राघोबा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(राघोवा se punarnirdeshit)
raghoba
raghoba
poora nam raghoba
any nam raghunatharav
janm 18 agast, 1734 ee.
mrityu tithi 11 disambar, 1783 ee.
pita/mata peshava bajirav pratham
upadhi peshava
yuddh maratha yuddh, (1775 ee. se 1783 ee.)
snbndhit lekh shivaji, shahaji bhonsale, shambhaji peshava, balaji vishvanath, bajirav pratham, bajirav dvitiy, rajaram shivaji, gvaliyar, nana phadanavis, daulatarav shinde, salabaee ki sandhi, tipoo sultan, soorat ki sandhi, angl-maratha yuddh, peshava
peshava kal 1773-1774 ee.
any janakari raghunatharav ki samast deshabhakti kunthit ho gee aur usane bambee jakar angrezon se sahayata ki yachana ki tatha 1775 ee. men unase sandhi kar li, jo ki soorat ki sandhi ke nam se prasiddh hai.

raghoba (angrezi: Raghoba, janm: 18 agast, 1734 ee., mrityu: 11 disambar, 1783 ee.) jise 'raghunatharav' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai, dvitiy peshava bajirav pratham ka dvitiy putr tha, jo ek kushal sena nayak tha. apane bade bhaee balaji bajirav ke peshava kal men usane holkar ke sahayog se uttari bharat men brihat sainik abhiyan chalaya tha. raghunatharav apane bhatije madhavarav ko peshava banane ke khilaf tha. madhavarav pratham ki mrityu ke bad narayanarav peshava hua, lekin raghunatharav ne usaki hatya karava di. apane jivan ke antim din usane angrezon ki penshan par ashrit rahakar vyatit kie the. amritarav raghunatharav (raghoba) ka dattak putr tha, jo peshava bajirav pratham ka doosara putr tha.

abdali se samana

1758 ee. men usane ahamadashah abdali ke putr taimoorashah ko parast karake sarahind par adhikar kar liya tatha pnjab par adhikar karake marathon (hinduon) ki satta atak tak snsthapit kar di. kintu rajanitik tatha arthik drishtiyon se ukt upalabdhiyan labhadayak siddh nahin hueen. taimoorashah ko pnjab se khadedane ke karan usake pita ahamadashah abdali ne 1759 ee. men bharat par ek bar phir se akraman karake marathon ki shakti ka unmoolan kar diya. isake uparant 1761 ee. men panipat ke tritiy yuddh men marathon ki gahari parajay huee. is yuddh men bhishan nar snhar hua, par raghunavarav kisi prakar se bach nikala.

mahattvakankshi vyakti

raghunatharav atyaghik mahattvakankshi tha. bade bhaee balaji bajirav ki mrityu ke uparant usake putr aur apane bhatije madhavarav ke peshava banane par vah kshubdh ho gaya. kintu navayuvak peshava madhavarav yogy evn chatur nikala. usane raghunavarav ki samast chalon ko viphal kar diya. kintu 1772 ee. men madhavarav pratham ki achanak mrityu ho jane ke karan jab usaka chhota bhaee narayanarav peshava hua to raghunatharav apani mahattvakanksha ko ankush men nahin rakh saka. usane 1773 ee. men shadayntr karake navayuvak peshava ko apani ankhon ke samane hi marava dala. mrityu ke samay narayanarav ka koee bhi putr nahin tha. at: raghunatharav peshava pad ka akela davedar hua aur 1773 ee. men hi use peshava ghoshit kar diya gaya.

virodh

kintu nana phadanavis ke netritv men marathon ke ek shaktishali dal ne poona men usake padasin hone ka sabal virodh kiya. is dal ko narayanarav ke maranoparant 1774 men usaka ek putr utpann hone se aur bhi adhik sahara mil gaya. raghunatharav ke virodhiyon ne avilamb navajat shishu madhavarav narayan ko peshava niyukt kar diya. unhonne ek snrakshak samiti bana li tatha balak peshava ke nam par samast maratha rajy ka snchalan sambhal liya. is prakar raghunatharav akela pad gaya aur use maharashtr se nikal diya gaya.

angrezon ki sharan

apani mahattvakankshaon par pani phir jane se raghunatharav ki samast deshabhakti kunthit ho gee aur usane bambee jakar angrezon se sahayata ki yachana ki tatha 1775 ee. men unase sandhi kar li, jo ki soorat ki sandhi ke nam se prasiddh hai. sandhi ke antargat angrezon ne raghunatharav ki sahayata ke lie 2500 sainik dene ka vachan diya, parantu inaka samast vyay bhar raghunatharav ko hi vahan karana tha. isake bad men raghunatharav ne sashti aur basee tatha bhadauch aur soorat zilon ki ay ka kuchh bhag angrezon ko dena svikar kar liya. sath hi usane eest indiya kampani ke shatruon se kisi prakar ki sandhi n karane tatha poona sarakar se sandhi ya samajhauta karate samay angrezon ko bhi bhagi banane ka vachan diya.

maratha yuddh

sandhi ke anusar bambee ke angrezon ne raghunatharav ka paksh liya aur pratham maratha yuddh arambh ho gaya. yah yuddh 1775 ee. se 1783 ee. tak chalata raha aur isaki samapti salabaee ki sandhi se huee. apani deshadrohita evn ghrinit svarthaparata ke parinamasvaroop raghunatharav ko keval penshan hi prapt huee, jisaka upabhog vah apane ekaki jivan men mrityuparyant karata raha.

nidhan

raghoba ka nidhan 11 disambar, 1783 ee. men hua tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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