डॉ. नगेन्द्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

daau. nagendr
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poora nam daau. nagendr
janm 9 march, 1915
janm bhoomi aligadh, uttar pradesh
mrityu 27 aktoobar, 1999
mrityu sthan nee dilli
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr lekhak, kavi, nibandhakar, alochak, pradhyapak
mukhy rachanaen 'vichar aur vivechan' (1944), 'vichar aur anubhooti' (1949), 'vichar aur vishleshan' (1955), 'arastoo ka kavyashastr' (1957), 'anusndhan aur alochana' (1961), 'ras-siddhant (1964), 'alochak ki astha' (1966), 'samasya aur samadhan' (1971) adi.
bhasha hindi, khadi boli evn angrezi
shiksha em. e. (hindi evn angrezi), di. lit. (hindi)
puraskar-upadhi sahity akadami puraskar ('ras-siddhant' ke lie 1965 men)
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari adhunik hindi ki alochana ko samriddh karane men daau. nagenh‍dr ka mahath‍vapoorn yogadan raha tha.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

daau. nagendr (angrezi: Dr. Nagendra, janm- 9 march, 1915, aligadh, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 27 aktoobar, 1999, nee dilli) bharat ke prasiddh hindi sahityakar the. adhunik hindi ki alochana ko samriddh karane men daau. nagenh‍dr ka mahath‍vapoorn yogadan raha tha. ve kavy shastr ke prakand vidvanh mane jate the. unake nibandhon men vaicharik audaty ke sath-sath unaka vyaktitv bhi abhivyakti pa gaya hai. unake nibandhon men ek sahriday tatha bhavuk nibandhakar ke gun bhali-bhanti lakshit hote hain. isaka karan yah hai ki nagendr ji ka hindi sahity ke kshetr men pravesh ek kavi ke roop men hua tha. unaki pratibha ka vikas moolatah alochanatmak nibandhakar ke roop men hi hua. hindi ke panktey alochak ke roop men nagendr visheshatah yashasvi rahe hain.

parichay

daau. nagendr ka janm 9 march, 1915 ko uttar pradesh ke aligadh zile men atarauli namak kasbe men hua tha. apani shiksha ke antargat nagendr ji ne angrezi aur hindi vishayon men em. e. kiya tha. isake bad unhonne hindi men di. lit. ki upadhi bhi prapt ki thi. nagendr ji 'dilli vishvavidyalay' se profesar tatha hindi vibhagadhyaksh ke pad par se sevanivritt hone ke uparant svatantr roop se sahity ki sadhana men snlagn ho gaye the. unhonne 'emarits profesar' ke pad par bhi kary kiya tha. vah 'agara vishvavidyalay'[1], agara se "ritikal ke sndarbh men dev ka adhyayan" shirshak shodh prabandh par shodh upadhi se alnkrit hue the. bharat ke vibhinn vishvavidyalayon men daau. nagendr ko pradhyapak, ridar evn profesar ke padon par niyukti ke samay visheshgy niyukt kiya jata tha.[2]

lekhan kary

nagendr ji ne apani prakhar kalam ke dvara hindi nibandh sahity ki garima ko advitiy banane men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nirvahit ki. unake dvara krit 'mera vyavasay' aur 'sahity srijan' shirshak is nibandh lekhak ki atmaparak shaili ka pratik hai. is rachana men nagendr ji ne apane apako apani hi drishti se dekha tatha parakha hai. yah nibandh adhyapakon-adhyapikaon ke liye visheshatah upadey hai. daau. nagendr ka yah manana tha ki "adhyapak vrittitah vyakhyata aur vivekashil hota hai. oonchi shreni ke vidyarthiyon aur anusandhataon ko kavy ka marm samajhana usaka vyavasayik kartavy v karm hai." unhonne yah bhi likha hai ki "adhyapan ka, visheshakar uchch star ke adhyapan ka, sahity ke any angon ke srijan se sahaj sambandh n ho, parantu alochana se usaka pratyaksh sambandh hai." kaksha ke mnch par adhyapak kisi sahityik samasya ko lekar svayn nirnay le sake tatha shiksharthi varg ki nirnay shakti ka vikas kar sake. yah nishchay hi adhyapak ke dharm ki paridhi kahalati hai.

bhasha

daau. nagendr ke nibandhon ki bhasha shuddh, parishkrit, parimarjit, vyakaran sammat tatha sahityik khadi boli hai. gady bhasha ki pramukh visheshata yah hai ki vah vishayanuroop apana svaroop badalati chalati hai. nibandhon men sarvatr bhasha ka roop saph suthara, shisht, madhur evn samarth lakshit hota hai. bharat bhooshan agraval ne 'naye shabdon ke nirman ki drishti se daau. nagendr ka avadan sarvopari mana hai. nagendr ji samanyatah gambhir tatha chintan-pradhan nibandhakar ke roop men jane jate hain. sahityik alochanatmak nibandh lekhan ke adhar par unhonne sahity ki prabhoot sevaen ki hain. unake nibandhon men vichar-gambhiry, chintan ki maulikata tatha shaili ki rochakata ka sahaj samanvay lakshit hota hai.[2]

shaili

daau. nagendr ki nibandh lekhan ki shaili men bhavon evn vicharon ko abhivyakti pradan karane ki adbhut kshamata lakshit hoti hai. unaki lekhan shaili angrezi sahity se prabhavit rahi hai. isaka karan yah hai ki vah angrezi sahity se sampoornatah prabhavit aur prerit hokar hindi sahity ki sadhana ke marg par chale the. unake 'nibandh sahity' men nimnalikhit shailiyon ka vyavahar samyak roopen lakshit hota hai-

  • vivechanatmak shaili - nagendr ji moolatah alochanatmak evn vicharatmak nibandhakar ke roop men samadrit rahe the. is shaili men lekhak tarkon dvara yuktiyon ko sulajhata hua chalata hai. vah atyant gambhir evn bauddhik vishay ko apani kushal vivechana paddhati ke dvara saral roop men spasht kar deta hai tatha vivadaspad vishayon ko atyant bodhagamy riti se samajhane ki cheshta karata hai. unaka 'astha ke charan' shirshak nibandh snkalan is shaili ka achchha udaharan hai.
  • prasadatmak shaili - is shaili ka prayog daau. nagendr ke nibandh sahity men sarvatr dekha ja sakata hai. is shaili ke dvara lekhak ne vishay ko saral tatha bodhagamy riti se prastut karane ka kary kiya hai. yah bhi ek tathy hai ki ki daau. nagendr ka man sampoornatah pradhyapan vyavasay men hi raman karata raha. isilie likhate samay vah is bat ka dhyan rakhate the ki jo bat vah kah rahe hain, usamen kahin kisi prakar ki aspashtata n rah jae.[2]
  • goshthi shaili - 'hindi upanyas' namak nibandh men nagendr ji ne "goshthi shaili" ka vyavahar kiya hai. sahi arthon men ve apani pratibha ke bal par hi nibandh sahity men 'goshthi shaili' ki srishti karane men saphal rahe the.
  • samvadatmak shaili - 'hindi sahity men hasy ki kami' shirshak rachana men is shaili ka prayog dekha ja sakata hai. is shaili men jagaruk adhyetaon ko spashtata evn vivechana donon hi baten lakshit ho jaengi.
  • patratmak shaili - 'keshav ka acharyatv' namak rachana men daau. nagendr ne patratmak shaili ka prayog kiya gaya hai. ullekhaniy bat to yah hai ki daau. vijayendr snatak krit 'anubhooti ke kshan' namak rachana bhi sampoornatah patratmak shaili ki hi nibandh rachana hai.
  • prashnottar shaili - daau. nagendr ke lekhan men 'prashnottar shaili' ka saundary bhi lakshit ho jata hai. is shaili men nibandhakar svayn hi prashn karata hai tatha usaka uttar bhi svayn hi deta hai. daau. nagendr krit 'sahity ki samiksha' shirshak nibandh ko is shaili ka anyatam udaharan mana ja sakata hai.
  • snsmaranatmak shaili - 'apravasi ki yatraen' namak kriti 'yatravritt' ki vidha ki ek pramukh kriti hai. yah rachana daau. nagendr ki snsmaranatmak shaili ke saundary ka udaharan prastut karati hai. 'dadda- ek mahanh vyaktitv' shirshak snsmaranatmak nibandh men is shaili ka vyavahar lakshit hota hai.
  • atmasakshatkar ki shaili - 'alochak ka atm vishleshan' namak rachana men daau. nagendr ka lekh is shaili ka prayog karata hua lakshit hota hai. vastutah nibandh ki vidha men ve aise shailikar ke roop men samane ate hain, jo rachana men adyopant apani rachana prakriya par prakash dalate hue chalata hai.[2]
daau. nagendr ki mukhy rachanaen
varsh rachana
1944 vichar aur vivechan
1949 vichar aur anubhooti
1951 adhunik hindi kavita ki mukhy pravrittiyan
1955 vichar aur vishleshan
1957 arastoo ka kavyashastr
1961 anusndhan aur alochana
1964 ras-siddhant
1966 alochak ki astha
1969 astha ke charan
1970 nayi samikshaah naye sndarbh
1971 samasya aur samadhan

nidhan

hindi sahity men apana vishisht yogadan karane vale sahityakar daau. nagendr ka nidhan 27 aktoobar, 1999 ko nee dilli men hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ab 'bhimarav ambedakar vishvavidyalay'
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 yashasvi shailikar daauktar nagendr (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 6 faravari, 2013.

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