इन्दीवर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

indivar
indivar
poora nam shyamalal baboo ray
prasiddh nam indivar
janm 15 agast, 1924
janm bhoomi baroova sagar, jhansi, uttar pradesh
mrityu 27 faravari, 1997
mrityu sthan mumbee
abhibhavak haralal ray
pati/patni parvati
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr kavi, gitakar
mukhy rachanaen 'bade araman se rakha hai balam teri qasam', 'qasamen vade pyar vafa sab', 'chhod de sari duniya kisi ke lie', 'koee jab tumhar hriday tod de', 'dil aisa kisi ne mera toda' adi.
prasiddhi gitakar
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh manoj kumar, kalyanaji-anandaji, lakshmikant-pyarelal
any janakari nirmata-nirdeshak rakesh roshan ki filmon ke liye indivar ne sadabahar git likhakar unaki filmon ko saphal banane men mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhayi. unake sadabahar giton ke karan hi rakesh roshan ki zyadatar filmen aj bhi yad ki jati hain.

shyamalal baboo ray urf indivar (angrezi: Indeevar; janm- 15 agast, 1924, jhansi, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 27 faravari, 1997, mumbee) bharat ke prasiddh gitakaron men gine jate the. inake likhe sadabahar git aj bhi usi shidh‌dat v ehasas ke sath sune v gae jate hain, jaise vah pahale sune v gae jate the. indivar ne char dashakon men lagabhag ek hazar git likhe, jinamen se kee yadagar gane filh‍mon ki supar-dupar saphalata ke karan bane. zindagi ke anajane safar se behad pyar karane vale hindi sinema jagath ke mashahoor shayar aur gitakar indivar ka jivan ke prati nazariya unaki  likhi huee in pnktiyon- "ham chhod chale hain mahafil ko, yad ae kabhi to mat rona" men samaya hua hai.

janm

prasiddh gitakar indivar ka janm uttar pradesh ke jhansi janapad mukhh‍yalay se bis kilomitar poorv ki or sh‍thit 'baroova sagar' qash‍be men 'kalar' jati ke ek nirdhan parivar men 15 agast, 1924 ee. men hua tha. apaka mool nam 'shh‍yamalal baboo ray' tha. inake pita haralal ray v man ka nidhan inake balh‍yakal men hi ho gaya tha. inaki badi bahan aur bahanoee ghar ka sara saman aur inako lekar apane ganv chale gaye the. kuchh mah bad hi ye apane bahan-bahanoee ke yahan se baroova sagar vapas a gaye the. bachapan tha, ghar men khane-pine ka koee prabanh‍dh aur sadhan nahin tha.

git lekhan men ruchi

un dinon baroova sagar men gulab bag men ek phakh‍kad baba kahin se akar ek vishal ped ke niche apana dera jamakar rahane lage the. ve kahin bhiksha mangane nahin jate the. dhooni ke pas baithe rahate the. bahut achh‍chhe gayak the. ve chng par jab gate aur alap lete, to rash‍ta chalata vh‍yakh‍ti bhi unaki sh‍var lahari ke prabhav men git ki samaph‍ti tak ruk jata tha. jab log unh‍hen paise bhent karate the to vah unh‍hen chhoote tak nahin the. phakh‍kad baba ke samh‍park men shh‍yamalal (indivar) ko git likhane v gane ki ruchi jagrit huee. phakh‍kad baba ganje ka dam lagaya karate the. atah baba ko bhent huye paison se hi shh‍yamalal charas aur ganje ka prabanh‍dh karate the. shh‍yamalal un baba ki gakariyan[1] bana diya karate the, sh‍vayn khate aur baba ko khilate. phir babaji ka chimata lekar rag banakar sh‍valikhit git, bhajan gaya karate the.

samh‍melan men kavita path

indivar ke bal sakha 'ramasevak richhariya' ne unh‍hen rashh‍triy vicharadhara aur sudhar ki drishh‍ti se sahity ki or moda. ve unaki rachanaon ko sudharate rahe. ek bar kalapi ke vidyarthi samh‍praday ke samh‍melan men shh‍yamalal ‘azad' ne jab mnch par kavita path kiya to shrotaon dvara unh‍hen kafi saraha gaya aur bade kaviyon ki bhanti vidaee ke samay unh‍hen ikh‍yavan rupaye ki bhent praph‍t huee. in ikyavan rupayon se unhonne sabase pahale nee 'hinh‍d saikil' kharidi. tab hinh‍d saikil 36 rupaye men ati thi. samh‍melanon men jane yogh‍y achakan aur pajama silavae. phir bhi unaki jeb men kafi rupaye bache the. un dinon ek rupaya ki bahut kimat thi.[2] desh ke 'sh‍vatntrata sngram anh‍dolan' men sakriy bhag lete hue inhonne shh‍yamalal baboo ‘azad' nam se kee desh bhakh‍ti ke git bhi apane praramh‍bhik dinon men likhe the.[2]

