लक्ष्मी नारायण मिश्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

lakshmi narayan mishr
lakshmi narayan mishr
poora nam lakshmi narayan mishr
janm 1903
janm bhoomi ajamagadh, uttar pradesh
mrityu 1987
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr lekhan
mukhy rachanaen 'antarjagat', 'rakshas ka mndir', 'mukti ka rahasy', 'sindoor ki holi', 'garudadhvaj', 'narad ki vina', 'vitasta ki laharen' tatha 'mrityunjay' adi.
bhasha hindi
vidyalay 'kendriy hindoo kaaulej', kashi
shiksha bi.e. (1928)
prasiddhi natakakar, ekankikar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari mishraji ke aitihasik aur pauranik natak pray: ek vishesh kal hindoo snskriti ke ek vishesh adhyay aur jvalnt charitr par adharit hain. unaki likhi ekankiyon men bharat ki atma basati hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

lakshmi narayan mishr (angrezi: Laxmi Narayan Mishra, janm- 1903, ajamagadh, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 1987) hindi ke prasiddh natakakar the. hindi ke ekankikaron men unaka vishesh sthan hai. unhonne prachur matra men gady tatha pady donon men sahity srijan kiya hai. lakshminarayan ji par pashchaty natakakar insan, sha, maitaralink adi ka khasa prabhav tha, lekin phir bhi unaki ekankiyon men bharat ki atma basati thi. maulik srijan se lekar anuvad tak unhonne soddeshy lekhan kiya.

parichay

lakshmi narayan mishr ji ka janm san 1903 men uttar pradesh ke ajamagadh zile ke basti namak gram men hua tha. unhonne varsh 1928 men apani bi.e. ki pariksha 'kendriy hindoo kaaulej', kashi se uttirn ki thi.[1]

sahity srijan

18 varsh ki avastha se hi lakshmi narayan mishr sahity srijan ki or unmukh hue. unaki 'antarjagath' (1921-1922 ee.) namak kavy rachana usi samay ki hai. isake uparant apaki natakiy pratibha ka uday prarambh hua. 'ashok' unaka pahala natak hai.

naty sahity

inake samast naty sahity ke do varg hain-

  1. sanskritik athava aitihasik
  2. samajik

adharabhoot saty ki drishti se lakshminarayan mishr ke samooche naty-sahity men bharatiy snskriti ke adarshon aur manyataon ka prabhav hai. sab natakon ki shilpavidhi aur roopagathan adhunik (pashchaty) hai, par natak apani antarik prakriti men pay: bharatiy hain; kintu us arth men prachin bharatiy aur pashchaty naty-tattvon ka samnvay nahin, jaisa ki jayashnkar prasad ke natakon men hai. doosare hi star par mishraji ke natak apane bahirng men adhunik pashchaty naty-shilp ke anuroop hain aur antarikata men vishuddh bharatiy hain. yah saty vastut: drishtikon aur bhavadhara ke star par pratishthit hai. jahan ek shilp gathan ka prashn hai, apake natakon ka vikas aur nirman giton, svagat kathanon aur bhavukatapoorn kavitv varnanon ke madhyam se n hokar, bilkul naye dhng se hota hai. aitihasik natakon men nishchay hi tattvik vivechanon aur saiddhantik vichar vinimay ke gahan tattv hain. mishr ji ne ibsan ke do prasiddh natak 'pilar aauf d sosaiti' aur 'dals haus' ka anuvad kramash: 'samaj ke stambh' aur 'gudiya ka ghar' nam se kiya hai.[1]

yatharthavadi drishtikon

yoon to drishtikon men lakshmi narayan ji pray: yatharthavadi hain- pragatishil star par nahin, bharatiy star par. unaka yatharth apani hi tarah ka hai. 'mukti ka rahasy' namak natak men apane apane drishtikon aur vicharadhara ke vishay men spasht roop se kaha hai- "jo yatharth nahin hai, vah adarsh nahin ho sakata. kalpana ki rngini aur asngati sahity aur kala ka manadand nahin ban sakati hai. jivan ki pathashala men baithakar sahityakar apani kala sikhata hai. at: jivan ke anubhav se pare use kahin kuchh bhi nahin dhoondhana chahie."

