ओ. पी. नैय्यर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

o. pi. naiyyar
o.pi. naiyyar
poora nam onkar prasad naiyyar
prasiddh nam o.pi. naiyyar
any nam opi
janm 16 janavari, 1926
janm bhoomi lahaur (pakistan)
mrityu 28 janavari, 2007
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr sngitakar
mukhy filmen 'ar-par', 'naya daur', 'tumasa nahin dekha', 'kashmir ki kali', 'si. aee. di' adi.
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddh git 'leke pahala pahala pyar', 'ye chand-sa roshan chehara', 'ye hai reshami zulfon ka', 'chal akela', 'ye desh hai vir javanon ka' adi.
any janakari sine jagath ke logon ne asha bhonsale ko o. pi. naiyyar ki hi khoj bataya. o. pi. naiyyar ne lata mngeshakar jaisi sur samragyi ke sath kabhi kam nahin kiya.

onkar prasad naiyyar (angrezi: Omkar Prasad Nayyar, janm: 16 janavari, 1926; mrityu: 28 janavari, 2007) hindi filmon ke ek prasiddh sngitakar the. apane suron ke jadoo se asha bhonsale aur mohammad rafi jaise kee parshvagayak aur parshvagayikaon ko kamayabi ke shikhar par pahunchane vale mahanh sngitakar o. pi. naiyyar ke sngitabaddh git aj bhi lokapriy hai.

jivan parichay

16 janavari 1926 ko lahaur (pakistan) ke ek madhyam vargiy parivar men janme onkar prasad naiyyar urph o.pi. naiyyar ka rujhan bachapan se hi sngit ki or tha. vah parshvagayak banana chahate the. bharat vibhajan ke pashchath unaka poora parivar lahaur chhodakar amritasar chala aya. onkar prasad ne sngit ki seva karane ke lie apani padhaee bich men chhod di. apane sngit ke safar ki shurooat inhonne al indiya rediyo se ki.

filmi saphar

bataur sngitakar film indastri men pahachan banane ke liye o. pi. naiyyar varsh 1949 men munbee a gaye. munbee me unaki mulakat jane mane nirmata nirdeshak krishn keval se huee jo un dinon film 'kaniz' ka nirman kar rahe the. krishn keval unake sngit banane ke andaj se kafi prabhavit huye aur unhonne film ke baik graund sngit dene ki peshakash ki. is film ke asaphal hone se o. pi. naiyyar bataur sngitakar apani pahachan banane me bhale hi saphal n ho sake lekin film indastri me unaka kairiyar avashy hi shuroo ho gaya.[1]

pahala git

varsh 1951 men apane ek mitr ke kahane par vah munbee se dilli chale gaye aur bad men usi mitr ke kahane par unhonne nirmata pncholi se mulakat ki jo un dinon film nagina ka nirman kar rahe the. bataur sngitakar unhonne film 'asaman' se apane sine kairiyar ki shurooat ki. is film ke liye unhonne si. ech. atma ki avaj men apana pahala gana rikard karavaya. gane ke bol kuchh is prakar the 'is bevapha jahan men vapha dhoondhate hain' . is bich unaki chhama chham chham aur baj jaisi filmen bhi pradarshit huee lekin in filmon ke asaphal hone se unhen gahara sadama pahuncha aur unhonne film indastri chhod vapas amritasar jane ka nirnay kar liya.[1]

gurudatt se mulakat

varsh 1953 parshvagayika gita datt ne o.pi. naiyyar ko gurudatt se milane ki salah di. varsh 1954 men gurudatt ne apani nirman snstha shuroo ki aur apani film arapar ke sngit nirdeshan ki jimmedari o. pi. naiyyar ko saunp di. film arapar ke o .pi.naiyyar ke nirdeshan men sngitabaddh git suparahit hue aur is saphalata ke bad o. pi. naiyyar apani pahachan banane men saphal ho gaye. unhonne vapas apane ghar jane ka irada chhod diya. isake bad gurudatt ki hi film 'mistar end misej 55' ke liye bhi o.pi. naiyyar ne sngit diya. film men unake sngit nirdeshan men bane gane 'jane kahan mera jigar gaya ji' aur 'thndi hava kali ghata' kafi lokapriy hue.[1]

