मीर बाबर अली अनीस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

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mir babar ali anis (1803-1874) phaijabad men janm liya. inake poorvajon men chhah sat pidhiyon se achchhe kavi hote ae the. anis ne arnbh men gajalen likhin aur apane pita se islah li. pita prasann to hue, par kahane lage ki aisi kavita to sab karate hain, tum aise vishayon par likho ki eeshvar bhi prasann ho. anis ne tabhi se karbala ki durghatana aur imam husain ke balidan par likhana arnbh kar diya. us samay avadh men shiya navabon ka raj tha, isalie shokapoorn kavitaon (marasiyon) ki unnati ho rahi thi. anis bhi phaijabad se lakhanoo ae aur marasiya likhane lage. mir anis ne achchhe achchhe vidvanon se arabi aur pharasi padhi thi aur ghudasavari, shastravidya, vyayam adi ka bhi abhyas kiya tha. isase unako marasiya likhane men badi suvidha huee. unhonne marasiya ko (virakavy, epik) 'traijedi' ke aur nikat pahuncha diya. unaki kavita rajanitik aur sanskritik patan ke us yug men viraras, naitikata aur jivan ke udar bhavon se bhari huee hai. unaki kalpanashakti bahut prabal thi. bhasha ke prayog men ve nipun the. unaka vishay naitik mahatv rakhata tha isalie unaki kavita men ve sab visheshataen paee jati hain jo ek mahanh‌ kalakar ke lie avashyak kahi ja sakati hain. marasiya unake hath men matr shokapoorn dharmik rachana se age badhakar mahakavy ka roop dharan kar gaya jisake saman arabi, pharasi aur doosari bhashaon men bhi koee shokamayi rachana nahin paee jati.

mir anis us samay tak lakhanoo ke bahar kahin nahin ge jab tak ki 1857 ee. men vahan poornataya tabahi nahin a gee. apani mutyu se kuchh varsh pahale ve ilahabad, patana, banaras aur haidarabad ge jahan unaka bada samman hua. is mahakavi ka 1874 men lakhanoo men dehant hua. unake marasie panch sngrahon men prakashit hue hain jinamen unaki sari rachanaen sammilit nahin hain. inake atirikt 'anis ke kalam' aur 'anis ki rubaiyan' bhi prakashit ho chuki hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sn.grn.-roohe anis, sn. hasan rijavi; yadagare anis, amir ahamad alavi; vaqiate anis, ahasan lakhanavi; halate anis, ashahari; anis ki marasiyanigari, asar lakhanavi.
  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 119 |

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