सचिन देव बर्मन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sachin dev barman
S.D. Burman.jpg
poora nam sachin dev barman
any nam barman da
janm 1 aktoobar, 1906
janm bhoomi tripura, bangladesh
mrityu 31 aktoobar, 1975
mrityu sthan munbee
abhibhavak nabadvip chndr dev barman, nirmala devi
pati/patni gayika mira
sntan rahul dev barman
karm bhoomi munbee
karm-kshetr sngitakar aur gayak
mukhy filmen 'mashal', 'pyasa', 'gaid', 'bndini', 'taiksi draivar', 'bazi' aur 'aradhana'.
vishay bharatiy shastriy sngit, lok sngit, pashchaty sngit
shiksha bi. e.
vidyalay kalakatta vishvavidyalay
puraskar-upadhi 'padmashri', 'rashtriy film puraskar' (sarvashreshth parshvagayak), 'film pheyar avarh'd (sarvashreshth sngit nirdeshak)
nagarikata bharatiy
mukhy git 'ham hai rahi pyar ke', t'dabir se bigadi huee takadir bana de', 'chhod do anchal zamana kya kahega', 'hai apana dil to avara'.

sachin dev barman (angrezi: S. D. Burman, janm- 1 aktoobar, 1906; mrityu- 31 aktoobar, 1975) hindi aur bangla filmon ke prasiddh sngitakar aur gayak the. sachin dev barman ko es. di. barman ke nam se bhi jana jata hai.[1] sachin dev barman bharatiy sngitakar, jinhonne hindi film udyog par amit prabhav chhoda hai.

jivan parichay

es. di. barman ka janm 1 aktoobar, 1906 ko tripura men hua tha, jo ki bangladesh men hai. es. di. barman ke pita tripura ke raja eeshanachandr dev barman ke doosare putr the. es. di. barman nau bhaee-bahan the. es. di. barman ne kalakatta vishvavidyalay se bi. e. ki shiksha prapt ki. 1933 se 1975 tak barman da bngali v hindi filmon men sakriy rahe. 1938 men es. di. barman ne gayika mira se vivah kiya v ek varsh bad rahul dev barman ka janm hua. es. di. barman ne hindi filmon men bahut se dil ko chhoone vale karnapriy yadagar git diye hain.

any nam

es. di. barman kolakata ke sngit premiyon men 'sachin karata', mumbee ke sngitakaron ke liye 'barman da', bangladesh aur pashchim bngal ke rediyo shrotaon men 'shochin deb bormon', sine jagat men 'es.di. barman' aur 'jins' filmi fain valon men 'es.di' ke nam se prasiddh the. es. di. barman ke giton ne har kisi ke dil men amit chhap chhodi hai. es. di. barman ke giton men vividhata thi. unake sngit men lok git ki dhun jhalakati thi, vahin shastriy sngit ka sparsh bhi tha. unaka sngit jivnt aparnparagat lagata tha.

sngit ki shiksha

sngit men es. di. barman ki ruchi bachapan se hi thi aur sngit ki es. di. barman ne vidhivat shiksha bhi li thi. halanki es. di. barman ka manana tha ki film sngit shastriy sngit ka kaushal dikhane ka madhyam nahin hai. sachin dev barman chune ge giton men hi behatarin dhun dene men vishvas rakhate the. vah dhunon ke doharae jane ko bhi pasnd nahin karate the.[2]

bngali giton v poorvottar ke lokagiton ki unaki vilakshan pratibha hi stnbh the, jin par unhonne tal aur madhur sngit ka chirasthayi snsar khada kiya.

shastriy sngit ki shiksha

shastriy sngit ki shiksha es. di. barman ne apane pita v sitar-vadak nabadvip chndr dev barman se li. usake bad es. di. barman ustad badal khan aur bhishmadev chattopadhyay ke yahan shikshit hue aur isi shiksha se unamen shastriy sngit ki jaden pakki huee yah shiksha unake sngit men bad men dikhaee bhi di.[3]

lok sngit

es. di. barman apane pita ki mrityu ke pashchath ghar se nikal gaye aur asam v tripura ke jngalon men ghoomen. jahan par unako bngal v asapas ke lok sngit ke vishay men apar janakari huee.[3]

murali vadak

es. di. barman ne ustad aftabuddin khan ke shishy banakar murali vadan ki shiksha li. aur vah murali vadak bane.

