चन्द्रबली सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chandrabali sinh
chandrabali sinh
poora nam chandrabali sinh
janm 20 aprail, 1924
janm bhoomi gazipur, uttar pradesh
mrityu 23 mee, 2011
mrityu sthan varanasi, uttar pradesh
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr lekhak, alochak, anuvadak, pradhyapak
mukhy rachanaen 'lok drishti', 'hindi sahity' tatha 'alochana ka janapaksh' adi.
bhasha hindi, angrezi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari chandrabali sinh janavadi lekhak sngh ke snsh‍thapak mahasachiv aur bad men adhyaksh rahe.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

chandrabali sinh (angrezi: Chandrabali Singh, janm- 20 aprail, 1924, gazipur ; mrityu- 23 mee, 2011, varanasi) ek lekhak hone ke sath-sath utkrisht koti ke anuvadak evn alochak the. gazipur men janme chandrabali sinh ne 'lok drishti', 'hindi sahity' tatha 'alochana ka janapaksh' namak shirshak se pustak ka prakashan kiya. inaki ginati ek utkrisht koti ke anuvadak ke roop men bhi ki jati thi.[1]

jivan parichay

chandrabali sinh angrezi ke param vidvanh hokar bhi hindi ke sadhak the. ve ramavilas sharma ke sannidhy men kafi lambe samay tak agara ke balavnt rajapoot snatakottar mahavidyalay men pradhyapan karate rahe. chandrabali sinh apani saikil ki dndi par ramavilas ji ko baithakar, gapashap karate hue, mahavidyalay ate-jate the. ramavilas sharma ne apani ramachandr shukl par likhi alochana pustak ko chandrabali sinh ko abhootapoorv alochak kahakar samarpit kiya hai. ve lambe-chharahare the. pan adhik khane se unake dant kale pad ge the, kintu unaki vani men mithas thi. jo bhi inake pas ata, inaka hi ho jata tha. ve saral aur sahriday the.[2]

sahityik parichay

chandrabali sinh ne jo alochanatmak nibndh likhe hain, ve unaki do pustakon men snkalit hain-

  1. lokadrishti aur hindi sahity
  2. alochana ka janapad


choonki ve angrezi kavita ke marmgy the, chhathe dashak men najim hikamat ki kavitaon ke anuvad kie the, jo pustakakar ‘hath’ shirshak se chhapa tha. sahity akadami se unaki pablo nerooda ki kavitaon ka ek snchayan prakashit hua tha. apani mrityu ke poorv unhonne emili dikinsan, valt hnitaman evn bartolt brekht ki kavitaon ke anuvad kie the, jo mahatma gandhi antarashtriy vishvavidyalay ke sahayogi se vani prakashan dvara prakashit kiya gaya hai. khed ka vishay yah hai ki ve in kitabon ko prakashit roop men nahin dekh pae. valt hnitaman amarika ke rashtriy kavi hain. ve kavita men muktachhnd ke janmadata hain. ‘ghas ki pattiyan’ unaki amar kriti hai, jisaki lokapriyata desh-deshantar men hai. chandrabali sinh yuvavastha se hi unaki kavitaon ke marmgy adhyeta rahe hain. unhonne hnitaman ki kavitaon ka lanmayata men doobakar hindi men roopantar kiya hai. yah pustak chandrabali sinh ki umr bhar ki sadhana ka pratiphal hai. amarika ke is mahanh kavi ke mahattv ko hindi ke prarambhik do sahity-nirmataon ne bisavin shatabdi ke prarambh men hi svikar kar liya tha aur chandrabali sinh ne unaki mahatta ko samagrata men pahali bar ujagar kiya. unhonne valt hnitaman ki snkshipt jivani ke sath-sath unaki kavitaon par vistar se vichar kiya hai.[2]

sash‍kritik andolan ke samarthak

chandrabali ji ramavilas sharma, trilochan shastri ki pidhi़ se lekar pragatishil snskritikarmiyon ki yuvatam pidhi ke sath chalane ki kuvvat rakhate the. ve janavadi lekhak sngh ke snsh‍thapak mahasachiv aur bad men adhyaksh rahe. usase pahale tak ve pragatishil lekhak sngh ke mahatvapurn stambh the. jan snsh‍kriti mnch ke sath unake ath‍miy snbndh tajinh‍dagi rahe. babari masjid dhahae jane ke bad rashtriy ekata abhiyan ke tahat sanskritik sngathanon ke sajha abhiyan ki kaman banaras men unhin ke hath thi aur is daur men unake aur hamare sngathan ke bich jo atmiy rishta qayam hua, vah sadaiv hi chalata raha. unake sakshath‍kar ‘samakalin janamat’ men prakashit hue. chanh‍drabali ji vam sash‍kritik andolan ke samanh‍vay ke prakhar samarthak rahe.

