शिवमंगल सिंह सुमन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shivamngal sinh suman
shivamngal sinh 'suman'
poora nam shivamngal sinh 'suman'
janm 5 agast, 1915
janm bhoomi unnav zila, uttar pradesh
mrityu 27 navnbar, 2002
mrityu sthan ujjain, madhy pradesh
karm-kshetr kavi, lekhak, adhyapak
mukhy rachanaen kavy sngrah- hillol, jivan ke gan, yug ka mol, mitti ki barat; gady rachanaen- mahadevi ki kavy sadhana, giti kavy: udyam aur vikas
bhasha hindi
vidyalay kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay
shiksha em.e. , di.lith
puraskar-upadhi sahity akadami puraskar, padm shri, padm bhooshan adi
nagarikata bharatiy
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

'shivamngal sinh 'suman' (angrezi: Shivmangal Singh 'Suman, janm: 5 agast, 1916 - mrityu: 27 navambar, 2002) hindi ke shirsh kaviyon men se ek the. unhen sanh 1999 men bharat sarakar ne sahity evn shiksha ke kshetr men padm bhooshan se sammanit kiya tha.

jivan parichay

daau. shivamngal sinh 'suman' ka janm uttar pradesh ke unnav zile men 5 agast sanh 1915 ko hua. prarambhik shiksha bhi vahin huee. gvaliyar ke viktoriya kaaulej se bi.e. aur kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay se em.e. , di.lith ki upadhiyan prapt kar gvaliyar, indaur aur ujjain men unhonne adhyapan kary kiya.

karyakshetr

shivamngal sinh 'suman' ka karyakshetr adhikanshat: shiksha jagat se snbaddh raha. ve gvaliyar ke viktoriya kaaulej men hindi ke vyakhyata, madhav mahavidyalay ujjain ke prachary aur phir kulapati rahe. adhyapan ke atirikt vibhinn mahattvapoorn snsthaon aur pratishthanon se judakar unhonne hindi sahity men shrivriddhi ki. suman ji priy adhyapak, kushal prashasak, prakhar chintak aur vicharak bhi the. ve sahity ko bojh nahin banate, apani sahajata men gnbhirata ko chhipae rakhate. vah sahity premiyon men hi nahin apitu samany logon men bhi bahut lokapriy the. shahar men kisi agyat-ajanabi vyakti ke lie rikshe vale ko yah batana kafi tha ki use suman ji ke ghar jana hai. riksha vala bina kisi poochhatachh kie agntuk ko unake ghar tak chhod ata. ek bar suman ji kanapur ke ek mahavidyalay men kisi karyakram men ae. karyakram ki samapti par kuchh patrakaron ne unhe gher liya. ayojakon men se kisi ne kaha suman ji thake hain. is par suman ji tapakh se bole, nahin main thaka nahin hoon. patrakar tatkalik sahity ke nirmata hai. unase do char pal bat karana achchha lagata hai. daau. shivamngal sinh 'suman' ke jivan ka sabase mahattvapoorn kshan vah tha jab unaki ankhon par patti bandhakar unhe ek agyat sthan par le jaya gaya. jab ankh ki patti kholi gee to vah hataprabh the. unake samaksh svatntrata sngram ke mahayoddha chndrashekhar azad khade the. azad ne unase prashn kiya tha, kya yah rivalvar dilli le ja sakate ho. suman ji ne behichak prastav svikar kar liya. azadi ke divanon ke lie kam karane ke arop men unake viruddh varnt zari hua. saral svabhav ke suman ji sadaiv apane prashnsakon se kaha karate the, main vidvan nahin ban paya. vidvata ki dehari bhar chhoo paya hoon. pradhyapak hone ke sath prashasanik karyon ke dabav ne mujhe vidvan banane se rok diya.[1]

