अमरकांत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

amarakant
amarakant
poora nam amarakant
any nam shriram lal, amaranath
janm 1 julaee, 1925
janm bhoomi nagara ganv, baliya zila, uttar pradesh
mrityu 17 faravari, 2014
mrityu sthan ilahabad, uttar pradesh
abhibhavak sitaram varma, annti devi
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr hindi katha sahity
mukhy rachanaen 'zindagi aur jok', 'desh ke log', 'maut ka nagar', 'toophan', 'sookha patta', 'gram sevika', 'bich ki divar', 'inhin hathiyaron se', 'banar sena' adi.
bhasha hindi
vidyalay 'gavarnament haee skool' aur 'satishachandr intar kaaulej', baliya; 'ilahabad vishvavidyalay'
shiksha bi.e.
puraskar-upadhi sahity akadami samman (2007), gyanapith puraskar (2009), vyas samman (2010)
prasiddhi sahityakar v lekhak
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari pahale amarakant ji ka nam 'shriram' rakha gaya tha. inake khanadan men log apane nam ke sath 'lal' lagate the. am janata se judi huee koee bhi bat unhen sadharan nahin lagati thi.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

amarakant (angrezi: Amarkant, janm: 1 julaee, 1925, zila baliya, uttar pradesh; mrityu: 17 faravari, 2014) bharat ke prasiddh sahityakaron men se ek the. ve hindi katha sahity men premachnd ke bad yatharthavadi dhara ke pramukh kahanikar the. prayag vishvavidyalay se snatak karane ke bad amarakant ne nishchay kar liya tha ki unhen hindi sahity ki seva karani hai. man men patrakar banane ki ichchha thi aur unhonne agara shahar se nikalane vale dainik patr 'sainik' se apani naukari ki shurooat ki. amarakant sadaiv hi snkochi vyakti rahe. am janata se judi huee koee bhi bat unhen sadharan nahin lagati thi. desh men hone vali har mahattvapoorn ghatana par unaki barik nazar rahati thi. ve khud yah kabhi bhi pasnd nahin karate the ki ve charcha ke kendr men rahen.

janm tatha namakaran

amarakant ka janm 1 julaee, 1925 ko nagara ganv, tahasil rasada, baliya zila (uttar pradesh) ke ek kayasth parivar men hua tha. inake pita ka nam sitaram varma v mata ka nam annti devi tha. pahale amarakant ka nam 'shriram' rakha gaya tha. inake khanadan men log apane nam ke sath 'lal' lagate the. at: amarakant ka bhi nam 'shriram lal' ho gaya. bachapan men hi kisi sadhu-mahatma dvara amarakant ka ek aur nam 'amaranath' rakha gaya tha. yah nam adhik prachalit to nahin hua, kintu svayn shriram lal ko is nam ke prati asakti ho gayi. isalie unhonne kuchh parivartan karake apana nam 'amarakant' rakh liya. unaki sahityik kritiyan bhi isi nam se prasiddh hueen. apane namakaran ki charcha karate hue svayn amarakant ne likha hai ki-


"mere khanadan ke log apane nam ke sath 'lal' lagate the. mera nam bhi shriram lal hi tha. lekin jab ham log baliya shahar men rahane lage to char-panch varsh bad vahan anek kayasth parivaron men 'lal' ke sthan par 'varma' jod diya gaya aur mera nam bhi 'shriram varma' ho gaya.

parivar

amarakant ji ke parivar ke log madhyam koti ke kashtakar the. inake baba gopal lal muharrir the. pita sitaram varma ne ilahabad men rahakar padhaee ki thi. yahin ki kayasth pathashala se unhonne intaramidiet kiya tha. phir unhonne mukhtari ki pariksha pas ki aur baliya kachahari men praiktis karane lage the. amarakant ji ke pitaji ka sanatan dharm men gahara vishvas tha, kintu ve karmakandonn v dharmik roodhiyon men vishvas nahin karate the. unake aradhy devata the- ram aur shiv. ve urdoo aur farasi ke gyata the. unhen hindi ka kamachalaoo gyan tha. amarakant ki ek badi bahan gayatri thin, jo amarakant ke bachapan men hi bimari se mar gee thinn. amarakant ko lekar parivar men sat bhaee aur ek bahan thi, jinhen pita sitaram varma ne yogy tarike se padhaya-likhaya tha.