pashchaty sngit

hindi aur bangla filmon men sachin dev barman aise sngitakar the jinake giton men lokadhunon, shastriy aur ravindr sngit ka sparsh tha, vahin es. di. barman pashchaty sngit ka bhi behatarin mishran karate the.[2]

kala jagat ke kshetr men pravesh

barman ne apana kairiyar 1930 ke dashak ke madhy men kalakatta men sngit nirdeshak ke roop men shuroo kiya. ek gayak ke roop men unaki pahali rikaaurding bngal ke krantikari sngitgy kavi qazi nazarul islam ki ek rachana thi. isake bad varshon tak donon ka sath bana raha. 1944 men munbee a ge aur filmon ki gatiman chhaviyon ke prati asadharan snvedanashilata ke sath ek abhinav rachanakar ke roop men svayn ko shighr hi sthapit kar liya. unaka sngit drishyon ki sashaktata badhaya tha, jaisa ki ye duniya agar mil bhi jae to kya hai men hua. yah git pyasa film men gurudatt par filmaya gaya tha.

filmi saphar

ham hai rahi pyar ke, ham se kuchh na bolie.
jo bhi pyar se mila, ham usi ke ho lie॥

es. di. barman saral aur sahaj shabdon se apani dhunon ko kuchh is tarah sajate the ki unaka git har dil men gahare utar jata tha. mridubhashi barman da ne apani isi pravritti ko apane sngit, git aur gayiki men bhi dhala tha aur yah andaj aj bhi darshakon ke dil men unake prati pyar ko zinda rakhe hue hai.

Blockquote-open.gif es. di. barman saral aur sahaj shabdon se apani dhunon ko kuchh is tarah sajate the ki unaka git har dil men gahare utar jata tha. mridubhashi barman da ne apani isi pravritti ko apane sngit, git aur gayiki men bhi dhala tha aur yah andaj aj bhi darshakon ke dil men unake prati pyar ko zinda rakhe hue hai. Blockquote-close.gif

es. di. barman ne apane jivan ke shuruati daur men rediyo dvara prasarit poorvottar lok sngit ke karyakramon men sngitakar aur gayak donon ke roop men kam kiya. es. di. barman 10 varsh tak lok sngit ke gayak ke roop men apani pahachan bana chuke the. san 1944 men filmistan ke shashadhar mukharji ke agrah par 'barman da' apani ichchha ke viruddh do film, 'shikari' v 'ath din' karane ke liye mumbee chale gaye. lekin mumbee men kam karana asan nahin tha. 'shikari' aur 'ath din' v bad men 'do bhaee', 'vidya' aur 'shabanam' ki saphalata ke bad bhi dada ko pahachan banane men vaqt laga. barman ne isase hatash hokar vapas kolakata jane ka nishchay kiya lekin ashok kumar ne unhen jane se rok liya. aur unhonne kaha-mashal ka sngit do, aur phir tum azad ho

isake bad dada ne phir morcha snbhala. 'mashal' ka sngit suparahit hua. usi vaqt dev annd, jinaki sine jagat men achchhi pahachan thi v rutba tha, unhonne 'navaketan bainar' ki shuruat ki aur es.di.barman ko 'bazi' ka sngit dene ko kaha. 1951 ki 'bazi' hit film thi, aur phir 'jal' (1952), 'bahar' aur 'ladaki' ke sngit ne barman da ki saphalata ki ninv rakhi. barman da ne usake bad to 1974 tak lagatar sngit diya.[3] darjanon hindi filmon men karnapriy yadagar dhun dene vale sachin dev barman ke giton men jahan roomaniyat hai vahin virah, ashavad aur darshan ki bhi jhalak milati hai. bharatiy sinema jagat men sachin dev barman ko sarvadhik prayogavadi evn sngitakaron men shumar kiya jata hai. 'pyasa', 'gaid', 'bndini', 'taiksi draivar', 'bazi' aur 'aradhana' jaisi filmon ke madhur sngit ke jarie esadi barman aj bhi logon ke dilon dimag par chhae hue hain. apane qarib tin dashak ke filmi jivan men sachin dev barman ne lagabhag 90 filmon ke liye sngit diya.

