साहिर लुधियानवी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sahir ludhiyanavi
sahir ludhiyanavi
poora nam abdul hayi sahir 'ludhiyanavi'
any nam sahir
janm 8 march, 1921
janm bhoomi ludhiyana, pnjab
mrityu 25 aktoobar, 1980
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
karm-kshetr kavi, gitakar
mukhy rachanaen talkhiyan (nazmen), parachhaeeyan (gazal sngrah)
bhasha hindi, urdoo
puraskar-upadhi jo vada kiya..., kabhi kabhi... ke lie filmafeyar sarvashreshth gitakar, padm shri
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari sahir ne jab likhana shuroo kiya tab iqabal, faiz, firak adi shayar apani bulndi par the, par unhonne apana jo vishesh lahaza aur rukh apanaya, usase n sirph unhonne apani alag jagah bana li balki ve bhi shayari ki duniya par chha gaye.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
sahir ludhiyanavi ki rachanaen

sahir ludhiyanavi (angrezi: Sahir Ludhianvi, janm: 8 march, 1921 ludhiyana; mrityu: 25 aktoobar, 1980 mumbee) bharatiy sinema ke prasiddh gitakar aur kavi the. sahir ne jab likhana shuroo kiya, tab iqabal, faiz, firak adi shayar apani bulndi par the, par unhonne apana jo vishesh lahaza aur rukh apanaya, usase n sirph unhonne apani alag jagah bana li, balki ve bhi shayari ki duniya par chha gaye. sahir ne likha -

duniya ke tajurabato-havadis ki shakl men
jo kuchh mujhe diya hai, lauta raha hoon main

jivan parichay

abdulahayi ‘sahir’ 1921 ee. men ludhiyana, pnjab ke ek jagiradar gharane men paida hue. unaki man ke atirikt unake valid ki kee patniyan aur bhi thin. kintu ekamatr santan hone ke karan usaka palan-poshan bade lad-pyar men hua. pati se tng akar usaki mata pati se alag ho gee aur choonki ‘sahir’ ne kachahari men pita par mata ko pradhanata di thi, isalie usake bad pita se aur usaki jagir se unaka koee sambandh n raha aur isake sath hi jivan ki kathinaiyon aur nirashaon ka daur shuroo ho gaya.

shiksha

sahir ki shiksha ludhiyana ke 'khalasa haee skool' men huee. sanh 1939 men jab ve 'gavarnament kaaulej' ke vidyarthi the amrita pritam se unaka prem hua jo ki asaphal raha. kaaulez ke dinon men ve apane sher aur shayari ke lie prakhyat ho ge the aur amrita inaki prashnsak thin. amrita ke parivar valon ko apatti thi kyonki sahir muslim the. bad men amrita ke pita ke kahane par unhen kaaulej se nikal diya gaya. jivika chalane ke liye unhonne tarah tarah ki chhoti-moti naukariyan kin.

pahali pustak

kaaulej se nikale jane ke bad sahir ne apani pahali kitab par kam shuroo kar diya. 1943 men unhonne ‘talkhiyan’ nam se apani pahali shayari ki kitab prakashit karavaee. ‘talkhiyan’ se sahir ko ek nee pahachan mili. isake bad sahir ‘adab़-e-latif’, ‘shahakar’ aur ‘savera’ ke snpadak bane. sahir 'progresiv raitars esosieshan' se bhi jude rahe the. ‘savera’ men chhape kuchh lekh se pakistan sarakar naraz ho gee aur sahir ke khilaf varnt jari kar diya diya. 1949 men sahir dilli chale ae. kuchh din dilli men bitane ke bad sahir munbee men a base.

filmi safar

1948 men film 'azadi ki rah par' se filmon men unhonne kary karana prarambh kiya. yah film asaphal rahi. sahir ko 1951 men aee film "naujavan" ke git "thndi havaen lahara ke ae ..." se prasiddhi mili. is film ke sngitakar es di barman the. gurudatt ke nirdeshan ki pahali film "bazi" ne unhen pratishthit kiya. is film men bhi sngit barman sahab ka tha, is film ke sabhi git mashahoor hue. sahir ne sabase adhik kam sngitakar en datta ke sath kiya. datta sahab sahir ke jabaradast prashnsak the. 1955 men aee 'milap' ke bad 'merin draiv', 'laeet haus', 'bhaee bahan',' sadhana', 'dhool ka phool', 'dharam putr' aur 'dilli ka dada' jaisi filmon men git likhe.

