रघुनाथ (कवि)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

raghunath 'riti kal' ke ek prasiddh kavi the, jo kashi ke maharaja baribndasinh ki sabha ko sushobhit karate the. kashi naresh ne inhen 'chaura' gram diya tha. inake putr gokulanath, pautr gopinath aur gokulanath ke shishy manidev ne 'mahabharat' ka bhasha anuvad kiya tha, jo kashiraj ke pustakalay men hai.

rachana kary

thakur shivasinh ne raghunath ke char grnthon ke nam likhe hain-

  1. kavy kaladhar - 1802
  2. rasik mohan - 1796
  3. jagat mohan - 1807
  4. ishkamahotsav
  • 'bihari satasee' ki ek tika ka bhi unhonne ullekh kiya hai. inaka kavita kal snvat 1790 se 1810 tak pata chalata hai.
  • 'rasikamohan'[1] alnkar ka grnth hai. isamen udaharan keval shrringar ke hi nahin hain, vir adi any rason ke bhi bahut hain. visheshata to yah hai ki isamen alnkaron ke udaharanon men jo pady ae hain, unake pray: sab charan prastut alnkar ke sundar aur spasht udaharan hain.
  • inake kavitt ya savaiye ka sara kalevar alnkar ko udahrit karane men prayukt ho jata hai.
  • bhooshan adi bahut se kaviyon ne alnkaron ke udaharan men jo pady rakhe hain, unaka antim ya aur koee charan hi vastav men udaharan hota hai.
  • upama ke udaharan men inaka yah prasiddh kavitt prasiddh hai -

phooli uthe kamal se amal hitoo ke nain
kahai raghunath bhare chain ras siyare.
dauri ae bhaunr se karat guni gunagan,
siddh se sujan sukhasagar son niyare
surabhi si khulan sukavi ki sumati lagi,
chiriya si jagi chinta janak ke jiyare.
dhanush pai thadhe ram ravi se lasat aju,
bhor ke se nakhat narind bhe piyare

kavyakaladhar

'kavyakaladhar' [2] ras ka grnth hai. isamen prathanusar bhav bhed, ras bhed thoda bahut kah kar nayika bhed aur nayak bhed ka hi vistrit varnan hai.

jagat mohan

'jagat mohan' [3] vastav men ek achchhe pratapi aur aivarshyavan raja ki dinacharya batane ke lie likha gaya hai. isamen krishn bhagavan ki 12 ghnte ki dinacharya kahi gee hai. isamen grnthakar ne apani bahugyta anek vishayon, jaise rajaniti, samudrik, vaidyak, jyotish, shalihotra, mrigaya, sena, nagar, gadh raksha, pashupakshi, shatarnj ityadi ke vistrit aur arochak varnanon ko pradarshit kiya hai. is prakar pady men hone par bhi yah kavy grnth nahin hai.

ishkamahotsav'

'ishkamahotsav' men apane 'khadi boli' ki rachana ka shauq dikhaya hai. isase pata chalata hai ki khadi boli ki dharana tab tak adhikatar urdoo ke roop men hi logon ko thi -

gval sng jaibo braj, gaiyan charaibo aibo,
ab kaha dahine ye nain pharakat hain.
motin ki mal vari daraun gunjamal par,
kunjan ki sudhi ae hiyo dharakat hain
gobar ko garo raghunath kachhu yaten bharo,
kaha bhayo mahalani mani marakat hain.
mndir hain mndar ten oonche mere dvaraka ke,
braj ke kharik too hiye kharakat hain

kaidhaun ses des ten nikasi puhumi pe ay,
badan oochay bani jas asapnd ki.
kaidhaun chhiti chnvari usir ki dikhavati hai,
aisi sohai ujjval kiran jaise chnd ki
jani dinapal shrinripal nndalal joo ko,
kahain raghunath pay sughari annd ki.
chhootat phuhare kaidhaun phoolyo hai kamal, tason,
amal amnd madhe dhar makarnd ki

sudhare silah rakhain, vayuveg vah rakhain,
rasad ki rah rakhain, rakhe rahai ban ko.
chor ko samaj rakhain, baja au najar rakhain,
khabari ke kaj bahuroopi har phan ko
agam bhakhaiya rakhain, sagun levaiya rakhain,
kahai raghunath au bichar bich man ko.
baji harain kabahoon n ausar ke pare jaun,
taji rakhai prajan ko, raji subhatan ko

ap dariyav, pas nadiyon ke jana nahin,
dariyav pas nadi hoyagi so dhavaigi.
darakhat beli asare ko kabhi rakhata n,
darakhat hi ke asare ko beli pavaigi
mere to layaq jo tha kahana so kaha mainne,
raghunath meri mati nyav hi ki gavaigi.
vah muhataj apaki hai, ap usake n,
ap kyon chaloge? vah ap pas avaigi


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. snvat 1796
  2. snvat 1802
  3. snvat 1807

sambndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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