अतरंजीखेड़ा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

atarnji kheda uttar pradesh ke eta zilantargat gnga ki sahayak kali nadi ke tat par sthit ek pragaitihasik sthal hai. is sthal ki khoj 1961-1962 ee. men elekjendar kaningham ne ki thi. kaningham ne chini yatri yuvanachvang dvara ullikhit pi-lo-sha-n namak sthal ka atarnji kheda se samikaran kiya hai.

itihas

abul fajal ne 'aine akabari' men atarnji ka ullekh kannauj sarakar ke ek mahal ke roop men kiya hai. yahan par 1962 ee. men parikshanatmak khudaee ki gayi. 1964 ee. se sat varshon tak lagatar utkhanan se yahan ek pragaitihasik sanskritik sthal khoj nikala gaya. prarambhik utkhananon ka nirdeshan muslim vishvavidyalay, aligadh ke prophesar nurul hasan aur ar. si. gaud ne kiya.

  • kaha jata hai ki raja ben ne muhammad gori ko usake kannauj-akraman ke samay parast kiya tha kintu ant men badala lekar gori ne raja ben ko haraya aur usake nagar ko nasht kar diya. ek dhoonh ke andar se hajarat hasan ka maqabara nikala tha- jo is ladaee men mara gaya tha.
  • kuchh logon ka kahana hai ki antarnji kheda vahi prachin sthan hai jisaka varnan chini yatri yuvanachvang ne piloshana ya vilasana nam se kiya hai kintu yah dharana galat siddh ho chuki hai. yah doosara sthan bilasad namak prachin nagar tha jo eta se 30 mil door hai. kintu phir bhi antarnji khede ke poorv-musalaman kal ka nagar hone men koee sndeh nahin hai kyonki yahan ke vishal khndaharon ke utkhanan men, jo ek vistrit tile ke roop men hain (tila 3960 phut lamba, 1500 phut chauda aur pray: 65 phut ooncha hai) shung, kushan aur guptakalin mitti ki moortiyan, sikke, thappe, eenton ke tukade adi badi snkhya men prapt hue hain.
  • khndahar ke ek sire par ek shivamndir ke avashesh hain jisamen panch shivaling hain. inamen ek nau phut ooncha hai. tile ki rooparekha se jan padata hai ki isake sthan par pahale ek vishal nagar basa hua tha.

yahan par do hazar varsh ee. poorv. se lekar akabar ke shasanakal tak ke avashesh prapt hue hain. in avasheshon ke adhar par yahan ki snskritiyon ko char staron men banta ja sakata hai.

snskritiyan

avasheshon ke adhar par atarnji kheda ki snskritiyon ko char staron men banta ja sakata hai.