vivah

yuva hote shh‍yamalal ‘azad' ki shoharat sh‍thaniy kavi samh‍melanon men badhane lagi aur unh‍hen jhansi, datiya, lalitapur, babina, mooranipur, tikamagadh, orachha, chiraganv, uree men hone vale kavi samh‍melanon men amntrit kiya jane laga, jisase inh‍hen kuchh amadani hone lagi. isi bich inaki marji ke bina inaka vivah jhansi ki rahane vali 'parvati' nam ki ladaki se kara diya gaya.

mumbee agaman

bina marji ke vivah se ye anamane rahane lage aur rushh‍t hokar lagabhag bis varsh ki avash‍tha men mumbee bhagakar chale ge, jahan par inh‍honne do varsh tak kathin sngharshon ke sath sinejagat men apana bhagh‍y gitakar ke roop men ajamaya. varsh 1946 men pradarshit filh‍m ‘dabal fes' men apake likhe git pahali bar lie ge, kinh‍tu filh‍m zyada saphal nahin ho saki aur shh‍yamalal baboo ‘azad' se ‘indivar' ke roop men bataur gitakar apani khas pahachan nahin bana pae aur nirash hokar vapas apane paitrik ganv baroova sagar chale ae. vapas ane par inh‍honne kuchh mah apani dharmapath‍ni ke sath gujare. is dauran inh‍hen apani path‍ni parvati se vishesh lagav ho gaya, jo ant tak raha bhi. parvati ke kahane se hi ye punah mumh‍bee ane jane lage aur 'bi' v 'si' grup ki filh‍mon men bhi apane git dene lage. yah silasila lagabhag panch varsh tak chalata raha.

prarambhik sngharsh

is bich inh‍honne dharmapath‍ni parvati ko apane sath mumh‍bee chalakar sath rahane ka agrah kiya, paranh‍tu parvati mumbee men sada ke lie rahane ke lie raji nahin hueen. unaka kahana tha, "raho baroova sagar men aur mumh‍bee ate jate raho." indivar isake lie taiyar nahin hue aur path‍ni se rushh‍t hokar mumh‍bee men rahakar poorv ki bhanti filh‍mon men kam pane ke lie sngharsh karane lage. varsh 1951 me pradarshit film 'malhar' ki kamayabi se bataur gitakar kuchh had tak vah apani pahachan banane me saphal ho ge. film 'malhar' ka git "bade araman se rakha hai balam teri kasam..." shrotaon ke bich aj bhi lokapriy hai.

saphalata

varsh 1963 men baboo bhaee mistri ki sngitamay film 'parasamani' ki saphalata ke bad indivar shoharat ki bunladiyon par ja pahunche. indivar ke sine kairiyar men unaki jodi nirmata-nirdeshak manoj kumar ke sath bahut khoob jami. manoj kumar ne sabase pahale indivar se film 'upakar' ke liye git likhane ki peshakash ki. kalyanaji-anndaji ke sngit nirdeshan me film 'upakar' ke lie indivar ne "qasme vade pyar vapha sab baten hain, baton ka kya..." jaise dil ko chhoo lene vale git likhakar shrotaon ko bhavavibhor kar diya. isake alava manoj kumar ki film 'poorab aur pashchim' ke liye bhi indivar ne "dulhan chali vo pahan chali" aur "koee jab tumhara hriday tod de" jaise sadabahar git likhakar apana alag hi saman bandha. indivar ke sine kairiyar me sngitakar jodi kalyanaji-anndaji ke sath unaki khoob jami. "chhod de sari duniya kisi ke liye...", "chndan sa badan..." aur "main to bhool chali babul ka desh..." jaise indivar ke likhe n bhoolane vale giton ko kalyanaji-anndaji ne sngit diya.[3]

sadabahar git

varsh 1970 men vijay annd nirdeshit film 'jaauni mera nam' men "nafarat karane valon ke sine men...", "pal bhar ke liye koee hamen..." jaise roomani git likhakar indivar ne shrotaon ka dil jit liya. manamohan desaee ke nirdeshan me film 'sachcha-jhootha' ke liye indivar ka likha ek git "meri pyari bahaniya banegi dulhaniyan..." ko aj bhi vivah adi ke avasar par suna ja sakata hai. isake alava rajesh khanna abhinit film 'safar' ke liye indivar ne "jivan se bhari teri ankhen..." aur "jo tumako ho pasnd..." jaise git likhakar shrotaon ko bhav vibhor kar diya.

