फ़ैज़ अहमद फ़ैज़  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

faiz ahamad faiz
faiz ahamad faiz
poora nam faiz ahamad faiz
any nam faiz
janm 13 faravari, 1911
janm bhoomi siyalakot
mrityu 20 navambar, 1984
mrityu sthan lahaur
karm bhoomi pakistan
karm-kshetr urdoo shayar, vaicharik lekhan
mukhy rachanaen naksh-e-phariyadi, dast-e-saba, jindannama, dast-e-tahe-sng, mere dil mere musaphir, sar-e-vadi-e-sina adi.
bhasha urdoo, angrezi, arabi, hindi, roosi
vidyalay lahaur vishvavidyalay
shiksha em. e. (angrezi evn arabi)
puraskar-upadhi shanti puraskar (pakistani manav adhikar samaj), nigar puraskar, nishan-e-imtiyaj, lenin shanti puraskar (soviyat sngh, 1963), nobel puraskar ke lie namit (1984)
nagarikata pakistan
anuvad dagistan ke kavi rasool gamazatov ki kuchh kavitaen, balooch kavi mir khan nasir ki kavita ‘diva’
snpadan pakistan taims tatha imaroj (dainik), laila-o-nihar (saptahik). nirvasan ke dinon men maausko, lndan aur berut se ‘lotas’ ka snpadan.
any janakari faij ahamad faij ka shumar eshiya ke mahanatam kaviyon men kiya jata hai. faij ahamad faij ki shayari ka anuvad hindi, roosi, angrezi adi kee bhashaon men ho chuka hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
faiz ahamad faiz ki rachanaen

faiz ahamad faiz (angrezi: Faiz Ahmad Faiz, janm: 13 faravari, 1911; mrityu: 20 navambar, 1984) prasiddh shayar the, jinako apani krantikari rachanaon men rasik bhav (inqalabi aur roomani) ke mel ki vajah se jana jata hai. sena, jel tatha nirvasan men jivan vyatit karane vale faiz ne kee nazm, gazal likhi tatha urdoo shayari men adhunik pragativadi daur ki rachanaon ko sabal kiya. unhen nobel puraskar ke lie bhi manonit kiya gaya tha. jel ke dauran likhi gee unaki kavita 'zinda-nama' ko bahut pasnd kiya gaya tha. unake dvara likhi gee kuchh pnktiyan ab bharat-pakistan ki am-bhasha ka hissa ban chuki hain, jaise ki 'aur bhi gam hain zamane men muhabbat ke siva'

jivan parichay

faiz ahamad faiz ka janm 13 faravari 1911 ko avibhajit hidush‍tan ke shahar siyalakot men jo ab pakistan men hai, ek madhh‍yavargiy parivar men hua tha. sanh 1936 men ve premachnd, maulavi abh‍dul haq, sajh‍jad jahir aur mulh‍k raj annd dvara sh‍thapit pragatishil lekhak sngh men shamil hue. phai़z ahamad phai़z baba malng sahib, lahaur ke soophi, ashaphak ahamad, sayyad phakharuddin balli, vasiph ali vasiph aur any soophi snton ke vah bhakt the. phaiz pratibaddh marksavadi the. 1930 men phaiz ne british mahila elis se vivah kiya tha.

faiz ki jubani men faiz ka bachapan

mera janm unnisavin sadi ke ek aise phakkad vyakti ke ghar men hua tha jisaki zindagi mujhase kahin zyada rngin andaz men guzari. mere pita siyalakot ke ek chhote se ganv men ek bhoomihin kisan ke ghar paida hue, yah bat mere pita ne bataee thi aur isaki tasdik ganv ke doosare logon dvara bhi huee thi. mere dada ke pas choonki koee zamin nahin thi isalie mere pita ganv ke un kisanon ke pashuon ko charane ka kam karate the jinaki apani zamin thi. mere pita kaha karate the ki pashuon ko charane ganv ke bahar le jate the jahan ek skool tha. vah pashuon ko charane ke lie chhod dete aur skool men jakar shiksha prapt karate, is tarah unhonne prathamik star ki shiksha poori ki. choonki ganv men isase age ki shiksha ki koee vyavastha nahin thi, vah ganv se bhag kar lahaur pahunch ge. unhonne lahaur ki ek masjid men sharan li. mere pita kahate the ki vah sham ko relave steshan chale jaya karate the aur vahan kuli ke roop men kam karate the. us zamane men garib aur aksham chhatr masjidon men rahate the aur masjid ke imam se ya as-pas ke madarason men niahshulk shiksha prapt karate the. ilaqe ke log un chhatron ko bhojan upalabdh karate the. --- faiz ahamad faiz[1]

karyakshetr

1942 se lekar 1947 tak ve british-sena me karnal rahe. phir phau़z se alag hokar ’pakish‍tan taimh‍s’ aur ’imaroz’ akhabaron ke editar rahe. liyakat ali khan ki sarakar ke takhtapalat ki sajish rachane ke jurm men ve 1951-1955 tak kaid men rahe. isi dauran likhi gee kavitaen bad men bahut lokapriy hueen, jo "daste saba" tatha "jindanama" men prakashit hueen. bad men ve 1962 tak lahaur men pakistan artas kaunasil me rahe. 1963 men unako soviyat-sngh (roos) ne lenin shanti puraskar pradan kiya. bharat ke sath 1965 ke yuddh ke samaye ve pakistan ke soochana mntralay me kam kar rahe the.

inkalabi kavi evn roomani shayar

ve urdoo ke bahut hi jane-mane kavi the. adhunik urdoo shayari ko unhonne ek nee oonchaee di. isi samay urdoo ke kavy-gagan men sahir ludhiyanavi, kaifi azami, firaq gorakhapuri jaise aur bhi sitare chamak rahe the. ve angrezi tatha arabi men em.e. karane ke bavajood bhi kavitayen urdoo men hi likhate the. phai़z ahamad phai़z ki urdoo kavita dua ka balochi anuvad baloch kavi gul khan nasir dvara kiya gaya. 20vin sadi ka vo mahanh urdoo shayar jisane sarakari tamagon aur puraskaron ke lie nahin, jisane sharab ki chashani men doobati-nachati mahaboobaon ke lie nahin, jisane mazaron aur bevafaeeyon ke lie nahin balki apane insan hone ke ehasas, samaj aur desh ke lie, ek sahi aur barabari ki vyavastha vale lokatntr ke lie inkalab ko apane kalam ki syahi banaya aur zulm-o-sitam men ji rahe logon ko vo diya jo bndookon aur topakhanon se badhakar tha. faiz ki kavitaon men jitana jinda vo sach hai jisamen ham ji rahe hain, utana hi jinda vo hausala hai jisaki badaulat adam-o-havva ki auladen apane vartaman ko badal sakati hain. vo kahate hain-

bol ke lab ajad hain tere
bol zaban ab tak teri hai
tera sutavan jism hai tera
bol ke jan ab tak teri hai

shoshan, daman aur bndarabant ko jis khoobasoorati se faiz nnga karake logon ke samane late hain, vo bemisal hai. par jab faiz ishq bhi karate hain to lagata hai ki n jane koee had-mans ki mahabooba hai ya inkalab ka paracham thame hue kranti khadi hai jisake lie vo divane hue jate hain. aur isilie jab roomaniyat ki ya inkalab ki kavitaon ki bat alag-alag uthati hai to faiz tarajoo ke donon or barabar vazanadar maloom dete hain. koee bhi inkalabi kavi ya shayar roomani bhi ho sakata hai ya hota hai, aise jumalon ka sabase satik aur mazaboot udaharan faiz hain. faiz ki shatabdi men yah khasiyat unase pahale majaz lakhanavi men hi dikhati hai, baki is star ki kisi aur urdoo shayar men nahin aur isilie 20vin sadi men faiz sabase sashakt urdoo shayar ke taur par ubharakar samane ate hain.[2]

sandars ki hatya ke sakshi

faiz keval pakistan ke nahin the. jab vo paida hue to bharat aur pakistan ek hi the. kam logon ko maloom hai ki lahaur men sandars ki hatya ke lie bhagat sinh aur sathiyon ki pistaul se chali goli ki avaz sunane valon aur phir bhagate krantikariyon ko dekhane valon men se ek faiz bhi the, apane haaustal ki chhat par tahalate hue achanak hi is aitihasik pal ke ve sakshi bane the. pakistan bana par bhagat sinh faiz ke dil men kayam rahe. bina kisi paravah ke faiz ke lie dharati par sabase jyada pasndida aur prabhavit karane vala nam bhagat sinh bane rahe. aur phir dakshin eshiya kya, duniya ke tamam konon men faiz kabhi marzi se, kabhi majaboori men pahunche. apane sngharsh ke taranon ko doosaron ke lie likhate hue unhonne duniyabhar men shoshan aur atyachar ke khilaf apani kavitaon ko bulnd kiya.[2] 


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. faiz ahamad faiz ki apabiti – 1 (hindi) kabadakhana. abhigaman tithi: 18 joon, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 sabhar : rashtriy sahara, ravivariy parishisht, 27 march 2011

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