देवकीनन्दन (कवि)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg devakinandan ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- devakinandan (bahuvikalpi)

devakinndan ritikalin prasiddh kavi tatha grnthakar the. ye kavyangon ke prakand pandit tatha vidvanh the. inhonne ‘shrringar charitr’ namak grnth ka nirman san 1783 ee. men kiya. kavi ke praudh kavyashastriy gyan aur utkrisht kavitv pratibha ka sundar parichay is grnth men prapt hota hai.

parichay

devakinndan kannauj, uttar pradesh ke samipasth gram makarnd nagar (zila farrukhabad) ke nivasi the. ve kavi shivanath ke putr the. gurudatt inake bhaee the. shivasinh, mishrabndhu aur achary ramachndr shukl ne devakinndan ko sashali shukl ka putr aur shivanath ko unaka bhaee bataya hai, jo khoj vivaranon ko dekhate hue galat hai. kyonki usamen bar-bar dhyan is or khincha gaya hai ki shivanath kavi ke bhaee n hokar pita the.[1]

ashrayadata

kavi devakinndan ke do ashrayadata the-

  1. umarav giri mahnt ke putr kunvar sarapharaj giri
  2. roodramoo malaen (zila haradoee) ke raikavaravnshiy raja avadhoot sinh

in donon ashrayadataon ke nam par kavi ne ek-ek rachana ki hai.

rachanaen

devakinndan bade vidvanh aur kavyangon ke prakand pandit the. ab tak unaki kul panch rachanaon ka pata lag paya hai-

  1. shrringar charitr
  2. sarapharaj chndrika
  3. avadhoot bhooshan
  4. sasurari pachisi
  5. nakhashikh

inaka ek nakhashikh bhi hai. shivasinh ko inake is nakhashikh ka hi pata tha, doosare grnthon ka nahin.

shrringar charitr

‘shrringar charitr’ ka nirman san 1783 ee. men hua. isake antargat kavi ne nayak-nayika, bhav, vibhav, anubhav, sattvik, snchari, kavy gun, vrittiyon, shabdarth evn chitralnkaron adi ka samyak niroopan kiya hai. kavi ke praudh kavyashastriy gyan aur utkrisht kavitv pratibha ka sundar parichay is grnth men prapt hota hai. yah grnth kisi ko samarpit nahin kiya gaya hai, jisase yah spasht pratit hota hai ki is rachana ke nirman kal (1783 ee.) tak kavi avadhoot sinh ke yahan nahin gaya hoga.[1]

sarapharaj chndrika

‘sarapharaj chndrika’ ka rachanakal san 1783 ee. hai. yah alnkar grnth kunvar sarafaraj giri ke prityarth likha gaya tha.

avadhoot bhooshan

‘avadhoot bhooshan’ ka rachana kal san 1799 ee. hai. yah bhi ek alnkar grnth hai, jo ruddamoo, zila haradoee ke raja avadhoot sinh nam par likha gaya tha. ‘avadhoot bhooshan’ ‘shrringar charitr’ ka hi kinchit parivarddhit roopamatr hai.

sasurari pachisi

‘sasurari pachisi’ namak rachana men kavi ne sasurari sukh aur nayak-nayika ke kamannd ka shrringarik varnan kiya hai.

kala aur bhav paksh

kavi ki ukt kritiyon ka avalokan karane par yah spasht ho jata hai ki yadyapi kavi ka jhukab kalagat vaishity ki or hi adhik hai tathapi bhavon ki sahajata, saralata, svabhavikata aur marmikata ko usase kahin dhakka nahin lagane paya hai. kala aur bhav ka sundar samanvay is kavi men dekhane ko milata hai. is drishti se devakinndan ko padmakar ki koti ka kavi kah sakate hain. prakhar pandity ke karan kahin-kahin unaki kavita klisht bhi ho gee hai; yatr-tatr katu kavy bhi hai. kavi ke bhavon men sarvatr lality, madhury aur ek sahaj anoothapan hai. bhasha saph-suthari aur mnji huee hai.[1] bhav praudh hain, buddhi vaibhav bhi inaki rachanaon men paya jata hai. kala vaichitray ki or adhik jhuki huee hone par bhi inaki kavita men lality aur madhury hai-

baithi rng ravati men herat piya ki bat,
ae n bihari bhee nipat adhir main.
devakinndan kahai syam ghata ghiri aee,
jani gati pralay ki darani bahu, bir main
sej pai sadasiv ki moorati banay pooji,
tini dar tinahoo ki kari tadabir main.
pakhan men samare, sulakhan men akhaivat,
takhan men lakhan ki likhi tasavir main

motin ki mal tori chir sab chiri darai,
pheri kai n jaihaun ali, du:kh bikarare hain.
devakinndan kahai dhokhe nagachhaunan ke,
alakain prasoon nochi nochi nirabare hain
mani mukh chndabhav chonch dee adharan,
tinau ye nikunjan men ekai tar tare hain.
thaur thaur dolat maral matavare, taise,
mor matavare tyon chakor matavare hain


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 hindi sahity kosh, bhag 2 |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |snpadan: daau. dhirendr varma |prishth snkhya: 260 |

sambndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah