मंझन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mnjhan ke snbndh men kuchh bhi gyat nahin hai. keval inaki rachi huee 'madhumalati' ki ek khndit prati mili hai jisase inaki komal kalpana aur snigdh sahridayata ka pata lagata hai. mrigavati ke saman 'madhumalati' men bhi panch chaupaiyon[1] ke uparant ek 'dohe' ka kram rakha gaya hai. par mrigavati ki apeksha isaki kalpana bhi vishad hai aur varnan bhi adhik vistrit aur hridayagrahi hai. adhyatmik premabhav ki vynjana ke lie prakriti ke bhi adhik drishyon ka samavesh mnjhan ne kiya hai. kahani bhi kuchh adhik jatil aur lnbi hai jo atynt snkshep men niche di jati hai-

kathasar

kanesar nagar ke raja soorajabhan ke putr manohar namak ek soe hue rajakumar ko apsaraen ratonrat maharas nagar ki rajakumari madhumalati ki chitrasari men rakh aeen. vahan jagane par donon ka sakshatkar hua aur donon ek doosare par mohit ho ge. poochhane par manohar ne apana parichay diya aur kaha 'mera anurag tumhare oopar kee janmon ka hai isase jis din main is snsar men aya usi din se tumhara prem mere hriday men utpann hua.' batachit karate karate donon ek sath so ge aur apsaraen rajakumar ko uthakar phir usake ghar par rakh aeen. donon jab apane apane sthan par jage tab prem men bahut vyakul hue. rajakumar viyog se vikal hokar ghar se nikal pada aur usane samudr marg se yatra ki. marg men toofan aya jisamen isht mitr idhar udhar bah ge. rajakumar ek patare par bahata hua ek jngal men ja laga, jahan ek sthan par ek sundar stri palng par leti dikhaee padi. poochhane par jan pada ki vah chitabisaramapur ke raja chitrasen ki kumari prema thi jise ek rakshas utha laya tha. manohar kumar ne us rakshas ko marakar prema ka udhdar kiya. prema ne madhumalati ka pata bata kar kaha ki meri vah sakhi hai. main use tujhase mila doongi. manohar ko lie hue prema apane pita ke nagar men aee. manohar ke upakar ko sunakar prema ka pita usaka vivah manohar ke sath karana chahata hai. par prema yah kahakar asvikar karati hai ki manohar mera bhaee hai aur mainne use usaki premapatri madhumalati se milane ka vachan diya hai.

khndit prati

isake age prati khndit hai. par katha ke jhukav se anuman hota hai ki prema aur tarachnd ka bhi vivah ho gaya hoga.

soophi prem bhavana

kavi ne nayak aur nayika ke atirikt upanayak aur upanayika ki bhi yojana karake katha ko to vistrit kiya hi hai, sath hi prema aur tarachnd ke charitr dvara sachchi sahanubhooti, apoorv snyam aur ni:svarth bhav ka chitr dikhaya hai. janm janmantar aur yonyntar ke bich prem ki akhndata dikhakar mnjhan ne prematatv ki vyapakata aur nityata ka abhas dikhaya hai. soophiyon ke anusar yah sara jagath ek aise rahasyamay premasootr men bndha hai jisaka avalnban karake jiv us premamoorti tak pahunchane ka marg pa sakata hai. soophi sab roopon men usaki chhipi jyoti dekhakar mugdh hote hain, jaisa ki mnjhan kahate hain -

dekhat hi pahichaneu tohin. ehi roop jehi chhndarayo mohi
ehi roop but ahai chhapana. ehi roop rab srishti samana
ehi roop sakati au sioo. ehi roop triabhuvan kar jioo
ehi roop pragate bahu bhesa. ehi roop jag rnk naresa

  • eeshvar ka virah soophiyon ke yahan bhakt ki pradhan snpatti hai jisake bina sadhana ke marg men koee pravritt nahin ho sakata, kisi ki aaunkh nahin khul sakati

birah avadhi avagah apara . koti mahin ek parai t para
birah ki jagath abiratha jahi?. birah roop yah srishti sabahi
nain birah anjan jin sara . birah roop darapan snsara
koti mahin birala jag koee . jahi sarir birah du:kh hoee
ratan ki sagar sagarahin, gajamoti gaj koi.
chndan ki ban ban oopajai, birah ki tan tan hoi?