aitihasik aur pauranik natak

lakshmi narayan mishr ki pramukh kritiyan[1]
kr.sn. kriti varsh kr.sn. kriti varsh kr.sn. kriti varsh
1. antarjagat kavita sngrah, 1925 2. ashok natak, 1926 3. snnyasi natak, 1930
4. rakshas ka mndir natak, 1931 5. mukti ka rahasy natak, 1932 6. rajayog 1933
7. sindoor ki holi 1933 8. adhi rat 1936 9. garudadhvaj 1945
10. narad ki vina 1946 11. vatsaraj 1950 12. dashashvamedh 1950
13. ashok van ekanki sngrah, 1950 14. vitasta ki laharen 1953 15. 'jagadaguru' 1955
16. mrityujny 1955 17. chakravyooh natak, 1955 18. senapati karn mahakavy, apoorn[2]

mishraji ke aitihasik aur pauranik natak pray: ek vishesh kal hindoo snskriti ke ek vishesh adhyay aur jvalnt charitr par adharit hain aur unase us vishesh kal, adhyay aur charitr ke bahane pray: samoochi vastusthiti par aisa prakash padata hai. is drishti se 'garudadhvaj', 'dashashvamedh' aur 'narad ki vani' apake pratinidhi natak hain. 'garudadhvaj' natak ka kathanak us yug ka hai, jisaki adhik samagri itihas adi se nahin prapt hoti. natakakar ne apani kalpana shakti se shung vnsh ke prishth par sundar prakash dala hai. 'garudadhvaj' men shung ke vnshaj agnimitr ki katha hai. 'vatsaraj' mishraji ka prasiddh aitihasik natak hai, udayan ki jivan ghatanaon se sambaddh. 'dashashvamedh' natak nagon ke itihas par adharit hain. 'narad ki vina' ary aur aryettar snskritiyon ke paramparik sngharsh aur taduparant samnvay ki kahani hai.

'snnyasi', 'rakshas ka mandir', 'mukti ka rahasy', 'rajayog' tatha 'sindoor ki holi' lakshmi narayan mishr ji ke prasiddh samasya samajik natak hain. vyakti aur samaj ke jis uttarottar sngharsh men hamara jivan pal-pal badh raha hai, usake kisi-n-kisi mahattvapoorn pahaloo ka adhar in samajik natakon men vidyaman hai. 'mukti ka rahasy' aur 'sindoor ki holi' natakakar ke shilp aur vichar, donon drishtiyon se pratinidhi natak hain. 'mukti ka rahasy' men stri-purush ki sanatan kam-vasana ka chitran hai.[1]

ekanki sngrah

'pralay ke pnkh par' aur 'ashok van' mishraji ke do ekanki sngrah hain. 'pralay ke pnkh par' namak ekanki sagrah men lekhak ki chh: ekanki sngrahit hain. pray: samast ekanki samasya pradhan hain. adhikansh ekanki vishuddhat: nari samasya ko adhar banakar likhi gee hain. do-ek ekanki gramin bhavabhoomi tatha vahan ke jan-jivan se utpann samasyaon par likhi gee hain. in do sngrahon ke atirikt 'bhagavan manu tatha any ekanki' bhi ek sngrah hai. isake sabhi ekanki pauranik aur aitihasik hain. 'bhagavanh manu', 'vidhayak parashar', 'yagyvalky', 'kautily', 'achary shnkar', ekanki ke ye nam hi hindutv aur bharatiy snskriti ke aise ujjval udaharan lagate hain ki hindoo man inase sarvatha abhibhoot ho jata hai. in ekankiyon ki shilpavidhi par rediyo ekanki kala aur usake shilp sngathan ka prabhav spasht hai. ye ekankiyan jayashnkar prasad ke natakon ki bhanti hi pathan-pathan ki sundar samagri upasthit karati hain, par inaka rngamnchiy paksh utana hi nirbal aur jatil hai.

maulik vicharadhara

natakakar lakshmi narayan mishr ji ki shakti unaki maulik vicharadhara hai, vah chahe aitihasik star par ho, chahe pauranik athava samajik star par. sath hi charitr pratishtha aur usake bhitar se 'brahmanatv' ka anupam alok aur bharatiy snskriti ka udar svarnim chitr inake naty-sahity ki ki sabase badi den hai.

nidhan

lakshmi narayan mishr ji ka nidhan san 1987 men hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 hindi sahity kosh, bhag 2 |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |snpadan: daau. dhirendr varma |prishth snkhya: 26 |
  2. is mahakavy ka arambh san 1953 men hua tha, kintu ye poorn nahin ho saka.

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