shiksha

amarakant ji ka 'nagara' ke praimari skool men hi nam likhaya gaya tha. kuchh dinon ke bad unaka parivar baliya shahar a gaya. yahan ke tahasili skool men amarakant ka nam kaksha 'ek' men likha diya gaya. yahan par ve kaksha 'do' tak hi padh paye. bad men unaka nam 'gavarnament haee skool' men kaksha 'tin' men likhaya liya gaya. yahan ke pradhanadhyapak mahavir prasad ji the. san 1938-1939 men amarakant kaksha ath men the, aur isi samay unake vidyalay men hindi ke ne shikshak ke roop men baboo ganesh prasad ka agaman hua. ve sahity ke achchhe janakar the aur kabhi-kabhi nibndh ki jagah kahani likhane ko kahate the. bachchon ko hastalikhit patrika bhi nikalane ke lie prerit kiya karate the. san 1946 men amarakant ne baliya ke 'satishachandr intar kaaulej' se intaramidiyet ki padhaee poori ki aur bi.e. ilahabad vishvavidyalay se karane lage.

vyavasayik jivan

bi.e. pas karane ke bad amarakant ne padhaee bnd kar naukari ki talash shuroo kar di. koee sarakari naukari karane ke badale unhonne patrakar banane ka nishchay kar liya tha. unake andar yah vishvas baith gaya tha ki hindi hi desh seva ka paryay hai. vaise amarakant ke man men rajaniti ke prati ek tarah ka nirasha ka bhav bhi a gaya tha. yah bhi ek karan tha, jisaki vajah se amarakant patrakarita ki taraf mude. amarakant ke chacha un dinon agara men rahate the. unhin ke prayas se dainik 'sainik' men amarakant ko naukari mil gayi.

seva kary

'prayag vishvavidyalay' se snatak karane ke bad amarakant ne nishchay kar liya tha ki unhen hindi sahity ki seva karani hai. man men patrakar banane ki ichchha thi, aur unhonne agara shahar se nikalane vale dainik patr 'sainik' se apani naukari ki shurooat ki. yahin par amarakant ki mulakat vishvanath bhatele se huee, jo amarakant ke sath 'sainik' men hi karyarat the. vishvanath amarakant ko apane sath agara ke pragatishil lekhak sngh ki baithak men le jane lage. inhin baithakon men amarakant ki mulakat daau. ramavilas sharma, rajendr yadav, ravi rajendr v raghuvnshi jaise sahityakaron se huee. amarakant ne apani pahali kahani 'intaravyoo' isi pragatishil lekhak sngh men sunayi thi, jise sabhi logon ne saraha.

arthik samasya

amarakant ji ka adhikansh samay sahityik gatividhiyon aur mitron ke bich hi bitata tha. ve ek laparavahi bhari zindagi ji rahe the. unhen kisi bat ki koee vishesh chinta bhi nahin thi. lekin unake chacha sadhusharan varma ko yah bat pasnd nahin ayi. ve amarakant ke vyavahar ko lekar chintit rahane lage. unhonne ghar valon ko apani chinta se avagat bhi karaya. unhonne hi amarakant ke pita ko salah di ki ve use agara se vapas bula len. tin varsh tak agara men rahane ke bad amarakant ilahabad a gaye. yahan ane ke bad amarakant ne yahan se nikalane vale 'amrit patrika' men naukari payi. kintu yahan par bhi vetan badi mamooli tha. yahan amarakant ne gahari arthik tngi ko mahasoos kiya. pres men bhi unake sath achchha bartav nahin hua. pres ki apani arthik samasyaen aur jhagade the. isi bich amarakant 1954 men hriday rog ke shikar hue aur unhen lakhanoo jana pada tha.

sngharsh ke din

amarakant apane jivan ko nirarthak samajhane lage. kahin se koee bhi ummid najar nahin ati thi. unake din bade hi sngharshapoorn vyatit ho rahe the, kintu ant men unhonne nishchay kiya ki ve apana lekhan kary jari rakhenge. jitana ho sakega utana ve lekhan karenge. lekhan hi unake jivan ka adhar raha aur unhonne kiya bhi yahi. lakhanoo men rahate hue amarakant gahare manasik dvandv se grast rahe. unhen jivan se ek tarah se nirasha ho gayi thi. unhen ab yah lagane laga ki ab ve kisi kam ke nahin rah gaye. sath hi sath unhen is bat ka pachhatava bhi hua ki unhonne zindagi ka bahut sara samay yoon hi barbad kar diya. ab ve apana ek minat bhi barbad nahin karana chahate the aur likhane ke pran ke sath ve is kam men jut gaye. ay ka koee nishchit sadhan n hone ke karan unaki mali halat koee bahut achchhi nahin rahi. svatntr lekhan ke dvara hi ve jo arjit kar sake use hi ajivika ka sadhan banaya. amarakant ne apana jivan isi tarah vyatit kiya.

