नरेन्द्र कोहली  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

narendr kohali
narendr kohali
poora nam daau. narendr kohali
janm 6 janavari, 1940
janm bhoomi siyalakot, bharat (ab pakistan men)
abhibhavak paramanand kohali aur vidyavnti
pati/patni daau. madhurima kohali
sntan kartikey evn agasty
karm bhoomi dilli
karm-kshetr adhyapak, upanyasakar, kahanikar, natakakar, vyngyakar tatha nibndhakar
mukhy rachanaen 1. upanyas : kshama karana jiji, punararambh, atnk, sath saha gaya duahkh, priti-katha, jngal ki kahani, abhduday, abhigyan, mahasamar, todo kara todo, atmndan, mera apana snsar;
2. vyngy : atma ki pavitrata, ek aur lal tikon, panch aibsard upanyas, jagane ka aparadh, ashriton ka vidroh, adhunik ladaki ki pida, trasadiyan, pareshaniyan;
3. kahani : parinati, kahani ka abhav, drishtidesh men ekaek, namak ka qaidi, nichale flait men, snchit bhookh, shatal;
4. natak : shambook ki hatya, hatyare, nirnay ruka hua, gare ki divar;
5. any : nepathy, baba nagarjun, mazara kya hai?, jahan hai dharm vahin hai jaya.
bhasha hindi
vidyalay dilli vishvavidyalay
shiksha em.e., pi.ech.di
puraskar-upadhi rajy sahity puraskar 1975-76, uttar pradesh hindi snsthan puraskar 1977-78, sahity samman, shalaka samman, sahity bhooshan, pndit dinadayal upadhyay samman, vyas samman (2012) adi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari hindi sahity men 'mahakavyatmak upanyas' ki vidha ko prarnbh karane ka shrey narendr kohali ko hi jata hai.
bahari kadiyan narendr kohali
adyatan‎
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

narendr kohali (angrezi: Narendra Kohli, janm- 6 janavari, 1940, siyalakot) hindi ke upanyasakar, kahanikar, natakakar evn vyngyakar hain. narendr kohali ne sahity ke sabhi pramukh vidhaon (yatha upanyas, vyngy, natak, kahani) evn gaun vidhaon (yatha snsmaran, nibndh, patr adi) aur alochanatmak sahity men apani lekhani chalaee. hindi sahity men 'mahakavyatmak upanyas' ki vidha ko prarnbh karane ka shrey narendr kohali ko hi jata hai. pauranik evn aitihasik charitron ki gutthiyon ko sulajhate hue unake madhyam se adhunik samaj ki samasyaon evn unake samadhan ko samaj ke samaksh prastut karana kohali ki anyatam visheshata hai.

jivan parichay

narendr kohali ka janm 6 janavari, 1940 ee. ko siyalakot (avibhajit pnjab) men janm hua. ab yah nagar ab pakistan men hai. inaki mata vidyavnti ka janm ek chhote ganv ke sadharan krishak parivar men hua tha. ladakiyon ki shiksha ki vyavastha evn parnpara n hone ke karan ve nirakshar hi rahin. 1992 ee. men dilli men anumanat: 80-82 varsh ki avastha men unaka dehant hua. inake pita, paramanand kohali, siyalakot ke madhyam vargiy naukari pesha parivar men 1903 ee. men janme the. ankhon ke rog ke karan athavin kaksha men hi skool se utha lie ge. padhane aur likhane ka shauk hote hue bhi, age padh nahin sake. urdoo men likhe apane tin char upanyason ki pandulipiyan apane lekhak putr ke lie uth‍taradhikar svaroop chhod ge. avibhajit pnjab ke van vibhag men asthaee klark ke pad par kam karate rahe. desh ke vibhajan ke pashchath poonji, digri tatha any kisi kaushal ke abhav ke karan jamashedapur men patari par baith kar phal bechane ko badhy hue. bad men ek chhoti si dukan ki. 1985 ee. men 82 varsh ki avastha men unaka dehant hua.