gitakar ke roop men unaki pahali film thi 'bazi', jisaka git taqadir se bigadi huee tadabir bana le...behad lokapriy hua. unhonne 'hamaraj', 'vaqt', 'dhool ka phool', 'dag', 'bahoo begam', 'adami aur insan', 'dhundh', 'pyasa' sahit anek filmon men yadagar git likhe. sahir ji ne shadi nahin ki, par pyar ke ehasas ko unhonne apane nagamon men kuchh is tarah pesh kiya ki log jhoom uthate. nirasha, dard, kuntha, visngatiyon aur talkhiyon ke bich prem, samarpan, roomaniyat se bhari shayari karane vale sahir ludhiyanavi ke likhe nagamen dil ko chhoo jate hain. likhe jane ke 50 sal bad bhi unake git utane hi javan hain, jitane ki pahale the.

shayari men sndesh

samaj ke khokhalepan ko apani kadavi shayari ke marfat lane vale is vidrohi shayar ne likha-

zindagi sirph mohabbat hi nahin kuchh aur bhi hai
bhookh aur pyas ki mari is duniya men
ishq hi ek haqikat nahin kuchh aur bhi hai.......

in sab ke bich sngharsh ke lie prerit karata git,

zindagi bhikh men nahin milati
­­zindagi badh ke chhini jati hai
apana haq sngadil zamane men
chhin pao ki koee bat bane......

beti ke vidaee par ek pita ke dard aur dil se die ashirvad ko unhonne kuchh is tarah se bayan kiya,

babul ki duaen leti ja, ja tujhako sukhi snsar mile......(nilakamal)

samaj men apasi bhaeechare aur insaniyat ka sndesh unhonne apane git men is tarah piroya,

too hindoo banega n musalaman banega
insan ki aulad hai insan banega......(dhool ka phool)

lokapriyata

sahir ki lokapriyata kafi thi aur ve apane git ke lie lata mngeshakar ko milane vale parishramik se ek rupaya adhik lete the. isake sath hi 'aaul indiya rediyo' par hone vali ghoshanaon men gitakaron ka nam bhi die jane ki mang sahir ne ki, jise poora kiya gaya. isase pahale kisi gane ki saphalata ka poora shrey sngitakar aur gayak ko hi milata tha. hindi (baaulivud) filmon ke lie likhe unake ganon men bhi unaka vyaktitv jhalakata hai. unake giton men snjidagi kuchh is qadar jhalakati hai jaise ye unake jivan se judi hon. unaka nam jivan ke vishad, prem men atmikata ki jagah bhautikata tatha siyasi khelon ki vahashat ke gitakar aur shayaron men shumar hai. sahir ve pahale gitakar the jinhen apane ganon ke lie raauyalti milati thi.

puraskar

film 'tajamahal' ke bad kabhi kabhi film ke lie unhen unaka doosara film pheyar avard mila. sahir ji ko anek puraskar mile, padm shri se unhen sammanit kiya gaya, par unaki asali poonji to prashnsakon ka pyar tha. apane desh bharat se vah behad pyar karate the.

nidhan

sahir ne vivah nahin kiya. unaki zindagi behad tanha rahi. pahale amrita pritam ke sath pyar ki asaphalata aur isake bad gayika aur abhinetri sudha malhotra ke sath bhi ek asaphal prem se zamin par sitaron ko bichhane ki hasarat adhoori rah gee. antat: 25 aktoobar, 1980 ko dil ka daura padane se sahir ludhiyanavi ka nidhan ho gaya.

prasiddh filmi gane

sahir ke prasiddh git
kramank gana film san sngitakar
1. ana hai to a naya daur 1957 o. pi. naiyyar
2. ye duniya agar mil bhi jaye to kya hai pyasa 1957 es di barman
3. allah tero nam eeshvar tero nam ham donon 1961 jayadev
4. chalo ek bar phir se ajanabi ban jayen ham donon gumarah 1963 ravi
5. man re too kahe n dhir dhare chitralekha 1964 roshan
6. eeshvar allah tere nam naya rasta 1970 en datta
7. main pal do pal ka shayar hoon kabhi kabhi 1976 khayyam


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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