इंशा अल्ला ख़ाँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

insha alla khan
insha alla khan
poora nam insha alla khan
any nam insha
janm 1756 ee.
janm bhoomi dilli
mrityu 1817 ee.
abhibhavak mir masha alla khan
karm-kshetr shayar, kahanikar
mukhy rachanaen 'urdoo gazalon ka divana', 'divan rekhti', 'kasayad urdoo-farasi', 'divane farasi', 'masanavi shikaranama', 'rani ketaki ki kahani' adi
bhasha urdoo, farasi, hindi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari inaki likhi 'rani ketaki ki kahani' namak rachana ko baboo shyamasundar das hindi ki pahali kahani manate hain.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

insha alla khan (angrezi: Inshaullah Khan, janm: 1756 ee. – mrityu: 1817 ee.) hindi sahityakar aur urdoo kavi the. ve lakhanoo tatha dilli ke darabaron men kavita karate the. unhonne 'daraya-e-lataphat' nam se urdoo ka pratham vyakaran ki rachana ki thi. hindi men unhonne 'rani ketaki ki kahani' namak kathagranth ki rachana ki. yah urdoo lipi men likhi gayi thi. baboo shyamasundar das ise hindi ki pahali kahani manate hain. insha alla khan ka hindi khadi boli gady ke unnayakon men vishisht sthan hai. insha bade hi khushamizaj, hajir javab aur vyutpann vyakti the.

jivan parichay

insha alla khan ke pita mir masha alla khan kashmir se dilli akar bas gaye the aur shahi hakim ke roop men kary karate the. mugal samrat ki sthiti chinty hone par ye murshidabad ke navab ke yahan chale gaye. yahin insha ka janm hua. bngal ki sthiti bigadane par insha ko dilli men shahalam dvitiy ke ashray men jana pada. shahalam nam ke hi shah the. ve insha ki shayari ki kadr karate the kintu unako sarvochch puraskar se santusht nahin kar paye the. apani mahattvakanksha poori n hote dekh insha lakhanoo chale aye aur shahazada mirza suleman ki seva men niyukt ho gaye. dhire-dhire inaka parichay vazir kafajulla husain khan se ho gaya. inhin ki sahayata se ye navab sahayad ali khan ke darabar men pahunche. pahale to navab se inaki khoob pati kintu bad men inake ek abhadr mazak par navab sahab bigad gaye aur inhen darabar se alag hona pada.

kritiyan

insha alla khan urdoo - farasi ke bahut bade shayar the. inhonne anek kritiyan urdoo aur farasi men prastut ki hain. jo nimn hain-

  1. 'urdoo gazalon ka divana'
  2. 'divan rekhti'
  3. 'kasayad urdoo-farasi'
  4. 'divane farasi'
  5. 'masanavi shikaranama'

rani ketaki ki kahani

hindi khadi boli gady men inaki sarvaprasiddh rachana 'rani ketaki ki kahani' ya 'udayabhan charit' hai. is kahani ka mahattv, bhasha, shaili aur varny vastu sabhi drishtiyon se hai. svayn lekhak ke anusar isamen hindavi chhut aur kisi boli ka put nahin hai. lekhak ne isaki mualtapana ke sath hi brajabhasha, avadhi aur snskrit ke tatsam shabdon ko bhi alag rakhana chaha hai. yah kahani shuddh sansarik prem ko adhar banakar manornjan ke lie likhi gayi hai.

gady shaili

insha ki gady shaili badi hi chatapati, manornjak aur hasyapoorn hai.

bhasha

insha ki bhasha muhavaredar aur chalati huee hai. theth ghareloo shabdon ke prayog ke karan vah badi pyari lagati hai. insha men sanupras viram dene ki pravritti adhik hai. inhonne purani urdoo ke anukaran par kridanton aur visheshanon men bhi bahuvachan soochak chihn lagaye hain. udaharan ke lie 'kunjaniyan', 'ramajaniyan', 'dominiyan' ke sath ve 'dhoome-machatiyan', 'angadatiyan' aur jamhatiyan' ka prayog karana avashyak samajhate hain. is prakar ke prayog aj ashobhan lagate hain.

mrityu

insha alla khan ke jivan ke antim varsh kathinaiyon men vyatit hue. sanh 1817 ee. men inaki mrityu ho gee. baboo shyamasundar das ne prarambhik gady lekhakon men insha ko mahattv ki drishti se pahala sthan diya hai. isamen sndeh nahin ki inaki bhasha sabase adhik chalati huee aur muhavaredar hai. kintu unaka jhukav urdoo ki or adhik hai. usamen ham vartaman hindi gady ka poorvabhas nahin pate. apani manornjak varnan shaili, chatapati aur lachchhedar kavyavali tatha vishuddh hindi lekhan ke sahasik prayog ke karan hindi gady sahity ke itihas men insha alla khan sadaiv smaraniy rahenge.

vithika

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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