नाज़िश प्रतापगढ़ी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nazish pratapagadhi
nazish pratapagadhi
poora nam nazish pratapagadhi
janm 24 julaee, 1924
janm bhoomi pratapagadh, uttar pradesh
mrityu 10 aprail, 1984
mrityu sthan lakhanoo
karm-kshetr urdoo shayar
puraskar-upadhi galib puraskar, mir puraskar
prasiddhi mashahoor urdoo shayar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari matr 9 varsh ki chhoti ayu men bharat chhodo andolan men bhag lie the. galib puraskar aur mir puraskar jaise urdoo sahity ke sarvochch samman se sammanit.
adyatan‎

nazish pratapagadhi (angrezi: Nazish Pratapgarhi, janm: 24 julaee, 1924, pratapagadh, uttar pradesh; mrityu: 10 aprail, 1984, lakhanoo) urdoo ke suprasidd shayar v kavi the. bharat bhoomi se nazish ko vishesh lagav tha. desh ke bntavare ke bad unake mata-pita, bhaee-bahan adi sabhi pakistan chale ge, lekin nazish ne bharat men hi rahana svikar kiya. halanki is samay unaki arthik sthiti achchhi nahin thi aur ve tngi halat men ji rahe the. nazish pratapagadhi ko 'sahity ka himalay' kaha jata hai. unhonne apane nam ke sath 'belha' ka nam bhi poori duniya men roshan kiya. unake ab tak 12 sngrah prakashit ho chuke hai aur sabhi par unhen evard prapt hua hai. san 1984 men nazish ko unaki sarvashreshth rachanaon ke lie urdoo sahity ke sarvashreshth samman 'galib' se sammanit kiya gaya tha.

jivan parichay

urdoo shayari kaumi ekata aur gnga-jamuni tahajib ke alambaradar antarrashtriy khyati prapt kavi nazish pratapagadhi pratapagadh jile ke siti kasbe me ek bade zamindar parivar men 22 julaee, 1924 ko janme the. nazish sahab jab kaksha-9 men the tabhi se ‘‘hindustan chhodo andolan’’ shuroo ho gaya. inhonne isamen badh-chadhakar bhagedari ki aur unhonne desh ki bntavare ki mang ko galat thaharate hue isaka virodh kiya aur ‘‘ek rashtr ek kaum’’ ki bat par bal diya. unhonne apani kavitaon ke madhyam se bhi isaka virodh kiya.

deshaprem

nazish ka yah jurm ki vah ek sachche rashtravadi the, unake lie mahnga pada. 1950 ee. men bntavare ke bad unake bhaee-bahan v man pakistan chale gaye aur jane se pahale sari zamin-jayadad v ghar bench diye aur inako pakistan chalane ke lie vivash karane lage. us samay nazish berozagar the aur jivan yapan karane ke lie sngharsh kar rahe the. aisi paristhiti men parivar ka virodh karake unhonne apani matribhoomi bharat men garibi men hi rahana pasand kiya, jo ki unake deshaprem ki anoothi misal hai. unhonne khuddari par kabhi aaunch nahin ane diya aur kisi kam ke lie kisi ke age hath nahin phailaya jabaki unake prasnshakon men am adami se lekar desh ke pradhanamntri v rashtrapati shamil the. pn. javahar lal neharoo, shrimati indira gandhi, gyani zail sinh, lal bahadur shastri, fakharuddin ali ahamad, shnkaradayal sharma, shekhabdulla aur indrakumar gujaral adi unake shayari ke khas prasnshak rahe. nazish pratapagadhi ki kaumi ekata ki shayari ke bare men janab raghupati sahay phirak gorakhapuri ne likha hai ki ‘‘nazish ke daure hajir ke shayaron men apane lie khas mukam paida kar liya hai ’’ unaki kaumi shayari deshabhakti ke jajbat ko ubharane men behad madd deti hai.[1]

