कौशांबी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

buddh

kaushanbi, buddh kal ki param prasiddh nagari, jo vats desh ki rajadhani thi. isaka abhigyan, tahasil mnjhanapur zila ilahabad men prayag se 24 mil par sthit kosam nam ke gram se kiya gaya hai. yah nagari yamuna nadi par basi huee thi.

pauranik sndarbh

puranon ke anusar hastinapur naresh nichakshu ne, jo parikshit ka vnshaj (yudhishthar se satavin pidhi men) tha, hastinapur ke gnga dvara baha die jane par apani rajadhani vats desh ki kaushanbi nagari men banaee thi—adhisimakrishnaputro nichakshurbhavita nripah yo gngayaapahnate hastinapure kaushnvyan nivatsyati. isi vnsh ki 26vin pidhi men buddh ke samay men kaushanbi ka raja udayan tha. is nagari ka ullekh mahabharat men nahin hai, phir bhi isaka astitv eesa se kee shatiyon poorv tha. gautam buddh ke samay men kaushanbi apane aishvary ke madhyahnakal men thi. jatak kathaon tatha bauddh sahity men kaushanbi ka varnan anek bar aya hai. kalidas, bhas aur kshemendr kaushanbi naresh udayan se sambandhit anek lokakathaon ki poori tarah se janakari thi.

buddh se sambandh

udayan ke samay men gautamabuddh kaushanbi men aksar ate-jate rahate the. unake sambandh ke karan kaushanbi ke anek sthan saikadon varshon tak prasiddh rahe. buddhacharit 21,33 ke anusar kaushanbi men, buddh ne dhanavan, ghoshil, kubjottara tatha any mahilaon tatha purushon ko dikshit kiya tha. yahan ke vikhyat shreshthi ghoshit (sambhavatah buddhacharit ka ghoshil) ne 'ghoshitaram' nam ka ek sundar udyan buddh ke nivas ke lie banavaya tha. ghoshit ka bhavan nagar ke dakshin-poorvi kone men tha. ghoshitaram ke nikat hi ashok ka banavaya hua 150 hath ooncha stoop tha. isi viharavan ke dakshin-poorv men ek bhavan tha jisake ek bhag men achary vasubndhu rahate the. inhonne vigypti matrata siddhi namak grnth ki rachana ki thi. isi van ke poorv men vah makan tha jahan ary asng ne apane grnth yogacharabhoomi ki rachana ki thi.

aitihasik tathy

kaushanbi se ek kos uttar-pashchim men ek chhoti pahadi thi, jisaki plaksh namak guha men buddh kee bar ae the. yahin shvabhr namak prakritik kund tha. jain grnthon men bhi kaushanbi ka ullekh hai. avashyak sootr ki ek katha men jain bhikshuni chndana ka ullekh hai, jo bhikshuni banane se poorv kaushanbi ke ek vyapari dhanavah ke hathon bech di gee thi. isi sootr men kaushanbi naresh shatanik ka bhi ullekh hai. isaki rani mrigavati videh ki rajakumari thi. maury kal men pataliputr ka gaurav adhik badh jane se kaushanbi samriddhivihin ho gee. phir bhi ashok ne yahan prastar stambh par apani dharmalipiyan—snvat 1 se 6 tak utkirn karavayin. isi stambh par ek any dharmalipi bhi ankit hai, jisase bauddh sngh ke prati anastha dikhane vale bhikshuon ke lie dand niyat kiya gaya hai. isi stambh par ashok ki rani aur tivar ki mata karuvaki ka bhi ek lekh hai.

kaushanbi ka patan

guptakal men any bauddh kendron ki bhanti hi kaushanbi ka mahattv bhi bahut kam ho gaya. guptasnvat 139=459 ee. ka ek lekh prastar moorti par ankit hai, jo skandagupt ke samay ka hai aur maharaj bhimavarman se sambandhit hai. chini yatri yuvanachvang ki bharat yatra ke samay (360-645 ee.) kaushanbi khandaharon ki nagari ban chuki thi. kannaujadhip harsh ke prasiddh natak ratnavali ki mukhy ghatanasthali kaushanbi hi hai. jain grnth vividhatirthakalp men bhi shatanik ke putr udayan ka ullekh hai aur use vatsanaresh kaha gaya hai.

puratattv

kalindi ke tat par sthit kaushanbi ke anek vanon ka bhi ullekh hai. chndanavala ne mahavir ke sammanarth chhah mas ka upavas kaushanbi men kiya tha. bhagavan padmaprabhu ne yahin par jain dharm diksha li thi. nagari men anek vishal chhaya vale kaushnb vriksh the-yaty siniddhachhaya kosnvatarutromahapabhaga disnti. hal hi men prayag vishvavidyalay ki puratattv parishad ne kosam ki khudaee dvara anek prachin sthalon ko prakash men lakar unaka abhigyan kiya hai. is sambandh men sabase adhik mahattvapoorn kary ghoshitaram ki khoj hai. jaisa oopar likha ja chuka hai ghoshitaram, kaushanbi men buddh ka sarvapratham nivasasthan tha. isaka abhigyan kuchh abhilekhon ki sahayata se kiya gaya hai. in abhilekhon se kaushanbi ka kosam se abhigyan bhi, jisake vishay men pahale vidvanon men kafi matabhed tha, nishchit roop se pramanit ho gaya hai. zila ilahabad ke kada namak sthan se ek abhilekh prapt hua tha, jisamen is sthan ko kaushanbi mandal ke antargat bataya gaya hai.

paryatan sthal

yahan sthit pramukh paryatan sthalon men shitala mndir, durga devi mndir, prabhashagiri aur ram mndir vishesh roop se prasiddh hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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