जोश मलीहाबादी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

josh malihabadi
josh malihabadi
poora nam shabbir hasan khan
any nam josh malihabadi (upanam)
janm 5 disnbar, 1894
janm bhoomi malihabad, lakhanoo, uttar pradesh
mrityu 22 faravari, 1982
mrityu sthan islamabad, pakistan
abhibhavak bashir ahamad khan (pita)
sntan sajjad haidar kharosh
karm bhoomi bharat, pakistan
karm-kshetr kavi, shayar, gitakar
mukhy rachanaen shola-o-shabanam, junoon-o-hikamat, fikr-o-nishat, sunbal-o-salasal, harf-o-hikayat, sarod-o-kharo
bhasha urdoo, arabi aur farasi
vidyalay sent pitars kaaulej agara
puraskar-upadhi padm bhooshan (1954)
prasiddhi shayar-e-inkalab
atmakatha yadon ki barat
any janakari film nirdeshak dablyoo. zi. ahamad ki ray par inhonne shalimar pikchars ke lie git bhi likhe.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

josh malihabadi (angrezi: Josh Malihabadi, vastavik nam: shabbir hasan khan, janm: 5 disnbar, 1894 – mrityu: 22 faravari, 1982) 20vin shatabdi ke mahanh shayaron men se ek the. ye 1958 tak bharat men rahe phir pakistan chale ge. ye gazal aur nazme takhallus 'josh' nam se likhate the aur apane janm sthan ka nam bhi apane apane takhallus men jod diya to poora nam josh malihabadi hua.

jivan parichay

inaka janm malihabad men janme jo ki uttar pradesh men lakhanoo zile ki ek pnchayat hai. josh malihabadi sent pitars kaaulej agara men padhe aur varishth kaimbrij pariksha 1914 men uttirn ki. aur sath hi sath arabi aur farasi ka adhyayan bhi karate rahe. 6 mah ravindranath taigor ke shantiniketan men bhi rahe. parantu 1916 men apake pita bashir ahamad khan ki mrityu hone ke karan kaaulej ki age padhaee jari nahin rakh sake.[1]

karyakshetr

1925 men josh ne 'usmaniya vishvavidyalay' haidarabad riyasat men anuvad ki nigarani ka kary shuroo kiya. parantu unaka yah pravas haidarabad men jyada din n rah saka. apani ek nazm jo ki riyasat ke shasak ke khilaf thi jis karan se inhen rajy se nishkasit kar diya gaya. isake turnt bad josh ne patrika, kalim (urdoo men "vartakar") ki sthapana ki, jisamen unhonne khule taur par bharat men british shasan se azadi ke paksh men lekh likha tha, jisase unaki khyati chahun or phel gayi aur unhen shayar-e-inkalab kaha jane laga aur is karan se inake rishte kangres visheshakar pradhanamntri javaharalal neharoo se majaboot hue. bharat men british shasan ke samapt hone ke bad josh aj-kal prakashan ke snpadak ban ge.[1]

sahityik parichay

josh urdoo sahity men urdoo par adhipaty aur urdoo vyakaran ke sarvottam upayog ke lie jane jate hain. inaka pahala shayari sngrah san 1921 men prakashit hua jisamen shola-o-shabanam, junoon-o-hikamat, fikr-o-nishat, sunbal-o-salasal, harf-o-hikayat, sarod-o-kharosh aur irafaniyat-e-josh shamil hai. film nirdeshak dablyoo. zi. ahamad ki ray par inhonne shalimar pikchars ke lie git bhi likhe. 'yadon ki barat' namak inaki atmakatha hai.

pramukh rachanaen

  • ibadat karate hain jo log jannat ki tamanna men
  • qadam insan ka rahe-dahar men
  • qasam hai apake har roz rooth jane ki
  • narae-shabab
  • shikash‍te-zindan ka khvab
  • hinh‍dosh‍tan ke vash‍te
  • asare - inqilab
  • ai malihabad ke rngin gulistan
  • adami
  • ibadat ( git)

urdoo ke lie bharat chhoda

javaharalal neharoo ke manane par bhi josh san 1958 men pakistan chale ge. unaka sochana tha ki bharat ek hindoo rashtr hai jahan hindi bhasha ko jyada tavajjo di jayagi n ki urdoo ko, jisase urdoo ka bharat men koee bhavishy nahin hai. pakistan jane ke bad ye karachi men bas ge aur apane maulavi abdul hak ke sath men "anjuman-e-taraqqi-e-urdoo" ke lie kam kiya. josh malihabadi pakistan men apani mrityu tak arthath 22 faravari, 1982 tak islamabad men hi rahe. phaiz ahamad phaiz aur sayyad fakharuddin balle donon inake qaribi rahe aur donon sajjad haidar kharosh (josh ke putr) aur josh ke mitr the. phaiz ahamad phaiz, josh ki bimari ke dauran islamabad aye the. saiyyad fakharuddin balle josh aur sajjad haidar kharosh ke sath jude rahe.[1]

samman aur puraskar

sanh 1954 men bharat sarakar dvara padm bhooshan se sammanit kiya gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 josh malihabadi / parichay (hindi) kavitakosh. abhigaman tithi: 13 faravari, 2013.

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