वाचस्पति पाठक  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vachaspati pathak
Blankimage.png
janm 5 sitambar, 1905
janm bhoomi kashi (vartaman banaras), uttar pradesh
mrityu 19 navambar, 1980
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr kathakar, sampadak
mukhy rachanaen ‘sooradas’, kalpana, ‘kagaz ki topi’, ‘pherivala’ adi.
bhasha hindi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari azadi ke bad jab 'akhil bharatiy hindi prakashak sngh' ki sthapana dilli men ki gee to isaka snyojak bhi pathak ji ko hi banaya gaya.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

vachaspati pathak (angrezi: Vachaspati Pathak, janm: 5 sitambar, 1905; mrityu: 19 navambar, 1980) ka nam prasiddh upanyasakaron ke sath liya jata hai. unhonne 'kagaz ki topi' namak kahani se vishesh lokapriyata paee thi. vachaspati pathak apane samay ke ek mahatvapoorn kathakar to rahe hi, ullekhaniy snpadak bhi rahe. unhonne apani pahachan sahityik andolan ke sakriy yoddha ke roop men banaee.

jivan parichay

kashi (vartaman banaras) ke navab gnj muhalle men vachaspati pathak ji ka janm hua tha. un dinon upanyasakar 'premachand', 'rayakrishnadas' aur 'jayashnkar prasad' ki trimoorti ke tin navayuvak lekhakon ka nam kashi men agrani tha. unamen 'pandey bechan sharma 'ugr' aur vinod shnkar vyas ke sath vachaspati pathak ka nam bhi anany hai. vachaspati pathak ji ne ‘kagaz ki topi’ kahani se prasiddhi prapt ki thi. ‘dvadashi’ tatha 'pradip' namak pustakon men inaki kahaniyan snkalit hain.[1]

sahityik yogadan

vachaspati pathak ne apani pahachan sahityik andolan ke sakriy yoddha ke roop men banaee. vah apane samay ke ek mahatvapoorn kathakar ke sath-sath ullekhaniy snpadak bhi rahe. kalapremi to ap the hi, kala-sngrahak bhi the. chhayavad ke sabhi pramukh rachanakaron ki rachanaen inake prakashan se aeen. utkrisht rachanaon ko samman dilane men apaki sakriyata dekhate hi banati thi. sanh‌ 1936 men apake dvara snpadit 'ikkis kahaniyan' aur sanh‌ 1952 men snpadit 'ne ekanki' ullekhaniy sngrah hain. apake do kahani sngrah 'dvadashi' v 'pradip' bhi prakashit hue. 'prasad, nirala, pnt aur mahadevi ki shreshth rachanaen' ka snpadan bhi apane kiya. azadi ke bad jab 'akhil bharatiy hindi prakashak sngh' ki sthapana dilli men ki gee to isaka snyojak bhi pathak ji ko hi banaya gaya.[2]

premachnd aur prasad ka prabhav

hindi ke dvitiy utthan ke antargat premachnd aur jayashnkar prasad ka itana vyapak aur gahara prabhav pada ki hindi kahani do dharaon men bnt gee. pahali dhara thi prasad ki manaviy lalit bhavanatmak, komal bhavanaon ke akarshan- vikarshan ki aur doosari dhara thi premachnd ki jinaki kahaniyon ka uddeshy jivan aur samaj ke vividh karyon aur paristhitiyon ka chitran tha. prasad ki parnpara men rayakrishn das, vinod shnkar vyas aur vachaspati pathak, chaturasen shastri, pandey bechan sharma 'ugr', chndi prasad, hridayesh, kamalakant varma tatha yamuna prasad vaishnav adi hai. vachaspati pathak ki kahaniyon men manaviy anubhootiyon yukt charitron ke chitran ki pramukhata hai. ‘sooradas’, kalpana, ‘kagaz ki topi’, ‘pherivala’ inaki pratinidhi kahaniyan hain.[3]

ek snsmaran

maila anchal ke prakashan ke bad usako lekar do mahattvanoorn ghatanaen ghatin. pahala yah ki phanishvaranath renu par manahani ka mukadama dayar kiya gaya aur doosara use satinath bhadudi ke upanyas "dhondhaeecharitamanas" ki nakal men likha gaya bihar ke hi kuchh lekhakon dvara pracharit kiya gaya. mukaddama ladate hue renu ne vachaspati pathak ko isaka poora byaura ek patr men likh bheja. renu ne likha hai- kanoon aur kachahari ke paintare ! bhagavan bachayen. mukaddama dilachasp hai, isalie meri tarikh ke din kachahari men bhid lag jati hai. mere ganv ke pas ek sajjan hain- unhonne "maila anchal" ke tahasiladar ko apani tasvir samajh liya hai. moorakh adami hai, purana mukadamebaj hai. snbhavatah usane apane vakil se pahale bhi salah li hogi." renu usi patr men age likhate hain - "mukaddamen ki peshi ke din snchalak, sootradhar chhate ki ot se phaujadari kachahari knpaund ke bahar, divani kachahari ke asapas chakkar marate rahate hain. pichhali tarikh ko dalit-sngh ke sekretari sahab bhi kachahari men nahin aye, kyonki vakilon ki toli "maila anchal" tatha any rachanaon ke jite-jagate putalon ko ungaliyan bata-bata kar idhar-udhar chakkar marati hai. bevajah pan ki dukan par khade ek adami se nam poochh lete hain - apaka nam ? kya apaka ghar pharabisagnj thana hai ? - "ji mera nam?" pan khate hue naujavan vakil sahab ne nam ko ek bar duharaya, phir thathakar hns pada - "o, ap "maila anchal" ke phalane ji hain." ek naya vakil- jo apane lekhak ko bhi samajhata hai- in maukon ka phayada utha raha hai. usane sirph tin hi peshi ke din ghoom-ghoomakar dekh liya hai- "alabatta tasvir utari hai, tasvir banane vale ne !"[4]

nidhan

vachaspati pathak ka nidhan 19 navambar, 1980 ko hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kashi ke sahityakar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 12 janavari, 2014.
  2. vachaspati pathak (hindi) hindi ke gaurav (hindi bhavan). abhigaman tithi: 31 agast, 2014.
  3. sharma, daau. anjali. hindi laghukatha ka vikas (hindi) presanot daaut in. abhigaman tithi: 31 agast, 2014.
  4. maila anchal ki kahani (hindi) phanishvaranath renu daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 31 agast, 2014.

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