shiksha

narendr kohali ki shiksha ka arnbh panch-chhah varsh ki avastha men devasamaj haee skool, lahaur men hua. usake pashchath kuchh mahine syalakot ke gndasinh haee skool men bhi shiksha paee. 1947 ee. men bharat ke vibhajan ke pashchath parivar jamashedapur, bihar (ab jharakhnd men) chala aya. yahan tisari kaksha se padhaee arnbh huee, dhatakidih loar praimari skool men. chauthi se satavin kaksha (1949- 53 ee.) tak ki shiksha, nyoo midil inglish skool men huee. athavin se gyarahavin kaksha (1953-57 ee.) ki padhaee misiz ke. em. pi. em. haee skool, jamashedapur men huee. haee skool men vigyan snbndhi vishayon ka adhyayan kiya. ab tak ki sari shiksha ka madhyam urdoo bhasha hi thi. uchch shiksha ke lie jamashedapur ko-aauparetiv kaaulej men pravesh kiya. vishay the, anivary angrezi tatha anivary hindi ke sath manovigyan, tarkashastr aur vishisht hindi. aee.e. (1959 ee.) ki pariksha bihar vishvavidyalay se di. bi. e. men anivary angrezi ke sath darshanashastr aur hindi sahity (aaunars) ka chunav kiya. 1961 ee. men jamashedapur ko-aauparetiv kaaulej (ranchi vishvavidyalay) se bi. e. aaunars (hindi) kar em. e. ki shiksha ke lie dilli chale ae. 1963 ee. men ramajas kaaulej (dilli vishvavidyalay) se hindi sahity men em.e. ki pariksha uth‍tirn ki. isi vishvavidyalay se 1970 ee. men pi-ech.di. (vidya vachaspati) ki upadhi prapt ki.

vivah

narendr kohali ne 1965 ee. men daau. madhurima kohali se vivah kiya. madhurima dilli vishvavidyalay se hindi sahity men em. e.; pi-ech.di. hain. ve dilli ke kamala neharoo kaaulej ke hindi vibhag se 1964 ee. se snbaddh hain. disnbar, 1967 ee. men judavan sntan putr karttikey aur putri surabhi ka janm hua. surabhi keval chaubis dinon ki ayu lekar aee thi. karttikey ab dilli vishvavidyalay se arthashastr men em.e.; em.philh; pi-ech.di. kar ramalal annd (sandhy) kaaulej, dilli men arthashastr padha rahe hain. chhote putr agasty ka janm 1975 ee. men hua. ve dilli ke saradar patel vidyalay se uchchatar madhyamik shiksha prapt kar ilinaauy instityoot aauph taiknaaulaauji, shikago men yantriki ki shiksha ke lie chale ge. ab siyaital (snyukt rajy amarika) men teliknyoonikeshan sish‍tamh‍s men netavark abhiynta ke roop men karyarat hain.

adhyapan

narendr kohali ne apani pahali naukari dilli ke pi.ji.di.e.vi. (sandhy) kaaulej men hindi ke adhyapak (1963-65ee.) ke roop men ki. doosari naukari dilli ke motilal neharoo kaaulej men 1965 ee. men arnbh ki aur 1 navnbar 1995 ee. ko pachapan varsh ki avastha men svaichchhik avakash lekar naukariyon ka silasila samapt kar diya.

pratham prakashit rachana

narendr kohali ko likhane aur chhapane ki ichchha bachapan se hi thi. chhathi men kaksha ki hastalikhit patrika men pahali rachana prakashit huee. athavin kaksha men skool ki mudrit patrika men ek kahani 'hindostan : jannat nishan' urdoo men prakashit huee. haee skool ke hi dinon men hindi men likhana arnbh hua. 'kishor' (patana), 'avaz' (dhanabad) ityadi men kuchh arnbhik rachanaen, bal lekhak ke roop men prakashit hueen. aee.e. ki padhaee ke dinon men ek kahani 'pani ka jag, gilas aur ketali', 'sarita' (dilli) ke 'ne ankur' stnbh men prakashit huee thi. niyamit prakashan ka arnbh pharavari 1960 ee. se arnbh hua. inaki pratham prakashit rachana 'do hath' (kahani, ilahabad, faravari 1960 ee.) mani jati hai.[1]

sahityik parichay

narendr kohali upanyasakar, kahanikar, natakakar tatha vyngyakar hain. ye sab hote hue bhi,ve apane samakalin sahityakaron se paryapt bhinn hain. sahity ki samriddhi tatha samaj ki pragati men unaka yogadan pratyaksh hai. unhonne prakhyath kathaen likhi hain; kintu ve sarvatha maulik hain. ve adhunik hain; kintu pashchim ka anukaran nahin karate. bharatiyata ki jadon tak pahunchate hain, kintu puratanapnthi nahin hain. 1960 ee. men narendr kohali ki kahaniyan prakashit honi arnbh huee thin, jinamen ve sadharan parivarik chitron aur ghatanaon ke madhyam se samaj ki vidnbanaon ko rekhankit kar rahe the. 1965 ee.ke as-pas ve vyngy likhane lage the. unaki bhasha vakr ho gee thi, aur desh tatha rajaniti ki vidnbanaen samane ane lagi thin. un dinon likhi gee apani rachanaon men unhonne samajik aur rajanitik jivan ki amanaviyata, kroorata tatha tarkashoonyata ke darshan karae. hindi ka sara vyngy sahity is bat ka sakshi hai ki apani pidhi men unaki si prayogashilata, vividhata tatha prakharata kahin aur nahin hai. narendr kohali ne ramakatha se samagri lekar char khndon men 1800 prishthon ka ek brihadakar upanyas likha. kadachith snpoorn ramakatha ko lekar, kisi bhi bhasha men likha gaya, yah pratham upanyas hai. upanyas hai, isalie samakalin, pragatishil, adhunik tatha tarkashrit hai. isaki adharabhoot samagri bharat ki sanskritik parnpara se li gee, isalie isamen jivan ke udath‍t moolyon ka chitran hai, manushy ki mahanata tatha jivan ki abadhata ka pratipadan hai. hindi ka pathak jaise chaunk kar,kisi gahari nind se jag utha. vah apane snskaron aur bauddhikata ke dvndv se mukt hua. use apane uddnd prashnon ke uth‍tar mile, shnkaon ka samadhan hua.
narendr kohali ne ek upanyas- 'abhigyan' krishnakatha ko lekar likha. katha rajanitik hai. nirdhan aur akinchan sudama ko samarthyavan shrikrishn, sarvajanik roop se apana mitr svikar karate hain, to samajik, vyavasayik aur rajanitik kshetron men sudama ki sakh tatkal badh jati hai. kintu is kriti ka merudnd bhagavadgita ka 'karm siddhant' hai. is kriti men n paralok hai, n svarg aur narak, n janmantaravad. 'karm siddhant' ko isi prithvi par ek hi jivan ke antargat, gyanendriyon aur buddhi ke adhar par, vaigyanik siddhanton ke anuroop vyakhyayit kiya gaya hai. vah bhi ek saras upanyas ke ek rochak khnd ke roop men. narendr kohali ne mahabharat-katha ke adhar par, apane ne upanyas 'mahasamar' ki rachana arnbh ki. 'mahabharat' ek virat kriti hai, jo bharatiy jivan, chintan, darshan tatha vyavahar ko moortimnt roop men prastut karati hai. narendr kohali ne is kriti ko apane yug men poornat: jivnt kar diya hai. unhonne apane is upanyas men jivan ko usaki snpoorn viratata ke sath atynt maulik dhng se prastut kiya hai. jivan ke vastavik roop se snbndhit prashnon ka samadhan ve anubhooti aur tark ke adhar par dete hain. yudhishthir, krishn, kunti, draupadi, balaram, arjun, bhim tatha karn adi charitron ko atynt navin roop men pesh kiya.

upanyas shrinkhala

narendr kohali ne ek or upanyas shrinkhala arnbh kar pathakon ko chakit kar diya. yah hai, 'todo kara todo'. yah shirshak ravindranath thakur ke ek git ki ek pnkti ka anuvad hai; kintu upanyas ka snbndh svami vivekanand ki jivanakatha se hai. svami ji ka jivan nikat atit ki ghatana hai. unake jivan ki sari ghatanaen sapraman itihasankit hain. isamen upanyasakar ki apani kalpana athava chintan ke lie koee vishesh avakash nahin hai. apane nayak ke vyaktitv aur chintan se tadatmy hi unake lie ek matr marg hai. narendr kohali ke is saras upanyas ke pratyek prishth par, upanyasakar ke apane nayak ke sath tadatmy ko dekh kar pathak chakit rah jata hai. svami vivekanand ka jivan bndhanon tatha simaon ke atikraman ke lie sarthak sngharsh tha. bndhan chahe prakriti ke hon, samaj ke hon, rajaniti ke hon, dharm ke hon, adhyatm ke hon. narendr kohali ke shabdon men,
"svami vivekanand ke vyaktitv ka akarshan, akarshan nahin, jadoo... jadoo jo sir chadh kar bolata hai. koee snvedanashil vyakti unake nikat jakar, sammohit hue bina nahin rah sakata aur yuva man to utsah se pagal hi ho jata hai. kaun sa gun tha, jo svami ji men nahin tha. manav ke charam vikas ki sakshath moorti the ve. bharat ki atma aur ve ekakar ho ge the. unhen kisi ek yug, pradesh, snpraday athava sngathan ke sath bandh dena, agyan bhi hai aur anyay bhi."[1]

prakashit rachanaen

narendr kohali ki prakashit rachanaen[2]
  • premachnd ke sahity siddhant (shodh-nibndh) 1966 ee.
  • kuchh prasiddh kahaniyon ke vishay men (samiksha)- 1967 ee.
  • parinati - (kahaniyan)-1969/2000 ee.
  • ek aur lal tikon- (vyngy)-1970/ 2000 ee.
  • punararnbh - (upanyas)- 1972 /1994 ee.
  • atnk (upanyas)- 1972 ee.
  • panch ebsard upanyas (vyngy) - 1972 /1994 ee.
  • ashriton ka vidroh (vyngy)- 1973 / 1991 ee.
  • jagane ka aparadh (vyngy)- 1973 ee.
  • sath saha gaya du:kh (upanyas)- 1974 ee.
  • mera apana snsar (laghu upanyas) - 1975 ee.
  • shnbook ki hatya (natak)- 1975 ee.
  • diksha (upanyas) - 1975 ee.
  • avasar (upanyas)- 1976 ee.
  • premachnd (alochana)- 1976 ee.
  • jngal ki kahani (upanyas) - 1977 / 2000 ee.
  • meri shreshth vyngy rachanaen (vyngy) - 1977 ee.
  • kahani ka abhav (kahaniyan)- 1977 / 2000 ee.
  • hindi upanyas : srijan aur siddhant (shodhaprabndh)- 1977 /1989 ee.
  • sngharsh ki or (upanyas)-1978 ee.
  • ganit ka prashn (bal kathaen) - 1978 ee.
  • adhunik ladaki ki pida (vyngy)-1978 / 2000 ee.
  • yuddh (do bhag), upanyas - 1979 ee.
  • drishti desh men ekaek (kahaniyan)- 1979/2000 ee.
  • abhigyan (upanyas)- 1981 ee.
  • shatal (kahaniyan)- 1982/2000
  • trasadiyan (vyngy)-1982 ee.
  • nepathy (atmaparak nibndh)-1983 ee.
  • namak ka kaidi (kahaniyan)-1983 /2000 ee.
  • atmadan (upanyas)-1983 ee.
  • nichale phlait men (kahaniyan)- 1984 /2000 ee.
  • narendr kohali ki kahaniyan (kahaniyan)-1984 ee.
  • snchit bhookh (kahaniyan)- 1985/2000 ee.
  • asan rasta (bal kathaen)-1985
  • nirnay ruka hua(natak)-1985 ee.
  • hatyare(natak)- 1985 ee.
  • gare ki divar(natak)-1986 ee.
  • pritikatha(upanyas)-1986 ee.
  • pareshaniyan (vyngy)-1986 /2000 ee.
  • baba nagarjan (snsmaran)-1987 ee.
  • mahasamar- 1 (bndhan) -upanyas - 1988 ee.
  • majara kya hai? (sarjanatmak, snsmaranatmak, vicharatmak nibndh)-1989 ee.
  • abhyuday (do bhag) - upanyas - 1989 /1998 ee.
  • mahasamar - 2, (adhikar) - upanyas - 1900 ee.
  • narendr kohali: chuni huee rachanaen (snkalan)- 1990 ee.
  • samagr natak (natak) - 1990 ee.
  • samagr vyngy (vyngy)- 1991 ee.
  • ek din mathura men (bal upanyas) - 1991 ee.
  • samagr kahaniyan (kahaniyan) bhag - 1, 1991 ee. bhag - 2, 1992 ee.
  • premachnd (samiksha) - 1991 ee.
  • mahasamar - 3, (karm), - upanyas - 1991 ee.
  • todo kara todo -1, (nirman) - upanyas- 1992 ee.
  • jahan hai dharm, vahin hai jay (mahabharat ka vivechanatmak adhyayan) - 1993 ee.
  • mahasamar - 4 (dharm) - upanyas - 1993 ee.
  • todo kara todo - 2 (sadhana) - upanyas - 1993 ee.
  • mahasamar - 5 (antaral) - upanyas - 1995 ee.
  • kshama karana jiji ! (upanyas) - 1995 ee.
  • abhi tum bachche ho (bal katha) - 1995 ee.
  • pratinad (patr snkalan) - 1996 ee.
  • atma ki pavitrata (vyngy) - 1996 ee.
  • kise jagaoon ? (sanskritik nibndh) - 1996 ee.
  • mahasamar - 6 (prachchhann) - upanyas - 1997 ee.
  • narendr kohali ne kaha (atmakathy tatha sooktiyan) - 1997 ee.
  • meri ikyavan vyngy rachanaen (vyngy) - 1997 ee.
  • ganatntr ka ganit (vyngy) - 1997 ee.
  • kukur (bal katha) - 1997 ee.
  • samadhan (bal katha) - 1997 ee.
  • mahasamar - 7 (pratyaksh) - upanyas - 1998 ee.
  • samagr vyngy - 1 (desh ke shubhachintak) - vyngy - 1998 ee.
  • samagr vyngy - 2 (trahi - trahi ) - vyngy - 1998 ee.
  • samagr vyngy - 3 (ishk ek shahar ka) - vyngy - 1998 ee.
  • meri terah kahaniyan, ( kahaniyan ) - 1998 ee.
  • sngharsh ki or ( natak ) - 1998 ee.
  • kishkindha ( natak ) - 1998 ee.
  • agastyakatha ( natak ) - 1998 ee.
  • hatyare ( natak ) - 1999 ee.
  • mahasamar - 8 ( nibndh ) - upanyas - 2000 ee.
  • smarami ( snsmaran ) - 2000 ee.
  • samagr vyngy - 4 ( ramalubhaya kahata hai ) - vyngy - 2000 ee.
  • mere muhalle ke phool ( vyngy ) - 2000 ee.
  • samagr vynlagyn - 5 ( vyn gy ) - 2002 ee.
  • sab se bada saty ( vyngy sngrah ) - 2003 ee. 2003
  • vah kahan hai ( vyngy sngrah ) - 2003 ee.
  • todo kara todo - 3 ( parivrajak ) - 2003 ee.
  • todo kara todo - 4 (nirdesh) - 2004 ee.
  • n bhooto n bhavishyati - upanya(s - 2004 ee.
  • svami vivekanand - jivani - 2004 ee.
  • das pratinidhi kahaniyan - kahaniyan - 2006 ee.
  • kukur tatha any kahaniyan ( bal kathaen ) - 2006