samaroop

barman ne apana adhikatar kary dev annd ki navaketan films (taiksi draivar, fatoosh, gaid, peing gest, juel thif aur prem pujari), gurudatt ki filmon (bazi, jal, pyasa, kagaz ke phool) aur bimal raauy ki filmen (devadas, sujata, bndini) ke lie kiya. bahumukhi pratibha ke parshvagayak kishor kumar ke sath unake lnbe aur saphal snbndh ne anaginat lokapriy sngit rachanaen din. nau do gyarah, chalati ka nam gadi, munimaji aur prem pujari jaisi filmon ke git-sngit kar aur gayak, donon ke lie mahattvapoorn the. aradhana ki sahaj saphalata ke sath barman ne film sngit ke adhunik daur men asani se pravesh kiya, yadyapi pashchaty dhunon ke sath pahala saphal prayog unhonne 1950 ke dashak ke antim varshon men film chalati ka nam gadi men hi kar liya tha. jivan ke antim varshon men rishikesh mukharji ki film abhiman aur unhin ki kuchh doosari filmon ke lie (chupake-chupake aur mili) adbhut sngit rachana unaki mahanatam upalabdhi thi.

sahir ludhiyanavi ke sath

barman ne apane filmi saphar men sabase yada filmen gitakar sahir ludhiyanavi ke sath ki. sine saphar men barman da ki jodi prasiddh sngitakar sahir ludhiyanavi ke sath khoob jami aur unake likhe git zabardast hit hue. is jodi ne sabase pahale film 'naujavan' ke git thndi havaen lahara ke ae... ke jarie logo ka man moha. isake bad hi gurudatt ki pahali nirdeshit film 'bazi' ke git tadabir se bigadi huee takadir bana de... men esadi barman aur sahir ki jodi ne sngit premiyon ka dil jit liya. isake bad sahir ludhiyanavi aur es. di. barman ki jodi ne ye rat e chandani phir kahan.., jaen to jaen kahan.., teri duniya men jine se behatar ho ki mar jaen.. aur jivan ke saphar men rahi.., jane vo kaise log the jinake pyar ko pyar mila.. jaise ganon ke jarie darshakon ko bhavavibhor kar diya. lekin es. di. barman aur sahir ludhiyanavi ki yah suparahit jodi film 'pyasa' ke bad alag ho gee.[3]

majarooh sultanapuri ke sath

Blockquote-open.gif ek samay tha jab tripura ka shahi parivar unake rajasi thath chhod sngit chunane ke khilaf tha. dada isase dukhi hue aur bad men tripura se nata tod liya. aj tripura ka shahi parivar es. di. barman ke liye jana jata hai. Blockquote-close.gif

es. di. barman ki jodi gitakar majarooh sultanapuri ke sath bhi khoob jami. es. di. barman aur majarooh sultanapuri ki jodi vale git men kuchh mana janab ne pukara nahin.., chhod do anchal zamana kya kahega.., hai apana dil to avara... sahir ludhiyanavi aur majarooh sultanapuri ke alava es. di. barman ke pasndida gitakaron men annd bakhshi, niraj, gulazar adi pramukh rahe hain jabaki unake giton ko svar dene men lata mngeshakar, mohammad raphi, kishor kumar aur asha bhonsale pramukh gayak rahe hain.[3]

gayak

barman da ne sngit nirdeshan ke alava kee filmon ke lie gane bhi gae. in filmon men sun mere bndhu re sun mere mitava, mere sajan hai us par, allah megh de chhaya de, jaise git aj bhi darshakon ko bhav vibhor karate hain. es. di. barman ne film abhineta nirmata aur nirdeshak devannd ki filmon ke lie sadabahar sngit dekar unaki filmo ko saphal banane men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee thin.

puraskar

prasiddh sngitakar aur gayak es. di. barman ji ko unake jivan men kee puraskaron se sammanit kiya gaya tha.