  1. gairik mridbhand snskriti
  2. krishn-lohit mridbhand snskriti
  3. chitritadhoosar mridbhand snskriti
  4. uttari kali chamakili patr parampara snskriti.
  • pratham gairik mridbhand snskriti star se prapt gerue rng ke mridpatron ke adhar par ise gairik mridbhand parampara kahate hain. gerue rng ke ye patr adhikanshatah chak nirmit evn kuchh hast nirmit bhi hain. inamen ghade, kalash, pendidar katore, matake, tasale, nand adi moti gadhan ke hain. tashtariyan, chilamachi, ghundidar katorenuma dhakkan, dipak aur chhote kalash patali gadhan ke hain. kuchh patr chitrit hain aur kuchh par aniyamit rekhaen hain. is kal ke log adhikansh khetihar the. ve dhan, jau evn dalon ki kheti se parichit the. is star se anaj pisane ke silabatte bhi prapt hue hain. pratham snskriti ka samay amataur se 2000 ee.poorv. se 1500 ee.poorv. mana jata hai.
  • dvitiy krishn-lohit mridbhand snskriti men jis snskriti ke avashesh milate hain, unake nivasi kale-lal mridbhandon ka upayog karate the. is parampara ke patron ka andar evn gardan ka bhag kala aur shesh bhag lal rng ka hota hai. patron ke atirikt is star se vargakar evn ayatakar choolhe mile hain. tanbe aur haddiyon ke avashesh bhi prapt hue hain. krishn-lohit mridbhand snskriti men maniky ke phalak kafi snkhya men mile hain. is star ka kal 1450 ee. poorv. se 1200 ee. poorv. mana jata hai.
  • tisari chitritadhoosar mridbhand snskriti se chitrit dhoosar-mridbhand prapt hue hain. inamen adhikatar chak nirmit hain, parntu kuchh hath ke bane hue bhi hain. in patron men katore evn thaliyan mahattvapoorn hain. is parampara men patron par chitran bhi milate hain. ye chitran prayah rekhiy, bindu, vritt, arddhavritt adi ke roop men hain. chitritadhoosar mridbhand snskriti men svastik chihn ka bhi chitran milata hai. ye prayah dhoosar rng ke hain. is parampara ke sath kale-lal evn bina alnkaran vale dhoosar bhand parampara ke patr bhi prapt hue hain. is star se lauh upakaran bhi prapt hue hain, jo nichale star se oopar ki or snkhya men adhik hote ge hain. mukhyatah ban ke agr bhag, bhala-phalak, chimate, kilen, kulhadi, machhali pakadane ke kante, chhalle, chheni, barama adi mile hain. atarnji kheda se lauh galane ki bhattiyon ke snket bhi mile hain. is kal men krishi gehoon ke avashesh bhi prapt hote hain. krishi ke sath maveshi bhi pale jate the. gay, bail, bhed, bakari aur ghode ke chihn bhi prapt hue hain. is star se avasiy chihn milate hain. avas bans-lakadi se nirmit hote the. mitti ki pashu moortiyan, pahiye evn manake prapt hue hain. tanba aur haddi se nirmit vastuen bhi mili hain. gharon men choolhon ke sath-sath ag ke gaddhe bhi mile hain. is snskriti ki kal ganana 1200 ee.poorv. se 600 ee.poorv. tak ki jati hai.
  • chaturth uttari kali chamakili patr parampara snskriti se uttari kali opadar bhand parampara ke patr prapt hote hain. ye patr khoob gunthi huee kali mitti se bane hue, kale rng ki vishesh chamak lie hue hain. ye patr patali gadhan ke halke, achchhi phinish evn dhatu patron-si khanak vale hain. patron men thali-katore, chhote kalash, handiyan adi pramukh hain. yah star adhik vyapak evn mote jamav men paya gaya hai. is star ke avason men kramashah eenton ka prayog dekhane ko milata hai. ghas-phoos evn bans-lakadi ke makanon ke sath-sath oopari paraton men pakayi huee eenton ke makanon ke avashesh milate hain. is star se mitti ke manushy, pashu evn pakshiyon ki moortiyan prapt huee hain. lohe, tanbe evn hathi ke dant tatha haddiyon se nirmit vastuen prapt huee hain. is star ka samay 600 ee.poorv. se lekar 50 ee.poorv. ka mana jata hai.

prachin asthiyan

atarnji kheda par kiye gaye utkhanan men jin pashuon ki asthiyan mili hain unamen adhikansh gay-bailon ki hain. un par katane ke spasht chihn hain tatha adhikatar ki tithi 500 ee.poorv. se pahale ki hai. isase yah pramanit hota hai ki ygyon men in pashuon ki bali di gee thi. is prakar ke tathyon ke adhar par prophesar ramasharan sharma ne 'prachin bharat men bhautik pragati evn samajik snrachanaen men yah mat prakat kiya hai ki vaidik dharmik svaroop lohe ke phal vale hal se hone vali krishi ke anukool nahin tha. mote taur par atarnji kheda se isake ary snskriti ke kendr hone ke vyapak praman milate hain. pashupalan, khetihar samuday, chaval ki kheti, lohe ki upasthiti, chitrit dhoosar bhand snskriti adi tathy atarnji kheda ki visheshataen hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  • aitihasik sthanavali |prishth snkhya= 18 vijayendr kumar mathur | vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog | manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, bharat sarakar

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah