शौक़ बहराइची  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shauq baharaichi
shauq baharaichi
poora nam riyasat husain rizavi
any nam shauq baharaichi
janm 6 joon, 1884
janm bhoomi saiyadavada mohalla, ayodhya
mrityu 13 janavari, 1964
karm-kshetr shayar
vishay urdoo shayari
nagarikata bharatiy
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

shauq baharaichi (angrezi: Shauq Bahraichi, janm: 6 joon, 1884 - mrityu: 13 janavari, 1964) ka vastavik nam 'riyasat husain rizavi' tha. ye bahut prasiddh shayar the. netaon v galat karyon men lipt vyaktiyon par kataksh karane ke lie niche diya gaya sher desh men sarvadhik istemal hota hai par bahut kam aise log hain, jinhen yah pata hoga ki is sher ko likhane vale shayar ka nam 'shauq baharaichi' hai.

‘barbad gulistan karane ko bas ek hi ulloo kafi hai
har shakh pe ulloo baithen hain anjam ai gulistan kya hoga.’

jivan parichay

shauq baharaichi ka janm 6 joon, 1884 ko ayodhya ke saiyadavada mohalle men ek sadharan muslim shiya parivar men hua tha. inake janm ka nam 'riyasat husain rizavi' tha jo bad men baharaich men rahane ke karan baharaichi hua. yahin par unhonne garibi men bhi shayari se nata jamae rakha. riyasat husain rizavi urph ‘shauq baharaichi’ ke nam se shayari ke ne ayam gadhane lage, jo kam 13 janavari, 1964 men huee unaki maut tak badastoor jari raha. unake bare men jo bhi janakari pramanik roop se mili, vah unaki maut ke takariban 50 sal bad baharaich janapad ke nivasi v lok nirman vibhag ke ritayard injiniyar tahir husain naqavi ke nau varshon ki mehanat ka natija hai. unhonne unake sheron ko snkalit kar ‘toofan’ kitab ki shakl di gayi hai.[1]

garibi men bita jivan

tahir naqavi batate hain “jitane mashahoor antarashtriy shayar shauq sahab hua karate the utani hi mushkilen unake sheron ko dhoondhane men samane aeen, nihayat hi garibi men jine vale shauq ki maut ke bad unaki pidhiyon ne unake kalam ya sheron ko saheja nahin, apani khoj ke dauran tamam kabadi ki dukanon se khushamat karake aur dhoondh dhoondhakar unake likhe hue sheron ko khojana pada”. shauq baharaichi ki ek matr ayal pentig vali photo ke bare men tahir naqavi batate hain “yah photo bhi hamen achanak ek kabadi ki hi dukan par mil gee anyatha inaki koee bhi photo maujood nahin thi.” vyng jise urdoo men tnj o majahiya kaha jata hai isi vidha ke shayar shauq ne apana vah mashahoor sher baharaich ki kaisaragnj vidhanasabha se vidhayak aur 1957 ke pradesh mntri mndal men kaibinet svasth mntri rahe hukum sinh ki ek svagat sabha men padha tha jahan se yah mashahoor hota hi chala gaya. tahir naqavi batate hain ki yah sher jo prachalit hai usamen aur unake likhe men thoda sa antar kahin kahin hota rahata hai. vah batate hain ki sahi sher yah hai “barbad ai gulashan ki khatir bas ek hi ulloo kafi tha, har shakh par ulloo baitha hai anjam ai gulashan kya hoga”[1]

gumanam shayar

shauq baharaichi ki maut ke 50 varsh bit jane ke bad bhi inake bare men kahin koee sudh na lena ek mashahoor shayar ko kafi gumanam maut dene ka jimmedar sahity ki duniya ko mana ja sakata hai. shauq ki is gumanamiyat par unaka hi ek aur mashahoor sher sahi baithata hai.

“allaho gani is duniya men, saramaya parasti ka alam, bezar ka koee bahanoee nahin, zaradar ke lakhon sale hain”

shauq baharaichi ke baharaich men bite din kafi garibi men rahe aur yahan tak ki unhen koee madad bhi nahin milati rahi. azadi ke bad sarakar ki or se kuchh penshan bandh dene ke bad bhi jab penshan ki rakam un tak nahin pahunchi to bahut bimar chal rahe shayar shauq ke man ne us par bhi tnj kar hi diya.[1]

“sans phoolegi khansi siva aegi, lab pe jan haji barah aegi, dade fani se jab shauq uth jaega, tab masiha ke ghar se dava aegi”



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 shahi, harishnkar. mashahoor sher ka gumanam shayar (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) janajvar. abhigaman tithi: 29 janavari, 2013.

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