  • jisake hriday men vah virah hota hai usake lie yah snsar svachchh darpan ho jata hai aur isamen paramatma ke abhas anek roopon men padate hain. tab vah dekhata hai ki is srishti ke sare roop, sare vyapar usi ka virah prakat kar rahe hain. ye bhav premamargi snpraday ke sab kaviyon men pae jate hain.
samay

mnjhan ki rachana ka yadyapi thik thik snvath nahin gyat ho saka hai par yah nissndeh hai ki rachana vikram snvath 1550 aur 1595, padmavat ka rachanakal ke, bich men aur bahut snbhav hai ki mrigavati ke kuchh pichhe huee. is shaili ke sabase prasiddh aur lokapriy grnth 'padmavat' men jayasi ne apane poorv ke bane hue is prakar ke kavyon ka snkshep men ullekh kiya hai -

vikram dhnsa prem ke bara . sapanavati kahn gayu patara॥
madhoopachh mugadhavati lagi . gaganapoor hoiga bairagi॥
rajakunvar knchanapur gayoo . miragavati kahn jogi bhayoo॥
sadho kunvar khradavat jogoo . madhumalati kar kinh biyogoo॥
premavati kah surabar sadha. usha lagi anirudha bar bandha॥

  • in padyon men jayasi ke pahale ke char kavyon ka ullekh hai mugdhavati, mrigavati, madhumalati aur premavati. inamen se mrigavati aur madhumalati ka pata chal gaya hai, shesh do abhi nahin mile hain. jis kram se ye nam ae hain vah yadi rachanakal ke kram ke anusar mana jay to madhumalati ki rachana kutaban ki mrigavati ke pichhe thaharati hai.
padmavati men

jayasi ka jo uddharan diya gaya hai usamen madhumalati ke sath 'manohar' ka nam nahin hai, 'khndavat' nam hai. 'padmavat' ki hastalikhit pratiyan pray: pharasi aksharon men hi milati hain. mainne char aisi pratiyan dekhi hain jin sab men nayak ka aisa nam likha hai jise khndavat, kundavat, kndavat, gndhavat ityadi hi padh sakate hain. keval ek hastalikhit prati hindoo vishvavidyalay ke pustakalay men aisi hai jisamen saf 'manohar' path hai. usaman ki 'chitravali' men madhumalati ka jo ullekh hai usamen bhi kunvar ka nam 'manohar' hi hai.[2]

  • 'padmavat' ke pahale 'madhumalati' ki bahut adhik prasiddhi thi. jain kavi 'banarasi das' ne apane atmacharit men snvath 1660 ke asapas ki apani ishkabaji vali jivanacharya ka ullekh karate hue likha hai ki us samay main hat bazar men jana chhod, ghar men pade pade 'mrigavati' aur 'madhumalati' nam ki pothiyan padha karata tha.[3]
  • isake uparant dakshin ke 'shayar nasarati' ne bhi[4] 'madhumalati' ke adhar par dakkhini urdoo men 'gulashane ishk' nam se ek prem kahani likhi.
  • kavitt, savaiya banane vale ek 'mnjhan' pichhe hue jinhen inase sarvatha prithakh samajhana chahie.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ardhaliyon
  2. madhumalati hoi roop dekhava. prem manohar hoi tahn ava
    yahi nam 'madhumalati' ki upalabdh pratiyon men bhi paya jata hai.

  3. tab ghar men baithe rahain, nahinn hat bazar.
    madhumalati, mrigavati pothi doy uchar

  4. snvath 1700

achary, ramachndr shukl “prakaran 3”, hindi sahity ka itihas (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: kamal prakashan, nee dilli, prishth sn. 75-78.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh


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