par sngathan ka ek snvidhan bhi svikar kiya gaya aur sajjad zahir ko sngathan ka pradhanamntri nirvachit kiya gaya. isake bad doosara dvitiy akhil bharatiy adhiveshan, kolakata (1938) men, tritiy akhil bharatiy adhiveshan, dilli (1942) men, chautha akhil bharatiy adhiveshan, mumbee (1945) men, panchavan akhil bharatiy adhiveshan, bhimadi (1949) men, chhatha akhil bharatiy adhiveshan, dilli (1953) men hua.[1]

avasan

apane prarambh kal se hi jis andolan ki jaden janata men gaharaee tak paithi huee thin, vah lekhakon ki apasi bauddhik paitarebaji ke karan 1954 tak khokhala ho chuka tha. kisi ko usamen kutsit samajashastr ki jhalak dikhane lagi thi, koee use kori narebaji samajhata tha. kisi ne kisi ke lekhan men 'parashuram ke kulhade' ka chitr dekhana prarambh kar diya to kahin isamen snkirn matavadi pravnchana ko janm dene vali pravritti rekhankit ki gee. krishan chandar ke mntri hone ke bad sngathan ki gatividhiyan poori tarah shithil pad gayin. svayn krishan chndar ek tijarati sahityakar hokar rah ge the. kuchh any pragatishil lekhakon men bhi tijarati manovritti zor pakadane lagi thi. ilahabad men parimal samooh ke lekhak yugin rajaniti se apana daman bachae rakhana chahate the aur sahityakaron ke bich is samooh ki taqat nirntar badh rahi thi. isaki goshthiyon men pragatishil lekhakon ka sakriy dikhaee dena, pragatishil lekhak sngathan ke avasan ka spasht snket tha. kashi men bhi 1953-54 men 'sahityik sngh' ki goshthiyan zor pakadane lagi thin. is sngh ke nam se hi spasht hai ki ise pragatishil lekhak sngh ka badal svikar kar liya gaya tha. is sngh ke bahas-mubahason men shivadan sinh chauhan, prakashachandr gupt, hazari prasad dvivedi, nalin, trilochan, amrit ray, nemichndr jain, bharat bhooshan agraval, dharmavir bharati aur kedaranath agraval jaise rachanakarmiyon ki vishesh bhoomikaen thin. 1954 men sajjad zahir jab pakistan se laute, unhen sngathan ka yah bikharav dekh kar duahkh hua. phir bhi unhonne apane ap ko 'ipta' (indiyan pipils thietrikal esosieshan), 'aee.pi.dabalyoo..e.' (indiyan progresiv raitars esosieshan) aur aiphro-eshiyan-raitars-esosieshan jaise vamapnthi sanskritik andolanon se jode rakha.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 zaidi, pro. shailesh. pragatishil lekhak andolan (hindi) yug-vimarsh. abhigaman tithi: 3 janavari, 2015.

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