हम्मीर देव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hammir dev (angrezi: Hammira Deva) ranathambhaur ka chauhan raja tha, jisane 1282 se 1301 ee. tak apani mrityu paryant rajy kiya. hammir ne badi anaban aur shan ke sath apana shasan arambh kiya. usane malava ka ek bhag tatha gadhamndal jit liya tha. hammir dev ne apane rajy ki sima malava men ujjain tak tatha rajapootana men aboo parvat tak badha li thi. hammir itana shaktishali tha ki sultan alauddin khilaji ne 1291 ee. men ranathambhaur ka qila sar karane ka prayatn tyag diya.

shakti prasar

prithviraj chauhan ki mrityu ke bad usake putr govind ne ranathnbhaur men apane rajy ki sthapana ki. hammir usi ka vashnj tha. san 1282 ee. men jab usaka rajyabhishek hua, gulam vnsh unnati ke shikhar par tha. kintu char varshon ke andar hi sultan balaban ki mrityu huee; aur char varshon ke bad gulam vnsh ki samapti ho gee. hammir ne is rajanitik paristhiti se labh uthakar charon or apani shakti ka prasar kiya. usane malava ke raja bhoj ko haraya, mndalagadh ke shasak arjun ko kar dene ke lie vivash kiya, aur apani digvijay ke upalakshy men ek kotiygy kiya.[1]

khilaji sultanon ke akraman

san 1290 ee. men pasa palata. dilli men gulam vnsh ka sthan samrajyabhilashi khilaji vnsh ne liya aur ranathnbhaur par musalamanon ke akraman shuroo ho ge. jalaluddin khilaji ko vishesh saphalata nahin mili. tin char sal tak alauddin khilaji ne bhi apani shanaishchari drishti is par n dali. kintu san 1300 ee. ke arnbh men jab alauddin ke senapati uloog khan ki sena gujarat ki vijay ke bad dilli laut rahi thi, mngol navamuslim sainikon ne muhammadashah ke netritv men vidroh kiya aur ranathambhaur men sharan li. alauddin ki is durg par pahale se hi ankh thi, hammir ke is kshatriyochit kary se vah aur jalabhun gaya. alauddin ko pahale akraman men kuchh saphalata mili. doosare akraman men khilaji buri tarah parast hue; tisare akraman men khilaji senapati nasarat khan mara gaya aur musalamanon ko ghera uthana pada.


chauthe akraman men svayn alauddin ne apani vishal sena ka netritv kiya. dhan aur rajy ke lobh se hammir ke anek adami alauddin khilaji se ja mile. kintu vir hammir ne sharanagat muhammadashah ko khilajiyon ke hath men saunpana svikrit nahin kiya. rajakumari deval devi aur hammir ki raniyon ne jauhar ki agni men pravesh kiya. vir hammir ne bhi durg ka dvar kholakar shatru se loha liya aur apani an, apane hath, par pran nyauchhavar kie. is prakar 1301 ee. men sultan alauddin khilaji ne svayn qila gher liya aur use fateh kar liya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bharatiy itihas kosh |lekhak: sachchidanand bhattachary |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan |prishth snkhya: 490 |

  1. hammir chauhan (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 10 disambar, 2016.

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