अल्ताफ़ हुसैन हाली  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

altaf husain hali
altaf husain hali
poora nam altaf husain hali
janm 11 navambar, 1837
janm bhoomi panipat
mrityu 30 sitambar, 1914
abhibhavak pita- eejad bakhsh, mata- imata-ul-rasool
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr urdoo sahity
mukhy rachanaen 'musaddas-e-hali', 'yadagar-e-hali', 'hayat-e-hali', 'hayat-e-javed' adi.
prasiddhi urdoo shayar, sahityakar
nagarikata bharatiy
sakriy kal 1860–1914
any janakari altaf husain hali aur mirza galib ke jivan jine ke dhng men bada antar tha. pakhand ki kadi alochana karate hue hali ek pakke musalaman ka jivan jite the. mirza galib ne shayad hi kabhi namaz padhi ho. mirza galib ke prati hali ke dil men bahut adar-samman tha.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
bina ray vishay soochi

altaf husain hali (angrezi: Altaf Hussain Hali, janm- 11 navambar, 1837, panipat; mrityu- 30 sitambar, 1914) ka nam urdoo sahity men bade hi samman ke sath liya jata hai. ve sar saiyad ahamad khan sahab ke priy mitr v anuyayi the. hali ji ne urdoo men prachalit parampara se hatakar gazal, nazm, rubaeeya v marsiya adi likhe hain. unhonne mirza galib ki jivani sahit kee kitaben bhi likhi hain.

parichay

altaf husain hali ka janm 11 navambar, 1837 ee. men panipat (hariyana) hua tha. unake pita ka nam eejad bakhsh v mata ka nam imata-ul-rasool tha. janm ke kuchh samay ke bad hi unaki mata ka dehant ho gaya. hali jab nau varsh ke the to unake pita ka dehant ho gaya. in halat men hali ki shiksha ka samuchit prabandh nahin ho saka. parivar men shiksha-prapt log the, isalie ve arabi v farasi ka gyan hasil kar sake. hali ke man men adhyayan ke prati gahara lagav tha. hali ke bade bhaee imdad husain v unaki donon badi bahanon- imta-ul-husen v vajih-ul-nisan ne hali ki ichchha ke virooddh unaka vivah islam-ul-nisan se kar diya.

muslim samaj aur hali

altaf husain hali ka janm muslim parivar men hua. hali ne tatkalin muslim-samaj ki kamajoriyon aur khoobiyon ko pahachana. hali ne muslim samaj ko ekaroopata men nahin, balki usake vibhinn vargon v vibhinn paraton ko pahachana. hali ki khasiyat thi ki ve samaj ko keval samanyikaran men nahin, balki usaki vishishtata men pahachanate the. isalie unako muslim samaj men bhi kee samaj dikhaee die. hali ke samay men muslim samaj ek ajib kism ki manovritti se gujar raha tha. angrezon ke ane se pahale muslim-shasakon ka shasan tha, jo satta se jude hue the. ve manate the ki angrezon ne unaki satta chhin li hai. bharat par angrezon ka shasan ek sachchaee ban chuka tha, jise musalaman svikar karane ko taiyar nahin the. ve apane ko rajakaj se jodate the, isalie kam karane ko hin samajhate the.

hali aur mirza galib

apane dilli nivas ke dauran altaf husain hali ke jivan men jo mahattvapoorn ghatana ghati, vah thi us samay ke prasiddh shayar mirza galib se mulakat v unaka sath. hali ke mirza galib se pragadh sambandh the. unhonne mirza galib se rachana ke gur sikhe the. hali ne jab galib ko apane sher dikhae to unhonne hali ki pratibha ko pahachana v protsahit karate hue kaha ki ‘yadyapi main kisi ko shayari karane ki anumati nahin deta, kintu tumhare bare men mera vichar hai ki yadi tum sher nahin kahoge to apane hriday par bhari atyachar karoge’. hali par galib ka prabhav hai lekin unaki kavita ka tevar bilkul alag kism ka hai. hali ka apane samaj ke logon se gahara lagav tha, is lagav-judav ko unhonne apane sahity men bhi barakarar rakha. isilie galib samet tatkalin sahityakaron ke mukabale hali ki rachanaen vishay v bhasha ki drishti se janata ke adhik karib hain.

yogadan

altaf husain hali ne shayari ko husn-ishk v chatukarita ke daladal se nikalakar samaj ki sachchaee se joda. chatukar-sahity men samaj ki vastavikata ke lie koee vishesh jagah nahin thi. rachanakar apani kalpana se hi ek aise mithya jagat ka nirman karate the, jisaka vastavik samaj se koee vasta nahin tha. isake viparit hali ne apani rachanaon ke vishay vastavik duniya se lie aur unake prastutikaran ko kabhi sachchaee se door nahin hone diya. hali ki rachanaon ke charitr had-mans ke jinda jagate charitr hain, jo jivan-sthitiyon ko behatar banane ke sngharsh men kahin joojh rahe hain to kahin past hain. yahan shasakon ke makkar dalal bhi hain, jo dharm ka chola pahanakar janata ko pichhadepan ki or dhakel rahe hain, janata men phoot ke bij bokar usaka bhaeechara tod rahe hain. hali ne sahity men ne vishay v unaki prastuti ka naya rasta khoja. isake lie unako tikhe akshepon ka bhi samana karana pada.

manaviy drishtikon

altaf husain hali ke lie manavata ki seva hi eeshvar ki bhakti v dharm tha. ve karmakandon ki apeksha dharm ki shikshaon par jor dete the. ve manate the ki dharm manushy ke lie hai n ki manushy dharm ke lie. jitane bhi mahapurush hue hain, ve yahan kisi dharm ki sthapana ke lie nahin balki manavata ki seva ke lie ae the. isalie un mahapurushon ke prati sachchi shraddha manavata ki seva men hai n ki unaki pooja men. yadi dharm se manavata ke prati snvedana gayab ho jae to usake nam par kie jane vale karmakand dhong ke alava kuchh nahin hain, karmakandon men dharm nahin rahata. hali dharm ke thekedaron ko is bat ke lie latad lagate hain ki dharm unake upadeshon ke vagjal men nahin, balki vyavahar men sachchaee aur eemanadar ki pariksha mangata hai. hali ne dharmik upadesh dene vale lagon men a rahi giravat par apani bebak ray di.

mrityu

altaf husain hali ka nidhan 30 sitambar, 1914 ko panipat men hua. hali ke samane ve sab dikkaten pesh aee thin, jo ek am insan ko jhelani padati hain. ve samasyaon ko dekhakar kabhi ghabarae nahin. in samasyaon ke prati jivat ka rukh hi altaf husain hali ko vah ‘hali’ bana saka, jise log aj bhi yad karate hain. hali ne apani samasyaon ko sahi pariprekshy men samajha aur usako brihatar samajik saty ke sath milakar dekha to samaj ki samasya ko door karane men hi unhen apani samasya ka nidan najar aya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

bina ray vishay soochi

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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