मनोहर श्याम जोशी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

manohar shyam joshi
manohar shyam joshi
poora nam manohar shyam joshi
janm 9 agast, 1933
janm bhoomi ajamer, rajasthan
mrityu 30 march, 2006
mrityu sthan nee dilli
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen 'kyap', 'kasap', 'netaji kahin', 'kuru kuru svaha' (upanyas), 'ham log', 'buniyad' (dharavahik).
bhasha hindi
vidyalay lakhanoo vishvavidyalay
puraskar-upadhi san 2005 men sahity akadami puraskar ('kyap'), 1993-94 men rashtriy sharad joshi samman
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari manohar shyam joshi hindi sahity ke prasiddh gadyakar, upanyasakar, vyngyakar, patrakar, dooradarshan dharavahik lekhak, janavadi-vicharak, film pat-katha lekhak, uchch koti ke snpadak, kushal pravakta tatha stnbh-lekhak the.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

manohar shyam joshi (angrezi: Manohar Shyam Joshi, janm: 9 agast, 1933, ajamer; mrityu: 30 march, 2006, nee dilli) adhunik hindi sahity ke prasiddh gadyakar, upanyasakar, vyngyakar, patrakar, dooradarshan dharavahik lekhak, janavadi-vicharak, film pat-katha lekhak, uchch koti ke snpadak, kushal pravakta tatha stnbh-lekhak the. dooradarshan ke prasiddh aur lokapriy dharavahikon- 'buniyad', 'netaji kahin', 'mungeri lal ke hasin sapane', 'ham log' adi ke karan ve bharat ke ghar-ghar men prasiddh ho ge the. unhonne dharavahik aur film lekhan se snbndhit 'patakatha-lekhan' namak pustak ki rachana ki hai. 'dinaman' aur 'saptahik hindustan' ke bhi ve snpadak rahe.

jivan parichay

manohar shyam joshi ka janm 9 agast, 1933 ko rajasthan ke ajamer ke ek pratishthit evn sushikshit parivar men hua tha. unhonne snatak ki shiksha vigyan men lakhanoo vishvavidyalay se ki. parivar men pidhi dar pidhi shastr-sadhana evn pathan-pathan v vidya-grahan ka kram pahale se chala a raha tha, atah vidyadhyayan tatha snchar-sadhanon ke prati jigyasu bhav unhen bachapan se hi snskar roop men prapt hua, jo kalantar men unaki ajivika evn unake snpoorn vyaktitv vikas ka adhar bana.

vyaktitv

manohar shyam joshi hamare daur ki ek sadharan shakhsiyat the. sahity, patrakarita, telivijan, sinema jaise anek madhyamon men vah sahajata se vicharan kar sakate the. unaki medha aur gyan jitana charchit tha, utana hi unaka vinod aur sadak ke muhavaron par unaki pakad bhi jani jati thi.

upanyasakar

ve jab munbee men phrilansar ke taur par kary kar rahe the, tab 'dharmayug' ke tatkalin snpadak dharmavir bharati ne unase 'laharen aur sipiyan' nam se ek stnbh likhane ko kaha tha, jo munbee ke us seks bijanes par adharit hona tha, jo juhoo chaupati men chalata tha. ladakiyan-auraten sham ke vakt grahakon ko patane ke lie ghoomati rahati hain. tab juhoo chaupati ke asapas kee dalal bhi ghoomate rahate the. apane klaint ke lie grahak patane ka kam karate the. dalalon ke apane kee klaint hote the. grahak ko ek ladaki pasnd n aye to doosari-tisari pesh karate the. in sabaka apana ek tntr tha. isi ke bare men likhana tha. mamala kuchh-kuchh inavestigetiv jarnalijm ka tha. ladakiyan is peshe men kaise ati hain, unaki samajik prishthabhoomi kya-kya hai, bijanes kaise chalata hai jaisi baten khoj nikalani thin. is khoj ke dauran joshi ji ki mulakat baboo se huee thi, jo is upanyas ka patr hai. baboo ne hi unaki mulakat 'pahuncheli' se karaee thi, jo 'kunru kurn svaha' ki pramukh mahila kiradar hai.

manohar shyam joshi ki smaran shakti adabhut thi. rnjit kapoor us samay mohan rakesh ka adhoora natak 'pair tale ki zamin' bhi rashtriy naty vidyalay ke rng mndal ke lie karane vale the. unhonne joshi ji se poochha ki kya apane rakesh ka vo natak padha hai. joshi ne kaha ki thik se yad nahin hai, magar dhire-dhire poore natak ka sar snkshep men bata diya. yah sab ye bhi dikhata hai ki ve natak bhi kitane dhyan se padhate the. adhoore natak bhi.[1]

patakatha lekhak

joshi ji telivijan ke dharavahik likhane men kitane ustad the, ye sabhi janate hain. par ve kuchh dharavahik apane mitron ko likhane ke lie dilava dete the. kuchh sal pahale dooradarshan kee dharavahikon ki yojanaen bana raha tha. joshi ji ne amitabh shrivastav ko kaha ki munbee ke ek nirmata ke lie terah episod ka dharavahik likh do. phir usaka vishay bhi diya. unhonne kaha ki 'ek phool do mali' haaulivud ki ek film ki nakal hai. usi mool kahani ko bharatiy prishthabhoomi men roopantarit karane ke lie kaha aur usake lie kuchh nuskhe bhi sujhae. halanki bad men vo dharavahik bana nahin.

bhasha ke jitane vividh andaj aur mizaj manohar shyam joshi men hain, utane kisi aur hindi kathakar men nahin. kabhi shararati, kabhi unmukt. kabhi rasili to kabhi vyngyatmak. kabhi rojamarre ki bolachal vali to kabhi snskrit ki tatsam padavali vali. unaki bhasha men avadhi ka svad bhi hai. kumaunni ka maja aur parinishthit khadi boli ka andaj bhi. sath hi bnbiya (munbiya nahin) ki bhngima bhi. ve kumaoon ke the, isalie kumaunni par adhikar to svabhavik tha aur 'kasap' men usaka prachur istemal hua hai. lekin 'netaji kahin' ki bhasha avadhi hai. 'kuru kuru svaha' men bnbiya hindi hai. 'hamajad' men to poori tarah urdoo ke lekhak-muhavaredari hai. sirph usaki lipi devanagari hai. unaki ek kahani 'prabhu tum kaise kissago' men to kannad ke kee sare shabd hain. vaise is kahani par bhi veshyaon ke jivan par unake shodh ka prabhav hai. halanki ye kahani hindi kahani-sahity aur vishv katha sahity- alabeyar kamoo, henari milar, o'henari adi ke lekhan ko kee prasngon se sametati hai.

1982 men jab bharat ke rashtriy chainal dooradarshan par unaka pahala natak "ham log" prasarit hona arambh hua, tab adhikatar bharatiyon ke liye telivizan ek vilas ki vastu ke jaisa tha. manohar shyam joshi ne yah natak ek am bharatiy ki rozamarra ki zindagi ko chhoote hue likha tha, isaliye log isase apane ko juda hua anubhav karane lage. is natak ke kiradar jaise ki lajo ji, badaki, chhutaki, basesar ram ka nam to jan-jan ki zuban par tha.[1]

kritiyan

pramukh dharavahik

  1. hamalog
  2. buniyad
  3. kakka ji kahin
  4. mungeri lal ke hasin sapanen
  5. hamarahi
  6. zamin asaman
  7. gatha

pramukh upanyas

  1. kasap
  2. netaji kahin
  3. kuru kuru svaha
  4. kaun hoon main
  5. kya hal hain chin ke
  6. us desh ka yaro kya kahana
  7. baton baton men
  8. mndir ghat ki paudiyan
  9. ek durlabh vyaktitv
  10. ta ta profesar
  11. kyap
  12. hamazad

nidhan

prasiddh sahityakar, upanyasakar, vyngyakar, patrakar, dooradarshan dharavahik lekhak, janavadi-vicharak, film pat-katha lekhak, uchch koti ke snpadak, kushal pravakta manohar shyam joshi ka nidhan 30 march 2006 nee dilli men ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 ravidr tripathi, hindustan samachar patr

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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