आज़ाद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

azad, shamashul ulama maulana muhammad husane (1823-1910 ee.) maulana saiyad muhammad bakar dilli ke ek bahut bade vidvanh‌ aur dharmik neta the jinhonne urdoo akhabar ke nam se 1836 ee. men pahala gnbhir urdoo samachar patr nikala. is patrika men angrejon ke virodh men vichar prakat kie jate the. 1847 ee. ke andolan men avasar milate hi angrejon ne maulana baqar ko goli se uda diya. azad unhin ke putr the. pita ne putr ko farasi, arabi, padhaee, dilli kalej men padhane ke lie bheja, pres ka kam sikhaya tatha kavita aur bhasha ke marm ki janakari prapt karane ke lie us samay ke prasiddh kavi shekh muhammad ibrahim 'jauq' ke hath men saunp diya. pita ne is prakar azad ko aisa bana diya tha ki vah snsar men apani jagah bana saken, parntu 1857 ke andolan ne inhen beghar kar diya aur kee varsh tak ye lakhanoo, madras aur bnbee men mare mare phirate rahe. chhoti chhoti naukariyan ki, aur madhy eshiya bhi ho ae. 1869 ee. men lahaur gavarnament kalej men arabi ke adhyapak niyukt hue aur vahin kuchh angrej aur hindustani vidvanon ke sath milakar anjumane pnjab banaee jisase nee prakar ki kavitaen likhane ki parnpara arnbh huee. 1874 ee. men lahaur men jo ne mushayare hue unamen khvaja 'halo' ne bhi bhag liya aur vastav men usi samay se adhunik urdoo sahity ka vikas arnbh hua. 1885 ee. men 'azad' ne eeran ki yatra ki aur jab vahan se laute tab apana sara samay aur sari shakti sahityarachana men lagane ke lie naukari se bhi alag ho ge. 1888 ee. men kuchh aisi ghatanaen huee ki azad ki manasik dasha bigadane lagi or do ek varsh bad ve bilakul pagal ho ge. isamen bhi jab kabhi mauj a jati, likhane padhane men lag jate. 1909 men inaka svasthy ekadam nasht ho gaya aur 22 janavari, 1910 ee. ko e paralok sidhar ge.[1]

apane vistrit gyan ke sundar bhavapoorn shaili aur navin vicharo ke karan azad vartaman sahity ke janmadataon men gine jate hain. unaki anek rachanaon men se nimnalikhit vishesh prasiddh hain:

'sukhanadane - phars', 'nigaristane-phars', 'abe-hayat', 'nairngekhayal', 'darabare-akabari', 'kasase-hind', 'kayanate-arab', 'janavaristan', 'najmen azad' ityadi.[2]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 361 |
  2. sn.grn.-pndit kaiphi: manashoorat; jahan banoo : muhammad husen azad; muhammad yahaya tanha: yirool-musannaphin; hamid hasan kadiro: dastan-tarikhe-urdoo; abdulla, da.es.en.: spirit aind sabstains aauv urdoo proz andar di inphluens aauv sar saiyad.

snbndhit lekh

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