मोहम्मद इक़बाल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mohammad iqabal
Muhammad Iqbal.jpg
janm 9 navambar, 1877 ee.
janm bhoomi siyalakot, pakistan
mrityu 21 aprail, 1938 ee.
abhibhavak shekh noor mohammad (pita), imam bibi (mata)
pati/patni tin patniyan- karim bibi, saradar begam, mukhtar begam
sntan miraj begam (putri), afatab iqabal, javid iqabal (putr)
mukhy rachanaen 'shikava' 1909 ee., 'siks lekchars aaun di rikansatrakshan aauf rilijas thaaut'
bhasha hindi, angrezi, farasi
prasiddhi kavi aur rajanitigy
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

mohammad iqabal (janm- 9 navambar, 1877, siyalakot, pnjab, british bharat; mrityu- 21 aprail, 1938) ek adhunik bharatiy prasiddh musalaman kavi the. iqabal ne apani adhikansh rachanaen farasi men ki hain. "sare jahan se achchha hindostan hamara" yah mashahoor git iqabal ka hi likha hua hai. mohammad iqabal ka yah mat tha ki islam dharm roohani azadi ki jaddojahad ke jazbe ka alamabaradar hai, aur sabhi prakar ke dharmik anubhavon ka nichod hai. vah karmavirata ka ek jivant siddhant hai, jo jivan ko uddeshyapoorn banata hai.

mata-pita

mohammad iqabal ka janm british bharat ke samay pnjab ke siyalakot (ab pakistan) men hua tha. inake pita ka nam shekh noor mohammad tha, jo ki peshe se ek darji the. aupacharik roop se ye shikshit bhi nahin the, lekin svabhav se ye bahut hi dharmik vyakti the. iqabal ki mata ka nam imam bibi tha, jo bahut hi vinamr svabhav ki mahila thin. ye hamesha hi garibon tatha apane padosiyon ki madad aur unaki samasyaon ke samadhan ke lie tatpar rahati thin. 9 navambar, 1914 ee. ko imam bibi ko nidhan siyolakot men ho gaya.

vivah tatha sntan

mohammad iqabal ne tin vivah kiye the. inaka pratham vivah karim bibi ke sath hua, jo ek gujarati chikitsak khan bahadur ata mohammad khan ki putri thin. isase iqabal ek putri miraj begam aur putr afatab iqabal ke pita banen. isake bad iqabal ne doosara vivah saradar begam ke sath kiya, isase inhen putr javid iqabal ki prapti huee. disambar 1914 men iqabal ne tisara vivah mukhtar begam ke sath kiya.

dooradarshi vyaktitv

iqabal briten aur jarmani men padhane ke bad hindustani sarazamin par laute aye the. aj ke daur men poore mulk men bhrashtachar aur doosari mushkilat ko lekar jo avami jng chhidi huee hai, usaka andesha iqabal ne pahale hi laga liya tha aur likha tha-

"vatan ki fikr kar nadan, musibat ane vali hai
teri barabadiyon ke charche hain asamanon men,
na snbhaloge to mit jaoge e hindostan valon
tumhari dastan bhi n hogi dastanon men."

muslim rajy ka vichar

yoorop dhan aur satta ke lie pagal hai. islam hi ekamatr dharm hai, jo sachche jivan moolyon ka nirman kar sakata hai aur anavarat sngharsh ke dvara prakriti ke oopar manushy ko vijayi bana sakata hai. unaki rachanaon ne bharat ke musalaman yuvakon men yah bhavana bhar di ki, unaki ek prithakh bhoomika hai. iqabal ne hi sabase pahale 1930 ee. men bharat ke sindh ke bhitar uttar-pashchim simaprant, baloochistan, sindh tatha kashmir ko milakar ek naya muslim rajy banane ka vichar rakha, jisane pakistan ko janm diya. pakistan shabd iqabal ka gadha hua nahin hai. ise 1933 ee. men 'chaudhari rahamat ali' ne gadha tha. iqabal ki kavy pratibha se prabhavit hokar british sarakar ne inhen 'sar' ki upadhi pradan ki.

shayaron ke vichar

mashahoor shayar 'manuvvar rana' ka kahana hai ki iqabal ke jehan men hamesha vah hindustan tha, jo kisi sarahad men nahin bnta tha. vah kahate hain ki ‘jis tarah bhagat sinh ke hindustan men poora hindustan shamil tha, usi tarah iqabal ke hindustan men bhi poora hindustan shamil tha.’ doosari or any mashahoor shayar 'nida fazali' kahate hain ki iqabal bad men pakistan ke hi himayati banakar rah gaye the. iqabal ki qabr par apane snsmaran ki yad karate hue vah kahate hain ki aj pakistan men iqabal ko pooja jane laga hai aur log unaki qabr par akar duaen mangane lage hain. vah shayar kam aur pir zyada ban gaye hain. aisa kya hua ki jahan ek or unhonne likha ‘sare jahan se achchha hindostan hamara’ to vahin doosari or ek alag muslim rajy banane ka vichar bhi unhonne hi rakha. vahan unaka likha ‘lab pe ati hai dua banake tamanna meri’, kaumi tarana ban gaya.

rachanaen

muradabad ke shayar mnsoor usmani kahate hain ki yah badakismati hai ki iqabal ko sirf musalaman shayar ki tarah dekha gaya. vah kahate hain ki iqabal sirf insaniyat ke tarafadar the na ki kisi ek mulk ya mazahab ke. iqabal ne 1909 ee. men ‘shikava’ ki rachana ki, jisamen unhonne musalamanon ke kharab arthik halat ki khuda se shikayat ki hai. inake dvara likhi geen rachanaen mukhy roop se farasi men hain. inaki angrezi men keval ek pustak hai, jisaka shirshak hai, 'siks lekchars aaun di rikansatrakshan aauf rilijas thaaut (dharmik chintan ki navavyakhya ke sambandh men chhah vyakhyan)' hai.

nidhan

mohammad iqabal ka nidhan 21 aprail, 1938 ee. ko hua.


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