chandrabali ji ne marksavadi sanskritik andolan ke bhitar ki bahason ke unnat roop aur star ke lie haradam hi sngharsh kiya. ‘nee chetana’ 1951 men unaka lekh chhapa tha- ‘sahity ka snyukh‍t morcha’. (bad men vah ‘alochana ka janapaksh’ pustak men snkalit bhi hua. chanh‍drabali ji ne is lekh men likha, ‘sabase adhik nirlipt aur uddeshyapoorn alochana ath‍malochana kamh‍yoonish‍t- lekhakon aur alochakon ki aur se ani chahie. unh‍hen apane bhatakavon ko sh‍vikar karane men kisi prakar ki jhenp ya bhiruta nahin dikhalani chahie, kyonki jagarook krantikari ki yah sabase badi pahachan hai ki vah am janata ko apane sath lekar chalata hai aur vah yah janata hai ki doosaron ki alochana ke sath-sath jab tak vah apani bhi alochana nahin karata, tab tak vah n sirph janata ko hi sath n le sakega, varanh svayn bhi vah apane lie sahi marg ka nirdharan nahin kara paega. doosaron ki alochana men bhi chapaloosi karane ki avashyakata nahin, kyonki chapaloosi unhen kuchh samay tak dhokha de sakati hai, kintu unhen sudhar nahin sakati. maitripoorn alochana ka yah arth nahin ki ham doosaron ki galatiyon ko janate hue bhi chhipakar rakhen. ath‍malochana ke sh‍tar aur roop ki yahi visheshata- markh‍savadi alochana honi chahie ki ham usake sahare age badh saken.’[3]

gady ko pahunchaya utkarsh par

achary ramachndr shukh‍l ke bad acholana ka aisa samarth sh‍tabak kisi ne nahin likha, lekin chndrabali sinh ne gady ko uth‍karsh par pahunchaya. main bhi aisa gady nahin likh sakata. yah bat varishh‍th alochak namavar sinh ne janavadi lekhak sngh kendr ki or se prophesar chndrabali sinh ko shraddhanjali arpit karate samay sahity akadami ke sabhagar men ayojit sabha men kahi. unh‍honne kaha ki chndrabali ne jin chhah kaviyon ko anuvad ke lie chuna unamen pablo neruda, najim hikamat, mayakovski, valt hvitamain, emili dikinsan aur brekht hain. in sabane phasijh‍m ke virodh men tatha manaviy uth‍pidan ke virodh men yatharthavadi kavitaen likhi thin. is chayan se unaki alochanath‍mak kasauti ka pata chalata hai. unh‍honne kaha ki chndrakanta sntati par pahali bar chndrabali sinh ne hi vish‍tar se vichar kiya aur khadi boli hindi ke katha sahith‍y ke vikas men devakinndan khatri ki drishti ko sakarath‍mak roop se prash‍tut kiya. janavadi lekhak sngh ke mahasachiv murali manohar prasad sinh ne kaha‍ ki dvndvath‍mak evn aitihasik drishti ki prakharata unaki alochana men jis tarah se ubhari hai, usase sikh lene ki zaroorat hai. vah sahity ke sabhi kshetron men bahuvigy pndit the. nagari pracharini sabha ke vishh‍vakosh men jitani bhi yooropiy sahith‍y ki tiph‍pani chhapin, ve chndrabali ji ne hi likhin. vishh‍v sahith‍y ki drishti se bhi unaka gyan bahut vh‍yapak tha. alochana ki pranjal bhasha likhane ke hisab se vah advitiy the.[4]

nidhan

hindi ke suprasiddh marksavadi alochak, sngathanakarta aur vishv kavita ke shreshtatam anuvadakon men shumar kamared chandrabali sinh ka 23 mee, 2011 ko 87 varsh ki ayu men banaras men nidhan ho gaya. chandrabali ji ka jana ek aise karmath vam buddhijivi ka jana hai, jo marksavadi sanskritik andolan ke har hisse men barabar samadrit aur prerana ka srot raha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kashi ke sahityakar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 24 janavari, 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 yayavar, bharat. amarika ka vah nirala kavi (hindi) ravivar daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 15 apral, 2014.
  3. chandrabali sinh ke roop men prerana srot kho diya (hindi) lekhak mnch. abhigaman tithi: 15 apral, 2014.
  4. chndrabali sinh ne gady ko uth‍karsh par pahunchaya : namavar sinh (hindi) lekhak mnch. abhigaman tithi: 15 apral, 2014.

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