vyaktitv

amarakant ji ke vyaktitv ke nirman men unake vyaktigat sngharsh ki aham bhoomika thi. unhonne kabhi bhi paristhitiyon ke age ghutane nahin teke. har hal men ve ek am vyakti ki tarah sngharsh karate rahe, shoshan ka shikar hote rahe aur parivarik dayitvon ke nirvahan ke lie har tarah ke kasht ko gale lagate rahe. unaka yahi bhoga hua yatharth unake katha sahity men apani poori samagrata ke sath prastut hua hai. unake vyaktitv ki mahattvapoorn bat thi 'eemanadari`. amarakant ne hamesha apana kam poori eemanadari ke sath kiya. ve kee patr-patrikaon ke snpadan kary se jude rahe. isake bavajood ve 'avasaravadi` nahin bane. ve apane andar ek sima ke nirdharan ke sath jite rahe. kathin se kathin paristhitiyon men bhi unhonne svayn bhi kabhi us sima ka ullnghan nahin kiya. amarakant bahar se jitane sulajhe v sahaj lagate hain vastav men andar se ve utane hi ulajhe aur pareshan rahate. karan yah tha ki ve apani pareshaniyon ko apane tak rakhana pasnd karate the aur bahar usaki chhaya bhi nahin padane dena chahate the. par yah pray: ho nahin pata tha. unake mitr unaki paristhitiyon se achchhi tarah parichit the. lekin ve yah bhi janate the ki yah adami maryadaon men rahane vala hai. apane labh ke lie amarakant doosare ka nukasan nahin kar sakate the.


amarakant sadaiv hi ek snkochi vyakti rahe. am janata se judi huee koee bhi bat unhen sadharan nahin lagati thi. desh men hone vali har mahattvapoorn ghatana par unaki barik nazar rahati thi. ve khud yah kabhi bhi pasnd nahin karate the ki ve charcha ke kendr men rahen. in sab baton men unhen ek alag tarah ka snkoch hota tha. samany janata, usase judi huee pareshaniyan, jivan aur sahity in sab men amarakant ki gahari snsakti thi. amarakant n keval ek achchhe sahityakar hain, balki utane hi achchhe vyakti bhi hain. unaka vyaktitv bina kisi banavat ke ekadam saf aur sahaj hai.

kritiyan

'amarakant ki snpoorn kahaniyan' do bhagon men prakashit ho chuki hain. 'janch aur bachche' kahani sngrah men unaki navinat rachanaye hain. amarakant ke snpoorn katha sahity ko nimnalikhit roopon men banta ja sakata hai-

kahani sngrah
  • zindagi aur jok
  • desh ke log
  • maut ka nagar
  • mitr milan
  • kuhasa
  • toophan
  • kala premi
  • pratinidhi kahaniyan
upanyas
  • sookha patta
  • akash pakshi
  • kale ujale din
  • kntili rah ke phool
  • gram sevika
  • sukhajivi
  • bich ki divar
  • sunnar pande ki patoh
  • laharen
  • inhin hathiyaron se
prakirn sahity
  • kuchh yaden kuchh baten
  • neur bhaee
  • banar sena
  • khoonta men dal hai
  • suggi chachi ka ganv
  • jhagaroolal ka phaisala
  • ek stri ka saphar

puraskar evn samman

amarakant ji ko jo pramukh puraskar evn samman prapt hue, ve nimnalikhit hain-

  1. sahity akadami samman - 2007
  2. gyanapith puraskar - 2009
  3. vyas samman - 2010
  4. soviyatalaind neharoo puraskar
  5. uttar pradesh hindi snsthan puraskar
  6. maithilisharan gupt puraskar
  7. yashapal puraskar
  8. jan-snskriti samman
  9. madhy pradesh ka 'amarakant kirti` samman
  10. 'ilahabad vishvavidyalay' ke hindi vibhag ka samman.

nidhan samachar

17 faravari 2014, somavar

yashasvi sahityakar amarakant ka dehant

hindi ke yashasvi kathakar aur premachnd ki parnpara ke mahanh rachanakar amarakant ka somavar 17 faravari, 2014 ko subah das baje nidhan ho gaya. ashok nagar sthit pnchapushp apartament ke apane avas men snan karate vakt phisalane ke turnt bad unaki sansen tham geen. vah 88 varsh ke the. unaka antim snskar mngalavar aparahn 11 baje rasoolabad ghat par kiya gaya. vah apane pichhe bete-betiyon aur aur nati-poton ka bhara poora parivar chhodakar ge hain. amarakant ke nidhan se sahity, kala aur snskriti se jude log stabdh rah ge. hindi sahityakar asagar vajahat ne amarakant ke nidhan par shok jatate hue kaha, "amarakant apani pidhi ke ek aise kahanikar the jinase us samay ke yuva kahanikaron ne bahut sikha. vo kahanikaron men is roop men vishesh mane jaenge ki ek poori pidhi ko unhonne sikhaya-bataya." amarakant ko sal 2007 men sahity akadami aur sal 2009 men gyanapith puraskar mila tha.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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