samman evn puraskar

  • rajy sahity puraskar 1975-76 ee. (sath saha gaya dukh) shiksha vibhag, uttar pradesh shasan, lakhanoo.
  • uttar pradesh hindi snsthan puraskar 1977-78 ee. (mera apana snsar), uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, lakhanoo.
  • ilahabad naty sngh puraskar, 1978 ee. (shnbook ki hatya), ilahabad naty sngam, ilahabad.
  • uttar pradesh hindi snsthan puraskar, 1979-80 ee. (sngharsh ki or) uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, lakhanoo.
  • manas sngam sahity puraskar, 1978 ee. (samagr ramakatha), manas sngam, kanapur.
  • sahity samman 1985-86 ee. (samagr sahity), hindi akadami, dilli.
  • sahityik kriti puraskar, 1987- 88 ee. (mahasamar-1, bndhan), hindi akadami, dilli.
  • daau. kamil bulke puraskar 1989-90 ee. (samagr sahity), rajabhasha vibhag, bihar sarakar, patana.
  • shalaka samman 1995- 96 ee. (samagr sahity), hindi akadami, dilli.
  • sahity bhooshan - 1998 (samagr sahity), uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, lakhanoo.
  • pndit dinadayal upadhyay samman - 2004 ee. (samagr sahity), uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, lakhanoo.
  • vyas samman (2012)


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 daau. narendr kohali ke vishay men (hindi) narendr kohali ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 2 faravari, 2015.
  2. daau. narendr kohali (hindi) sahity kunj. abhigaman tithi: 2 faravari, 2015.

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