pramukh kritiyan

kavy sngrah
  • hillol
  • jivan ke gan
  • pralay-srijan
  • vishvas badhata hi gaya
  • par ankhen nahin bharin
  • vindhy himalay
  • mitti ki barat
  • vani ki vyatha
  • kate agoothon ki vndanavaren
gady rachanaen
  • mahadevi ki kavy sadhana
  • giti kavy: udyam aur vikas
natak
  • prakriti purush kalidas

vyaktitv

jinhonne sumanaji ko suna hai ve janate hain ki 'sarasvati' kaise bahati hai. sarasvati ki gupt dhara ka vani men digdarshan kaisa hota hai. jab ve bolate the to tathy, udaharan, parnpara, itihas, sahity, vartaman ka itana jivnt chitran hota tha ki shrota apane andar annd ki anubhooti karate hue 'gyan' aur gyan ki 'vimalata' se bharapoora mahasoos karata tha. vah andar hi andar goonjata rahata tha aur anekanek arthon ki 'potali' kholata tha. sumanaji jaisa samriddh vakta milana kathin hai. sumanaji jitane oonche, poore, bhavy vyaktitv ke dhani the, gyan aur kavi karm men bhi ve shikhar purush the. unaki oonchaee svayn ki hi nahin ve apane asapas ke har vyakti men oonchaiyon, achchhepan ka, rachanatmakata ka ahasas jagate the. unaki vidvata akrant nahin marati thi. unaki vidvata, prashikshit karate hue doosaron men chhupi gyan, rachana, gunon ki khadan se sone ki silliyan bhi nikalakar batate the ki 'bhee khazana to tumhare pas bhara pada hai'. kabhi-kabhi unake bare men kaha jata tha ki sumanaji tariph karane men ati kar jate the. jabaki ve tarif ki ati nahin varanh‌ un chhupi huee rachana samriddhi ki taraph ishara karate the jo ankhon men chhupi hoti thi. ve kisi ko 'bauna' siddh nahin karate, unhonne sada sakaratmakata se har vyakti, sthan, logon, rachana ko dekha. ve moolatah insani prem, sauhard ke rachanakarmi rahe. ve chhoti-chhoti eenton se bhavy imarat banate the. bhavy imarat ke tukade nahin karate the. samajik nirman ki unaki gati sakaratmak, srijanatmak hi rahi. phir ek bat hai tarif ya prashnsa karane ke lie behad bada dil chahie, vah sumanaji men tha. ve pragatishil kavi the. ve vamapnthi the. lekin 'vad' ko 'gathari' lie bojh nahin banane diya. use dhoya nahin, varanh‌ apani janavadi, janakalyan, prem, insani judav, rachanatmak vidroh, srijan se 'vad' ko khngalate rahe, isilie ve 'janakavi' hue varna 'vad' ki bahas aur sthapanaon men kavi karm, unaka manas, karm kahin kshatigrast ho gaya hota.[2]

samman aur puraskar

nidhan

hindi kavita ki vachik parnpara apaki lokapriyata ki sakshi hai. desh bhar ke kavy-premiyon ko apane giton ki ravani se achnbhit kar dene vale suman ji 27 navnbar sanh 2002 ko maun ho ge. 'suman' chahe kitana hi bhautik ho, chakshuk annd deta hai lekin vah nirntar gndh men parivartit hote hue smritiyon men samata hai. suman ab 'gady' men hai smritiyon men jivit hai. sumanaji ko jisane bhi dekha, suna hai vo apani charchaon men, udaharan men kabhi bhi apani rachana nahin sunate the. ve har achchhi rachana aur har achchhe prayas ke prashnsak rahe. any kaviyon, lekhakon ki rachanaon ki adbhut smritiyan unamen jaise thasathas bhari thin.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. shivamngal sinh ‘suman’ / parichay (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) kavitakosh. abhigaman tithi: 18 janavari, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 thakur, jivanasinh. vishal hriday ke 'suman' (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 18 janavari, 2013.

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