sabase mahnge sngitakar

ar−par, si. aee. di., tumasa nahin dekha adi ek ke bad ek lagatar hit filmen dete hue ye sine jagath men sabase mahnge sngitakar bane. 1950 men ek film men sngit dene ke 1 lakh rupaye lene vale pahale sngitakar the. “naya daur” inaki sabase lokapriy film rahi. is film ke lie unhen 1957 men film pheyar avaaurd bhi mila. sirf kuchh hi filmon men apani kala ka loha manava dene vale ye sngitakar ziddi aur ekantapriy svabhav ke karan bhi charcha men rahe. kuchh log inhen ghamndi, dabng aur nirnkush svabhav ke bhi kahate the, halanki naye evn joojhate hue gayakon ke sath ye bahut udar rahe. patrakar hamesha se hi inake khilaf rahe aur inako hamesha hi bagi sngitakar ke roop men pesh kiya gaya. pachas ke dashak ke dauran al indiya rediyo ne inake sngit ko adhunik kahate hue us par pratibndh laga diya aur inake gane rediyo par kafi lnbe samay tak nahin bajae gaye. is bat se unhen koee ashchary nahin hua balki ve apani dhun banate rahe aur ve sabhi desh men badi hit rahi. us samay sirf shrilnka ke rediyo par hi inake naye gane sune ja sakate the. bahut jaldi hi angrezi akhabaron men inaki tariph ke charche shuroo ho gaye aur inhen hindi sngit men ustad kaha jane laga, tab ye bahut javan the.[2]

pasndida gayak-gayika

gita datt, asha bhonsale aur mohammad rafi ke sath inhonne sabase zyada kam kiya. mohammad rafi se alag hone ke bad opi mahendr kapoor ke sath kam karane lage. mahendr kapoor ji opi ke lie dil se gate the. unaki avaz aur ehasas ki gaharaee ne opi ke ganon men bhavanaon ko ubhara aur logon ke dilon tak opi ke vicharon ki gaharaee pahunchaee. asha bhonsale ke sath opi ne lagabhag sattar filmon men kam kiya. sine jagath ke logon ne asha bhonsale ko unaki hi khoj bataya. aisa lagata tha ki naiyyar sahab asha ji ke lie vishesh dhun banate hon, jinhen asha bina kisi mehanat ke ga leti. opi ne lata mngeshakar jaisi sur samragyi ke sath kabhi kam nahin kiya. ye sine jagath men hamesha hi charcha ka vishay raha. opi kahate the ki unake gane lata ki avaz se mel nahin khate. ve zyadatar pnjabi dhun ke sath masti bhare gane banate the. lekin mukesh ke dvara gaya hua bahut gnbhir gana ‘chal akela, chal akela, chal akela’ o. pi naiyyar ki chahunmukhi pratibha ko darshata hai.[2]

prasiddh filmen

o. pi. naiyyar dvara sngitabaddh kuchh prasiddh git
  • babooji dhire chalana pyar men zara snbhalana
  • ye lo main hari piya
  • kahin pe nigahen kahin pe nishana
  • leke pahala pahala pyar
  • ye desh hai vir javanon ka
  • ude jab jab zulfen teri
  • reshami salavar kurta jali ka
  • ik paradesi mera dil le gaya
  • mera nam chin chin choo
  • divana hua badal
  • isharon isharon men dil lene vale
  • ye chand-sa roshan chehara
  • chal akela
  • ye hai reshami zulfon ka andhera na ghabaraiye
  • apake hasin rookh pe aj naya noor hai
  • mera baboo chhail chhabila
  • damadam mast kalndar
  • ar-par
  • naya daur
  • tumasa nahin dekha
  • kashmir ki kali
  • mere sanam
  • ek musaphir ek hasina
  • phir vo hi dil laya hoon
  • si. aee. di
  • savan ki ghata
  • ragini
  • kismat
  • phagun
  • havada brij
  • pran jae par vachan na jae
  • baharen phir bhi ayengi
  • snbndh
  • sone ki chidiya
  • kahin din kahin rat
  • ye rat phir na ayegi
  • mi. & misej 55
  • naya andaz

lokapriyata

kitani ajib bat hai ki al indiya rediyo ne unake kuchh git brodakast karane par pratibandh laga diya tha yah kahakar ki inake bol aur dhun yuva pidhi ko pathabhramit karane vale hain. bad men rediyo silon par unake giton ko sunane ki badhati chahat se har kar khud mntri mahoday ko is ankushata ko hatane ke lie age ana pada. matr 30 sal ki umr men unhen “ridam king” ki upadhi mil gee thi. unhonne sngitakar ke darje ko hamesha ooncha mana aur ek lakh rupaye pane vale pahale sngit nirdeshak bane. 1957 men aee "naya daur" sngit ke ayam se dekhen to unake saphar ka "mil ka patthar" thi. shammi kapoor ke ane ke bad to o pi naiyyar ke sath sath hindi film sngit bhi jaise phir se javan ho utha. madhubala ne to yahan tak kah diya tha ki vo apana parishramik un nirmataon ke lie kam kar dengin jo o pi ko sngitakar lengen. madhubala ki 6 filmon ke lie o pi ne sngit diya. vo un dinon ke sabase mnhage sngitakar hone ke bavajood unaki mang sabase adhik thi. film ke sho ril men unaka nam abhinetaon ke nam se pahale ata tha. aisa pahale kisi aur sngitakar ke lie nahin hua tha, o pi ne trend shuroo kiya jise bad men bahut se saphal sngitakaron ne apanaya.[3]

rochak tathy

  • kahate hain ki pratibha ke apane said iphekt hote hain. opi naiyyar ne keval ek hi film men gitakar pradip se git likhavae. ye thi es. mukharji prodakshan ki 1969 men aee film ‘snbndh’. naiyyar sahab ko pradip ki shakl pasnd nahin thi. isalie vo siting men pradip ko nahin bulate the. kavi pradip ekadam saral hriday sajjan vyakti. naiyyar ekadam munhaphat akkhad. ‘snbndh’ ke gane pradip kisi harakare ke hathon bhijava diya karate the aur unaki dhun bana li jati thin.
  • isi tarah gitakar anajan se naiyyar ne film ‘baharen phir bhi aengi’ ke git likhavae the. anajan ke bete samir ne khud bataya ki naiyyar sahab ne anajan se nivedan kiya tha ki anajan naiyyar ke pas n aya karen. anajan ne karan poochha. naiyyar ne kaha- ‘yar, tum bahut sharif adami ho aur main galiyan-shaliyan dekar bat karata hoon. mujhe achchha nahin lagata.’
  • ‘shararat’ aur ‘ragini’- ye do aisi filmen thin, jisamen kishor kumar ke lie mohammad rafi ne gaya tha. 1958 men aee film ‘ragini’ ke nirmata svayn ashok kumar the. aur kishor ke sath vah bhi is film men abhinay kar rahe the. is film ka gana ‘man mora bavara’ shastriy-sngit par adharit tha. isalie naiyyar ne tay kiya ki ye gana vah rafi se gavaenge. kishor kumar ko mnzoor nahin tha ki parde par vah rafi ki avaz len. vah bade bhaiya ke pas ge. par dadamuni ne dakhalandazi se saf inkar kar diya.[4]

antim samay

ek sal aisa bhi aya jab o pi ki ek bhi film nahin aee. varsh 1961 ko yad kar o pi kahate the -"mohabbat men sara jahan lut gaya tha..". darasal o pi apani sabase pasndida parshv gayika (asha bhonsale) ke sath apane snbndhon ki bat kar rahe the. 1962 men unhonne shanadar vapasi ki film 'ek musaphir ek hasina" se. isi dashak men unhonne "fir vahi dil laya hoon" (1963), kashmir ki kali (1964), aur 'mere sanam' (1965) jaisi filmon ke sngit se shirsh par sthan barakarar rakha. ek bar vo sharmila taigor par filmae apane kisi git par unake abhinay se khush nahin the, unhonne badh kar sharmila ko salah de dali ki mere giton men ap bas khade rahakar lab nahin hila sakate ye gane harakaton ke hain, apako apane sharir ke hav bhavon ka bhi istemal karana padega. sharmila ne unaki is salah ko ganth bandh li aur apani har film men is bat ka khas dhyan rakha. dashak khatm hote hote achchhe sngit ke bavajood unaki filmen phlaaup hone lagi. raphi sahab se bhi unake sambandh bigad chuke the. guru datt ki maut ke bad gita ne khud ko sharab men dubo diya tha aur 1972 men unaki bhi dukhad maut ho gee, udhar asha ke sath o pi ke sambandh ek nazuk daur se gujar raha tha. ye unake lie behad mushkil samay tha. film "pran jae par vachan n jae" men asha bhonsale ne unake lie gaya "chain se hamako kabhi....". agast 1972 men akhirakar o pi aur asha bhonsale ne kabhi bhi sath n kam karane ka phaisala kiya aur usake bad unhen kabhi bhi ek chhat ke niche ek sath nahin dekha gaya. 28 janavari 2007 ko bharatiy hindi sinema sngitakar o pi naiyyar kho diya.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndnrbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 o.pi.naiyyar ke sngit ka jadoo aj bhi hai qayam (hindi) (pi.ech.pi.) pnjab kesari. abhigaman tithi: 5 aktoobar, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 mahan sngitakar o pi naiyyar (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el.) sahity shilpi. abhigaman tithi: 5 aktoobar, 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 barakarar hai aj bhi o pi naiyyar ke sngit ka madabhara jadoo (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el.) avaz. abhigaman tithi: 5 aktoobar, 2012.
  4. surile git, alabele qisse (hindi) (pi.ech.pi.) presanot. abhigaman tithi: 5 aktoobar, 2012.

snbndhit lekh

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