kairiyar

sanh 1983 me nazish sahab ki ek pustak ka vimochan karate hue mashahoor shayar kaiphi ajami ne kaha tha ki ‘‘nazish ki kaumi najmen ek dharohar hain.’’ nazish pratapagadhi ko "sahity ka himalay" kaha jata hai. unhonne apane nam ke sath belha ka nam bhi poori duniya men roshan kiya. nazish pratapagadhi ke ab tak 12 sngrah prakashit ho chuke hai aur sabhi par unhen evard prapt ho chuke hai. sanh 1984 men desh ke tatkalin rashtrapati gyani jail sinh ne nazish ko unaki sarvashreshth rachanaon ke lie urdoo sahity ke sarvashreshth samman ‘‘galib’’ samman se sammanit kiya. dilli, mumbee, kalakatta, chennee, haidarabad, kashmir adi desh ke jagahon ya sthanon par nazish sahab mushayaron men bade adab ke sath bulaye jate the. nazish manavata v samaj ke lie rahanuma usool banate rahe jin par chalakar manavata apani manjil pa sake. 10 aprail, 1984 ko lakhanoo ke balaramapur aspatal men unaka nidhan ho gaya. magar afasos is bat ka hai ki zile me aj tak yadagar sthapit nahin ki ja saki hai. ‘‘had darja bhayanak hai, tasvire jahan nazish. dekhe n agar insa, kuchh khvab to mar jae..’’[1]

pramukh rachana

nazish ke 12 kavy sngrahon ka prakashan ho chuka hai. avadh vishvavidyalay men unaki rachanaon par shodh bhi hua aur nazish pratapagadhi shakhshiyat urdoo men prakashit huee.

samman

dilli ke lal qile ke mushayare men nazish pratapagadhi ne 1984 men jab apani likhi lainen padhin to desh ke pratham nagarik apani umngon par kaboo nahin rakh sake. rashtrapati gyani jail sinh ne unhen 'galib samman' se navaja. yah aur bat hai ki jab unhen urdoo shayari ke sarvochch samman se navaja gaya to use grahan karane ke lie ve jinda nahin the. najim sahab 'galib puraskar' aur 'mir puraskar' jaise urdoo sahity ke sarvochch samman se sammanit hue.[1]

dipavali par ek kavy

urdoo ke vikhyat shayar nazish pratapagadhi apani nazm 'dipavali' men kahate hain ki prakash ke is tyohar ke avasar par ham andhere se nikalane ke lie eeshvar se vinati karate hain, parntu divali ki rat ke bad ham apani is vinati ko bhool jate hain. nazish ka andaz dekhie -

(1)

baras-baras pe jo dipavali manate hain
kadam-kadam par hazaron diye jalate hain.
hamare ujade darobam jagamagate hain
hamare desh ke insan jag jate hain.
baras-baras pe saphirane noor ate hain
baras-baras pe ham apana surag pate hain.
baras-baras pe dua mangate hain tamaso ma
baras-baras pe ubharati hai saje-jist ki lay.
bas ek roz hi kahate hain jyotirgamay
bas ek rat har ek simt noor rahata hai.
sahar huee to har ik bat bhool jate hain
phir isake bad andheron men jhool jate hain.

ek jashn ke avasar par ek naya urdoo shayar mahaboob rahi in shabdon men apani prasannata ka izahar kar raha hai -

(2)

divali lie aee ujalon ki baharen
har simt hai puranoor chiragon ki kataren.
sachchaee huee jhooth se jab barasare paikar
ab julm ki gardan pe padi adal ki talavar.
neki ki huee jit buraee ki huee har
us jit ka yah jashn hai us fatah ka tyohar.
har koocha v bazar chiragon se nikhare
divali lie aee ujalon ki baharen.

(3)

phir a gee divali ki hnsati huee yah sham
roshan hue chirag khushi ka lie payam.
yah phailati nikharati huee roshani ki dhar
ummid ke chaman pe yah chhayi huee bahar.
yah zindagi ke rukh pe machalati huee phaban
ghoonghat men jaise koee lajayi huee dulhan.
shayar ke ik takhayyule-rngi ka hai saman
utari hai kahakashan kahin, hota hai yah guman.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ‘galib’ evn ‘mir’ samman se sammanit hue the nazish pratapagadhi (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) Rainbow News. abhigaman tithi: 18 mee, 2012.

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