sanh puraskar
1934 'gold maidal' akhil bngal shastriy sngit samaroh (kolakata).
1954 film pheyar avard, sarvashreshth sngit nirdeshak, 'taiksi draivar'.
1958 sngit 'natak akadami avard'.
1958 eshiya film sosayati avard.
1959 film pheyar avard, sarvashreshth sngit nirdeshak, 'sujata' (namankan).
1965 film pheyar avard, sarvashreshth sngit nirdeshak, 'gaid' (namankan).
1969 film pheyar avard, sarvashreshth sngit nirdeshak, 'aradhana' (namankan).
1970 neshanal film avard, sarvashreshth parshvagayak, 'aradhana' (saphal hogi teri aradhana).
1970 film pheyar avard, sarvashreshth sngit nirdeshak, 'talash' (namankan).
1973 film pheyar avard, sarvashreshth sngit nirdeshak, 'abhiman'.
1974 neshanal film avard, sarvashreshth sngit nirdeshan, 'zindagi zindagi'.
1974 film pheyar avard, sarvashreshth sngit nirdeshak, 'prem nagar' (namankan).

prasiddh sngit

barman dada ne apane bete pncham aur nasir husain ke sath sabase adhik hit ganon men sngit diya hai. barman dada ka svayn men atoot vishvas tha aur barman dada apane git chunane ke liye jane jate the. ve hamesha kahate-
main keval achchhe gane nirdeshit karata hoon.
barman da adhik matra men sngit dene ki bajay khud chune hue giton men sngit dete the aur isi bat ke liye ve jane bhi jate the. ek samay tha jab sngit gane ke bol ke adhar par diya jata tha. is tarike ko dada ne badala. ab git ke bol sngit ki dhun par likhe jane lage. dada turnt dhune taiyar karane men mahir the, aur in dhunon men lok v shastriy donon prakar ke sngit ka mishran tha. barman dada vyavasayikaran men hichakate the par ve ye bhi chahate the ki gane ki dhun aisi ho ki koee bhi ise asani se ga sake. jahan zaroorat padi unhonne sundar shastriy sngit bhi diya. lekin ve kahate the ki film sngit vo madhyam nahin hai jahan ap shastriy sngit ka kaushal dikhaye. lata mngeshakar ne barman dada ke sath rikard karane ke liye mana kiya usake bad unhonne asha bhonsale v gita datt ke sath ek ke bad ek keen hit gane diye. barman dada ne asha bhonsale, kishor kumar aur hemnt kumar ko bhi bataur gayak taiyar kiya. unhonne raphi se saaupht gane gavaye jab any sngitakar raphi se haee pich git gane ko kah rahe the. barman da ki hamesha koshish rahati ki ek bar jo sngit unhonne diya usako agale kisi bhi gane men doharaya n jaye. isi vajah se unake kisi bhi gane men aisa kabhi nahin laga ki pahale bhi kisi gane men diya gaya ho.

sngit vidyalay ki sthapana

san 1930 ke dashak men unhonne kolakata men "sur mndir" nam se apane sngit vidyalay ki sthapana ki. vahan barman dada gayak ke taur par prasiddh hue aur ke.si. de ki sannidhy men kafi kuchh sikhane ko mila. unhonne raj kumar nirshone ke liye 1940 men ek bngali film men sngit bhi diya.[3]

mrityu

dada ko 1974 men lakave ka aghat laga jisake bad 31 aktoobar, 1975 ko barman dada ka nidhan ho gaya. ek samay tha, jab tripura ka shahi parivar unake rajasi thath chhod sngit chunane ke khilaf tha. dada isase du:khi hue aur bad men tripura se nata tod liya. aj tripura ka shahi parivar es. di. barman ke liye jana jata hai.[3]

smarak

agaratala men ek pul es. di. barman ki yad men samarpit kiya gaya hai. es.di. barman ke nam se agaratala men har sal ubharate hue kalakaron ko avard diye jate hain. aur mumbee ki sur singar akadami bhi film sngitakaron ko es. di. barman avard deti hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndnrbh

  1. sachin dev barman (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 24 aktoobar, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 barman da (hindi) aj tak. abhigaman tithi: 24 aktoobar, 2010.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 yaden es. di. barman (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) avaz. abhigaman tithi: 24 aktoobar, 2010.

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