rakesh roshan ke sath kary

jane mane nirmata-nirdeshak rakesh roshan ki filmon ke liye indivar ne sadabahar git likhakar unaki filmon ko saphal banane men mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhayi. unake sadabahar giton ke karan hi rakesh roshan ki zyadatar filmen aj bhi yad ki jati hain. in filmon men khasakar 'kamachor', 'khudagarj', 'khoon bhari mang', 'kala bazar', 'kishan kanhaiya', 'king ankal', 'karan arjun' aur 'koyala' jaisi filmen shamil hain. rakesh roshan ke alava unake pasndida nirmata-nirdeshakon men manoj kumar, firoz khan adi pramukh rahe. indivar ke pasndida sngitakar ke taur par kalyanaji-anndaji ka nam sabase oopar ata hai. kalyanaji-anndaji ke sngit nirdeshan men indivar ke giton ko nee pahachan mili aur shayad sngitakar kalyanaji-anndaji indivar ke dil ke kafi qarib the. sabase pahale is jodi ka git sngit varsh 1965 men pradarshit film 'himalay ki god' men pasnd kiya gaya. isake bad indivar dvara rachit filmi giton men kalyanaji- anndaji ka hi sngit hua karata tha. aisi filmon men 'upakar', 'dil ne pukara', 'sarasvati chndr', 'yadagar', 'safar', 'sachcha jhootha', 'poorab aur pashchim', 'jaauni mera nam', 'paras', 'upasana', 'kasauti', 'dharmatma', 'herapheri', 'daaun', 'kurbani', 'kalakar' adi filmen shamil hain.[3]

pasndida sngitakar

kalyanaji-anndaji ke alava indivar ke pasndida sngitakaron men bappi lahiri aur lakshmikant-pyarelal jaise sngitakar shamil hain. unake giton ko kishor kumar, asha bhonsale, mohammad rafi, lata mngeshakar jaise choti ke gayak kalakaron ne apane svar se sajaya. indivar ke sine kairiyar par yadi nazar dali jaye to abhineta jitendr par filmaye ge unake dvara rachit git kafi lokapriy hua karate the. in filmon men 'didare yar', 'mavali', 'himmatavala', 'jastis chaudhari', 'tohafa', 'kaidi', 'patal bhairavi', 'khudagarj', 'asaman se ooncha', 'thanedar' jaisi filmen shamil hain.

puraskar

1975 me pradarshit film 'amanush' ke liye indivar ko sarvashreshth gitakar ka 'film pheyar puraskar' diya gaya.

prasiddh git

indivar ne apane sine kairiyar men lagabhag 300 filmon ke liye git likhe. indivar ke prasiddh giton men shamil hain-

indivar dvara likhit kuchh prasiddh git
kr. sn. git film varsh
1. bade araman se rakha hai balam teri kasam malhar (1949)
2. qasamen vade pyar vafa sab upakar (1967)
3. mere desh ki dharati sona ugale upakar (1967)
4. chandan sa badan, chnchal chitavan sarasvatichandr (1968)
5. main to bhool chali babul ka desh sarasvatichandr (1968)
6. chhod de sari duniya kisi ke lie sarasvatichandr (1968)
7. dulhan chali, o pahan chali poorab aur pashchim (1970)
8. koee jab tumhar hriday tod de poorab aur pashchim (1970)
9. pal bhar ke lie koee hamen pyar kar le jaauni mera nam (1970)
10. jindagi ka safar safar (1970)
11. jivan se bhari teri ankhen safar (1970)
12. jindagi ka safar, hai ye kaisa safar safar (1970)
13. dil aisa kisi ne mera toda amanush (1975)
14. ye mera dil pyar ka divana daaun (1978)
15. madhuban khushaboo deta hai sajan bina suhagan (1978)
16. dekha tujhe to ho gee divani koyala (1997)
17. hothon se chhoo lo tum, mera git amar kar do premagit -

nidhan

bharatiy sinema men mahattvapoorn yogadan dene vale aur ek gitakar ke roop men khyati arjit karane vale indivar ne apane sine-kairiyar men lagabhag 300 filmon ke lie git likhe. lagabhag tin dashak tak apane giton se shrotaon ko bhavavibhor karane vale indivar ne 27 faravari, 1997 ko is duniya se vida li.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kanh‍de ki ag men senki jane vali moti roti
  2. 2.0 2.1 gitakar indivar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 04 janavari, 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 indivar parichay (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 04 janavari, 2014.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah